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IPWorks 2022 .NET Edition

Version 22.0 [Build 8171]

IPDaemon Component

Properties   Methods   Events   Configuration Settings   Errors  

The IPDaemon Component is a generic TCP server component based on an asynchronous, event-driven architecture. It is designed to balance the load between connections for a fast, powerful server.

Syntax

nsoftware.IPWorks.Ipdaemon

Remarks

The IPDaemon Component supports both plaintext and SSL/TLS connections. When connecting over SSL/TLS the SSLServerAuthentication event allows you to check the server identity and other security attributes. The SSLStatus event provides information about the SSL handshake. Additional SSL related settings are also supported via the Config method. The SSLCert properties are used to select a certificate for the server (please note that a valid certificate MUST be selected before the server can function).

IPDaemon is the server complement of IPPort (which is used to create client applications). They share a common design philosophy and interface. We expect you will find IPDaemon as easy to use as IPPort.

By default, each instance of IPDaemon can handle up to 1,000 simultaneous incoming connections (this number may be increased up to 100,000 or decreased to a lower value by using the MaxConnections configuration setting).

The connections are identified by a ConnectionId, an id generated by the component to identify each connection. This id is unique to each connection. IPDaemon's events also have ConnectionId as a parameter to identify the connection they relate to.

Our main goal in designing IPDaemon was to make it easy to use without sacrificing performance. The component has a minimum of properties, and six events: ConnectionRequest, Connected, DataIn, Disconnected, ReadyToSend, and Error.

IPDaemon can start to listen on a port by setting the Listening property to True. When a remote host asks for a connection, the ConnectionRequest event is fired. At that point, the connection can either be accepted or rejected. If the connection is accepted, a ConnectionId is assigned, and communication can start. From this point on, the operation is very similar to IPPort. Data is sent by assigning the data string to the DataToSend property. The address and port of the incoming connection can be found by querying the RemoteHost and RemotePort properties.

Threading in Server Applications

In .NET, all socket-based components perform all socket IO through asynchronous methods. Each call consumes a thread from the system's thread pool, and thus the number of concurrent calls is limited to the number of worker threads returned by System.Threading.ThreadPool.GetMaxThreads. When using several components that can each create a socket connection or a single component that can create multiple socket connections, the application may enter a state where all of the pool threads are in use for receiving. In a scenario such as this, the remote hosts may be waiting for data from the application before sending, but the application cannot send that data because all the threads are tied up waiting for inbound data. This is particularly important for server applications that use a daemon component.

For example, say a server application 'S' has a max thread pool size of three, and clients 'A' and 'B' connect to it and each client uploads a large file. After all uploads are complete, 'S' enqueues an asynchronous read request in the thread pool for each client. Since there is no work being done, the thread pool immediately consumes two threads which wait for any further data from 'A' and 'B'. While 'S' is still processing the first two files it has received, client 'C' connects and uploads a relatively small file. Similarly, once that upload has completed 'S' enqueues a third read request, and the thread pool immediately consumes the third and final thread to wait for further data from 'C'. Once 'S' completes processing any of the files it will enqueue a send request. However, since all three threads are in use and waiting for data from the clients, the send operation cannot be completed. The entire system becomes deadlocked because each of the clients is waiting for data from the server, which cannot send that data since all of its pool threads are in turn waiting for data from the clients.

To avoid a deadlock situation such as this, it is necessary to ensure that the maximum number of socket connections an application can make is always at least one less than the number of available worker threads. One method to achieve this is to call System.Threading.ThreadPool.SetMaxThreads during the application's startup to set the maximum number of threads to a value high enough to support the application for the duration of its execution. Another option is to trap an event such as ConnectionRequest and Disconnected from each component instance with logic to manage the max thread pool size according to the application's current needs.

Note: Server components are designed to process events as they occur. To ensure events are processed in a timely manner DoEvents should be called in a loop after the server is started.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectionBacklogThe maximum number of pending connections maintained by the TCP/IP subsystem.
ConnectionsA collection of currently connected clients.
DefaultEOLA default EOL value to be used by incoming connections.
DefaultIdleTimeoutThe default idle timeout for inactive clients.
DefaultMaxLineLengthThe default maximum line length value for inbound connections.
DefaultSingleLineModeTells the component whether or not to treat new connections as line-oriented.
DefaultTimeoutAn initial timeout value to be used by incoming connections.
KeepAliveWhen True, KEEPALIVE packets are enabled (for long connections).
LingerWhen set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.
ListeningIf True, the component accepts incoming connections on LocalPort.
LocalHostThe name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe TCP port in the local host where the component listens.
SSLAuthenticateClientsIf true, the server asks the client(s) for a certificate.
SSLCertThe certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledWhether TLS/SSL is enabled.
SSLProviderTBD.
SSLStartModeDetermines how the component starts the SSL negotiation.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ChangeRecordLengthChanges the length of received data records.
ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
DisconnectDisconnect the specified client.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
InterruptInterrupts a synchronous send to the remote host.
PauseDataPauses data reception.
ProcessDataRe-enables data reception after a call to PauseData
ResetReset the component.
SendSends binary data to the specified client.
SendBytesSends binary data to the specified client.
SendFileSend file to the remote host.
SendLineSends a string followed by a newline.
SendTextSends text to the specified client.
SetUploadStreamUploads the data in the specified stream.
ShutdownShuts down the server.
StartListeningStarts listening for incoming connections.
StartSSLStarts SSL negotiation on a connection.
StopListeningStops listening for new connections.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectedFired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).
ConnectionRequestFired when a request for connection comes from a remote host.
DataInFired when data comes in.
DisconnectedFired when a connection is closed.
ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ReadyToSendFired when the component is ready to send data.
SSLClientAuthenticationFired when the client presents its credentials to the server.
SSLConnectionRequestFires when an SSL connection is requested.
SSLStatusShows the progress of the secure connection.

Configuration Settings


The following is a list of configuration settings for the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AllowedClientsA comma-separated list of host names or IP addresses that can access the component.
BindExclusivelyWhether or not the component considers a local port reserved for exclusive use.
CloseStreamAfterTransferIf true, the component will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.
DefaultConnectionTimeoutThe inactivity timeout applied to the SSL handshake.
InBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.
KeepAliveIntervalThe retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.
KeepAliveTimeThe inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.
MaxConnectionsThe maximum number of connections available.
OutBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.
TcpNoDelayWhether or not to delay when sending packets.
UseBackgroundThreadWhether threads created by the component are background threads.
UseIPv6Whether to use IPv6.
CACertFilePathsThe paths to CA certificate files when using Mono on Unix/Linux.
LogSSLPacketsControls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.
ReuseSSLSessionDetermines if the SSL session is reused.
SSLCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.
SSLCheckCRLWhether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.
SSLCipherStrengthThe minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.
SSLEnabledCipherSuitesThe cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledProtocolsUsed to enable/disable the supported security protocols.
SSLEnableRenegotiationWhether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.
SSLIncludeCertChainWhether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.
SSLKeyLogFileThe location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.
SSLNegotiatedCipherReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedCipherStrengthReturns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.
SSLNegotiatedCipherSuiteReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrengthReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.
SSLNegotiatedProtocolReturns the negotiated protocol version.
SSLProviderThe name of the security provider to use.
SSLSecurityFlagsFlags that control certificate verification.
SSLServerCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.
TLS12SignatureAlgorithmsDefines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True.
TLS12SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for ECC.
TLS13KeyShareGroupsThe groups for which to pregenerate key shares.
TLS13ProviderThe TLS 1.3 implementation to be used.
TLS13SignatureAlgorithmsThe allowed certificate signature algorithms.
TLS13SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableTells the component whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

ConnectionBacklog Property (IPDaemon Component)

The maximum number of pending connections maintained by the TCP/IP subsystem.

Syntax

public int ConnectionBacklog { get; set; }
Public Property ConnectionBacklog As Integer

Default Value

5

Remarks

This property contains the maximum number of pending connections maintained by the TCP/IP subsystem. This value reflects the SOMAXCON option for the main listening socket. The default value for most systems is 5. You may set this property to a larger value if the server is expected to receive a large number of connections, and queuing them is desirable.

This property is not available at design time.

Connections Property (IPDaemon Component)

A collection of currently connected clients.

Syntax

public ConnectionMap Connections { get; }
Public ReadOnly Property Connections As ConnectionMap

Remarks

This property contains a collection of currently connected clients. All of the connections may be managed using this property. Each connection is described by the different fields of the Connection type.

