AzureKeys Class

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The AzureKeys class makes it easy to interact with keys in Azure Key Vaults.

Syntax

cloudkeys.Azurekeys

Remarks

The AzureKeys class provides an easy-to-use interface for the key-related functionality of the Azure Key Vault service. Azure Key Vault allows you to works with a few different kinds of resources, one of which is asymmetric key pairs. This class helps you to create, manage, and use said key pairs (or just "keys", for short) for cryptographic operations. To work with "secrets" instead, refer to the AzureSecrets class.

To begin, register for an Azure account and create one or more Key Vaults via the Azure Portal. Set the Vault property to the name of the vault you wish to work with.

This class requires authentication via OAuth 2.0. First, perform OAuth authentication using the OAuth property to set the appropriate fields for the chosen ClientProfile and GrantType.

The component has the following defaults:

Authorization Server URL "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/authorize"
Token Server URL "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/token"
Scopes "offline_access https://vault.azure.net/user_impersonation"

Additionaly, depending on how the application is registered (Ex. Single-tenant, Multi-tenant) and what GrantType is selected (Ex. Authorization Code, Password), it may be required to use the tenant ID rather than "common" in the ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL fields. See below for examples of the modified URLs:

Authorization Server URL "https://login.microsoftonline.com/{TENANT_ID}/oauth2/v2.0/authorize"
Token Server URL "https://login.microsoftonline.com/{TENANT_ID}/oauth2/v2.0/token"
Below is a brief description of the different ClientProfile and GrantType values that are supported by this class. For a more in-depth description of what needs to be set, refer to the service documentation.

Application Profile

This profile encompasses the most basic grant types that OAuth supports. When this profile is set, all the requests and response handling is done by the class. Depending on the grant type, this may involve launching a browser so a user can login to authenticate with a authorization server. It may also involve starting an embedded web server to receive a response from a redirect.

To start the authentication and authorization process, the Authorize method should be called. If the authorization and authentication was successful, then the AccessToken field will be populated. Additionally, if a refresh token was provided the RefreshToken field will be populated as well. These values of the fields are for informational purposes. The class will also cache these tokens along with when the AccessToken will be expired. When a method that makes requests to the service provider is called or the Authorize method is called the class will automatically check to see if the access token is expired. If it is, it will then automatically try to get a new AccessToken. If the Authorize method was not used and user interaction would be required, the class will throw an error which can be caught. When user interaction is needed depends on what grant type is set in the GrantType field. To force the component to only check the access token when the Authorize method is called, the OAuthAutomaticRefresh configuration setting can be set to false.

A brief description of the supported values for the GrantType field are below. For more information, see the service documentation.

Authorization Code

When using the Authorization Code grant type, the class will use an authorization code to get an access token. For this GrantType the class expects a ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to be set. When the Authorize method is called, the component will start the embedded web server and launch the browser so the user can authorize the application. Once the user authorizes, the service provider will redirect them to the embedded web server and the class will parse the authorization code, setting the AuthorizationCode field, from the redirect. Immediately, the class will make a request to the token server to exchange the authorization code for an access token. The token server will return an access token and possibly a refresh token. If the RefreshToken field is set, or a refresh token is cached, then the class will not launch the browser and use the refresh token in its request to the token server instead of an authorization code.

Example: AzureKeys azurekeys = new AzureKeys(); azurekeys.OAuth.ClientProfile = OAuthClientProfiles.cocpApplication; azurekeys.OAuth.GrantType = OAuthGrantTypes.cogtAuthorizationCode; azurekeys.OAuth.ClientId = CLIENT_ID; azurekeys.OAuth.ClientSecret = SECRET_ID; azurekeys.OAuth.AuthorizationScope = "offline_access https://vault.azure.net/user_impersonation"; azurekeys.OAuth.ServerAuthURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/" + TENANT_ID + "/oauth2/v2.0/authorize"; azurekeys.OAuth.ServerTokenURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/" + TENANT_ID + "/oauth2/v2.0/token"; azurekeys.Authorize(); Implicit

Note: This grant type is considered insecure and should only be used when necessary.

When using the Implicit grant type, the class will request the authorization server to get an access token. For this GrantType the class expects a ClientId, ClientSecret, and ServerAuthURL to be set. When the Authorize method is called, the component will start the embedded web server and launch the browser so the user can authorize the application. Once the user authorizes, the service provider will redirect them to the embedded web server and the class will parse the access token from the redirect.

A disadvantage of the grant type is that can not use a refresh token to silently get a new access token. Most service providers offer a way to silently get a new access token. See the service documentation for specifics. This means the class will not be able to automatically get a fresh token once it expires.

Password

Note: This grant type is considered insecure and should only be used when necessary.

When using the Resource Owner Password Credentials grant type, the class will authenticate as the resource owner. This allows for the class to avoid user interaction. This grant type often has specific limitations put on it by the service provider. See the service documentation for more details.

For this GrantType the class requires OAuthPasswordGrantUsername, ClientSecret, and ServerTokenURL to be set. The ClientSecret should be set to the password of the account instead of a typical secret. In some cases, the ClientId also needs to be set. When the Authorize method is called, the component will make a request to the token server for an access token using the username and password. The token server will return an access token if the authentication was successful. When this access token is expired, the component will automatically (see above for detailed description) make a new request to get a fresh one.

Web Profile

This profile is similar to setting the class to the Application profile and Authorization Code grant type except the class will not launch the browser. It is typically used in situations where there is a back-end that is supporting some front end. This profile expects that ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, ServerTokenURL, and the ReturnURL fields to be set. Before calling the Authorize method, the WebAuthURL field should be queried to get a URL. This URL should be used to redirect the user to the authorization page for the service provider. The redirect_uri parameter of this URL is mapped to the ReturnURL field. The ReturnURL field should be set to some web server that will parse the authorization code out of the query parameter from the redirect. Once the authorization code is parsed, it should be passed back to the server where it is then set to the AuthorizationCode field. Once that is set, the Authorize method can be called to exchange the authorization code for an access token and refresh token if provided. The class will then cache these values like normal and use them to make requests. If the RefreshToken field is set, or a refresh token is cached, then the Authorize method can immediately be called to make a request to the token server to get a new access token.

External OAuth Support

For complex profiles or grant types, or for more control of the flow, it is possible to perform OAuth authentication using the OAuth class or a separate process. Once complete you should have an authorization string which looks like:
Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN_VALUE

Assign this value to the Authorization property before attempting any operations. Setting the Authorization property will cause the class to ignore the values set in the OAuth property.

For Example: Oauth oauth = new Oauth(); oauth.ClientId = "CLIENT_ID"; oauth.ClientSecret = "CLIENT_SECRET"; oauth.ServerAuthURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/authorize"; oauth.ServerTokenURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/token"; oauth.AuthorizationScope = "offline_access https://vault.azure.net/user_impersonation"; oauth.GrantType = OauthGrantTypes.ogtAuthorizationCode; azurekeys.Authorization = oauth.GetAuthorization(); Consult the documentation for the service for more information about supported scope values and more details on OAuth authentication.

Using the Class

Keys can be created using the CreateKey method. A key's name and type (i.e., whether it is RSA or EC, and its size or curve, respectively) must be set at the time of creation, and cannot be changed later. A list of cryptographic operations that the key is valid for must also be set, but can be changed at any time using the UpdateKey. If a key with the specified name already exists, a new version of it is created; this makes it easy to "rotate" a key.

When a key will no longer be used, it can be deleted using the DeleteKey method. However, the key will only be soft-deleted; by default, Azure will permanently delete it after the waiting period configured for the vault. During this waiting period, the soft-deleted key may be recovered using RecoverKey, or permanently deleted using PurgeKey (assuming the currently-authenticated user has the permissions to do so). azurekeys.CreateKey("mykey", "RSA_2048", "encrypt,decrypt,sign,verify,wrapKey,unwrapKey"); // ... Some time later, when the key is no longer needed ... azurekeys.DeleteKey("mykey"); // At this point, the key is only soft-deleted. It could be recovered... azurekeys.RecoverKey("mykey"); // ...or permanently deleted. azurekeys.PurgeKey("mykey");

To list keys, use the ListKeys method. This method is also used to list soft-deleted keys if the GetDeleted configuration setting has been enabled first. To list a key's versions, use the ListVersions method. (You cannot list a deleted key's versions.) In all cases, the IncludeKeyDetails property can optionally be enabled to have the class attempt to retrieve the full information for each key (Azure leaves out certain fields by default when listing). // If there are many keys to list, there may be multiple pages of results. This will // cause all pages of results to be accumulated into the Keys collection property. do { azurekeys.ListKeys(); } while (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(azurekeys.KeyMarker)); // A similar thing applies to key versions as well. do { azurekeys.ListVersions("mykey"); } while (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(azurekeys.VersionMarker));

Depending on a key's "key ops" list, it can be used to perform different cryptographic operations. Keys with the encrypt and decrypt ops can be used in Encrypt and Decrypt operations. Keys with the sign and verify ops can be used in Sign and Verify. Finally, keys with the wrapKey and unwrapKey ops can be used in WrapKey and UnwrapKey operations (which are just like encryption and decryption, but which are intended to be used for wrapping a symmetric key, and which require different permissions to call successfully).

To perform a cryptographic operation, use InputData, InputFile, or SetInputStream to supply the input data that should be processed. All operations will output the result data to OutputData, OutputFile, or SetOutputStream (except Verify; refer to its documentation for more information). azurekeys.CreateKey("mykey", "RSA_2048", "encrypt,decrypt"); azurekeys.InputData = "Test123"; azurekeys.OutputFile = "C:/temp/enc.dat"; azurekeys.Encrypt("mykey", "RSA-OAEP-256"); azurekeys.InputFile = "C:/temp/enc.dat"; azurekeys.OutputFile = ""; // So that the data will be output to the OutputData property. azurekeys.Decrypt("mykey", "RSA-OAEP-256");

The class also supports a variety of other functionality, including:

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AuthorizationOAuth 2.0 Authorization Token.
FirewallA set of properties related to firewall access.
IdleThe current status of the class.
IncludeKeyDetailsWhether to attempt to retrieve fill details when listing keys.
InputDataThe data to process.
InputFileThe file whose data should be processed.
KeyMarkerA marker indicating what page of keys to return next.
KeysA collection of keys.
LocalHostThe name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.
OAuthThis property holds the OAuth Settings.
OtherHeadersThis property includes other headers as determined by the user (optional).
OutputDataThe output data.
OutputFileThe file to which output data should be written.
OverwriteWhether the output file should be overwritten if necessary.
ParsedHeadersThis property includes a collection of headers returned from the last request.
ProxyA set of properties related to proxy access.
QueryParamsAdditional query parameters to be included in the request.
SSLAcceptServerCertInstructs the class to unconditionally accept the server certificate that matches the supplied certificate.
SSLCertThe certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.
SSLProviderThis specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use.
SSLServerCertThe server certificate for the last established connection.
TagsA collection of tags.
TimeoutA timeout for the class.
VaultSelects a vault for the class to interact with.
VersionMarkerA marker indicating what page of key versions to return next.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AddQueryParamAdds a query parameter to the QueryParams properties.
AddTagAdds an item to the Tags properties.
AuthorizeGet the authorization string required to access the protected resource.
BackupKeyBacks up a key.
ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
CreateKeyCreates a new key.
DecryptDecrypts data using a key.
DeleteKeyDeletes a key.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
EncryptEncrypts data using a key.
GetKeyInfoGets a key's information and public key.
ListKeysLists keys in the currently-selected vault.
ListVersionsLists versions of a key.
PurgeKeyPermanently deletes a soft-deleted key.
RecoverKeyRecovers a soft-deleted key.
ResetResets the class to its initial state.
RestoreKeyRestores a previously backed-up key to the vault.
SendCustomRequestSends a custom request to the server.
SetInputStreamSets the stream whose data should be processed.
SetKeyEnabledEnables or disables a key.
SetOutputStreamSets the stream to which output data should be written.
SignSigns a message using a key.
UnwrapKeyUnwraps a symmetric key.
UpdateKeyUpdates a key's information.
VerifyVerifies a digital signature using a key.
WrapKeyWraps a symmetric key.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

EndTransferThis event fires when a document finishes transferring.
ErrorFired when information is available about errors during data delivery.
HeaderThis event is fired every time a header line comes in.
KeyListFires once for each key when listing keys.
LogThis event fires once for each log message.
SSLServerAuthenticationFired after the server presents its certificate to the client.
SSLStatusFired when secure connection progress messages are available.
StartTransferThis event fires when a document starts transferring (after the headers).
TagListFires once for each tag returned when a key's information is retrieved.
TransferThis event is fired while a document transfers (delivers document).