This collection is a hashtable type of collection, in which the Connection ID string is used as the key to the desired connection. You may acquire the key for a given connection through the Connected event.

Example (Broadcasting Data) foreach (Connection c in ipdaemon1.Connections.Values) { c.DataToSend = "Broadcast Data"; }

This property is read-only.

DefaultEOL Property (IPDaemon Component)

A default EOL value to be used by incoming connections.

Syntax

public string DefaultEOL { get; set; }
public byte[] DefaultEOLB { get; set; }
Public Property DefaultEOL As String
Public Property DefaultEOLB As Byte()

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a default End Of Line (EOL) value to be used by incoming connections. Once the component accepts and establishes an inbound connection, it will set that connection's EOL to the value in this property. By default, this value is empty (""), meaning that data will be fired as it is received.

DefaultIdleTimeout Property (IPDaemon Component)

The default idle timeout for inactive clients.

Syntax

public int DefaultIdleTimeout { get; set; }
Public Property DefaultIdleTimeout As Integer

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the idle timeout (in seconds) for clients. When set to a positive value the component will disconnect idle clients after the specified timeout.

This only applies to clients that have not sent or received data within DefaultIdleTimeout seconds.

If set to 0 (default) no idle timeout is applied.

Note: DoEvents must be called in order for the component to check existing connections.

DefaultMaxLineLength Property (IPDaemon Component)

The default maximum line length value for inbound connections.

Syntax

public int DefaultMaxLineLength { get; set; }
Public Property DefaultMaxLineLength As Integer

Default Value

2048

Remarks

This property controls the default size of an internal buffer which holds received data while waiting for an end-of-line (EOL) string.

The minimum value for this property is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

DefaultSingleLineMode Property (IPDaemon Component)

Tells the component whether or not to treat new connections as line-oriented.

Syntax

public bool DefaultSingleLineMode { get; set; }
Public Property DefaultSingleLineMode As Boolean

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property instructs the component whether or not to treat newly established connections as line-oriented protocols. If this value is True, newly accepted connections will read the incoming data stream as lines separated by CRLF, CR, or LF, and will ignore the end of lines (EOLs).

DefaultTimeout Property (IPDaemon Component)

An initial timeout value to be used by incoming connections.

Syntax

public int DefaultTimeout { get; set; }
Public Property DefaultTimeout As Integer

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property is used by the component to set the operational timeout value of all inbound connections once they are established.

This property defines the timeout when sending data. When SSLEnabled is False a value of 0 means data will be sent asynchronously and a positive value means data is sent synchronously.

When SSLEnabled is True all data is sent synchronously regardless of the Timeout value.

KeepAlive Property (IPDaemon Component)

When True, KEEPALIVE packets are enabled (for long connections).

Syntax

public bool KeepAlive { get; set; }
Public Property KeepAlive As Boolean

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property enables the SO_KEEPALIVE option on the incoming connections. This option prevents long connections from timing out in case of inactivity.

Please note that system TCP/IP stack implementations are not required to support SO_KEEPALIVE.

This property is shared among incoming connections. When the property is set, the corresponding value is set for incoming connections as they are accepted. Existing connections are not modified.

Linger Property (IPDaemon Component)

When set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.

Syntax

public bool Linger { get; set; }
Public Property Linger As Boolean

Default Value

True

Remarks

This property controls how a connection is closed. The default is True. In this case the connection is closed only after all the data is sent. Setting it to False forces an abrupt (hard) disconnection. Any data that was in the sending queue may be lost.

The default behavior (which is also the default mode for stream sockets) might result in an indefinite delay in closing the connection. Although the component returns control immediately, the system might indefinitely hold system resources until all pending data is sent (even after your application closes). This means that valuable system resources might be wasted.

Setting this property to False forces an immediate disconnection. If you know that the other side has received all the data you have sent (by a client acknowledgment, for example), setting this property to False might be the appropriate course of action.

This property is shared among incoming connections. When the property is set, the corresponding value is set for incoming connections as they are accepted. Existing connections are not modified.

Listening Property (IPDaemon Component)

If True, the component accepts incoming connections on LocalPort.

Syntax

public bool Listening { get; set; }
Public Property Listening As Boolean

Default Value

False

Remarks

Use this property to make the component 'listen' (accept connections) on the port specified by the LocalPort property. Setting this property to False will make the component stop listening (please note that this does not close any existing connections).

Note: It is recommended to use the StartListening or StopListening method instead of setting this property.

This property is not available at design time.

LocalHost Property (IPDaemon Component)

The name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.

Syntax

public string LocalHost { get; set; }
Public Property LocalHost As String

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalHost property contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the component initiate connections (or accept in the case of server components) only through that interface.

If the component is connected, the LocalHost property shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

NOTE: LocalHost is not persistent. You must always set it in code, and never in the property window.

LocalPort Property (IPDaemon Component)

The TCP port in the local host where the component listens.

Syntax

public int LocalPort { get; set; }
Public Property LocalPort As Integer

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property must be set before the component can start listening. If its value is 0, then the TCP/IP subsystem picks a port number at random. The port number can be found by checking the value of this property after the component is listening (ie. after successfully assigning True to the Listening property).

The service port is not shared among servers so two components cannot be listening on the same port at the same time.

SSLAuthenticateClients Property (IPDaemon Component)

If true, the server asks the client(s) for a certificate.

Syntax

public bool SSLAuthenticateClients { get; set; }
Public Property SSLAuthenticateClients As Boolean

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property is used in conjunction with the SSLClientAuthentication event. Please refer to the documentation of the SSLClientAuthentication event for details.

SSLCert Property (IPDaemon Component)

The certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.

Syntax

public Certificate SSLCert { get; set; }
Public Property SSLCert As Certificate

Remarks

The digital certificate that the component will use during SSL negotiation. Set this property to a valid certificate before starting SSL negotiation. To set a certificate, you may set the Encoded field to the encoded certificate. To select a certificate, use the store and subject fields.

SSLEnabled Property (IPDaemon Component)

Whether TLS/SSL is enabled.

Syntax

public bool SSLEnabled { get; set; }
Public Property SSLEnabled As Boolean

Default Value

False

Remarks

This setting specifies whether TLS/SSL is enabled in the component. When False (default) the component operates in plaintext mode. When True TLS/SSL is enabled.

TLS/SSL may also be enabled by setting SSLStartMode. Setting SSLStartMode will automatically update this property value.

This property is not available at design time.

SSLProvider Property (IPDaemon Component)

TBD.

Syntax

public IpdaemonSSLProviders SSLProvider { get; set; }

enum IpdaemonSSLProviders { sslpAutomatic, sslpPlatform, sslpInternal }
Public Property SSLProvider As IpdaemonSSLProviders

Enum IpdaemonSSLProviders sslpAutomatic sslpPlatform sslpInternal End Enum

Default Value

0

Remarks

TBD.

SSLStartMode Property (IPDaemon Component)

Determines how the component starts the SSL negotiation.

Syntax

public IpdaemonSSLStartModes SSLStartMode { get; set; }

enum IpdaemonSSLStartModes { sslAutomatic, sslImplicit, sslExplicit, sslNone }
Public Property SSLStartMode As IpdaemonSSLStartModes

Enum IpdaemonSSLStartModes sslAutomatic sslImplicit sslExplicit sslNone End Enum

Default Value

3

Remarks

The SSLStartMode property may have one of the following values:

0 (sslAutomatic)If the remote port is set to the standard plaintext port of the protocol (where applicable), the component will behave the same as if SSLStartMode is set to sslExplicit. In all other cases, SSL negotiation will be implicit (sslImplicit).
1 (sslImplicit)The SSL negotiation will start immediately after the connection is established.
2 (sslExplicit)The component will first connect in plaintext, and then explicitly start SSL negotiation through a protocol command such as STARTTLS.
3 (sslNone - default)No SSL negotiation, no SSL security. All communication will be in plaintext mode.

ChangeRecordLength Method (IPDaemon Component)

Changes the length of received data records.

Syntax

public void ChangeRecordLength(string connectionId, int recordLength);

Async Version
public async Task ChangeRecordLength(string connectionId, int recordLength);
public async Task ChangeRecordLength(string connectionId, int recordLength, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub ChangeRecordLength(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal RecordLength As Integer)

Async Version
Public Sub ChangeRecordLength(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal RecordLength As Integer) As Task
Public Sub ChangeRecordLength(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal RecordLength As Integer, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method defines the length of data records to be received (in bytes) for the specified ConnectionId.