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AccumulatePagesWhether the class should accumulate subsequent pages of results when listing them.
APIVersionThe Azure Key Vault API version that the class conforms to.
CloseInputStreamAfterProcessingWhether the specified input stream should be closed after data is read from it.
CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessingWhether the specified output stream should be closed after data is written to it.
CreateKeyEnabledWhether new keys should be created in an enabled or disabled state.
ExpiryDateThe expiry date to send for the key.
GetDeletedWhether the class should retrieve information about soft-deleted keys.
MaxKeysThe maximum number of results to return when listing keys.
MessageDigestThe message digest computed by the class during the last sign or verify operation, if any.
NotBeforeDateThe 'not before' date to send for the key.
OAuthAccessTokenExpirationThe lifetime of the access token.
OAuthAuthorizationTokenTypeThe type of access token returned.
OAuthAutomaticRefreshWhether or not to refresh an expired access token automatically.
OAuthBrowserResponseTimeoutSpecifies the amount of time to wait for a response from the browser.
OAuthIncludeEmptyRedirectURIWhether an empty redirect_uri parameter is included in requests.
OAuthJWTPayloadThe payload of the JWT access token if present.
OAuthJWTXChildCountThe number of child elements of the current element.
OauthJWTXChildName[i]The name of the child element.
OAuthJWTXChildXText[i]The inner text of the child element.
OAuthJWTXElementThe name of the current element.
OauthJWTXParentThe parent of the current element.
OAuthJWTXPathProvides a way to point to a specific element in the returned payload of a JWT based access token.
OAuthJWTXSubTreeA snapshot of the current element in the document.
OAuthJWTXTextThe text of the current element.
OAuthParamCountSpecifies the number of additional parameters variables to include in the request.
OAuthParamName[i]Specifies the parameter name at the specified index.
OAuthParamValue[i]Specifies the parameter value at the specified index.
OAuthPasswordGrantUsernameUsed in the Resource Owner Password grant type.
OAuthPKCEChallengeEncodingThe PKCE code challenge method to use.
OAuthPKCEVerifierThe PKCE verifier used to generate the challenge.
OAuthReUseWebServerDetermines if the same server instance is used between requests.
OAuthUsePKCESpecifies if PKCE should be used.
OAuthWebServerActiveSpecifies and controls whether the embedded web server is active.
OAuthWebServerCertStoreThe certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.
OAuthWebServerCertStorePasswordThe certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.
OAuthWebServerCertStoreTypeThe certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.
OAuthWebServerCertSubjectThe certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.
OAuthWebServerFailedResponseThe custom response that will be displayed to the user if authentication failed.
OAuthWebServerHostThe hostname used by the embedded web server displayed in the ReturnURL.
OAuthWebServerPortThe local port on which the embedded web server listens.
OAuthWebServerResponseThe custom response that will be displayed to the user.
OAuthWebServerSSLEnabledWhether the web server requires SSL connections.
RawRequestReturns the data that was sent to the server.
RawResponseReturns the data that was received from the server.
VersionIdThe Id of the key version that the class should make requests against.
XChildCountThe number of child elements of the current element.
XChildName[i]The name of the child element.
XChildXText[i]The inner text of the child element.
XElementThe name of the current element.
XParentThe parent of the current element.
XPathProvides a way to point to a specific element in the returned XML or JSON response.
XSubTreeA snapshot of the current element in the document.
XTextThe text of the current element.
AcceptEncodingUsed to tell the server which types of content encodings the client supports.
AllowHTTPCompressionThis property enables HTTP compression for receiving data.
AllowHTTPFallbackWhether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fallback to HTTP/1.1.
AllowNTLMFallbackWhether to allow fallback from Negotiate to NTLM when authenticating.
AppendWhether to append data to LocalFile.
AuthorizationThe Authorization string to be sent to the server.
BytesTransferredContains the number of bytes transferred in the response data.
ChunkSizeSpecifies the chunk size in bytes when using chunked encoding.
CompressHTTPRequestSet to true to compress the body of a PUT or POST request.
EncodeURLIf set to True the URL will be encoded by the class.
FollowRedirectsDetermines what happens when the server issues a redirect.
GetOn302RedirectIf set to True the class will perform a GET on the new location.
HTTP2HeadersWithoutIndexingHTTP2 headers that should not update the dynamic header table with incremental indexing.
HTTPVersionThe version of HTTP used by the class.
IfModifiedSinceA date determining the maximum age of the desired document.
KeepAliveDetermines whether the HTTP connection is closed after completion of the request.
KerberosSPNThe Service Principal Name for the Kerberos Domain Controller.
LogLevelThe level of detail that is logged.
MaxHeadersInstructs class to save the amount of headers specified that are returned by the server after a Header event has been fired.
MaxHTTPCookiesInstructs class to save the amount of cookies specified that are returned by the server when a SetCookie event is fired.
MaxRedirectAttemptsLimits the number of redirects that are followed in a request.
NegotiatedHTTPVersionThe negotiated HTTP version.
OtherHeadersOther headers as determined by the user (optional).
ProxyAuthorizationThe authorization string to be sent to the proxy server.
ProxyAuthSchemeThe authorization scheme to be used for the proxy.
ProxyPasswordA password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
ProxyPortPort for the proxy server (default 80).
ProxyServerName or IP address of a proxy server (optional).
ProxyUserA user name if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
SentHeadersThe full set of headers as sent by the client.
StatusCodeThe status code of the last response from the server.
StatusLineThe first line of the last response from the server.
TransferredDataThe contents of the last response from the server.
TransferredDataLimitThe maximum number of incoming bytes to be stored by the class.
TransferredHeadersThe full set of headers as received from the server.
TransferredRequestThe full request as sent by the client.
UseChunkedEncodingEnables or Disables HTTP chunked encoding for transfers.
UseIDNsWhether to encode hostnames to internationalized domain names.
UsePlatformDeflateWhether to use the platform implementation to decompress compressed responses.
UsePlatformHTTPClientWhether or not to use the platform HTTP client.
UseProxyAutoConfigURLWhether to use a Proxy auto-config file when attempting a connection.
UserAgentInformation about the user agent (browser).
CloseStreamAfterTransferIf true, the class will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.
ConnectionTimeoutSets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.
FirewallAutoDetectTells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallHostName or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallListenerIf true, the class binds to a SOCKS firewall as a server (TCPClient only).
FirewallPasswordPassword to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThe TCP port for the FirewallHost;.
FirewallTypeDetermines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallUserA user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
KeepAliveIntervalThe retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.
KeepAliveTimeThe inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.
LingerWhen set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.
LingerTimeTime in seconds to have the connection linger.
LocalHostThe name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe port in the local host where the class binds.
MaxLineLengthThe maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.
MaxTransferRateThe transfer rate limit in bytes per second.
ProxyExceptionsListA semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.
TCPKeepAliveDetermines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.
TcpNoDelayWhether or not to delay when sending packets.
UseIPv6Whether to use IPv6.
UseNTLMv2Whether to use NTLM V2.
LogSSLPacketsControls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.
ReuseSSLSessionDetermines if the SSL session is reused.
SSLCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.
SSLCheckCRLWhether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.
SSLCheckOCSPWhether to use OCSP to check the status of the server certificate.
SSLCipherStrengthThe minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.
SSLContextProtocolThe protocol used when getting an SSLContext instance.
SSLEnabledCipherSuitesThe cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledProtocolsUsed to enable/disable the supported security protocols.
SSLEnableRenegotiationWhether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.
SSLIncludeCertChainWhether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.
SSLKeyLogFileThe location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.
SSLNegotiatedCipherReturns the negotiated cipher suite.
SSLNegotiatedCipherStrengthReturns the negotiated cipher suite strength.
SSLNegotiatedCipherSuiteReturns the negotiated cipher suite.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrengthReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.
SSLNegotiatedVersionReturns the negotiated protocol version.
SSLServerCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.
SSLTrustManagerFactoryAlgorithmThe algorithm to be used to create a TrustManager through TrustManagerFactory.
TLS12SignatureAlgorithmsDefines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal.
TLS12SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for ECC.
TLS13KeyShareGroupsThe groups for which to pregenerate key shares.
TLS13SignatureAlgorithmsThe allowed certificate signature algorithms.
TLS13SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.
AbsoluteTimeoutDetermines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.
FirewallDataUsed to send extra data to the firewall.
InBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.
OutBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableWhether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
MaskSensitiveWhether sensitive data is masked in log messages.
UseDaemonThreadsWhether threads created by the class are daemon threads.
UseFIPSCompliantAPITells the class whether or not to use FIPS certified APIs.
UseInternalSecurityAPIWhether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

Authorization Property (AzureKeys Class)

OAuth 2.0 Authorization Token.

Syntax


public String getAuthorization();


public void setAuthorization(String authorization);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This class supports authentication via OAuth 2.0. First, perform OAuth authentication using the OAuth class or a separate process. Once complete you should have an authorization string which looks like:

Bearer ACCESS_TOKEN
Assign this value to the Authorization property before attempting any operations. Consult the documentation for the service for more information about supported scope values and more details on OAuth authentication.

Firewall Property (AzureKeys Class)

A set of properties related to firewall access.

Syntax


public Firewall getFirewall();


public void setFirewall(Firewall firewall);

Remarks

This is a Firewall-type property, which contains fields describing the firewall through which the class will attempt to connect.

Please refer to the Firewall type for a complete list of fields.

Idle Property (AzureKeys Class)

The current status of the class.

Syntax


public boolean isIdle();


Default Value

True

Remarks

Idle will be False if the component is currently busy (communicating and/or waiting for an answer), and True at all other times.

This property is read-only.

IncludeKeyDetails Property (AzureKeys Class)

Whether to attempt to retrieve fill details when listing keys.

Syntax


public boolean isIncludeKeyDetails();


public void setIncludeKeyDetails(boolean includeKeyDetails);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether the class should make additional requests when ListKeys or ListVersions is called in order to retrieve full information for each key. By default, Azure will omit certain fields when one of those methods is called (refer to each one's documentation for more information).

If this property is enabled, then after the initial listing is returned, the class will call GetKeyInfo internally for each key returned. For all keys for which this call is successful, the additional information will be used to populate the Keys collection. Any keys for which the GetKeyInfo call fails will not have the additional fields populated.

This property is not available at design time.

InputData Property (AzureKeys Class)

The data to process.

Syntax


public byte[] getInputData();


public void setInputData(byte[] inputData);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the data that should be processed in a cryptographic operation.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

This property is not available at design time.

InputFile Property (AzureKeys Class)

The file whose data should be processed.

Syntax


public String getInputFile();


public void setInputFile(String inputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file whose data should be processed in a cryptographic operation. It accepts both absolute and relative file paths.

Setting this property to a non-empty value will discard any stream set using the SetInputStream method. Similarly, passing a non-null value to the aforementioned method will clear this property.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

KeyMarker Property (AzureKeys Class)

A marker indicating what page of keys to return next.

Syntax


public String getKeyMarker();


public void setKeyMarker(String keyMarker);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated when ListKeys is called if the results are paged and there are more pages. To list all keys, continue to call ListKeys until this property returns empty string.

Refer to ListKeys for more information.

This property is not available at design time.

Keys Property (AzureKeys Class)

A collection of keys.

Syntax


public AzureKeyList getKeys();


Remarks

This collection holds a list of AzureKey items.

Calling ListKeys, ListVersions, or GetKeyInfo will populate this collection.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Please refer to the AzureKey type for a complete list of fields.

LocalHost Property (AzureKeys Class)

The name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.

Syntax


public String getLocalHost();


public void setLocalHost(String localHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalHost property contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost property shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

NOTE: LocalHost is not persistent. You must always set it in code, and never in the property window.

OAuth Property (AzureKeys Class)

This property holds the OAuth Settings.

Syntax


public OAuthSettings getOAuth();


Remarks

This property is used to define the necessary fields to authenticate with the service provider. See the introduction for more information.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Please refer to the OAuthSettings type for a complete list of fields.

OtherHeaders Property (AzureKeys Class)

This property includes other headers as determined by the user (optional).

Syntax


public String getOtherHeaders();


public void setOtherHeaders(String otherHeaders);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property can be set to a string of headers to be appended to the HTTP request headers created from other properties like ContentType and From.

The headers must follow the format Header: Value as described in the HTTP specifications. Header lines should be separated by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Use this property with caution. If this property contains invalid headers, HTTP requests may fail.

This property is useful for extending the functionality of the class beyond what is provided.

This property is not available at design time.

OutputData Property (AzureKeys Class)

The output data.

Syntax


public byte[] getOutputData();


public void setOutputData(byte[] outputData);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property is populated with the data that was output from a successful cryptographic operation.

Note: For the Verify operation, this property functions as a secondary input property instead (along with InputData); refer to the Verify method for more information.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

This property is not available at design time.

OutputFile Property (AzureKeys Class)

The file to which output data should be written.

Syntax


public String getOutputFile();


public void setOutputFile(String outputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which data output from a successful cryptographic operation should be written.

Setting this property to a non-empty value will discard any stream set using the SetOutputStream method. Similarly, passing a non-null value to the aforementioned method will clear this property.

Note: For the Verify operation, the specified file functions as a secondary input file instead (along with InputFile); refer to the Verify method for more information.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

Overwrite Property (AzureKeys Class)

Whether the output file should be overwritten if necessary.

Syntax


public boolean isOverwrite();


public void setOverwrite(boolean overwrite);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property controls whether the specified OutputFile should be overwritten if it already exists.

ParsedHeaders Property (AzureKeys Class)

This property includes a collection of headers returned from the last request.

Syntax


public HeaderList getParsedHeaders();


Remarks

This property contains a collection of headers returned from the last request. Whenever headers are returned from the server, the headers are parsed into a collection of headers. Each Header in this collection contains information describing that header.

MaxHeaders can be used to control the maximum number of headers saved.

This collection is indexed from 0 to size -1.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Please refer to the Header type for a complete list of fields.

Proxy Property (AzureKeys Class)

A set of properties related to proxy access.

Syntax


public Proxy getProxy();


public void setProxy(Proxy proxy);

Remarks

This property contains fields describing the proxy through which the class will attempt to connect.

Please refer to the Proxy type for a complete list of fields.

QueryParams Property (AzureKeys Class)

Additional query parameters to be included in the request.

Syntax


public QueryParamList getQueryParams();


public void setQueryParams(QueryParamList queryParams);

Remarks

This is a collection of query parameters that will be added to the request. Parameters can be added via the AddQueryParam method.

Please refer to the QueryParam type for a complete list of fields.

SSLAcceptServerCert Property (AzureKeys Class)

Instructs the class to unconditionally accept the server certificate that matches the supplied certificate.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLAcceptServerCert();


public void setSSLAcceptServerCert(Certificate SSLAcceptServerCert);

Remarks

If it finds any issues with the certificate presented by the server, the class will normally terminate the connection with an error.

You may override this behavior by supplying a value for SSLAcceptServerCert. If the certificate supplied in SSLAcceptServerCert is the same as the certificate presented by the server, then the server certificate is accepted unconditionally, and the connection will continue normally.

Please note that this functionality is provided only for cases where you otherwise know that you are communicating with the right server. If used improperly, this property may create a security breach. Use it at your own risk.

Please refer to the Certificate type for a complete list of fields.

SSLCert Property (AzureKeys Class)

The certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLCert();


public void setSSLCert(Certificate SSLCert);

Remarks

The digital certificate that the class will use during SSL negotiation. Set this property to a valid certificate before starting SSL negotiation. To set a certificate, you may set the Encoded field to the encoded certificate. To select a certificate, use the store and subject fields.

Please refer to the Certificate type for a complete list of fields.

SSLProvider Property (AzureKeys Class)

This specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use.

Syntax


public int getSSLProvider();


public void setSSLProvider(int SSLProvider);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int sslpAutomatic = 0;
  public final static int sslpPlatform = 1;
  public final static int sslpInternal = 2;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use. In most cases the default value of 0 (Automatic) is recommended and should not be changed. When set to 0 (Automatic) the class will select whether to use the platform implementation or the internal implementation depending on the operating system as well as the TLS version being used.

Possible values are:

0 (sslpAutomatic - default)Automatically selects the appropriate implementation.
1 (sslpPlatform) Uses the platform/system implementation.
2 (sslpInternal) Uses the internal implementation.
Additional Notes

In most cases using the default value (Automatic) is recommended. The class will select a provider depending on the current platform.

When Automatic is selected the platform implementation is used by default. When TLS 1.3 is enabled via SSLEnabledProtocols the internal implementation is used.

SSLServerCert Property (AzureKeys Class)

The server certificate for the last established connection.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLServerCert();


Remarks

SSLServerCert contains the server certificate for the last established connection.

SSLServerCert is reset every time a new connection is attempted.

This property is read-only.

Please refer to the Certificate type for a complete list of fields.

Tags Property (AzureKeys Class)

A collection of tags.

Syntax


public AzureTagList getTags();


public void setTags(AzureTagList tags);

Remarks

This collection holds a list of AzureTag items.

Calling AddTag or GetKeyInfo will populate this collection. The items in this collection are used by the CreateKey and UpdateKey methods.

This property is not available at design time.

Please refer to the AzureTag type for a complete list of fields.

Timeout Property (AzureKeys Class)

A timeout for the class.

Syntax


public int getTimeout();


public void setTimeout(int timeout);

Default Value

60

Remarks

If the Timeout property is set to 0, all operations will run uninterrupted until successful completion or an error condition is encountered.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, the class will wait for the operation to complete before returning control.

The class will use DoEvents to enter an efficient wait loop during any potential waiting period, making sure that all system events are processed immediately as they arrive. This ensures that the host application does not "freeze" and remains responsive.