If RecordLength is set to a positive value, the component will accumulate data until RecordLength bytes of data is received and only then fire the DataIn event with data of length RecordLength. This allows data to be received as records of known length. This method can be called at any time to change the record length, including within the DataIn event.

A value of 0 (default) means this functionality is not used.

Config Method (IPDaemon Component)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public string Config(string configurationString);

Async Version
public async Task<string> Config(string configurationString);
public async Task<string> Config(string configurationString, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Function Config(ByVal ConfigurationString As String) As String

Async Version
Public Function Config(ByVal ConfigurationString As String) As Task(Of String)
Public Function Config(ByVal ConfigurationString As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task(Of String)

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every component. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the component.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Disconnect Method (IPDaemon Component)

Disconnect the specified client.

Syntax

public void Disconnect(string connectionId);

Async Version
public async Task Disconnect(string connectionId);
public async Task Disconnect(string connectionId, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub Disconnect(ByVal ConnectionId As String)

Async Version
Public Sub Disconnect(ByVal ConnectionId As String) As Task
Public Sub Disconnect(ByVal ConnectionId As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

Calling this method will disconnect the client specified by the ConnectionId parameter.

DoEvents Method (IPDaemon Component)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

public void DoEvents();
Public Sub DoEvents()

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the component processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Interrupt Method (IPDaemon Component)

Interrupts a synchronous send to the remote host.

Syntax

public void Interrupt(string connectionId);

Async Version
public async Task Interrupt(string connectionId);
public async Task Interrupt(string connectionId, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub Interrupt(ByVal ConnectionId As String)

Async Version
Public Sub Interrupt(ByVal ConnectionId As String) As Task
Public Sub Interrupt(ByVal ConnectionId As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This property is called using the Connection Id if you wish to interrupt a connection and stop a file from uploading without disconnecting the client connected to the component. If you use SendFile to upload a file, the component will run synchronously on that Connection Id until it is completed.

PauseData Method (IPDaemon Component)

Pauses data reception.

Syntax

public void PauseData(string connectionId);

Async Version
public async Task PauseData(string connectionId);
public async Task PauseData(string connectionId, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub PauseData(ByVal ConnectionId As String)

Async Version
Public Sub PauseData(ByVal ConnectionId As String) As Task
Public Sub PauseData(ByVal ConnectionId As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method pauses data reception for the connection identified by ConnectionId when called. While data reception is paused the DataIn event will not fire for the specified connection. Call ProcessData to re-enable data reception.

ProcessData Method (IPDaemon Component)

Re-enables data reception after a call to PauseData

Syntax

public void ProcessData(string connectionId);

Async Version
public async Task ProcessData(string connectionId);
public async Task ProcessData(string connectionId, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub ProcessData(ByVal ConnectionId As String)

Async Version
Public Sub ProcessData(ByVal ConnectionId As String) As Task
Public Sub ProcessData(ByVal ConnectionId As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method re-enables data reception for the connection identified by ConnectionId after a previous call to PauseData. When PauseData is called the DataIn event will not fire for the specified connection. To re-enable data reception and allow DataIn to fire call this method.

Note: This method is only used after previously calling PauseData. It does not need to be called to process incoming data by default.

Reset Method (IPDaemon Component)

Reset the component.

Syntax

public void Reset();

Async Version
public async Task Reset();
public async Task Reset(CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub Reset()

Async Version
Public Sub Reset() As Task
Public Sub Reset(cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method will reset the component's properties to their default values.

Send Method (IPDaemon Component)

Sends binary data to the specified client.

Syntax

public void Send(string connectionId, byte[] text);

Async Version
public async Task Send(string connectionId, byte[] text);
public async Task Send(string connectionId, byte[] text, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub Send(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String)

Async Version
Public Sub Send(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String) As Task
Public Sub Send(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method sends binary data to the client identified by ConnectionId. To send text use the SendText method instead.

When Timeout is set to 0 and SSLEnabled is set to False the component will behave asynchronously. If you are sending data to the remote host faster than it can process it, or faster than the network's bandwidth allows, the outgoing queue might fill up. When this happens, the operation fails with exception 10035: "[10035] Operation would block" (WSAEWOULDBLOCK). You can check this error, and then try to send the data again. The BytesSent property shows how many bytes were sent (if any). If 0 bytes were sent, then you can wait for the ReadyToSend event before attempting to send data again. (However, please note that ReadyToSend is not fired when part of the data is successfully sent).

When SSLEnabled is True or Timeout is set to a positive value the component behaves synchronously.

SendBytes Method (IPDaemon Component)

Sends binary data to the specified client.

Syntax

public void SendBytes(string connectionId, byte[] data);

Async Version
public async Task SendBytes(string connectionId, byte[] data);
public async Task SendBytes(string connectionId, byte[] data, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub SendBytes(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Data As String)

Async Version
Public Sub SendBytes(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Data As String) As Task
Public Sub SendBytes(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Data As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method sends binary data to the client identified by ConnectionId. To send text use the SendText method instead.

When Timeout is set to 0 and SSLEnabled is set to False the component will behave asynchronously. If you are sending data to the remote host faster than it can process it, or faster than the network's bandwidth allows, the outgoing queue might fill up. When this happens, the operation fails with exception 10035: "[10035] Operation would block" (WSAEWOULDBLOCK). You can check this error, and then try to send the data again. The BytesSent property shows how many bytes were sent (if any). If 0 bytes were sent, then you can wait for the ReadyToSend event before attempting to send data again. (However, please note that ReadyToSend is not fired when part of the data is successfully sent).

When SSLEnabled is True or Timeout is set to a positive value the component behaves synchronously.

SendFile Method (IPDaemon Component)

Send file to the remote host.

Syntax

public void SendFile(string connectionId, string fileName);

Async Version
public async Task SendFile(string connectionId, string fileName);
public async Task SendFile(string connectionId, string fileName, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub SendFile(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal FileName As String)

Async Version
Public Sub SendFile(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal FileName As String) As Task
Public Sub SendFile(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal FileName As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method sends the file to the client specified by the ConnectionId.

Note: This method operate synchronously. DefaultTimeout or Timeout must be set to a positive value before calling this method.

SendLine Method (IPDaemon Component)

Sends a string followed by a newline.

Syntax

public void SendLine(string connectionId, string text);

Async Version
public async Task SendLine(string connectionId, string text);
public async Task SendLine(string connectionId, string text, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub SendLine(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String)

Async Version
Public Sub SendLine(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String) As Task
Public Sub SendLine(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method is used to send data with line-oriented protocols. The line is followed by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Please refer to the GetLine method and SingleLineMode property for more information.

SendText Method (IPDaemon Component)

Sends text to the specified client.

Syntax

public void SendText(string connectionId, string text);

Async Version
public async Task SendText(string connectionId, string text);
public async Task SendText(string connectionId, string text, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub SendText(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String)

Async Version
Public Sub SendText(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String) As Task
Public Sub SendText(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Text As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method sends text to the client identified by ConnectionId. To send binary data use the SendBytes method instead.

When Timeout is set to 0 and SSLEnabled is set to False the component will behave asynchronously. If you are sending data to the remote host faster than it can process it, or faster than the network's bandwidth allows, the outgoing queue might fill up. When this happens, the operation fails with exception 10035: "[10035] Operation would block" (WSAEWOULDBLOCK). You can check this error, and then try to send the data again. The BytesSent property shows how many bytes were sent (if any). If 0 bytes were sent, then you can wait for the ReadyToSend event before attempting to send data again. (However, please note that ReadyToSend is not fired when part of the data is successfully sent).

When SSLEnabled is True or Timeout is set to a positive value the component behaves synchronously.

SetUploadStream Method (IPDaemon Component)

Uploads the data in the specified stream.

Syntax

public void SetUploadStream(string connectionId, System.IO.Stream stream);

Async Version
public async Task SetUploadStream(string connectionId, System.IO.Stream stream);
public async Task SetUploadStream(string connectionId, System.IO.Stream stream, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub SetUploadStream(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Stream As System.IO.Stream)

Async Version
Public Sub SetUploadStream(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Stream As System.IO.Stream) As Task
Public Sub SetUploadStream(ByVal ConnectionId As String, ByVal Stream As System.IO.Stream, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method uploads the data in the specified stream to the connection identified by ConnectionId. The component will automatically close this stream if CloseStreamAfterTransfer is true (default).