If Timeout expires, and the operation is not yet complete, the class throws an exception.

Please note that by default, all timeouts are inactivity timeouts, i.e. the timeout period is extended by Timeout seconds when any amount of data is successfully sent or received.

The default value for the Timeout property is 60 seconds.

Vault Property (AzureKeys Class)

Selects a vault for the class to interact with.

Syntax


public String getVault();


public void setVault(String vault);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the Azure Key Vault vault, by name, that the class should interact with.

VersionMarker Property (AzureKeys Class)

A marker indicating what page of key versions to return next.

Syntax


public String getVersionMarker();


public void setVersionMarker(String versionMarker);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated when ListVersions is called if the results are paged and there are more pages. To list all key versions, continue to call ListVersions until this property returns empty string.

Refer to ListVersions for more information.

This property is not available at design time.

AddQueryParam Method (Azurekeys Class)

Adds a query parameter to the QueryParams properties.

Syntax

public void addQueryParam(String name, String value);

Remarks

This method is used to add a query parameter to the QueryParams collection. Name specifies the name of the parameter, and Value specifies the value of the parameter.

All specified Values will be URL encoded by the class automatically. Consult the service documentation for details on the available parameters.

AddTag Method (Azurekeys Class)

Adds an item to the Tags properties.

Syntax

public void addTag(String name, String value);

Remarks

This method adds an item to the Tags collection. Name specifies the name of the item, and Value specifies the value of the item.

Authorize Method (Azurekeys Class)

Get the authorization string required to access the protected resource.

Syntax

public void authorize();

Remarks

This method is used to get an access token that is required to access the protected resource. The method will act differently based on what is set in the ClientProfile field and the GrantType field. This method is not to be used in conjunction with the Authorization property. It should instead be used when setting the OAuth property.

For more information, see the introduction section.

BackupKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Backs up a key.

Syntax

public void backupKey(String keyName);

Remarks

This method backs up the key specified by KeyName, returning it in a protected form via the output stream specified via the SetOutputStream method, the specified OutputFile, or the OutputData property.

Note that the protected key cannot be used outside of Azure Key Vault, it must be restored to another vault using the RestoreKey method in order to be used.

Config Method (Azurekeys Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public String config(String configurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

CreateKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Creates a new key.

Syntax

public String createKey(String keyName, String keyType, String keyOps);

Remarks

This method creates a new key with the given KeyName and KeyType. If a key with the specified KeyName already exists, a new version of it is created. The version Id of the newly-created key is returned.

The value passed for KeyName must consist solely of alphanumeric characters and hyphens (-).

The KeyType parameter specifies the type of key that should be created. Each key type has two variants, a software-based one and an HSM-based one. Possible values are shown in the first two columns of the following table:

Software-based HSM-based Description
EC_P256 EC_HSM_P256 The NIST P-256 curve (SECP256R1).
EC_P256K EC_HSM_P256K The SECP256K1 curve.
EC_P384 EC_HSM_P384 The NIST P-384 curve (SECP384R1).
EC_P521 EC_HSM_P521 The NIST P-521 curve (SECP521R1).
RSA_2048 RSA_HSM_2048 2048-bit RSA key.
RSA_3072 RSA_HSM_3072 3072-bit RSA key.
RSA_4096 RSA_HSM_4096 4096-bit RSA key.

The KeyOps parameter specifies which operations the key will be valid for use with. Possible values are as follows; at least one pair of operations must be specified:

  • encrypt
  • decrypt
  • sign
  • verify
  • wrapKey
  • unwrapKey
(Note that EC keys can only be used for signing and verification.)

If there are any items in the Tags collection, they will be applied to the newly-created key. Keys may have up to 15 tags.

The following configuration settings can also be used to send additional values when creating the key, refer to their documentation for more information:

Note: If there is already a soft-deleted key with the specified KeyName in the currently-selected Vault, then a new key cannot be created with the same name. To resolve such a situation, the soft-deleted key would need to be recovered (using RecoverKey) or permanently deleted (using PurgeKey) first.

Decrypt Method (Azurekeys Class)

Decrypts data using a key.

Syntax

public void decrypt(String keyName, String algorithm);

Remarks

This method decrypts data using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version.

The data to decrypt is taken from the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method, the specified InputFile, or the InputData property. The decrypted data is output to the output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method, the specified OutputFile, or the OutputData property.

The key specified by KeyName must be an RSA key; EC keys cannot be used for encryption/decryption.

The Algorithm parameter specifies which algorithm to use to decrypt the data; it must match the algorithm used to encrypt the data previously. Possible values are:

Algorithm Description
RSA1_5 RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5
RSA-OAEP RSAES OAEP using SHA-1 and MGF1 with SHA-1
RSA-OAEP-256 RSAES OAEP using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256

DeleteKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Deletes a key.

Syntax

public void deleteKey(String keyName);

Remarks

This method deletes the key specified by KeyName. If there are multiple versions of the key, all of them are deleted.

Note that the key is only soft-deleted; it can be recovered during the retention period using the RecoverKey method, or permanently deleted using the PurgeKey method. The length of the retention period depends on the configuration of the currently-selected Vault, refer to the Azure Key Vault documentation for more information.

DoEvents Method (Azurekeys Class)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

public void doEvents();

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the class processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Encrypt Method (Azurekeys Class)

Encrypts data using a key.

Syntax

public void encrypt(String keyName, String algorithm);

Remarks

This method encrypts data using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version.

The data to encrypt is taken from the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method, the specified InputFile, or the InputData property. The encrypted data is output to the output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method, the specified OutputFile, or the OutputData property.

The key specified by KeyName must be an RSA key; EC keys cannot be used for encryption/decryption.

The Algorithm parameter specifies which algorithm to use to encrypt the data. The type of key and the selected algorithm together dictate the maximum size of the input data. Refer to the following table for possible values and maximum data sizes:

Algorithm Description RSA_2048 RSA_3072 RSA_4096
RSA1_5 RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5 245 373 509
RSA-OAEP RSAES OAEP using SHA-1 and MGF1 with SHA-1 214 342 470
RSA-OAEP-256 RSAES OAEP using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256 190 318 446

GetKeyInfo Method (Azurekeys Class)

Gets a key's information and public key.

Syntax

public void getKeyInfo(String keyName);

Remarks

This method gets the information, including the public key, for the key specified by KeyName. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version. Alternatively, the GetDeleted configuration setting can be enabled to get a soft-deleted key's information (but only for the last version).

When the information is returned, the class clears the Keys collection and repopulates it with a single item that contains the key's information, and repopulates the Tags collection with the key's tags. The KeyList event is also fired.

ListKeys Method (Azurekeys Class)

Lists keys in the currently-selected vault.

Syntax

public void listKeys();

Remarks

This method lists the keys in the currently-selected Vault. If the GetDeleted configuration setting is enabled, it lists the soft-deleted keys in the vault instead.

Calling this method will fire the KeyList event once for each key, and will also populate the Keys collection. However, note that by default the following fields will not be populated, since the server does not return full information for keys when listing them. The IncludeKeyDetails property can be enabled to have the class attempt to retrieve full information for each key; refer to its documentation for more information.

If there are still more keys available to list when this method returns, the KeyMarker property will be populated. Continue to call this method until KeyMarker is empty to accumulate all pages of results in the Keys collection.

The MaxKeys configuration setting can be used to control the maximum number of results to return at once.

ListVersions Method (Azurekeys Class)

Lists versions of a key.

Syntax

public void listVersions(String keyName);

Remarks

This method lists the versions of the key specified by KeyName.

Calling this method will fire the KeyList event once for each key version, and will also populate the Keys collection. However, note that by default the following fields will not be populated, since the server does not return full information for key versions when listing them. The IncludeKeyDetails property can be enabled to have the class attempt to retrieve full information for each key version; refer to its documentation for more information.

If there are still more key versions available to list when this method returns, the VersionMarker property will be populated. Continue to call this method until VersionMarker is empty to accumulate all pages of results in the Keys collection.

The MaxKeys configuration setting can be used to control the maximum number of results to return at once.

PurgeKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Permanently deletes a soft-deleted key.

Syntax

public void purgeKey(String keyName);

Remarks

This method permanently deletes the soft-deleted key specified by KeyName.

RecoverKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Recovers a soft-deleted key.

Syntax

public void recoverKey(String keyName);

Remarks

This method recovers the soft-deleted key specified by KeyName.

Reset Method (Azurekeys Class)

Resets the class to its initial state.

Syntax

public void reset();

Remarks

This method resets the class to its initial state.

RestoreKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Restores a previously backed-up key to the vault.

Syntax

public String restoreKey();

Remarks

This method restores a key previously backed up using BackupKey to the currently-selected Vault. The key is restored in its entirety, with all of its versions intact. However, note that the restore will fail if the key's name is already in use. The name of the restored key is returned.

The protected key data to restore is taken from the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method, the specified InputFile, or the InputData property.

Note: There are certain restrictions on which vaults a key can be restored to. In particular, a key must be restored to a vault owned by the same Azure subscription that owned its original vault, and must be restored to a vault in the same geolocation as its original vault. Refer to the Azure Key Vault documentation for more information.

SendCustomRequest Method (Azurekeys Class)

Sends a custom request to the server.

Syntax

public void sendCustomRequest(String httpMethod, String path);

Remarks

This method can be used to send arbitrary requests to the server.

Valid values for HttpMethod are:

  • GET (default if empty)
  • HEAD
  • POST
  • PUT
  • PATCH
  • DELETE

Path is optional, and if non-empty must be specified without a leading forward slash (/).

When this method is called, the class does the following:

  1. Builds a request URL, including query parameters, based on the following:
    • The base URL https://{Vault}.vault.azure.net/keys, where {Vault} is Vault.
    • The specified Path, if any.
    • An api-version query parameter whose value is APIVersion.
    • All query parameters from QueryParams.
  2. Adds an Authorization header with the value specified by Authorization.
  3. Adds any request headers from OtherHeaders.
  4. Adds any request body supplied via the stream specified using SetInputStream, the specified InputFile, or InputData.
  5. Sends the request to the server.
  6. Stores the response headers in the ParsedHeaders collection; and the response body in the stream specified using SetOutputStream, the specified OutputFile, or OutputData.

If the response body is JSON data, the XPath, XText, and other X* configuration settings can then be used to navigate and extract information from it.

SetInputStream Method (Azurekeys Class)

Sets the stream whose data should be processed.

Syntax

public void setInputStream(java.io.InputStream inputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream whose data should be processed in a cryptographic operation.

Passing a non-null value for InputStream will cause the InputFile property to be cleared. Similarly, setting InputFile to a non-empty value will discard any stream set using this method.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

SetKeyEnabled Method (Azurekeys Class)

Enables or disables a key.

Syntax

public void setKeyEnabled(String keyName, boolean enabled);

Remarks

This method enables or disables the key specified by KeyName.

SetOutputStream Method (Azurekeys Class)

Sets the stream to which output data should be written.

Syntax

public void setOutputStream(java.io.OutputStream outputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream to which data output from a successful cryptographic operation should be written.

Passing a non-null value for OutputStream will cause the OutputFile property to be cleared. Similarly, setting OutputFile to a non-empty value will discard any stream set using this method.

Input Sources & Output Destinations

The class automatically determines the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

  1. An input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method
  2. The InputFile property
  3. The InputData property

The first valid input source found is used. The order in which the output properties are considered is as follows:

  1. An output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method
  2. The OutputFile property
  3. The OutputData property

Sign Method (Azurekeys Class)

Signs a message using a key.

Syntax

public void sign(String keyName, String algorithm, boolean isDigest);

Remarks

This method signs a message using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version.

The message data to sign is taken from the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method, the specified InputFile, or the InputData property. The signature data is output to the output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method, the specified OutputFile, or the OutputData property.

The Algorithm parameter specifies which algorithm to use to sign the data. Possible values are:

  • ES256: ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256.
  • ES256K: ECDSA using P-256K and SHA-256.
  • ES384: ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384.
  • ES512: ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512.
  • PS256: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256.
  • PS384: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-384 and MGF1 with SHA-384.
  • PS512: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-512 and MGF1 with SHA-512.
  • RS256: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-256.
  • RS384: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-384.
  • RS512: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-512.

The IsDigest parameter specifies whether the message data is the original message (false) or a message digest (true). When supplying a message digest, keep in mind that the same digest will need to be provided in order to Verify the signature later.

If IsDigest is false, the class will automatically compute an appropriate message digest before the request is made. In such cases, the computed digest is made available via the MessageDigest configuration setting.

UnwrapKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Unwraps a symmetric key.

Syntax

public void unwrapKey(String keyName, String algorithm);

Remarks

This method unwraps (i.e., decrypts) a symmetric key using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm.

This method functions exactly the same way as the Decrypt method, except that it requires the keys/unwrapKey permission instead of the keys/decrypt permission. Refer to the Decrypt method's documentation for more information.

UpdateKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Updates a key's information.

Syntax

public void updateKey(String keyName, String keyOps, boolean updateTags);

Remarks

This method updates the information for the key specified by KeyName. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version.

The KeyOps parameter, if non-empty, must be a comma-separated list of operations that the key is valid for. If empty, the key's current operations list remains unchanged. Possible values are as follows; operations should be specified in pairs:

  • encrypt
  • decrypt
  • sign
  • verify
  • wrapKey
  • unwrapKey
(Note that EC keys can only be used for signing and verification.)

The UpdateTags parameter determines whether the class replaces the key's current tags with the items in the Tags collection (which may be empty). Keys may have up to 15 tags.

The ExpiryDate and NotBeforeDate configuration settings may also be used to send additional values, refer to their documentation for more information.

Verify Method (Azurekeys Class)

Verifies a digital signature using a key.

Syntax

public boolean verify(String keyName, String algorithm, boolean isDigest);

Remarks

This method verifies a digital signature using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version. If the signature is successfully verified, this method returns true, otherwise it returns false.

The message data is taken from the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method, the specified InputFile, or the InputData property. The digital signature data is taken from the specified OutputFile or the OutputData property.

The Algorithm parameter specifies which algorithm was used to sign the data. Possible values are:

  • ES256: ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256.
  • ES256K: ECDSA using P-256K and SHA-256.
  • ES384: ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384.
  • ES512: ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512.
  • PS256: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256.
  • PS384: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-384 and MGF1 with SHA-384.
  • PS512: RSASSA-PSS using SHA-512 and MGF1 with SHA-512.
  • RS256: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-256.
  • RS384: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-384.
  • RS512: RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-512.

The IsDigest parameter specifies whether the message data is the original message (false) or a message digest (true). When a message digest is supplied, keep in mind that it must be the exact same digest that was used at signing time, regardless of whether it has been recomputed.

If IsDigest is false, the class will automatically compute an appropriate message digest before the request is made. In such cases, the computed digest is made available via the MessageDigest configuration setting.

WrapKey Method (Azurekeys Class)

Wraps a symmetric key.

Syntax

public void wrapKey(String keyName, String algorithm);

Remarks

This method wraps (i.e., encrypts) a symmetric key using the key specified by KeyName and the given Algorithm. The VersionId configuration setting can be used to target a specific key version.

This method functions exactly the same way as the Encrypt method, except that it requires the keys/wrapKey permission instead of the keys/encrypt permission. Refer to the Encrypt method's documentation for more information.

EndTransfer Event (Azurekeys Class)

This event fires when a document finishes transferring.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void endTransfer(AzurekeysEndTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysEndTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
}

Remarks

The EndTransfer event is fired when the document text finishes transferring from the server to the local host.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

Error Event (Azurekeys Class)

Fired when information is available about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void error(AzurekeysErrorEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysErrorEvent {
  public int errorCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class throws an exception.

The ErrorCode parameter contains an error code, and the Description parameter contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Header Event (Azurekeys Class)

This event is fired every time a header line comes in.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void header(AzurekeysHeaderEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysHeaderEvent {
  public String field;
  public String value;
}

Remarks

The Field parameter contains the name of the HTTP header (which is the same as it is delivered). The Value parameter contains the header contents.

If the header line being retrieved is a continuation header line, then the Field parameter contains "" (empty string).

KeyList Event (Azurekeys Class)

Fires once for each key when listing keys.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void keyList(AzurekeysKeyListEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysKeyListEvent {
  public String name;
  public String versionId;
  public String keyType;
  public String keyOps;
  public boolean enabled;
  public long creationDate;
  public long updateDate;
  public long deletionDate;
  public long purgeDate;
  public String publicKey;
}

Remarks

This event fires once for each key (or key version) returned when ListKeys, ListVersions, or GetKeyInfo is called. However, note that the KeyOps, KeyType, PublicKey, and (for ListKeys) VersionId parameters are not populated when one of the listing methods is called unless the IncludeKeyDetails property is enabled; refer to its documentation for more information.

Name reflects the name of the key.

VersionId reflects the Id of the key version.

KeyType reflects the key's type. Each key type has two variants, a software-based one and an HSM-based one. Possible values are shown in the first two columns of the following table:

Software-based HSM-based Description
EC_P256 EC_HSM_P256 The NIST P-256 curve (SECP256R1).
EC_P256K EC_HSM_P256K The SECP256K1 curve.
EC_P384 EC_HSM_P384 The NIST P-384 curve (SECP384R1).
EC_P521 EC_HSM_P521 The NIST P-521 curve (SECP521R1).
RSA_2048 RSA_HSM_2048 2048-bit RSA key.
RSA_3072 RSA_HSM_3072 3072-bit RSA key.
RSA_4096 RSA_HSM_4096 4096-bit RSA key.

KeyOps reflects a comma-separated list of operations that the key may be used for. Possible values are:

  • encrypt
  • decrypt
  • sign
  • verify
  • wrapKey
  • unwrapKey

Enabled reflects whether the key is currently enabled.

CreationDate reflects the key's creation date, in seconds since the Unix epoch.

UpdateDate reflects the key's update date, in seconds since the Unix epoch.

DeletionDate reflects the key's deletion date, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key has not been deleted.

PurgeDate reflects the key's purge (i.e., permanent deletion) date, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key has not been deleted.

PublicKey reflects the key's public key, in PEM format.

Log Event (Azurekeys Class)

This event fires once for each log message.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void log(AzurekeysLogEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysLogEvent {
  public int logLevel;
  public String message;
  public String logType;
}

Remarks

This event fires once for each log message generated by the class. The verbosity is controlled by the LogLevel setting.

LogLevel indicates the level of message. Possible values are as follows:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data are logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data are logged.

The value 1 (Info) logs basic information, including the URL, HTTP version, and status details.

The value 2 (Verbose) logs additional information about the request and response.

The value 3 (Debug) logs the headers and body for both the request and response, as well as additional debug information (if any).

Message is the log entry.

LogType identifies the type of log entry. Possible values are as follows:

  • "Info"
  • "RequestHeaders"
  • "ResponseHeaders"
  • "RequestBody"
  • "ResponseBody"
  • "ProxyRequest"
  • "ProxyResponse"
  • "FirewallRequest"
  • "FirewallResponse"

SSLServerAuthentication Event (Azurekeys Class)

Fired after the server presents its certificate to the client.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void SSLServerAuthentication(AzurekeysSSLServerAuthenticationEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysSSLServerAuthenticationEvent {
  public byte[] certEncoded;
  public String certSubject;
  public String certIssuer;
  public String status;
  public boolean accept;
}

Remarks

During this event, the client can decide whether or not to continue with the connection process. The Accept parameter is a recommendation on whether to continue or close the connection. This is just a suggestion: application software must use its own logic to determine whether or not to continue.

When Accept is False, Status shows why the verification failed (otherwise, Status contains the string OK). If it is decided to continue, you can override and accept the certificate by setting the Accept parameter to True.

SSLStatus Event (Azurekeys Class)

Fired when secure connection progress messages are available.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void SSLStatus(AzurekeysSSLStatusEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysSSLStatusEvent {
  public String message;
}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. This event tracks the progress of the connection.

StartTransfer Event (Azurekeys Class)

This event fires when a document starts transferring (after the headers).

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void startTransfer(AzurekeysStartTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysStartTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
}

Remarks

The StartTransfer event is fired when the document text starts transferring from the server to the local host.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

TagList Event (Azurekeys Class)

Fires once for each tag returned when a key's information is retrieved.

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void tagList(AzurekeysTagListEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysTagListEvent {
  public String keyName;
  public String versionId;
  public String name;
  public String value;
}

Remarks

This event fires once for each tag returned when GetKeyInfo is called.

KeyName reflects the name of the key.

VersionId reflects the Id of the key version.

Name reflects the name of the tag.

Value reflects the value of the tag.

Transfer Event (Azurekeys Class)

This event is fired while a document transfers (delivers document).

Syntax

public class DefaultAzurekeysEventListener implements AzurekeysEventListener {
  ...
  public void transfer(AzurekeysTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class AzurekeysTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
  public long bytesTransferred;
  public int percentDone;
  public byte[] text;
}

Remarks

The Text parameter contains the portion of the document text being received. It is empty if data are being posted to the server.

The BytesTransferred parameter contains the number of bytes transferred in this Direction since the beginning of the document text (excluding HTTP response headers).

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

The PercentDone parameter shows the progress of the transfer in the corresponding direction. If PercentDone can not be calculated the value will be -1.

Note: Events are not re-entrant. Performing time-consuming operations within this event will prevent it from firing again in a timely manner and may affect overall performance.

AzureKey Type

An Azure Key Vault key.

Remarks

This type represents an Azure Key Vault key.

Fields

CreationDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The creation date of the key.

This field reflects the creation date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch.

DeletionDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The deletion date of the key.

This field reflects the deletion date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key has not been deleted.

Enabled
boolean (read-only)

Default Value: False

Whether the key is enabled.

This field reflects whether the key is currently enabled.

ExpiryDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The expiration date of the key.

This field reflects the expiration date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key does not expire.

A key can only be used for the Decrypt, Verify, and UnwrapKey operations after its expiry date.

KeyOps
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The operation that the key may be used for.

This field reflects a comma-separated list of operations that they key may be used for. Possible values are:

  • encrypt
  • decrypt
  • sign
  • verify
  • wrapKey
  • unwrapKey

KeyType
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The key's type.

This field reflects the key's type. Each key type has two variants, a software-based one and an HSM-based one. Possible values for this field are shown in the first two columns of the following table:

Software-based HSM-based Description
EC_P256 EC_HSM_P256 The NIST P-256 curve (SECP256R1).
EC_P256K EC_HSM_P256K The SECP256K1 curve.
EC_P384 EC_HSM_P384 The NIST P-384 curve (SECP384R1).
EC_P521 EC_HSM_P521 The NIST P-521 curve (SECP521R1).
RSA_2048 RSA_HSM_2048 2048-bit RSA key.
RSA_3072 RSA_HSM_3072 3072-bit RSA key.
RSA_4096 RSA_HSM_4096 4096-bit RSA key.

Name
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The name of the key.

This field reflects the name of the key.

NotBeforeDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The 'not before' date of the key.

This field reflects the "not before" date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key doesn't have an explicit "not before" date.

A key can only be used for the Decrypt, Verify, and UnwrapKey operations prior to its "not before" date.

PublicKey
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The key's public key.

This field reflects the public key of the key, in PEM format.

PurgeDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The purge date of the key.

This field reflects the purge (i.e., permanent deletion) date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch, or -1 if the key has not been deleted.

RecoverableDays
int (read-only)

Default Value: 0

The number of days the key will be recoverable if it gets deleted.

This field reflects the number of days that the key will be recoverable for if it gets deleted.

Note that this field's value is based on the retention policy of the currently-selected Vault; it will not change after the key has actually been deleted.

RecoveryLevel
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The key's ability to be recovered and/or purged if it gets deleted.

This field reflects the key's ability to be recovered and/or purged (i.e., permanently deleted) if it gets deleted. Possible values are as follows; please refer to this part of the Azure Key Vault documentation for more information about each one:

  • CustomizedRecoverable
  • CustomizedRecoverable+ProtectedSubscription
  • CustomizedRecoverable+Purgeable
  • Purgeable
  • Recoverable
  • Recoverable+ProtectedSubscription
  • Recoverable+Purgeable

UpdateDate
long (read-only)

Default Value: -1

The update date of the key.

This field reflects the update date of the key, in seconds since the Unix epoch.

VersionId
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The version Id of the key.

This field reflects the version Id of the key.

AzureTag Type

An Azure Key Vault tag.

Remarks

This type represents an Azure Key Vault tag.

Fields

Name
String

Default Value: ""

The name of the tag.

This field specifies the name of the tag.

Value
String

Default Value: ""

The value of the tag.

This field specifies the value of the tag.

Constructors

public AzureTag();



public AzureTag( name,  value);



Certificate Type

This is the digital certificate being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current digital certificate. The certificate may be a public or private key. The fields are used to identify or select certificates.

Fields

EffectiveDate
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the date on which this certificate becomes valid. Before this date, it is not valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

Default Value: ""

This is the certificate (PEM/Base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

EncodedB
byte[]

Default Value: ""

This is the certificate (PEM/Base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

ExpirationDate
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the date the certificate expires. After this date, the certificate will no longer be valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

ExtendedKeyUsage
String

Default Value: ""

This is a comma-delimited list of extended key usage identifiers. These are the same as ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs).

Fingerprint
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the hex-encoded, 16-byte MD5 fingerprint of the certificate. This property is primarily used for keys which do not have a corresponding X.509 public certificate, such as PEM keys that only contain a private key. It is commonly used for SSH keys.

The following example illustrates the format: bc:2a:72:af:fe:58:17:43:7a:5f:ba:5a:7c:90:f7:02

FingerprintSHA1
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the hex-encoded, 20-byte SHA-1 fingerprint of the certificate. This property is primarily used for keys which do not have a corresponding X.509 public certificate, such as PEM keys that only contain a private key. It is commonly used for SSH keys.

The following example illustrates the format: 30:7b:fa:38:65:83:ff:da:b4:4e:07:3f:17:b8:a4:ed:80:be:ff:84

FingerprintSHA256
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the hex-encoded, 32-byte SHA-256 fingerprint of the certificate. This property is primarily used for keys which do not have a corresponding X.509 public certificate, such as PEM keys that only contain a private key. It is commonly used for SSH keys.

The following example illustrates the format: 6a:80:5c:33:a9:43:ea:b0:96:12:8a:64:96:30:ef:4a:8a:96:86:ce:f4:c7:be:10:24:8e:2b:60:9e:f3:59:53

Issuer
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the issuer of the certificate. This field contains a string representation of the name of the issuing authority for the certificate.

KeyPassword
String

Default Value: ""

This is the password for the certificate's private key (if any).

Some certificate stores may individually protect certificates' private keys, separate from the standard protection offered by the StorePassword. KeyPassword. This field can be used to read such password-protected private keys.

Note: this property defaults to the value of StorePassword. To clear it, you must set the property to the empty string (""). It can be set at any time, but when the private key's password is different from the store's password, then it must be set before calling PrivateKey.

PrivateKey
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the private key of the certificate (if available). The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

Note: The PrivateKey may be available but not exportable. In this case, PrivateKey returns an empty string.

PrivateKeyAvailable
boolean (read-only)

Default Value: False

This field shows whether a PrivateKey is available for the selected certificate. If PrivateKeyAvailable is True, the certificate may be used for authentication purposes (e.g., server authentication).

PrivateKeyContainer
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the name of the PrivateKey container for the certificate (if available). This functionality is available only on Windows platforms.

PublicKey
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the public key of the certificate. The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains the textual description of the certificate's public key algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_DH") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

PublicKeyLength
int (read-only)

Default Value: 0

This is the length of the certificate's public key (in bits). Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

SerialNumber
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This is the serial number of the certificate encoded as a string. The number is encoded as a series of hexadecimal digits, with each pair representing a byte of the serial number.

SignatureAlgorithm
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The field contains the text description of the certificate's signature algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_MD5RSA") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

Store
String

Default Value: "MY"

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform dependent.

The following designations are the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e., PKCS#12 certificate store).

StoreB
byte[]

Default Value: "MY"

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform dependent.

The following designations are the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e., PKCS#12 certificate store).

StorePassword
String

Default Value: ""

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

StoreType
int

Default Value: 0

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used, the class will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user.

Note: This store type is not available in Java.

1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store.

Note: This store type is not available in Java.

2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS#12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS#12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates.

Note: This store type is only available in Java.

5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format.

Note: this store type is only available in Java.

6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS#7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS#7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store).

Note: This store type is only available in Java and .NET.

22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format.

Note: This store type is only available in Java and .NET.

23 (cstPKCS11)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS#11 interface.

To use a security key, the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstPKCS11, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS#11 DLL. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example. SSH Authentication with Security Key: certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstPKCS11; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPKCS11, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Subject
String

Default Value: ""

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This field will be populated with the full subject of the loaded certificate. When loading a certificate the subject is used to locate the certificate in the store.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma-separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance, "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are as follows:

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a hostname like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma, it must be quoted.

SubjectAltNames
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This field contains comma-separated lists of alternative subject names for the certificate.

ThumbprintMD5
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This field contains the MD5 hash of the certificate. It is primarily used for X.509 certificates. If the hash does not already exist, it is automatically computed.

ThumbprintSHA1
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This field contains the SHA-1 hash of the certificate. It is primarily used for X.509 certificates. If the hash does not already exist, it is automatically computed.

ThumbprintSHA256
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This field contains the SHA-256 hash of the certificate. It is primarily used for X.509 certificates. If the hash does not already exist, it is automatically computed.

Usage
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains the text description of UsageFlags.

This value will be of one or more of the following strings and will be separated by commas:

  • Digital Signatures
  • Key Authentication
  • Key Encryption
  • Data Encryption
  • Key Agreement
  • Certificate Signing
  • Key Signing

If the provider is OpenSSL, the value is a comma-separated list of X.509 certificate extension names.

UsageFlags
int

Default Value: 0

This field contains the flags that show intended use for the certificate. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x80Digital Signatures
0x40Key Authentication (Non-Repudiation)
0x20Key Encryption
0x10Data Encryption
0x08Key Agreement
0x04Certificate Signing
0x02Key Signing

Please see the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

This functionality currently is not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

Version
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

This field contains the certificate's version number. The possible values are the strings "V1", "V2", and "V3".