Shutdown Method (IPDaemon Component)

Shuts down the server.

Syntax

public void Shutdown();

Async Version
public async Task Shutdown();
public async Task Shutdown(CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub Shutdown()

Async Version
Public Sub Shutdown() As Task
Public Sub Shutdown(cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method shuts down the server. Calling this method is equivalent to calling StopListening and then breaking every client connection by calling Disconnect.

StartListening Method (IPDaemon Component)

Starts listening for incoming connections.

Syntax

public void StartListening();

Async Version
public async Task StartListening();
public async Task StartListening(CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub StartListening()

Async Version
Public Sub StartListening() As Task
Public Sub StartListening(cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method begins listening for incoming connections on the port specified by LocalPort. Once listening events will fire as new clients connect and data is transferred.

To stop listening for new connections call StopListening. To stop listening for new connections and disconnect all existing clients call Shutdown.

StartSSL Method (IPDaemon Component)

Starts SSL negotiation on a connection.

Syntax

public void StartSSL(string connectionId);

Async Version
public async Task StartSSL(string connectionId);
public async Task StartSSL(string connectionId, CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub StartSSL(ByVal ConnectionId As String)

Async Version
Public Sub StartSSL(ByVal ConnectionId As String) As Task
Public Sub StartSSL(ByVal ConnectionId As String, cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method is used to start SSL negotiation on a plaintext connection. Please refer to the SSLStartMode property for more information.

Note that the Connected event will fire again after SSL negotiation is complete.

StopListening Method (IPDaemon Component)

Stops listening for new connections.

Syntax

public void StopListening();

Async Version
public async Task StopListening();
public async Task StopListening(CancellationToken cancellationToken);
Public Sub StopListening()

Async Version
Public Sub StopListening() As Task
Public Sub StopListening(cancellationToken As CancellationToken) As Task

Remarks

This method stops listening for new connections. After being called any new connection attempts will be rejected. Calling this method does not disconnect existing connections.

To stop listening and disconnect all existing clients call Shutdown instead.

Connected Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).

Syntax

public event OnConnectedHandler OnConnected;

public delegate void OnConnectedHandler(object sender, IpdaemonConnectedEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonConnectedEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public int StatusCode { get; }

  public string Description { get; }

}
Public Event OnConnected As OnConnectedHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnConnectedHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonConnectedEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonConnectedEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property StatusCode As Integer

  Public ReadOnly Property Description As String

End Class

Remarks

If the connection is made normally, StatusCode is 0, and Description is "OK".

If the connection fails, StatusCode has the error code returned by the system. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the system error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

ConnectionRequest Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired when a request for connection comes from a remote host.

Syntax

public event OnConnectionRequestHandler OnConnectionRequest;

public delegate void OnConnectionRequestHandler(object sender, IpdaemonConnectionRequestEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonConnectionRequestEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string Address { get; }

  public int Port { get; }

  public bool Accept { get; set; }

}
Public Event OnConnectionRequest As OnConnectionRequestHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnConnectionRequestHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonConnectionRequestEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonConnectionRequestEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property Address As String

  Public ReadOnly Property Port As Integer

  Public Property Accept As Boolean

End Class

Remarks

This event indicates an incoming connection. The connection is accepted by default. Address and Port will contain information about remote host requesting the inbound connection. If you want to refuse it, you can set the Accept parameter to False.

DataIn Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired when data comes in.

Syntax

public event OnDataInHandler OnDataIn;

public delegate void OnDataInHandler(object sender, IpdaemonDataInEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonDataInEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public string Text { get; }
public byte[] TextB { get; } public bool EOL { get; } }
Public Event OnDataIn As OnDataInHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnDataInHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonDataInEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonDataInEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property Text As String
Public ReadOnly Property TextB As Byte() Public ReadOnly Property EOL As Boolean End Class

Remarks

Trapping the DataIn event is your only chance to get the data coming from the other end of the connection specified by ConnectionId. The incoming data is provided through the Text parameter.

EOL indicates whether the EOL string was found at the end of Text or not. If the EOL string was found, then EOL is True.

If Text is part of data portion of length larger than either DefaultMaxLineLength or MaxLineLength with no EOL strings in it, then EOL is False. Please note that this means that one or more DataIn events with EOL set to False can be received during a connection.

If the EOL property is "" (empty string), then EOL can be disregarded (it is always True).

Note that events are not re-entrant. Performing time consuming operations within this event will prevent it from firing again in a timely manner and may impact overall performance.

Disconnected Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired when a connection is closed.

Syntax

public event OnDisconnectedHandler OnDisconnected;

public delegate void OnDisconnectedHandler(object sender, IpdaemonDisconnectedEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonDisconnectedEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public int StatusCode { get; }

  public string Description { get; }

}
Public Event OnDisconnected As OnDisconnectedHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnDisconnectedHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonDisconnectedEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonDisconnectedEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property StatusCode As Integer

  Public ReadOnly Property Description As String

End Class

Remarks

If the connection is broken normally, StatusCode is 0, and Description is "OK".

If the connection is broken for any other reason, StatusCode has the error code returned by the system. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the system error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

Error Event (IPDaemon Component)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public event OnErrorHandler OnError;

public delegate void OnErrorHandler(object sender, IpdaemonErrorEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonErrorEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public int ErrorCode { get; }

  public string Description { get; }

}
Public Event OnError As OnErrorHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnErrorHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonErrorEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonErrorEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property ErrorCode As Integer

  Public ReadOnly Property Description As String

End Class

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the component throws an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

ConnectionId indicates for which connection the error is applicable.

ReadyToSend Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired when the component is ready to send data.

Syntax

public event OnReadyToSendHandler OnReadyToSend;

public delegate void OnReadyToSendHandler(object sender, IpdaemonReadyToSendEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonReadyToSendEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

}
Public Event OnReadyToSend As OnReadyToSendHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnReadyToSendHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonReadyToSendEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonReadyToSendEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

End Class

Remarks

The ReadyToSend event indicates that the underlying TCP/IP subsystem is ready to accept data after a failed DataToSend. The event is also fired immediately after a connection is established.

SSLClientAuthentication Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fired when the client presents its credentials to the server.

Syntax

public event OnSSLClientAuthenticationHandler OnSSLClientAuthentication;

public delegate void OnSSLClientAuthenticationHandler(object sender, IpdaemonSSLClientAuthenticationEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonSSLClientAuthenticationEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public string CertEncoded { get; }
public byte[] CertEncodedB { get; } public string CertSubject { get; } public string CertIssuer { get; } public string Status { get; } public bool Accept { get; set; } }
Public Event OnSSLClientAuthentication As OnSSLClientAuthenticationHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnSSLClientAuthenticationHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonSSLClientAuthenticationEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonSSLClientAuthenticationEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property CertEncoded As String
Public ReadOnly Property CertEncodedB As Byte() Public ReadOnly Property CertSubject As String Public ReadOnly Property CertIssuer As String Public ReadOnly Property Status As String Public Property Accept As Boolean End Class

Remarks

This is where the server can decide whether to continue or not. The Accept parameter is a recommendation on whether to continue or close the connection. This is just a suggestion: application software must use its own logic to determine whether to continue or not.

When Accept is False, Status shows why the verification failed (otherwise, Status contains the string "OK").

SSLConnectionRequest Event (IPDaemon Component)

Fires when an SSL connection is requested.

Syntax

public event OnSSLConnectionRequestHandler OnSSLConnectionRequest;

public delegate void OnSSLConnectionRequestHandler(object sender, IpdaemonSSLConnectionRequestEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonSSLConnectionRequestEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public string SupportedCipherSuites { get; }

  public string SupportedSignatureAlgs { get; }

  public int CertStoreType { get; set; }

  public string CertStore { get; set; }

  public string CertPassword { get; set; }

  public string CertSubject { get; set; }

}
Public Event OnSSLConnectionRequest As OnSSLConnectionRequestHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnSSLConnectionRequestHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonSSLConnectionRequestEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonSSLConnectionRequestEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property SupportedCipherSuites As String

  Public ReadOnly Property SupportedSignatureAlgs As String

  Public Property CertStoreType As Integer

  Public Property CertStore As String

  Public Property CertPassword As String

  Public Property CertSubject As String

End Class

Remarks

This event fires when an SSL connection is requested and provides an opportunity to select an alternative certificate to the connecting client.