Constructors

public Certificate();

Creates a Certificate instance whose properties can be set. This is useful for use with CERTMGR when generating new certificates.

public Certificate( certificateFile);

Opens CertificateFile and reads out the contents as an X.509 public key.

public Certificate( certificateData);

Parses CertificateData as an X.509 public key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X.509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. ConfigurationString is a newline separated list of name-value pairs that may be used to modify the default behavior. Possible values include "PersistPFXKey", which shows whether or not the PFX key is persisted after performing operations with the private key. This correlates to the PKCS12_NO_PERSIST_KEY CryptoAPI option. The default value is True (the key is persisted). "Thumbprint" - an MD5, SHA-1, or SHA-256 thumbprint of the certificate to load. When specified, this value is used to select the certificate in the store. This is applicable to cstUser, cstMachine, cstPublicKeyFile, and cstPFXFile store types. "UseInternalSecurityAPI" shows whether the platform (default) or the internal security API is used when performing certificate-related operations. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X.509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X.509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or Base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X.509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or Base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X.509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a string (binary- or Base64-encoded) containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X.509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

Firewall Type

The firewall the class will connect through.

Remarks

When connecting through a firewall, this type is used to specify different properties of the firewall, such as the firewall Host and the FirewallType.

Fields

AutoDetect
boolean

Default Value: False

This field tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Connection information will first be obtained from Java system properties, such as http.proxyHost and https.proxyHost. Java properties may be set in a variety of ways; please consult the Java documentation for information about how firewall and proxy values can be specified.

If no Java system properties define connection information, the class will inspect the Windows registry for connection information that may be present on the system (applicable only on Windows systems).

FirewallType
int

Default Value: 0

This field determines the type of firewall to connect through. The applicable values are as follows:

fwNone (0)No firewall (default setting).
fwTunnel (1)Connect through a tunneling proxy. Port is set to 80.
fwSOCKS4 (2)Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. Port is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS5 (3)Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. Port is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS4A (10)Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. Port is set to 1080.

Host
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional). If a Host is given, the requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If this field is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, this field is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, the class throws an exception.

Password
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall. If Host is specified, the User and Password fields are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Port
int

Default Value: 0

This field contains the transmission control protocol (TCP) port for the firewall Host. See the description of the Host field for details.

Note: This field is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value. See the description of the FirewallType field for details.

User
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall. If the Host is specified, this field and Password fields are used to connect and authenticate to the given Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Constructors

public Firewall();



Header Type

This is an HTTP header as it is received from the server.

Remarks

When a header is received through a Header event, it is parsed into a Header type. This type contains a Field, and its corresponding Value.

Fields

Field
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains the name of the HTTP Header (this is the same case as it is delivered).

Value
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains the Header contents.

Constructors

public Header();



public Header( field,  value);



OAuthSettings Type

The settings to use to authenticate with the service provider.

Remarks

Used to set give the class the necessary information needed to complete OAuth authentication.

Fields

AccessToken
String

Default Value: ""

The access token returned by the authorization server. This is set when the class makes a request to the token server.

AuthorizationCode
String

Default Value: ""

The authorization code that is exchanged for an access token. This is required to be set when the ClientProfile field is set to the Web profile. Otherwise, this field is for information purposes only.

AuthorizationScope
String

Default Value: ""

The scope request or response parameter used during authorization.

ClientId
String

Default Value: ""

The id of the client assigned when registering the application.

ClientProfile
int

Default Value: 0

The type of client that is requesting authorization. See the introduction section for more information. Possible values are:

0 (cocpApplication - Default)The application profile is applicable to applications that are run by the user directly. For instance a windows form application would use the application profile. To authorize your application (client) using the application profile see the introduction section.
1 (cocpWeb)The Web profile is applicable to applications that are run on the server side where the user uses the application from a web browser. To authorize your application (client) using this profile follow see the introduction section.

ClientSecret
String

Default Value: ""

The secret value for the client assigned when registering the application.

GrantType
int

Default Value: 0

The OAuth grant type used to acquire an OAuth access token. See the introduction section for more information. Possible values are:

0 (cogtAuthorizationCode - Default) Authorization Code grant type
1 (cogtImplicit) Implicit grant type
2 (cogtPassword) Resource Owner Password Credentials grant type
3 (cogtClientCredentials) Client Credentials grant type

RefreshToken
String

Default Value: ""

Specifies the refresh token received from or sent to the authorization server. This field is set automatically if a refresh token is retrieved from the token server. If the OAuthAutomaticRefresh configuration setting is set to true, and the GrantType field is set to a grant that can use refresh tokens.

ReturnURL
String

Default Value: ""

The URL where the user (browser) returns after authenticating. This field is mapped to the redirect_uri parameter when making a request to the authorization server. Typically, this is automatically set by the class when using the embedded web server. If the OAuthWebServerPort or OAuthWebServerHost configuration settings is set, then this field should be set to match. If using the Web client profile, this should be set to the place where the authorization code will be parsed out of the response after the user finishes authorizing.

ServerAuthURL
String

Default Value: ""

The URL of the authorization server.

ServerTokenURL
String

Default Value: ""

The URL of the token server used to obtain the access token.

WebAuthURL
String (read-only)

Default Value: ""

The URL to which the user should be re-directed for authorization. This field is used to get the URL that the user should be redirected to when using the Web client profile. See introduction section for more information.

Constructors

public OAuthSettings();



Proxy Type

The proxy the class will connect to.

Remarks

When connecting through a proxy, this type is used to specify different properties of the proxy, such as the Server and the AuthScheme.

Fields

AuthScheme
int

Default Value: 0

This field is used to tell the class which type of authorization to perform when connecting to the proxy. This is used only when the User and Password fields are set.

AuthScheme should be set to authNone (3) when no authentication is expected.

By default, AuthScheme is authBasic (0), and if the User and Password fields are set, the component will attempt basic authentication.

If AuthScheme is set to authDigest (1), digest authentication will be attempted instead.

If AuthScheme is set to authProprietary (2), then the authorization token will not be generated by the class. Look at the configuration file for the class being used to find more information about manually setting this token.

If AuthScheme is set to authNtlm (4), NTLM authentication will be used.

For security reasons, setting this field will clear the values of User and Password.

AutoDetect
boolean

Default Value: False

This field tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use proxy system settings, if available. The default value is false.

Note: This setting is applicable only in Windows.

Password
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains a password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

If AuthScheme is set to Basic Authentication, the User and Password are Base64 encoded and the proxy authentication token will be generated in the form Basic [encoded-user-password].

If AuthScheme is set to Digest Authentication, the User and Password fields are used to respond to the Digest Authentication challenge from the server.

If AuthScheme is set to NTLM Authentication, the User and Password fields are used to authenticate through NTLM negotiation.

Port
int

Default Value: 80

This field contains the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port for the proxy Server (default 80). See the description of the Server field for details.

Server
String

Default Value: ""

If a proxy Server is given, then the HTTP request is sent to the proxy instead of the server otherwise specified.

If the Server field is set to a domain name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, the Server field is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

SSL
int

Default Value: 0

This field determines when to use a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) for the connection to the proxy. The applicable values are as follows:

psAutomatic (0)Default setting. If the URL is an https URL, the class will use the psTunnel option. If the URL is an http URL, the class will use the psNever option.
psAlways (1)The connection is always SSL enabled.
psNever (2)The connection is not SSL enabled.
psTunnel (3)The connection is made through a tunneling (HTTP) proxy.

User
String

Default Value: ""

This field contains a username if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

If AuthScheme is set to Basic Authentication, the User and Password fields are Base64 encoded and the proxy authentication token will be generated in the form Basic [encoded-user-password].

If AuthScheme is set to Digest Authentication, the User and Password fields are used to respond to the Digest Authentication challenge from the server.

If AuthScheme is set to NTLM Authentication, the User and Password fields are used to authenticate through NTLM negotiation.

Constructors

public Proxy();



public Proxy( server,  port);



public Proxy( server,  port,  user,  password);



QueryParam Type

A query parameter to send in the request.

Remarks

This type represents a query parameter to send in the request.

Fields

Name
String

Default Value: ""

The name of the query parameter.

This field specifies the name of the query parameter.

Value
String

Default Value: ""

The value of the query parameter.

This field specifies the value of the query parameter. The class will automatically URL-encode this value when sending the request.

Constructors

public QueryParam();



public QueryParam( name,  value);



Config Settings (Azurekeys Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

AzureKeys Config Settings

AccumulatePages:   Whether the class should accumulate subsequent pages of results when listing them.

This setting controls how the class behaves when listing multiple pages of results. If this setting is enabled, each successive page of results will be appended to the appropriate collection property until the last page of results has been listed (at which point the next list call will cause said collection to be cleared first). If this setting is disabled, the collection will be cleared every time a page of results is returned.

By default, this setting is enabled, allowing all pages of results to be accumulated in the appropriate collection property.

APIVersion:   The Azure Key Vault API version that the class conforms to.

This setting can be queried to obtain the Azure Key Vault API version that the class conforms to; it cannot be changed.

CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing:   Whether the specified input stream should be closed after data is read from it.

This setting specifies whether the class should close the input stream supplied via the SetInputStream method after its data has been read and processed.

By default, this setting is disabled, and the input stream will remain open.

CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing:   Whether the specified output stream should be closed after data is written to it.

This setting specifies whether the class should close the output stream supplied via the SetOutputStream method after data has been written to it.

By default, this setting is disabled, and the output stream will remain open.

CreateKeyEnabled:   Whether new keys should be created in an enabled or disabled state.

This setting specifies whether new keys created using the CreateKey method should be created in an enabled or disabled state.

By default, this setting is enabled, and keys are created in an enabled state.

ExpiryDate:   The expiry date to send for the key.

This setting specifies the expiry date that should be sent when a key is created using CreateKey or updated using UpdateKey. The date should be specified in seconds since the Unix epoch.

A key can only be used for the Decrypt, Verify, and UnwrapKey operations after its expiry date.

By default, this setting is set to -1, and no expiry date is sent.

GetDeleted:   Whether the class should retrieve information about soft-deleted keys.

This setting specifies whether the class should retrieve information about soft-deleted keys when ListKeys or GetKeyInfo is called.

By default, this setting is disabled, and the class requests information about active keys.

MaxKeys:   The maximum number of results to return when listing keys.

This setting specifies the maximum number of results that should be returned by a call to ListKeys or ListVersions.

If this setting is -1 (default), the server's default (25) is used. Otherwise, the setting must be set to a value greater than or equal to 1.

MessageDigest:   The message digest computed by the class during the last sign or verify operation, if any.

This setting can be queried after calling Sign or Verify to obtain the (hex-encoded) message digest computed by the class during the call. If the class did not generate a message digest as part of the call, an empty string will be returned.

NotBeforeDate:   The 'not before' date to send for the key.

This setting specifies the "not before" date that should be sent when a key is created using CreateKey or updated using UpdateKey. The date should be specified in seconds since the Unix epoch.

A key can only be used for the Decrypt, Verify, and UnwrapKey operations prior to its "not before" date.

By default, this setting is set to -1, and no "not before" date is sent.

OAuthAccessTokenExpiration:   The lifetime of the access token.

This setting holds the lifetime of the access token in seconds. For instance the value 3600 indicates that the token will expire in one hour from the time it was generated.

OAuthAuthorizationTokenType:   The type of access token returned.

The applicable values include the following:

Bearer (default)When the access token returned by the server is a Bearer type, the authorization string returned by Authorize will be in the format "Bearer access_token". This can be supplied as the value of the HTTP Authorization header.
OAuthAutomaticRefresh:   Whether or not to refresh an expired access token automatically.

When this setting is set to true (default) and the Authorization property is not set, the class will automatically get a new access token if it has the necessary properties to do so without user interaction.

For example, when using the Authorization Code grant type, the RefreshToken field should be set to a valid refresh token. When using the Client Credential grant type however, the class does not need any additional properties set as it can already get a new access token without user interaction.

OAuthBrowserResponseTimeout:   Specifies the amount of time to wait for a response from the browser.

This setting specifies the amount of time (in seconds) the class will wait for a response from the browser when requesting user authentication. The default value is 0, meaning that the class will wait indefinitely.

OAuthIncludeEmptyRedirectURI:   Whether an empty redirect_uri parameter is included in requests.

This setting specifies whether redirect_uri is included in the request made by Authorize if it is empty.

If set to true (default) the redirect_uri will be sent in all cases. If set to false the redirect_uri will only be sent if it has a value.

OAuthJWTPayload:   The payload of the JWT access token if present.

This configuration setting provides the payload section of a JWT access token if the access token is a JWT and the class is able to parse out the payload section. This setting only applies to access tokens that are returned from a service provider after successfully authorizing and authenticating with the service.

To parse the payload for specific claims, see OAuthJWTXPath.

OAuthJWTXChildCount:   The number of child elements of the current element.

The number of child attributes of the current element. The OAuthJWTXChildCount configuration settings will be indexed from 0 to (OAuthJWTXChildCount - 1).

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OauthJWTXChildName[i]:   The name of the child element.

Provides the name of the i'th child element of the current element.

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OAuthJWTXChildXText[i]:   The inner text of the child element.

Provides the inner text of the i'th child element of the current element.

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OAuthJWTXElement:   The name of the current element.

Provides the name of the current element.

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OauthJWTXParent:   The parent of the current element.

Provides the parent of the current element.

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OAuthJWTXPath:   Provides a way to point to a specific element in the returned payload of a JWT based access token.

The JWTXPath setting allows you to point to specific claims within the payload of a JWT based access token.

XPath Syntax

XPath syntax is available for the payload of JWT based access tokens if available. An XPath is a series of one or more element accessors separated by the / character, for example: /A/B/C/D.

The following are possible values for an element accessor, which operates relative to the current location specified by the XPath accessors which proceed it in the overall XPath string:

Accessor Description
name The first element with a particular name. Can be *.
[i] The i-th element.
name[i] The i-th element with a particular name.
[last()] The last element.
[last()-i] The element i before the last element.
Here are some examples of valid XPaths and some common claims:
DescriptionJSON XPath
Document root /json
Specific element /json/element_one
Username Claim (Microsoft Specific) /json/preferred_username
Registered Application Name Claim (Microsoft Specific) /json/app_displayname

This is not an exhaustive list by any means, but should provide a general idea of the possibilities. To get the text of the specified element, see JWTXText.

OAuthJWTXSubTree:   A snapshot of the current element in the document.

Provides the entirety of the current element (including its sub-elements).

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OAuthJWTXText:   The text of the current element.

Provides the inner text of the current element.

The current element is specified in the OAuthJWTXPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

OAuthParamCount:   Specifies the number of additional parameters variables to include in the request.

This setting can be used to add query string parameters to the outgoing request. One common use for this method would be to add the "state" parameter to the request, which can be used when the ClientProfile is ocpWeb to add user defined data. The authorization server will include the "state" parameter in the response and will be available in the post back to your server which will allow you to maintain state in your application. This is used in conjunction with OAuthParamName[i] and OAuthParamValue[i]. For instance:

component.Config("OAuthParamCount=2"); component.Config("OAuthParamName[0]=myvar"); component.Config("OAuthParamValue[0]=myvalue"); component.Config("OAuthParamName[1]=testname"); component.Config("OAuthParamValue[1]=testvalue");

Addtionally, this will also be updated to hold the parameters returned in the response.

for (int i = 0; i < int.Parse(component.Config("OAuthParamCount")); i++) { string name = component.Config("OAuthParamName["+i+"]"); string value = component.Config("OAuthParamValue[" + i + "]"); }

OAuthParamName[i]:   Specifies the parameter name at the specified index.

This setting can be used to retrieve or specify the parameter variable name at the index specified. See OAuthParamCount for details.

OAuthParamValue[i]:   Specifies the parameter value at the specified index.

This setting can be used to retrieve or specify the parameter variable value at the index specified. See OAuthParamCount for details.

OAuthPasswordGrantUsername:   Used in the Resource Owner Password grant type.

Used to set the username field when the GrantType is set to the password grant type and Authorize is called.

OAuthPKCEChallengeEncoding:   The PKCE code challenge method to use.

This setting controls the PKCE code challenge method used when OAuthUsePKCE is set to true. Possible values are:

  • 1 (Plain)
  • 2 (S256/SHA256 - default)
OAuthPKCEVerifier:   The PKCE verifier used to generate the challenge.

This configuration setting when queried provides the PKCE verifier that is used to generate the PKCE challenge for the Authorize method and the WebAuthURL field when OAuthUsePKCE is set to true. When using the cocpWeb ClientProfile, the configuration setting can be set instead to allow the authorization request to be made from a different instance than the authentication (token) request.

OAuthReUseWebServer:   Determines if the same server instance is used between requests.

If set to true (default), the same embedded web server instance will be used for multiple requests. If set to false the embedded web server will be created and destroyed on each call to Authorize

OAuthUsePKCE:   Specifies if PKCE should be used.

If set to true (default), Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) defined by RFC 7636 will be used when performing authorization. This setting applies when using the Authorization Code GrantType. The OAuthPKCEChallengeEncoding configuration setting can be used to control the code challenge method that will be used.

OAuthWebServerActive:   Specifies and controls whether the embedded web server is active.

The setting when queried will return the current state of the web server. If the webserver is active, it will return "true" and if it is inactive it will return "false".

This setting can also be set to activate or deactivate the web server. Under normal circumstances, this would not be required as the class will automatically start and stop the web server when Authorize is called. In certain cases, it is required to start the webserver before calling Authorize. For example, if the ReturnURL needs to be set to a relay server, then you will need to start the web server manually. Another example would be when the OAuthReUseWebServer is set to true, the server will not be automatically stopped, and this configuration setting must be set to "false" to stop the embedded web server.

OAuthWebServerCertStore:   The certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.

The name of the certificate store used for the embedded web server's SSL.

The OAuthWebServerCertStoreType field specifies the type of the certificate store specified by OAuthWebServerCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in OAuthWebServerCertStorePassword.

OAuthWebServerCertStore is used in conjunction with the OAuthWebServerCertSubject field in order to specify the certificate to be used during SSL.

Designations of certificate stores are platform dependent.

The following designations are the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e., PKCS#12 certificate store).

Note: This is required when OAuthWebServerSSLEnabled is set to true.

OAuthWebServerCertStorePassword:   The certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.

If the certificate store is of a type that requires a password, this property is used to specify that password in order to open the certificate store.

Note: This is only applicable when OAuthWebServerSSLEnabled is set to true.

OAuthWebServerCertStoreType:   The certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.

This specifies the type of certificate store. Possible values are:

0 User - This is the default for Windows. This specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: This store type is not available in Java.
1 Machine - For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: This store type is not available in Java.
2 PFXFile - The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 PFXBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 JKSFile - The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: This store type is available only in Java.
5 JKSBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: This store type is available only in Java.
6 PEMKeyFile - The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 PEMKeyBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or Base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
14 PPKFile - The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 PPKBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 XMLFile - The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 XMLBlob - The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
Note: This is required when OAuthWebServerSSLEnabled is set to true.
OAuthWebServerCertSubject:   The certificate with private key to use when SSL is enabled.

The subject of the SSL certificate.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma-separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance, "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are as follows:

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a hostname like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma, it must be quoted.

Note: This is required when OAuthWebServerSSLEnabled is set to true.

OAuthWebServerFailedResponse:   The custom response that will be displayed to the user if authentication failed.

When Authorize is called the user will be redirected to the embedded web server upon completing authentication with the authorization server. If authentication failed, the HTML specified here will be sent to the user's browser.

OAuthWebServerHost:   The hostname used by the embedded web server displayed in the ReturnURL.

This setting specifies the hostname used by the embedded web server when ClientProfile is set to cocpApplication. This specifies the interface on which the embedded web server listens, and also the value displayed in the ReturnURL. This should be set to the hostname only, not the full URL.

The default value is localhost.

OAuthWebServerPort:   The local port on which the embedded web server listens.

This property specifies the port on which the embedded web server listens. Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be returned when this setting is queried after the server has started listening.This is only applicable when using the embedded web server.

OAuthWebServerResponse:   The custom response that will be displayed to the user.

When Authorize is called the user will be redirected to the embedded web server upon completing authentication with the authorization server. This setting allows you to specify the HTML that will be sent to the user's browser.

OAuthWebServerSSLEnabled:   Whether the web server requires SSL connections.

This setting specifies whether the embedded web server will use SSL. If set to True OAuthWebServerCert* configs are required and the server will only accept SSL connections. If set to False only plaintext connects are supported.

RawRequest:   Returns the data that was sent to the server.

This setting may be queried after calling any method that sends data to the server to obtain the request data that was transmitted. Such data may be useful for troubleshooting purposes.

RawResponse:   Returns the data that was received from the server.

This setting may be queried after calling any method that sends data to the server to obtain the response data that was received. Such data may be useful for troubleshooting purposes.

VersionId:   The Id of the key version that the class should make requests against.

This setting can be set to the Id of a specific key version before calling one of the following methods in order to have the class make the request against the specified version rather than the latest version.

XChildCount:   The number of child elements of the current element.

The number of child attributes of the current element. The XChild configuration settings will be indexed from 0 to (XChildCount - 1).

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XChildName[i]:   The name of the child element.

Provides the name of the i'th child element of the current element.

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XChildXText[i]:   The inner text of the child element.

Provides the inner text of the i'th child element of the current element.

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XElement:   The name of the current element.

Provides the name of the current element.

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XParent:   The parent of the current element.

Provides the parent of the current element.

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XPath:   Provides a way to point to a specific element in the returned XML or JSON response.

The XPath setting allows you to point to specific elements in the XML or JSON response.

When XPath is set to a valid path, XElement points to the name of the element, with XText, XParent, XSubTree, XChildCount, XChildName[i], and XChildXText[i] providing other properties of the element.

XPath Syntax

XPath syntax is available for both XML and JSON documents. An XPath is a series of one or more element accessors separated by the / character, for example: /A/B/C/D. An XPath can be absolute (i.e., it starts with /), or it can be relative to the current XPath location.

The following are possible values for an element accessor, which operates relative to the current location specified by the XPath accessors which proceed it in the overall XPath string:

Accessor Description
name The first element with a particular name. Can be *.
[i] The i-th element.
name[i] The i-th element with a particular name.
[last()] The last element.
[last()-i] The element i before the last element.
name[@attrname="attrvalue"]The first element with a particular name that contains the specified attribute-value pair.

Supports single and double quotes. (XML Only)

. The current element.
.. The parent element.
Note: XPath indices are 1-based.

XPath Examples

Assuming the following XML response:

<firstlevel>
  <one>value</one>
  <two>
    <item>first</item>
    <item>second</item>
  </two>
  <three>value three</three>
</firstlevel>

Or, alternatively, the following JSON response:

{
  "firstlevel": {
    "one": "value",
    "two": ["first", "second"],
    "three": "value three"
  }
}

Here are some examples of valid XPaths:

DescriptionXML XPath JSON XPath
Document root / /json
Specific element /firstlevel/one /json/firstlevel/one
i-th child /firstlevel/two/item[2]/json/firstlevel/two/[2]

This is not an exhaustive list by any means, but should provide a general idea of the possibilities.

XSubTree:   A snapshot of the current element in the document.

Provides the entirety of the current element (including its sub-elements).

The current element is specified via the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

XText:   The text of the current element.

Provides the inner text of the current element.

The current element is specified in the XPath configuration setting. This configuration setting is read-only.

HTTP Config Settings

AcceptEncoding:   Used to tell the server which types of content encodings the client supports.

When AllowHTTPCompression is True, the class adds an Accept-Encoding header to the request being sent to the server. By default, this header's value is "gzip, deflate". This configuration setting allows you to change the value of the Accept-Encoding header. Note: The class only supports gzip and deflate decompression algorithms.

AllowHTTPCompression:   This property enables HTTP compression for receiving data.

This configuration setting enables HTTP compression for receiving data. When set to True (default), the class will accept compressed data. It then will uncompress the data it has received. The class will handle data compressed by both gzip and deflate compression algorithms.

When True, the class adds an Accept-Encoding header to the outgoing request. The value for this header can be controlled by the AcceptEncoding configuration setting. The default value for this header is "gzip, deflate".

The default value is True.

AllowHTTPFallback:   Whether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fallback to HTTP/1.1.

This configuration setting controls whether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fall back to HTTP/1.1 when the server does not support HTTP/2. This setting is applicable only when HTTPVersion is set to "2.0".

If set to True (default), the class will automatically use HTTP/1.1 if the server does not support HTTP/2. If set to False, the class throws an exception if the server does not support HTTP/2.

The default value is True.

AllowNTLMFallback:   Whether to allow fallback from Negotiate to NTLM when authenticating.

This configuration setting applies only when AuthScheme is set to Negotiate. If set to True, the class will automatically use New Technology LAN Manager (NTLM) if the server does not support Negotiate authentication. Note: The server must indicate that it supports NTLM authentication through the WWW-Authenticate header for the fallback from Negotiate to NTLM to take place. The default value is False.

Append:   Whether to append data to LocalFile.

This configuration setting determines whether data will be appended when writing to LocalFile. When set to True, downloaded data will be appended to LocalFile. This may be used in conjunction with Range to resume a failed download. This is applicable only when LocalFile is set. The default value is False.

Authorization:   The Authorization string to be sent to the server.

If the Authorization property contains a nonempty string, an Authorization HTTP request header is added to the request. This header conveys Authorization information to the server.

This property is provided so that the HTTP class can be extended with other security schemes in addition to the authorization schemes already implemented by the class.

The AuthScheme property defines the authentication scheme used. In the case of HTTP Basic Authentication (default), every time User and Password are set, they are Base64 encoded, and the result is put in the Authorization property in the form "Basic [encoded-user-password]".

BytesTransferred:   Contains the number of bytes transferred in the response data.

This configuration setting returns the raw number of bytes from the HTTP response data, before the component processes the data, whether it is chunked or compressed. This returns the same value as the Transfer event, by BytesTransferred.

ChunkSize:   Specifies the chunk size in bytes when using chunked encoding.

This is applicable only when UseChunkedEncoding is True. This setting specifies the chunk size in bytes to be used when posting data. The default value is 16384.

CompressHTTPRequest:   Set to true to compress the body of a PUT or POST request.

If set to True, the body of a PUT or POST request will be compressed into gzip format before sending the request. The "Content-Encoding" header is also added to the outgoing request.

The default value is False.

EncodeURL:   If set to True the URL will be encoded by the class.

If set to True, the URL passed to the class will be URL encoded. The default value is False.

FollowRedirects:   Determines what happens when the server issues a redirect.

This option determines what happens when the server issues a redirect. Normally, the class returns an error if the server responds with an "Object Moved" message. If this property is set to 1 (always), the new URL for the object is retrieved automatically every time.

If this property is set to 2 (Same Scheme), the new URL is retrieved automatically only if the URL Scheme is the same; otherwise, the class throws an exception.

Note: Following the HTTP specification, unless this option is set to 1 (Always), automatic redirects will be performed only for GET or HEAD requests. Other methods potentially could change the conditions of the initial request and create security vulnerabilities.

Furthermore, if either the new URL server or port are different from the existing one, User and Password are also reset to empty, unless this property is set to 1 (Always), in which case the same credentials are used to connect to the new server.

A Redirect event is fired for every URL the product is redirected to. In the case of automatic redirections, the Redirect event is a good place to set properties related to the new connection (e.g., new authentication parameters).

The default value is 0 (Never). In this case, redirects are never followed, and the class throws an exception instead.

Following are the valid options:

  • 0 - Never
  • 1 - Always
  • 2 - Same Scheme

GetOn302Redirect:   If set to True the class will perform a GET on the new location.

The default value is False. If set to True, the class will perform a GET on the new location. Otherwise, it will use the same HTTP method again.

HTTP2HeadersWithoutIndexing:   HTTP2 headers that should not update the dynamic header table with incremental indexing.

HTTP/2 servers maintain a dynamic table of headers and values seen over the course of a connection. Typically, these headers are inserted into the table through incremental indexing (also known as HPACK, defined in RFC 7541). To tell the component not to use incremental indexing for certain headers, and thus not update the dynamic table, set this configuration option to a comma-delimited list of the header names.

HTTPVersion:   The version of HTTP used by the class.

This property specifies the HTTP version used by the class. Possible values are as follows:

  • "1.0"
  • "1.1" (default)
  • "2.0"
  • "3.0"

When using HTTP/2 ("2.0"), additional restrictions apply. Please see the following notes for details.

HTTP/2 Notes

When using HTTP/2, a secure Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (TLS/SSL) connection is required. Attempting to use a plaintext URL with HTTP/2 will result in an error.

If the server does not support HTTP/2, the class will automatically use HTTP/1.1 instead. This is done to provide compatibility without the need for any additional settings. To see which version was used, check NegotiatedHTTPVersion after calling a method. The AllowHTTPFallback setting controls whether this behavior is allowed (default) or disallowed.

HTTP/2 is supported on all platforms. The class will use the internal security implementation in all cases when connecting.

HTTP/3 Notes

HTTP/3 is supported only in .NET and Java.

When using HTTP/3, a secure (TLS/SSL) connection is required. Attempting to use a plaintext URL with HTTP/3 will result in an error.

IfModifiedSince:   A date determining the maximum age of the desired document.

If this setting contains a nonempty string, an If-Modified-Since HTTP header is added to the request. The value of this header is used to make the HTTP request conditional: if the requested documented has not been modified since the time specified in the field, a copy of the document will not be returned from the server; instead, a 304 (not modified) response will be returned by the server and the component throws an exception

The format of the date value for IfModifiedSince is detailed in the HTTP specs. For example: Sat, 29 Oct 2017 19:43:31 GMT.

KeepAlive:   Determines whether the HTTP connection is closed after completion of the request.

If true, the component will not send the Connection: Close header. The absence of the Connection header indicates to the server that HTTP persistent connections should be used if supported. Note: Not all servers support persistent connections. If false, the connection will be closed immediately after the server response is received.

The default value for KeepAlive is false.