Note: This setting is only applicable when UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True.

This event allows the component to be configured to use both RSA and ECDSA certificates depending on the connecting client's capabilities.

ConnectionId is the connection Id of the client requesting the connection.

SupportedCipherSuites is a comma separated list of cipher suites that the client supports.

SupportedSignatureAlgs is a comma separated list of certificate signature algorithms that the client supports.

CertStoreType is the store type of the alternate certificate to use for this connection. The component supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the component will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr component. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

CertStore is the store name or location of the alternate certificate to use for this connection.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

CertPassword is the password of the certificate store containing the alternate certificate to use for this connection.

CertSubject is the subject of the alternate certificate to use for this connection.

The special value * matches any subject and will select the first certificate in the store. The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

SSLStatus Event (IPDaemon Component)

Shows the progress of the secure connection.

Syntax

public event OnSSLStatusHandler OnSSLStatus;

public delegate void OnSSLStatusHandler(object sender, IpdaemonSSLStatusEventArgs e);

public class IpdaemonSSLStatusEventArgs : EventArgs {
  public string ConnectionId { get; }

  public string Message { get; }

}
Public Event OnSSLStatus As OnSSLStatusHandler

Public Delegate Sub OnSSLStatusHandler(sender As Object, e As IpdaemonSSLStatusEventArgs)

Public Class IpdaemonSSLStatusEventArgs Inherits EventArgs
  Public ReadOnly Property ConnectionId As String

  Public ReadOnly Property Message As String

End Class

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. Used to track the progress of the connection.

Certificate Type

This is the digital certificate being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current digital certificate. The certificate may be a public or private key. The fields are used to identify or select certificates.

Fields

EffectiveDate
String

This is the date on which this certificate becomes valid. Before this date, it is not valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

EncodedB
Byte []

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

ExpirationDate
String

This is the date the certificate expires. After this date, the certificate will no longer be valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

ExtendedKeyUsage
String

This is a comma-delimited list of extended key usage identifiers. These are the same as ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs).

Fingerprint
String

This is the hex-encoded, 16-byte MD5 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: bc:2a:72:af:fe:58:17:43:7a:5f:ba:5a:7c:90:f7:02

FingerprintSHA1
String

This is the hex-encoded, 20-byte SHA-1 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 30:7b:fa:38:65:83:ff:da:b4:4e:07:3f:17:b8:a4:ed:80:be:ff:84

FingerprintSHA256
String

This is the hex-encoded, 32-byte SHA-256 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 6a:80:5c:33:a9:43:ea:b0:96:12:8a:64:96:30:ef:4a:8a:96:86:ce:f4:c7:be:10:24:8e:2b:60:9e:f3:59:53

Issuer
String

This is the issuer of the certificate. This field contains a string representation of the name of the issuing authority for the certificate.

PrivateKey
String

This is the private key of the certificate (if available). The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

Note: The PrivateKey may be available but not exportable. In this case, PrivateKey returns an empty string.

PrivateKeyAvailable
Boolean

This field shows whether a PrivateKey is available for the selected certificate. If PrivateKeyAvailable is True, the certificate may be used for authentication purposes (e.g., server authentication).

PrivateKeyContainer
String

This is the name of the PrivateKey container for the certificate (if available). This functionality is available only on Windows platforms.

PublicKey
String

This is the public key of the certificate. The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

This field contains the textual description of the certificate's public key algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_DH") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

PublicKeyLength
Integer

This is the length of the certificate's public key (in bits). Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

SerialNumber
String

This is the serial number of the certificate encoded as a string. The number is encoded as a series of hexadecimal digits, with each pair representing a byte of the serial number.

SignatureAlgorithm
String

The field contains the text description of the certificate's signature algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_MD5RSA") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

Store
String

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StoreB
Byte []

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StorePassword
String

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

StoreType
CertStoreTypes

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The component supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the component will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr component. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Subject
String

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This field will be populated with the full subject of the loaded certificate. When loading a certificate the subject is used to locate the certificate in the store.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

SubjectAltNames
String

This field contains comma-separated lists of alternative subject names for the certificate.

ThumbprintMD5
String

This field contains the MD5 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA1
String

This field contains the SHA-1 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA256
String

This field contains the SHA-256 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

Usage
String

This field contains the text description of UsageFlags.

This value will be of one or more of the following strings and will be separated by commas:

  • Digital Signatures
  • Key Authentication
  • Key Encryption
  • Data Encryption
  • Key Agreement
  • Certificate Signing
  • Key Signing

If the provider is OpenSSL, the value is a comma-separated list of X.509 certificate extension names.

UsageFlags
Integer

This field contains the flags that show intended use for the certificate. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x80Digital Signatures
0x40Key Authentication
0x20Key Encryption
0x10Data Encryption
0x08Key Agreement
0x04Certificate Signing
0x02Key Signing

Please see the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

This functionality currently is not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

Version
String

This field contains the certificate's version number. The possible values are the strings "V1", "V2", and "V3".

Constructors

public Certificate();
Public Certificate()

Creates a Certificate instance whose properties can be set. This is useful for use with CERTMGR when generating new certificates.

public Certificate(string certificateFile);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertificateFile As String)

Opens CertificateFile and reads out the contents as an X509 public key.

public Certificate(byte[] certificateData);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertificateData As Byte())

Parses CertificateData as an X509 public key.

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, string store, string storePassword, string subject);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal Store As String, ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Subject As String)

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, string store, string storePassword, string subject, string configurationString);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal Store As String, ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Subject As String, ByVal ConfigurationString As String)

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. ConfigurationString is a newline separated list of name-value pairs that may be used to modify the default behavior. Possible values include "PersistPFXKey", which shows whether or not the PFX key is persisted after performing operations with the private key. This correlates to the PKCS12_NO_PERSIST_KEY CyrptoAPI option. The default value is True (the key is persisted). "Thumbprint" - a MD5, SHA1, or SHA256 thumbprint of the certificate to load. When specified, this value is used to select the certificate in the store. This is applicable to cstUser, cstMachine, cstPublicKeyFile, and cstPFXFile store types. "UseInternalSecurityAPI" shows whether the platform (default) or the internal security API is used when performing certificate-related operations. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, string store, string storePassword, byte[] encoded);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal Store As String, ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Encoded As Byte())

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, byte[] storeBlob, string storePassword, string subject);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal StoreBlob As Byte(), ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Subject As String)

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, byte[] storeBlob, string storePassword, string subject, string configurationString);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal StoreBlob As Byte(), ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Subject As String, ByVal ConfigurationString As String)

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate(CertStoreTypes certStoreType, byte[] storeBlob, string storePassword, byte[] encoded);
Public Certificate(ByVal CertStoreType As CertStoreTypes, ByVal StoreBlob As Byte(), ByVal StorePassword As String, ByVal Encoded As Byte())

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the component will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

Connection Type

This is a currently connected client.

Remarks

This type describes the connection of a client that is currently connected to the component. You may use the different fields of this type to manage the connection.

Fields

AcceptData
Boolean

Setting this field to False, temporarily disables data reception (and the DataIn event) on the connection. Setting this to True, re-enables data reception.

Note: It is recommended to use the PauseData or ProcessData method instead of setting this property.

BytesSent
Integer

This field shows how many bytes were sent after the last assignment to DataToSend. Please check DataToSend for more information.

Note: This field will always return 0 when the component is operating in the synchronous mode (i.e., the Timeout property is set to a positive value).

Connected
Boolean

This field is used to disconnect individual connections or to show their status.

The Connected field may be set to false to close the connection.

Connected also shows the status of a particular connection (connected/disconnected).

How and when the connection is closed is controlled by the Linger property. Please refer to its description for more information.

Note: It is recommended to use the Connect or Disconnect method instead of setting this property.

ConnectionId
String

This field contains an identifier generated by the component to identify each connection. This identifier is unique to this connection.

DataToSend
String

This field contains a string of data to be sent to the remote host. It is a write-only property.

Assigning a string to the DataToSend makes the component send the string to the remote host. The Send method provides similar functionality.