KerberosSPN:   The Service Principal Name for the Kerberos Domain Controller.

If the Service Principal Name on the Kerberos Domain Controller is not the same as the URL that you are authenticating to, the Service Principal Name should be set here.

LogLevel:   The level of detail that is logged.

This configuration setting controls the level of detail that is logged through the Log event. Possible values are as follows:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data are logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data are logged.

The value 1 (Info) logs basic information, including the URL, HTTP version, and status details.

The value 2 (Verbose) logs additional information about the request and response.

The value 3 (Debug) logs the headers and body for both the request and response, as well as additional debug information (if any).

MaxHeaders:   Instructs class to save the amount of headers specified that are returned by the server after a Header event has been fired.

This configuration setting should be set when the TransferredHeaders collection is to be populated when a Header event has been fired. This value represents the number of headers that are to be saved in the collection.

To save all items to the collection, set this configuration setting to -1. If no items are wanted, set this to 0, which will not save any items to the collection. The default for this configuration setting is -1, so all items will be included in the collection.

MaxHTTPCookies:   Instructs class to save the amount of cookies specified that are returned by the server when a SetCookie event is fired.

This configuration setting should be set when populating the Cookies collection as a result of an HTTP request. This value represents the number of cookies that are to be saved in the collection.

To save all items to the collection, set this configuration setting to -1. If no items are wanted, set this to 0, which will not save any items to the collection. The default for this configuration setting is -1, so all items will be included in the collection.

MaxRedirectAttempts:   Limits the number of redirects that are followed in a request.

When FollowRedirects is set to any value other than frNever, the class will follow redirects until this maximum number of redirect attempts are made. The default value is 20.

NegotiatedHTTPVersion:   The negotiated HTTP version.

This configuration setting may be queried after the request is complete to indicate the HTTP version used. When HTTPVersion is set to "2.0" (if the server does not support "2.0"), then the class will fall back to using "1.1" automatically. This setting will indicate which version was used.

OtherHeaders:   Other headers as determined by the user (optional).

This configuration setting can be set to a string of headers to be appended to the HTTP request headers.

The headers must follow the format "header: value" as described in the HTTP specifications. Header lines should be separated by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Use this configuration setting with caution. If this configuration setting contains invalid headers, HTTP requests may fail.

This configuration setting is useful for extending the functionality of the class beyond what is provided.

ProxyAuthorization:   The authorization string to be sent to the proxy server.

This is similar to the Authorization configuration setting, but is used for proxy authorization. If this configuration setting contains a nonempty string, a Proxy-Authorization HTTP request header is added to the request. This header conveys proxy Authorization information to the server. If User and Password are specified, this value is calculated using the algorithm specified by AuthScheme.

ProxyAuthScheme:   The authorization scheme to be used for the proxy.

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyPassword:   A password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyPort:   Port for the proxy server (default 80).

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyServer:   Name or IP address of a proxy server (optional).

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

SentHeaders:   The full set of headers as sent by the client.

This configuration setting returns the complete set of raw headers as sent by the client.

StatusCode:   The status code of the last response from the server.

This configuration setting contains the result code of the last response from the server.

StatusLine:   The first line of the last response from the server.

This setting contains the first line of the last response from the server. The format of the line will be [HTTP version] [Result Code] [Description].

TransferredData:   The contents of the last response from the server.

This configuration setting contains the contents of the last response from the server.

TransferredDataLimit:   The maximum number of incoming bytes to be stored by the class.

If TransferredDataLimit is set to 0 (default), no limits are imposed. Otherwise, this reflects the maximum number of incoming bytes that can be stored by the class.

TransferredHeaders:   The full set of headers as received from the server.

This configuration setting returns the complete set of raw headers as received from the server.

TransferredRequest:   The full request as sent by the client.

This configuration setting returns the full request as sent by the client. For performance reasons, the request is not normally saved. Set this configuration setting to ON before making a request to enable it. Following are examples of this request:

.NET Http http = new Http(); http.Config("TransferredRequest=on"); http.PostData = "body"; http.Post("http://someserver.com"); Console.WriteLine(http.Config("TransferredRequest")); C++ HTTP http; http.Config("TransferredRequest=on"); http.SetPostData("body", 5); http.Post("http://someserver.com"); printf("%s\r\n", http.Config("TransferredRequest"));

UseChunkedEncoding:   Enables or Disables HTTP chunked encoding for transfers.

If UseChunkedEncoding is set to True, the class will use HTTP-chunked encoding when posting, if possible. HTTP-chunked encoding allows large files to be sent in chunks instead of all at once. If set to False, the class will not use HTTP-chunked encoding. The default value is False.

Note: Some servers (such as the ASP.NET Development Server) may not support chunked encoding.

UseIDNs:   Whether to encode hostnames to internationalized domain names.

This configuration setting specifies whether hostnames containing non-ASCII characters are encoded to internationalized domain names. When set to True, if a hostname contains non-ASCII characters, it is encoded using Punycode to an IDN (internationalized domain name).

The default value is False and the hostname will always be used exactly as specified.

UsePlatformDeflate:   Whether to use the platform implementation to decompress compressed responses.

This configuration setting specifies whether the platform's deflate-algorithm implementation is used to decompress responses that use compression. If set to True (default), the platform implementation is used. If set to False, an internal implementation is used.

UsePlatformHTTPClient:   Whether or not to use the platform HTTP client.

When using this configuration setting, if True, the component will use the default HTTP client for the platform (URLConnection in Java, WebRequest in .NET, or CFHTTPMessage in Mac/iOS) instead of the internal HTTP implementation. This is important for environments in which direct access to sockets is limited or not allowed (e.g., in the Google AppEngine).

UseProxyAutoConfigURL:   Whether to use a Proxy auto-config file when attempting a connection.

This configuration specifies whether the class will attempt to use the Proxy auto-config URL when establishing a connection and AutoDetect is set to True.

When True (default), the class will check for the existence of a Proxy auto-config URL, and if found, will determine the appropriate proxy to use.

UserAgent:   Information about the user agent (browser).

This is the value supplied in the HTTP User-Agent header. The default setting is "IPWorks HTTP Component - www.nsoftware.com".

Override the default with the name and version of your software.

TCPClient Config Settings

CloseStreamAfterTransfer:   If true, the component will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.

This setting determines whether the input or output stream is closed after the transfer completes. When set to True (default), all streams will be closed after a transfer is completed. In order to keep streams open after the transfer of data, set this to False. the default value is True.

ConnectionTimeout:   Sets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.

When set, this configuration setting allows you to specify a different timeout value for establishing a connection. Otherwise, the class will use Timeout for establishing a connection and transmitting/receiving data.

FirewallAutoDetect:   Tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallHost:   Name or IP address of firewall (optional).

If a FirewallHost is given, requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If the FirewallHost setting is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, the FirewallHost setting is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallListener:   If true, the component binds to a SOCKS firewall as a server (TCPClient only).

This entry is for TCPClient only and does not work for other components that descend from TCPClient.

If this entry is set, the class acts as a server. RemoteHost and RemotePort are used to tell the SOCKS firewall in which address and port to listen to. The firewall rules may ignore RemoteHost, and it is recommended that RemoteHost be set to empty string in this case.

RemotePort is the port in which the firewall will listen to. If set to 0, the firewall will select a random port. The binding (address and port) is provided through the ConnectionStatus event.

The connection to the firewall is made by calling the Connect method.

FirewallPassword:   Password to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPort:   The TCP port for the FirewallHost;.

The FirewallPort is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value.

Note: This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallType:   Determines the type of firewall to connect through.

The appropriate values are as follows:

0No firewall (default setting).
1Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
2Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
3Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
10Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

If the FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

KeepAliveInterval:   The retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to True. A TCP keep-alive packet will be sent after a period of inactivity as defined by KeepAliveTime. If no acknowledgment is received from the remote host, the keep-alive packet will be sent again. This configuration setting specifies the interval at which the successive keep-alive packets are sent in milliseconds. This system default if this value is not specified here is 1 second.

Note: This value is not applicable in macOS.

KeepAliveTime:   The inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to True. By default, the operating system will determine the time a connection is idle before a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) keep-alive packet is sent. This system default if this value is not specified here is 2 hours. In many cases, a shorter interval is more useful. Set this value to the desired interval in milliseconds.

Linger:   When set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.

This property controls how a connection is closed. The default is True.

In the case that Linger is True (default), two scenarios determine how long the connection will linger. In the first, if LingerTime is 0 (default), the system will attempt to send pending data for a connection until the default IP timeout expires.

In the second scenario, if LingerTime is a positive value, the system will attempt to send pending data until the specified LingerTime is reached. If this attempt fails, then the system will reset the connection.

The default behavior (which is also the default mode for stream sockets) might result in a long delay in closing the connection. Although the class returns control immediately, the system could hold system resources until all pending data are sent (even after your application closes).

Setting this property to False forces an immediate disconnection. If you know that the other side has received all the data you sent (e.g., by a client acknowledgment), setting this property to False might be the appropriate course of action.

LingerTime:   Time in seconds to have the connection linger.

LingerTime is the time, in seconds, the socket connection will linger. This value is 0 by default, which means it will use the default IP timeout.

LocalHost:   The name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.

The LocalHost setting contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost setting shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

LocalPort:   The port in the local host where the class binds.

This must be set before a connection is attempted. It instructs the class to bind to a specific port (or communication endpoint) in the local machine.

Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be shown by LocalPort after the connection is established.

LocalPort cannot be changed once a connection is made. Any attempt to set this when a connection is active will generate an error.

This; setting is useful when trying to connect to services that require a trusted port in the client side. An example is the remote shell (rsh) service in UNIX systems.

MaxLineLength:   The maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.

MaxLineLength is the size of an internal buffer, which holds received data while waiting for an EOL string.

If an EOL string is found in the input stream before MaxLineLength bytes are received, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to True, and the buffer is reset.

If no EOL is found, and MaxLineLength bytes are accumulated in the buffer, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to False, and the buffer is reset.

The minimum value for MaxLineLength is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

MaxTransferRate:   The transfer rate limit in bytes per second.

This configuration setting can be used to throttle outbound TCP traffic. Set this to the number of bytes to be sent per second. By default, this is not set and there is no limit.

ProxyExceptionsList:   A semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.

This configuration setting optionally specifies a semicolon-separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to bypass when a proxy is in use. When requests are made to hosts specified in this property, the proxy will not be used. For instance:

www.google.com;www.nsoftware.com

TCPKeepAlive:   Determines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.

If set to True, the socket's keep-alive option is enabled and keep-alive packets will be sent periodically to maintain the connection. Set KeepAliveTime and KeepAliveInterval to configure the timing of the keep-alive packets.

Note: This value is not applicable in Java.

TcpNoDelay:   Whether or not to delay when sending packets.

When true, the socket will send all data that is ready to send at once. When false, the socket will send smaller buffered packets of data at small intervals. This is known as the Nagle algorithm.

By default, this config is set to false.

UseIPv6:   Whether to use IPv6.

When set to 0 (default), the class will use IPv4 exclusively. When set to 1, the class will use IPv6 exclusively. To instruct the class to prefer IPv6 addresses, but use IPv4 if IPv6 is not supported on the system, this setting should be set to 2. The default value is 0. Possible values are:

0 IPv4 Only
1 IPv6 Only
2 IPv6 with IPv4 fallback
UseNTLMv2:   Whether to use NTLM V2.

When authenticating with NTLM, this setting specifies whether NTLM V2 is used. By default this value is False and NTLM V1 will be used. Set this to True to use NTLM V2.

SSL Config Settings

LogSSLPackets:   Controls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.

When SSLProvider is set to Internal, this setting controls whether SSL packets should be logged. By default, this setting is False, as it is only useful for debugging purposes.

When enabled, SSL packet logs are output using the SSLStatus event, which will fire each time an SSL packet is sent or received.

Enabling this setting has no effect if SSLProvider is set to Platform.

ReuseSSLSession:   Determines if the SSL session is reused.

If set to true, the class will reuse the context if and only if the following criteria are met:

  • The target host name is the same.
  • The system cache entry has not expired (default timeout is 10 hours).
  • The application process that calls the function is the same.
  • The logon session is the same.
  • The instance of the class is the same.

SSLCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.

This setting specifies one or more CA certificates to be included in the request when performing SSL client authentication. Some servers require the entire chain, including CA certificates, to be presented when performing SSL client authentication. The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLCheckCRL:   Whether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.

This setting specifies whether the class will check the Certificate Revocation List specified by the server certificate. If set to 1 or 2, the class will first obtain the list of CRL URLs from the server certificate's CRL distribution points extension. The class will then make HTTP requests to each CRL endpoint to check the validity of the server's certificate. If the certificate has been revoked or any other issues are found during validation the class throws an exception.

When set to 0 (default) the CRL check will not be performed by the class. When set to 1, it will attempt to perform the CRL check, but will continue without an error if the server's certificate does not support CRL. When set to 2, it will perform the CRL check and will throw an error if CRL is not supported.

This configuration setting is only supported in the Java, C#, and C++ editions. In the C++ edition, it is only supported on Windows operating systems.

SSLCheckOCSP:   Whether to use OCSP to check the status of the server certificate.

This setting specifies whether the class will use OCSP to check the validity of the server certificate. If set to 1 or 2, the class will first obtain the OCSP URL from the server certificate's OCSP extension. The class will then locate the issuing certificate and make an HTTP request to the OCSP endpoint to check the validity of the server's certificate. If the certificate has been revoked or any other issues are found during validation the class throws an exception.

When set to 0 (default) the class will not perform an OCSP check. When set to 1, it will attempt to perform the OCSP check, but will continue without an error if the server's certificate does not support OCSP. When set to 2, it will perform the OCSP check and will throw an error if OCSP is not supported.

This configuration setting is only supported in the Java, C#, and C++ editions. In the C++ edition, it is only supported on Windows operating systems.

SSLCipherStrength:   The minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.

This minimum cipher strength largely dependent on the security modules installed on the system. If the cipher strength specified is not supported, an error will be returned when connections are initiated.

Please note that this setting contains the minimum cipher strength requested from the security library. The actual cipher strength used for the connection is shown by the SSLStatus event.

Use this setting with caution. Requesting a lower cipher strength than necessary could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList config setting.

SSLContextProtocol:   The protocol used when getting an SSLContext instance.

Possible values are SSL, SSLv2, SSLv3, TLS and TLSv1. Use it only in case your security provider does not support TLS. This is the parameter "protocol" inside the SSLContext.getInstance(protocol) call.

SSLEnabledCipherSuites:   The cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.

The enabled cipher suites to be used in SSL negotiation.

By default, the enabled cipher suites will include all available ciphers ("*").

The special value "*" means that the class will pick all of the supported cipher suites. If SSLEnabledCipherSuites is set to any other value, only the specified cipher suites will be considered.

Multiple cipher suites are separated by semicolons.

Note: This value must be set after SSLProvider is set.

Example values: obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA; SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA"); Possible values when SSLProvider is set to latform include:

  • SSL_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_DES_CBC_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_DES_CBC_40_MD5
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_DES_CBC_40_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA

Possible values when SSLProvider is set to Internal include:

  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA

When TLS 1.3 is negotiated (see SSLEnabledProtocols) only the following cipher suites are supported:

  • TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
  • TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

SSLEnabledCipherSuites is used together with SSLCipherStrength.