When Timeout is set to 0 and SSLEnabled is set to False, the component will behave asynchronously. If you are sending data to the remote host faster than it can process it, or faster than the network's bandwidth allows, the outgoing queue might fill up. When this happens, the operation fails with exception 10035: "[10035] Operation would block" (WSAEWOULDBLOCK). You can check this error, and then try to send the data again. The BytesSent property shows how many bytes were sent (if any). If 0 bytes were sent, then you can wait for the ReadyToSend event before attempting to send data again. (However, please note that ReadyToSend is not fired when part of the data is successfully sent).

When SSLEnabled is True or Timeout is set to a positive value, the component behaves synchronously.

Note: It is recommended to use the Send or SendBytes method instead of setting this property.

DataToSendB
Byte []

This field contains a string of data to be sent to the remote host. It is a write-only property.

Assigning a string to the DataToSend makes the component send the string to the remote host. The Send method provides similar functionality.

When Timeout is set to 0 and SSLEnabled is set to False, the component will behave asynchronously. If you are sending data to the remote host faster than it can process it, or faster than the network's bandwidth allows, the outgoing queue might fill up. When this happens, the operation fails with exception 10035: "[10035] Operation would block" (WSAEWOULDBLOCK). You can check this error, and then try to send the data again. The BytesSent property shows how many bytes were sent (if any). If 0 bytes were sent, then you can wait for the ReadyToSend event before attempting to send data again. (However, please note that ReadyToSend is not fired when part of the data is successfully sent).

When SSLEnabled is True or Timeout is set to a positive value, the component behaves synchronously.

Note: It is recommended to use the Send or SendBytes method instead of setting this property.

EOL
String

The EOL field is used to define boundaries in the input stream using the value of the field.

The EOL field is especially useful with ASCII files. By setting it to CRLF ("\r\n") , the incoming ASCII text stream can be split into lines. In this case, one event is fired for each line received (as well as in packet boundaries). The CRLF ("\r\n") . bytes are discarded.

The EOL field is a binary string. This means that it can be more than one byte long, and it can contain NULL bytes.

EOLB
Byte []

The EOL field is used to define boundaries in the input stream using the value of the field.

The EOL field is especially useful with ASCII files. By setting it to CRLF ("\r\n") , the incoming ASCII text stream can be split into lines. In this case, one event is fired for each line received (as well as in packet boundaries). The CRLF ("\r\n") . bytes are discarded.

The EOL field is a binary string. This means that it can be more than one byte long, and it can contain NULL bytes.

IdleTimeout
Integer

This field contains the idle timeout for this connection. This field is similar to DefaultIdleTimeout but may be set on a per-connection basis to override DefaultIdleTimeout. This field specifies the idle timeout (in seconds) for the connected client. When set to a positive value, the component will disconnect idle clients after the specified timeout.

This applies only to clients that have not sent to received data within the specified number of seconds.

If set to 0 (default), no idle timeout is applied.

Note: DoEvents must be called for the component to check existing connections.

LocalAddress
String

This field shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is passing.

LocalAddress is important for multihomed hosts so that it can be used to find the particular network interface through which an individual connection is going.

MaxLineLength
Integer

This field is the size of an internal buffer that holds received data while waiting for an EOL string.

If an EOL string is found in the input stream before MaxLineLength bytes are received, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to True, and the buffer is reset.

If no EOL is found, and MaxLineLength bytes are accumulated in the buffer, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to False, and the buffer is reset.

The minimum value for MaxLineLength is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

ReadyToSend
Boolean

This indicates whether the component is ready to send data.

This field indicates that the underlying TCP/IP subsystem is ready to accept data. This is True after a client connects but will become False after a failed DataToSend.

After a failed DataToSend, the ReadyToSend event will fire and this field will be True when data can be sent again.

RecordLength
Integer

If set to a positive value, this setting defines the length of the data records to be received. The component will accumulate data until RecordLength is reached and only then will fire the DataIn event with the data of length RecordLength. This allows data to be received as records of known length. This value can be changed at any time, including within the DataIn event.

A value of 0 (default) means this setting is not used.

Note: It is recommended to use the ChangeRecordLength method instead of setting this property.

RemoteHost
String

This field shows the IP address of the remote host through which the connection is coming.

The connection must be valid or an error will be fired.

If the component is configured to use a SOCKS firewall, the value assigned to this property may be preceded with an "*". If this is the case, the host name is passed to the firewall unresolved and the firewall performs the DNS resolution.

RemotePort
Integer

This field shows the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port on the remote host through which the connection is coming.

The connection must be valid or an error will be fired.

SingleLineMode
Boolean

This field shows the special mode for line-oriented protocols. When SingleLineMode is True, the component treats the incoming data stream as lines separated by carriage return (CR), line feed (LF), or CRLF. The EOL property is ignored.

Timeout
Integer

This field specifies a timeout for the component.

This field defines the timeout when sending data. When SSLEnabled is False, a value of 0 means data will be sent asynchronously and a positive value means data will be sent synchronously. When SSLEnabled is True, all data is sent synchronously regardless of the Timeout value. Please see the following notes for details.

Plaintext

If the Timeout field is set to 0, all operations return immediately, potentially failing with a WOULDBLOCK error if data cannot be sent immediately.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, data is sent in a blocking manner and the component will wait for the operation to complete before returning control. The component will handle any potential WOULDBLOCK errors internally and automatically retry the operation for a maximum of Timeout seconds.

SSL

If the Timeout field is set to 0, all operations will run uninterrupted until successful completion or an error condition is encountered.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, the component will wait for the operation to complete before returning control.

Additional Notes

The component will use DoEvents to enter an efficient wait loop during any potential waiting period, making sure that all system events are processed immediately as they arrive. This ensures that the host application does not "freeze" and remains responsive.

If Timeout expires, and the operation is not yet complete, the component throws an exception.

Please note that by default, all timeouts are inactivity timeouts, i.e. the timeout period is extended by Timeout seconds when any amount of data is successfully sent or received.

The default value for the Timeout field is 0 (asynchronous for plaintext, synchronous for SSL).

UploadStream
System.IO.Stream

Setting this field uploads the data in the specified stream to the current connection. The component will automatically close this stream if CloseStreamAfterTransfer is True (default).

Note: It is recommended to use the SetUploadStream method instead of setting this property.

UserData
String

The UserData field holds connection-specific user-specified data.

User-specified data may be set or retrieved at any point while the connection is valid. This provides a simple way to associate arbitrary data with a specific connection.

UserDataB
Byte []

The UserData field holds connection-specific user-specified data.

User-specified data may be set or retrieved at any point while the connection is valid. This provides a simple way to associate arbitrary data with a specific connection.

Constructors

public Connection();
Public Connection()

Configuration Settings (IPDaemon Component)

The component accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

IPDaemon Configuration Settings

AllowedClients:   A comma-separated list of host names or IP addresses that can access the component.

This setting defines a comma-separated list of host names or IPv4 addresses that may access the component. The wildcard character "*" is supported. The default value is "*" and all connections are accepted.

When a client connects, the client's address is checked against the list defined here. If there is no match, the ConnectionRequest event fires with an Accept value set to False. If no action is taken within the ConnectionRequest event, the client will be disconnected.

BindExclusively:   Whether or not the component considers a local port reserved for exclusive use.

If this is true (default), the component will bind to the local port with the ExclusiveAddressUse option set, meaning that nothing else can bind to the same port. Also the component will not be able to bind to local ports that are already in use by some other instance and attempts to do so will result in failure.

CloseStreamAfterTransfer:   If true, the component will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.

This setting determines whether the input or output stream is closed after the transfer completes. When set to True (default), all streams will be closed after a transfer is completed. In order to keep streams open after the transfer of data, set this to False. the default value is True.

DefaultConnectionTimeout:   The inactivity timeout applied to the SSL handshake.

This setting specifies the inactivity (in seconds) to apply to incoming SSL connections. When set to a positive value if the other end is unresponsive for the specified number of seconds the connection will timeout. This is not applicable to the entire handshake, only the inactivity of the connecting client during the handshake if a response is expected and none is received within the timeout window. The default value is 0 and no connection specific timeout is applied.

Note: This is only applicable to incoming SSL connections. This should only be set if there is a specific reason to do so.

InBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be receiving. Increasing the value of the InBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the component is activated the InBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

InBufferSize is shared among incoming connections. When the property is set, the corresponding value is set for incoming connections as they are accepted. Existing connections are not modified.

KeepAliveInterval:   The retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.

A TCP keep-alive packet will be sent after a period of inactivity as defined by KeepAliveTime. If no acknowledgement is received from the remote host the keep-alive packet will be re-sent. This setting specifies the interval at which the successive keep-alive packets are sent in milliseconds. This system default if this value is not specified here is 1 second. This setting is applicable to all connections.