SSLEnabledProtocols:   Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Not all supported protocols are enabled by default (the value of this setting is 4032). If you want more granular control over the enabled protocols, you can set this property to the binary 'OR' of one or more of the following values:

TLS1.312288 (Hex 3000)
TLS1.23072 (Hex C00) (Default)
TLS1.1768 (Hex 300) (Default)
TLS1 192 (Hex C0) (Default)
SSL3 48 (Hex 30) [Platform Only]
SSL2 12 (Hex 0C) [Platform Only]

SSLEnabledProtocols - TLS 1.3 Notes

By default when TLS 1.3 is enabled the class will use the internal TLS implementation when the SSLProvider is set to Automatic for all editions.

In editions which are designed to run on Windows SSLProvider can be set to Platform to use the platform implementation instead of the internal implementation. When configured in this manner, please note that the platform provider is only supported on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up. The default internal provider is available on all platforms and is not restricted to any specific OS version.

If set to 1 (Platform provider) please be aware of the following notes:

  • The platform provider is only available on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up.
  • SSLEnabledCipherSuites and other similar SSL configuration settings are not supported.
  • If SSLEnabledProtocols includes both TLS 1.3 and TLS 1.2 the above restrictions are still applicable even if TLS 1.2 is negotiated. Enabling TLS 1.3 with the platform provider changes the implementation used for all TLS versions.

SSLEnabledProtocols: SSL2 and SSL3 Notes:

SSL 2.0 and 3.0 are not supported by the class when the SSLProvider is set to internal. To use SSL 2.0 or SSL 3.0, the platform security API must have the protocols enabled and SSLProvider needs to be set to platform.

SSLEnableRenegotiation:   Whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.

This setting specifies whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension will be used in the request when using the internal security API. This setting is true by default, but can be set to false to disable the extension.

This setting is only applicable when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

SSLIncludeCertChain:   Whether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.

This setting specifies whether the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event contains the full certificate chain. By default this value is False and only the leaf certificate will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event.

If set to True all certificates returned by the server will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event. This includes the leaf certificate, any intermediate certificate, and the root certificate.

Note: When SSLProvider is set to Internal this value is automatically set to true. This is needed for proper validation when using the internal provider.

SSLKeyLogFile:   The location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.

This setting optionally specifies the full path to a file on disk where per-session secrets are stored for debugging purposes.

When set, the class will save the session secrets in the same format as the SSLKEYLOGFILE environment variable functionality used by most major browsers and tools such as Chrome, Firefox, and cURL. This file can then be used in tools such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS traffice for debugging purposes. When writing to this file the class will only append, it will not overwrite previous values.

Note: This setting is only applicable when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

SSLNegotiatedCipher:   Returns the negotiated cipher suite.

Returns the cipher suite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipher[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength:   Returns the negotiated cipher suite strength.

Returns the strength of the cipher suite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g.TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite:   Returns the negotiated cipher suite.

Returns the cipher suite negotiated during the SSL handshake represented as a single string.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.

Returns the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.

Returns the strenghth of the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedVersion:   Returns the negotiated protocol version.

Returns the protocol version negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedVersion[connId]");

SSLServerCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.

This setting optionally specifies one or more CA certificates to be used when verifying the server certificate. When verifying the server's certificate the certificates trusted by the system will be used as part of the verification process. If the server's CA certificates are not installed to the trusted system store, they may be specified here so they are included when performing the verification process. This setting should only be set if the server's CA certificates are not already trusted on the system and cannot be installed to the trusted system store.

The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLTrustManagerFactoryAlgorithm:   The algorithm to be used to create a TrustManager through TrustManagerFactory.

Possible values include SunX509. This is the parameter "algorithm" inside the TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(algorithm) call.

TLS12SignatureAlgorithms:   Defines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

This setting specifies the allowed server certificate signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal and SSLEnabledProtocols is set to allow TLS 1.2.

When specified the class will verify that the server certificate signature algorithm is among the values specified in this setting. If the server certificate signature algorithm is unsupported the class throws an exception.

The format of this value is a comma separated list of hash-signature combinations. For instance: component.SSLProvider = TCPClientSSLProviders.sslpInternal; component.Config("SSLEnabledProtocols=3072"); //TLS 1.2 component.Config("TLS12SignatureAlgorithms=sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa"); The default value for this setting is sha512-ecdsa,sha512-rsa,sha512-dsa,sha384-ecdsa,sha384-rsa,sha384-dsa,sha256-ecdsa,sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha224-ecdsa,sha224-rsa,sha224-dsa,sha1-ecdsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa.

In order to not restrict the server's certificate signature algorithm, specify an empty string as the value for this setting, which will cause the signature_algorithms TLS 1.2 extension to not be sent.

TLS12SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for ECC.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.2 for ECC.

The default value is ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1.

When using TLS 1.2 and SSLProvider is set to Internal, the values refer to the supported groups for ECC. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)

TLS13KeyShareGroups:   The groups for which to pregenerate key shares.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. The groups specified here will have key share data pregenerated locally before establishing a connection. This can prevent an additional round trip during the handshake if the group is supported by the server.

The default value is set to balance common supported groups and the computational resources required to generate key shares. As a result only some groups are included by default in this setting.

Note: All supported groups can always be used during the handshake even if not listed here, but if a group is used which is not present in this list it will incur an additional round trip and time to generate the key share for that group.

In most cases this setting does not need to be modified. This should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448"
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1"
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096"
  • "ffdhe_6144"
  • "ffdhe_8192"

TLS13SignatureAlgorithms:   The allowed certificate signature algorithms.

This setting holds a comma separated list of allowed signature algorithms. Possible values are:

  • "ed25519" (default)
  • "ed448" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha512" (default)
The default value is rsa_pss_sha256,rsa_pss_sha384,rsa_pss_sha512,rsa_pkcs1_sha256,rsa_pkcs1_sha384,rsa_pkcs1_sha512,ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256,ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384,ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512,ed25519,ed448. This setting is only applicable when SSLEnabledProtocols includes TLS 1.3.
TLS13SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. This setting should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_x448,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072,ffdhe_4096,ffdhe_6144,ffdhe_8192

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096" (default)
  • "ffdhe_6144" (default)
  • "ffdhe_8192" (default)

Socket Config Settings

AbsoluteTimeout:   Determines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.

If AbsoluteTimeout is set to True, any method which does not complete within Timeout seconds will be aborted. By default, AbsoluteTimeout is False, and the timeout is an inactivity timeout.

Note: This option is not valid for UDP ports.

FirewallData:   Used to send extra data to the firewall.

When the firewall is a tunneling proxy, use this property to send custom (additional) headers to the firewall (e.g. headers for custom authentication schemes).

InBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be receiving. Increasing the value of the InBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the InBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

OutBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be sending. Increasing the value of the OutBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the OutBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The class will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the class does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
MaskSensitive:   Whether sensitive data is masked in log messages.

In certain circumstances it may be beneficial to mask sensitive data, like passwords, in log messages. Set this to true to mask sensitive data. The default is true.

This setting only works on these classes: AS3Receiver, AS3Sender, Atom, Client(3DS), FTP, FTPServer, IMAP, OFTPClient, SSHClient, SCP, Server(3DS), Sexec, SFTP, SFTPServer, SSHServer, TCPClient, TCPServer.

UseDaemonThreads:   Whether threads created by the class are daemon threads.

If set to True (default), when the class creates a thread, the thread's Daemon property will be explicitly set to True. When set to False, the class will not set the Daemon property on the created thread. The default value is True.

UseFIPSCompliantAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use FIPS certified APIs.

When set to true, the class will utilize the underlying operating system's certified APIs. Java editions, regardless of OS, utilize Bouncy Castle FIPS, while all the other Windows editions make use of Microsoft security libraries.

The Java edition requires installation of the FIPS certified Bouncy Castle library regardless of the target operating system. This can be downloaded from https://www.bouncycastle.org/fips-java/. Only the "Provider" library is needed. The jar file should then be installed in a JRE search path.

In the application where the component will be used the following classes must be imported:

import java.security.Security; import org.bouncycastle.jcajce.provider.BouncyCastleFipsProvider;

The Bouncy Castle provider must be added as a valid provider and must also be configured to operate in FIPS mode:

System.setProperty("org.bouncycastle.fips.approved_only","true"); Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleFipsProvider());

When UseFIPSCompliantAPI is true, SSL enabled classes can optionally be configured to use the TLS Bouncy Castle library. When SSLProvider is set to sslpAutomatic (default) or sslpInternal an internal TLS implementation is used, but all cryptographic operations are offloaded to the BCFIPS provider in order to achieve FIPS compliant operation. If SSLProvider is set to sslpPlatform the Bouncy Castle JSSE will be used in place of the internal TLS implementation.

To enable the use of the Bouncy Castle JSSE take the following steps in addition to the steps above. Both the Bouncy Castle FIPS provider and the Bouncy Castle JSSE must be configured to use the Bouncy Castle TLS library in FIPS mode. Obtain the Bouncy Castle TLS library from https://www.bouncycastle.org/fips-java/. The jar file should then be installed in a JRE search path.

In the application where the component will be used the following classes must be imported:

import java.security.Security; import org.bouncycastle.jcajce.provider.BouncyCastleFipsProvider; //required to use BCJSSE when SSLProvider is set to sslpPlatform import org.bouncycastle.jsse.provider.BouncyCastleJsseProvider;

The Bouncy Castle provider must be added as a valid provider and must also be configured to operate in FIPS mode:

System.setProperty("org.bouncycastle.fips.approved_only","true"); Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleFipsProvider()); //required to use BCJSSE when SSLProvider is set to sslpPlatform Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleJsseProvider("fips:BCFIPS")); //optional - configure logging level of BCJSSE Logger.getLogger("org.bouncycastle.jsse").setLevel(java.util.logging.Level.OFF); //configure the class to use BCJSSE component.setSSLProvider(1); //platform component.config("UseFIPSCompliantAPI=true"); Note: TLS 1.3 support requires the Bouncy Castle TLS library version 1.0.14 or later.

FIPS mode can be enabled by setting the UseFIPSCompliantAPI configuration setting to true. This is a static setting which applies to all instances of all classes of the toolkit within the process. It is recommended to enable or disable this setting once before the component has been used to establish a connection. Enabling FIPS while an instance of the component is active and connected may result in unexpected behavior.

For more details please see the FIPS 140-2 Compliance article.

Note: Enabling FIPS-compliance requires a special license; please contact sales@nsoftware.com for details.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

When set to false, the class will use the system security libraries by default to perform cryptographic functions where applicable.

Setting this configuration setting to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system security libraries.

This setting is set to false by default on all platforms.

Trappable Errors (Azurekeys Class)

Common Errors

600   A server error occurred, and/or the class was unable to process the server's response. Please refer to the error message for more information.
601   An unsupported operation or action was attempted.
602   The RawRequest or RawResponse configuration setting was queried without first setting the TransferredRequest configuration setting to ON.
603   The login credentials specified were invalid. Please refer to the error message for more information.
604   An invalid remote resource identifier (i.e., a name, path, Id, etc.) was specified.
605   An invalid index was specified.
606   An operation failed because the specified OutputFile already exists and Overwrite is false.
607   An exception occurred while working with the specified InputFile or OutputFile (or the current value of one of those properties is invalid). Please refer to the error message for more information.
608   An exception occurred while working with the specified input or output stream. Please refer to the error message for more information.

HTTP Errors

118   Firewall Error. Error description contains detailed message.
143   Busy executing current method.
151   HTTP protocol error. The error message has the server response.
152   No server specified in URL
153   Specified URLScheme is invalid.
155   Range operation is not supported by server.
156   Invalid cookie index (out of range).
301   Interrupted.
302   Can't open AttachedFile.

TCPClient Errors

100   You cannot change the RemotePort at this time. A connection is in progress.
101   You cannot change the RemoteHost (Server) at this time. A connection is in progress.
102   The RemoteHost address is invalid (0.0.0.0).
104   Already connected. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
106   You cannot change the LocalPort at this time. A connection is in progress.
107   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
112   You cannot change MaxLineLength at this time. A connection is in progress.
116   RemotePort cannot be zero. Please specify a valid service port number.
117   You cannot change the UseConnection option while the class is active.
135   Operation would block.
201   Timeout.
211   Action impossible in control's present state.
212   Action impossible while not connected.
213   Action impossible while listening.
301   Timeout.
303   Could not open file.
434   Unable to convert string to selected CodePage.
1105   Already connecting. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
1117   You need to connect first.
1119   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
1120   Connection dropped by remote host.

SSL Errors

270   Cannot load specified security library.
271   Cannot open certificate store.
272   Cannot find specified certificate.
273   Cannot acquire security credentials.
274   Cannot find certificate chain.
275   Cannot verify certificate chain.
276   Error during handshake.
280   Error verifying certificate.
281   Could not find client certificate.
282   Could not find server certificate.
283   Error encrypting data.
284   Error decrypting data.

TCP/IP Errors

10004   [10004] Interrupted system call.
10009   [10009] Bad file number.
10013   [10013] Access denied.
10014   [10014] Bad address.
10022   [10022] Invalid argument.
10024   [10024] Too many open files.
10035   [10035] Operation would block.
10036   [10036] Operation now in progress.
10037   [10037] Operation already in progress.
10038   [10038] Socket operation on non-socket.
10039   [10039] Destination address required.
10040   [10040] Message too long.
10041   [10041] Protocol wrong type for socket.
10042   [10042] Bad protocol option.
10043   [10043] Protocol not supported.
10044   [10044] Socket type not supported.
10045   [10045] Operation not supported on socket.
10046   [10046] Protocol family not supported.
10047   [10047] Address family not supported by protocol family.
10048   [10048] Address already in use.
10049   [10049] Can't assign requested address.
10050   [10050] Network is down.
10051   [10051] Network is unreachable.
10052   [10052] Net dropped connection or reset.
10053   [10053] Software caused connection abort.
10054   [10054] Connection reset by peer.
10055   [10055] No buffer space available.
10056   [10056] Socket is already connected.
10057   [10057] Socket is not connected.
10058   [10058] Can't send after socket shutdown.
10059   [10059] Too many references, can't splice.
10060   [10060] Connection timed out.
10061   [10061] Connection refused.
10062   [10062] Too many levels of symbolic links.
10063   [10063] File name too long.
10064   [10064] Host is down.
10065   [10065] No route to host.
10066   [10066] Directory not empty
10067   [10067] Too many processes.
10068   [10068] Too many users.
10069   [10069] Disc Quota Exceeded.
10070   [10070] Stale NFS file handle.
10071   [10071] Too many levels of remote in path.
10091   [10091] Network subsystem is unavailable.
10092   [10092] WINSOCK DLL Version out of range.
10093   [10093] Winsock not loaded yet.
11001   [11001] Host not found.
11002   [11002] Non-authoritative 'Host not found' (try again or check DNS setup).
11003   [11003] Non-recoverable errors: FORMERR, REFUSED, NOTIMP.
11004   [11004] Valid name, no data record (check DNS setup).