Note: This value is not applicable in macOS.

KeepAliveTime:   The inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.

By default the operating system will determine the time a connection is idle before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent. This system default if this value is not specified here is 2 hours. In many cases a shorter interval is more useful. Set this value to the desired interval in milliseconds. This setting is applicable to all connections.

MaxConnections:   The maximum number of connections available.

The maximum number of connections available. This property must be set before Listening is set to True, and once set, it can no longer be changed for the current instance of the component. The maximum value for this setting is 100,000 connections. Use this setting with caution. Extremely large values may impact performance.

OutBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be sending. Increasing the value of the OutBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the component is activated the OutBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

OutBufferSize is shared among incoming connections. When the property is set, the corresponding value is set for incoming connections as they are accepted. Existing connections are not modified.

TcpNoDelay:   Whether or not to delay when sending packets.

When true, the socket will send all data that is ready to send at once. When false, the socket will send smaller buffered packets of data at small intervals. This is known as the Nagle algorithm.

By default, this config is set to false.

UseBackgroundThread:   Whether threads created by the component are background threads.

If set to True, when the component creates a thread the thread's IsBackground property will be explicitly set to True. By default this setting is False.

UseIPv6:   Whether to use IPv6.

When set to 0 (default), the component will use IPv4 exclusively. When set to 1, the component will use IPv6 exclusively. When set to 2, the component will listen for both IPv4 and IPv6 connections. If IPv6 is not available on the system, only IPv4 will be used. The default value is 0. Possible values are:

0 IPv4 Only
1 IPv6 Only
2 IPv6 and IPv4

SSL Configuration Settings

CACertFilePaths:   The paths to CA certificate files when using Mono on Unix/Linux.

This setting specifies the paths on disk to CA certificate files when using Mono on Unix/Linux. It is not applicable in any other circumstances.

The value is formatted as a list of paths separated by semicolons. The component will check for the existence of each file in the order specified. When a file is found the CA certificates within the file will be loaded and used to determine the validity of server certificates.

The default value is:

/etc/ssl/ca-bundle.pem;/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt;/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt;/etc/pki/tls/cacert.pem

LogSSLPackets:   Controls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.

When the UseInternalSecurityAPI configuration setting is True, this setting controls whether SSL packets should be logged. By default, this setting is False, as it is only useful for debugging purposes.

When enabled, SSL packet logs are output using the SSLStatus event, which will fire each time an SSL packet is sent or received.

Enabling this setting has no effect if UseInternalSecurityAPI is False.

ReuseSSLSession:   Determines if the SSL session is reused.

If set to true, the component will reuse the context if and only if the following criteria are met:

  • The target host name is the same.
  • The system cache entry has not expired (default timeout is 10 hours).
  • The application process that calls the function is the same.
  • The logon session is the same.
  • The instance of the component is the same.

SSLCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.

This setting specifies one or more CA certificates to be included in the request when performing SSL client authentication. Some servers require the entire chain, including CA certificates, to be presented when performing SSL client authentication. The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLCheckCRL:   Whether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.

This setting specifies whether the component will check the Certificate Revocation List specified by the server certificate. If set to true the component will first obtain the list of CRL URLs from the server certificate's CRL distribution points extension. The component will then make HTTP requests to each CRL endpoint to check the validity of the server's certificate. If the certificate has been revoked or any other issues are found during validation the component throws an exception.

When set to false (default) the CRL check will not be performed by the component.

SSLCipherStrength:   The minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.

This minimum cipher strength largely dependent on the security modules installed on the system. If the cipher strength specified is not supported, an error will be returned when connections are initiated.

Please note that this setting contains the minimum cipher strength requested from the security library. The actual cipher strength used for the connection is shown by the SSLStatus event.

Use this setting with caution. Requesting a lower cipher strength than necessary could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList config setting.

SSLEnabledCipherSuites:   The cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.

The enabled cipher suites to be used in SSL negotiation.

By default, the enabled cipher suites will include all available ciphers ("*").

The special value "*" means that the component will pick all of the supported cipher suites. If SSLEnabledCipherSuites is set to any other value, only the specified cipher suites will be considered.

Multiple cipher suites are separated by semicolons.

Example values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is False (default): obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=CALG_AES_256"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=CALG_AES_256;CALG_3DES"); Possible values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is False (default) include:

  • CALG_3DES
  • CALG_3DES_112
  • CALG_AES
  • CALG_AES_128
  • CALG_AES_192
  • CALG_AES_256
  • CALG_AGREEDKEY_ANY
  • CALG_CYLINK_MEK
  • CALG_DES
  • CALG_DESX
  • CALG_DH_EPHEM
  • CALG_DH_SF
  • CALG_DSS_SIGN
  • CALG_ECDH
  • CALG_ECDH_EPHEM
  • CALG_ECDSA
  • CALG_ECMQV
  • CALG_HASH_REPLACE_OWF
  • CALG_HUGHES_MD5
  • CALG_HMAC
  • CALG_KEA_KEYX
  • CALG_MAC
  • CALG_MD2
  • CALG_MD4
  • CALG_MD5
  • CALG_NO_SIGN
  • CALG_OID_INFO_CNG_ONLY
  • CALG_OID_INFO_PARAMETERS
  • CALG_PCT1_MASTER
  • CALG_RC2
  • CALG_RC4
  • CALG_RC5
  • CALG_RSA_KEYX
  • CALG_RSA_SIGN
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_ENC_KEY
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_MAC_KEY
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_MASTER_HASH
  • CALG_SEAL
  • CALG_SHA
  • CALG_SHA1
  • CALG_SHA_256
  • CALG_SHA_384
  • CALG_SHA_512
  • CALG_SKIPJACK
  • CALG_SSL2_MASTER
  • CALG_SSL3_MASTER
  • CALG_SSL3_SHAMD5
  • CALG_TEK
  • CALG_TLS1_MASTER
  • CALG_TLS1PRF
Example values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True: obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA;TLS_DH_ANON_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA"); Possible values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True include:
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA

When TLS 1.3 is negotiated (see SSLEnabledProtocols) only the following cipher suites are supported:

  • TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
  • TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

SSLEnabledCipherSuites is used together with SSLCipherStrength.

SSLEnabledProtocols:   Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Not all supported protocols are enabled by default (the value of this setting is 4032). If you want more granular control over the enabled protocols, you can set this property to the binary 'OR' of one or more of the following values:

TLS1.312288 (Hex 3000)
TLS1.23072 (Hex C00) (Default)
TLS1.1768 (Hex 300) (Default)
TLS1 192 (Hex C0) (Default)
SSL3 48 (Hex 30)
SSL2 12 (Hex 0C)

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList setting.

Note: TLS 1.1 and TLS1.2 support are only available starting with Windows 7.

Note: Enabling TLS 1.3 will automatically set UseInternalSecurityAPI to True.

SSLEnableRenegotiation:   Whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.

This setting specifies whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension will be used in the request when using the internal security API. This setting is true by default, but can be set to false to disable the extension.

This setting is only applicable when UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to true.

SSLIncludeCertChain:   Whether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.

This setting specifies whether the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event contains the full certificate chain. By default this value is False and only the leaf certificate will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event.

If set to True all certificates returned by the server will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event. This includes the leaf certificate, any intermediate certificate, and the root certificate.

Note: When UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True this value is automatically set to True. This is needed for proper validation when using the internal provider.

SSLKeyLogFile:   The location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.

This setting optionally specifies the full path to a file on disk where per-session secrets are stored for debugging purposes.

When set, the component will save the session secrets in the same format as the SSLKEYLOGFILE environment variable functionality used by most major browsers and tools such as Chrome, Firefox, and cURL. This file can then be used in tools such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS traffice for debugging purposes. When writing to this file the component will only append, it will not overwrite previous values.

Note: This setting is only applicable when UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True.

SSLNegotiatedCipher:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipher[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.

Returns the strength of the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake represented as a single string.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.

Returns the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.

Returns the strenghth of the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedProtocol:   Returns the negotiated protocol version.

Returns the protocol version negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedProtocol[connId]");

SSLProvider:   The name of the security provider to use.

Change this setting to use security providers other than the system default.

Use this setting with caution. Disabling SSL security or pointing to the wrong provider could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

The special value "*" (default) picks the default SSL provider defined in the system.

The special value "Internal" picks the internal SSL implementation. This does not rely on any system libraries. This is equivalent to setting UseInternalSecurityAPI to True.

Note: On Windows systems, the default SSL Provider is "Microsoft Unified Security Protocol Provider" and cannot be changed except to a value of "Internal".

SSLSecurityFlags:   Flags that control certificate verification.

The following flags are defined (specified in hexadecimal notation). They can be or-ed together to exclude multiple conditions:

0x00000001Ignore time validity status of certificate.
0x00000002Ignore time validity status of CTL.
0x00000004Ignore non-nested certificate times.
0x00000010Allow unknown Certificate Authority.
0x00000020Ignore wrong certificate usage.
0x00000100Ignore unknown certificate revocation status.
0x00000200Ignore unknown CTL signer revocation status.
0x00000400Ignore unknown Certificate Authority revocation status.
0x00000800Ignore unknown Root revocation status.
0x00008000Allow test Root certificate.
0x00004000Trust test Root certificate.
0x80000000Ignore non-matching CN (certificate CN not-matching server name).

This functionality is currently not available in Java or when the provider is OpenSSL.

SSLServerCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.

This setting optionally specifies one or more CA certificates to be used when verifying the server certificate. When verifying the server's certificate the certificates trusted by the system will be used as part of the verification process. If the server's CA certificates are not installed to the trusted system store, they may be specified here so they are included when performing the verification process. This setting should only be set if the server's CA certificates are not already trusted on the system and cannot be installed to the trusted system store.

The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

TLS12SignatureAlgorithms:   Defines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True.

This setting specifies the allowed server certificate signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True and SSLEnabledProtocols is set to allow TLS 1.2.

When specified the component will verify that the server certificate signature algorithm is among the values specified in this setting. If the server certificate signature algorithm is unsupported the component throws an exception.

The format of this value is a comma separated list of hash-signature combinations. For instance: IPPort.Config("UseInternalSecurityAPI=true"); IPPort.Config("SSLEnabledProtocols=3072"); //TLS 1.2 IPPort.Config("TLS12SignatureAlgorithms=sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa"); The default value for this setting is sha512-ecdsa,sha512-rsa,sha512-dsa,sha384-ecdsa,sha384-rsa,sha384-dsa,sha256-ecdsa,sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha224-ecdsa,sha224-rsa,sha224-dsa,sha1-ecdsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa.

In order to not restrict the server's certificate signature algorithm, specify an empty string as the value for this setting, which will cause the signature_algorithms TLS 1.2 extension to not be sent.

TLS12SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for ECC.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.2 for ECC.

The default value is ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1.

When using TLS 1.2 and UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True, the values refer to the supported groups for ECC. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)

TLS13KeyShareGroups:   The groups for which to pregenerate key shares.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. The groups specified here will have key share data pregenerated locally before establishing a connection. This can prevent an additional round trip during the handshake if the group is supported by the server.

The default value is set to balance common supported groups and the computational resources required to generate key shares. As a result only some groups are included by default in this setting.

Note: All supported groups can always be used during the handshake even if not listed here, but if a group is used which is not present in this list it will incur an additional round trip and time to generate the key share for that group.

In most cases this setting does not need to be modified. This should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448"
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1"
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096"
  • "ffdhe_6144"
  • "ffdhe_8192"

TLS13Provider:   The TLS 1.3 implementation to be used.

This setting specifies the TLS 1.3 implementation which will be used when TLS 1.3 is enabled via SSLEnabledProtocols. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Internal - Default)
  • 1 (Platform)

The platform provider is only supported on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up. The default internal provider is available on all platforms and is not restricted to any specific OS version.

If set to 1 (Platform provider) please be aware of the following notes:

  • The platform provider is only available on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up.
  • SSLEnabledCipherSuites and other similar SSL configuration settings are not supported.
  • If SSLEnabledProtocols includes both TLS 1.3 and TLS 1.2 the above restrictions are still applicable even if TLS 1.2 is negotiated. Enabling TLS 1.3 with the platform provider changes the implementation used for all TLS versions.

TLS13SignatureAlgorithms:   The allowed certificate signature algorithms.

This setting holds a comma separated list of allowed signature algorithms. Possible values are:

  • "ed25519" (default)
  • "ed448" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha512" (default)
The default value is rsa_pss_sha256,rsa_pss_sha384,rsa_pss_sha512,rsa_pkcs1_sha256,rsa_pkcs1_sha384,rsa_pkcs1_sha512,ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256,ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384,ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512,ed25519,ed448. This setting is only applicable when SSLEnabledProtocols includes TLS 1.3.
TLS13SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. This setting should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_x448,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072,ffdhe_4096,ffdhe_6144,ffdhe_8192

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096" (default)
  • "ffdhe_6144" (default)
  • "ffdhe_8192" (default)

Base Configuration Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Tells the component whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The component will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the component does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a component is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the component will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions. When set to False calls to unmanaged code will be made. In certain environments this is not desirable. To use a completely managed security implementation set this setting to True. Setting this to True tells the component to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Note: This setting is static. The value set is applicable to all components used in the application.

When this value is set the product's system DLL is no longer required as a reference, as all unmanaged code is stored in that file.

Trappable Errors (IPDaemon Component)

IPDaemon Errors

100   You cannot change the RemotePort at this time. A connection is in progress.
101   You cannot change the RemoteHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
102   The RemoteHost address is invalid (0.0.0.0).
104   IPDaemon is already listening.
106   Cannot change LocalPort when IPDaemon is Listening.
107   Cannot change LocalHost when IPDaemon is Listening.
108   Cannot change MaxConnections when IPDaemon is Listening.
112   You cannot change MaxLineLength at this time. A connection is in progress.
116   RemotePort cannot be zero. Please specify a valid service port number.
126   Invalid ConnectionId.
135   Operation would block.

SSL Errors

270   Cannot load specified security library.
271   Cannot open certificate store.
272   Cannot find specified certificate.
273   Cannot acquire security credentials.
274   Cannot find certificate chain.
275   Cannot verify certificate chain.
276   Error during handshake.
280   Error verifying certificate.
281   Could not find client certificate.
282   Could not find server certificate.
283   Error encrypting data.
284   Error decrypting data.

TCP/IP Errors

10004   [10004] Interrupted system call.
10009   [10009] Bad file number.
10013   [10013] Access denied.
10014   [10014] Bad address.
10022   [10022] Invalid argument.
10024   [10024] Too many open files.
10035   [10035] Operation would block.
10036   [10036] Operation now in progress.
10037   [10037] Operation already in progress.
10038   [10038] Socket operation on non-socket.
10039   [10039] Destination address required.
10040   [10040] Message too long.
10041   [10041] Protocol wrong type for socket.
10042   [10042] Bad protocol option.
10043   [10043] Protocol not supported.
10044   [10044] Socket type not supported.
10045   [10045] Operation not supported on socket.
10046   [10046] Protocol family not supported.
10047   [10047] Address family not supported by protocol family.
10048   [10048] Address already in use.
10049   [10049] Can't assign requested address.
10050   [10050] Network is down.
10051   [10051] Network is unreachable.
10052   [10052] Net dropped connection or reset.
10053   [10053] Software caused connection abort.
10054   [10054] Connection reset by peer.
10055   [10055] No buffer space available.
10056   [10056] Socket is already connected.
10057   [10057] Socket is not connected.
10058   [10058] Can't send after socket shutdown.
10059   [10059] Too many references, can't splice.
10060   [10060] Connection timed out.
10061   [10061] Connection refused.
10062   [10062] Too many levels of symbolic links.
10063   [10063] File name too long.
10064   [10064] Host is down.
10065   [10065] No route to host.
10066   [10066] Directory not empty
10067   [10067] Too many processes.
10068   [10068] Too many users.
10069   [10069] Disc Quota Exceeded.
10070   [10070] Stale NFS file handle.
10071   [10071] Too many levels of remote in path.
10091   [10091] Network subsystem is unavailable.
10092   [10092] WINSOCK DLL Version out of range.
10093   [10093] Winsock not loaded yet.
11001   [11001] Host not found.
11002   [11002] Non-authoritative 'Host not found' (try again or check DNS setup).
11003   [11003] Non-recoverable errors: FORMERR, REFUSED, NOTIMP.
11004   [11004] Valid name, no data record (check DNS setup).

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks 2022 .NET Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8171]