IPWorks OpenPGP 2022 Java Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

PFileMailer Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

The PFileMailer class is used to send encrypted and/or signed plaintext-formatted emails, with any attachments, using OpenPGP.

Syntax

ipworksopenpgp.Pfilemailer

Remarks

The PFileMailer class offers an easy-to-use interface: you can send an OpenPGP signed and encrypted message using the PSMTP class by calling the Encrypt, Sign, and SignAndEncrypt methods. Additionally, it enables you to create messages bound for multiple recipients with different keys, simultaneously encrypt and compress with the most popular compression algorithms, and control other aspects such as the encrypting algorithm.

Construct the Message

To begin specify common email properties such as SendTo, Cc, BCc, Subject, and MessageText. Connection information is specified by setting MailServer and MailPort.

Sign

To sign a message add the sender's private key to Keys. For instance: pfilemailer.Keys.Add(new Key("c:\\my_keyring_dir", "sender@nsoftware.com")); pfilemailer.Keys[0].Passphrase = "password"; The specified private key will be used to sign the message when Sign is called.

Encrypt

To encrypt a message add the recipient's public key to RecipientKeys. For instance: pfilemailer.RecipientKeys.Add(new Key("c:\\my_keyring_dir", "recipient@nsoftware.com")); The specified public key will be used to encrypt the message when Encrypt is called.

Sign and Encrypt

To sign and encrypt a message in one step call SignAndEncrypt. The message will be signed with the private keys specified in Keys and encrypted with the public keys specified in RecipientKeys.

Add Attachments

To add attachments simply call AddAttachment. The ProcessAttachments setting specifies whether attachments are also encrypted and signed.

Send

Call the Send method once the necessary properties have been set for each recipient.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AttachmentsThis property contains paths of the files to attach to the message.
AuthMechanismUsed when connecting to the mail server.
BCcA comma separated list of addresses for blind carbon copies (optional).
CcA comma separated list of addresses for carbon copies (optional).
CompressionMethodThe compression algorithm used.
ConnectedThis shows whether the class is connected.
DeliveryNotificationToEmail address to which to send a delivery notification.
EncryptingAlgorithmThe encryption algorithm used when encrypting.
FirewallA set of properties related to firewall access.
FromThe email address of the sender (required).
IdleThe current status of the class.
ImportanceImportance of the mail message (optional).
KeysA collection of keys used for cryptographic operations.
LastReplyThe last reply from the server.
LocalHostThe name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.
MailPortThe server port for SMTP (default 25).
MailServerThe name or address of a mail server (mail relay).
MessageDateDate of the mail message (optional).
MessageIdThe Message Identifier for the message.
MessageRecipientsThe collection of recipients of the message.
MessageTextThis is the full text of the message to send (without headers).
OtherHeadersAn RFC 822 compliant string consisting of extra headers.
PasswordA password for logon to the MailServer .
PriorityPriority of the mail message (optional).
ReadReceiptToEmail address to send a read receipt to.
RecipientKeysThe collection of keys belonging to the recipient of the message.
ReplyToA mail address to which to reply (optional).
SendToA comma separated list of addresses for destinations (required).
SensitivitySensitivity of the mail message (optional).
SigningAlgorithmThe signature hash algorithm used when signing.
SSLAcceptServerCertInstructs the class to unconditionally accept the server certificate that matches the supplied certificate.
SSLCertThe certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledWhether TLS/SSL is enabled.
SSLProviderThis specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use.
SSLServerCertThe server certificate for the last established connection.
SSLStartModeDetermines how the class starts the SSL negotiation.
SubjectThe subject of the mail message (optional).
TimeoutA timeout for the class.
UserA user identifier to login as in the MailServer .

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AddAttachmentThis adds FileName as an attachment.
ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
ConnectConnects to the mail relay and sends the SMTP HELO command.
DisconnectDisconnects from the SMTP server.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
EncryptEncrypts the message.
InterruptInterrupt the current method.
ProcessQueueSends the messages which have previously been queued into QueueDir .
QueueQueues the message into QueueDir .
ResetHeadersResets all the message headers to empty.
SendThis sends the current message and the MIME-encoded attachment.
SetMessageStreamSets the stream to be uploaded to the server as part of the message.
SignSigns the message.
SignAndEncryptSigns and encrypts the current message.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectionStatusThis event is fired to indicate changes in the connection state.
EndTransferFired when the message text completes transferring.
ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
KeyPassphraseFired if the passphrase of current key is incorrect or empty.
PITrailTraces the commands sent to the mail server, and the respective replies.
ProgressFired as progress is made.
SSLServerAuthenticationFired after the server presents its certificate to the client.
SSLStatusShows the progress of the secure connection.
StartTransferFired when the message text starts transferring.
StatusShows the progress of the operation.
TransferFired while the message text gets transferred to MailServer .

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ClearSignatureSpecifies whether or not to create a cleartext signature.
CommentThe OpenPGP message comment.
CompressionLevelThe level of compression used.
EnsureValidDSASignatureHashAlgorithmWhether or not to select a suitable signature hash algorithm automatically.
LogLevelSpecifies the level of detail that is logged.
ProcessAttachmentsWhether or not to process attachments.
SymmetricPassphraseThe password used for symmetric encryption or decryption.
VersionHeaderThe Version header value in the ASCII armored OpenPGP message.
AttachmentEncoding[index]Content-Transfer-Encoding for attached file (at index).
AttachmentType[index]Content-type for attached file (at index).
CharsetWhen set, the charset Content-Type attribute will be added using the specified value.
MessageTextEncodingWhen set, the MessageText value will be encoded using the specified encoding.
OverrideFilenameIf set to true, the AttachmentName property value will be used to set the MIME part Filename attribute.
TempFilePathIf set, the temporary files created during message creation will be put in the path specified.
UseTempFileIf set, the class uses temporary files when generating messages.
AllowEmptyToIf set to True, then the SendTo property is not required.
AuthorizationIdentityThe value to use as the authorization identity when SASL authentication is used.
CharsetWhen set, the message headers will be encoded using the specified Charset.
FoldHeadersTells the class whether to fold the headers.
HelloThe argument for HELO (herald) command to the server (defaults to local host name).
KeepQueueIf set to True, queued files are not deleted after a successful send.
MaxHeaderLengthMaximum length for headers to avoid line folding (default 80).
MessageHeadersStringString representation of RFC822-encoded headers of the message.
MessageIdAlgorithmDetermines the algorithm used to hash the random MessageId.
OtherHeadersAn RFC 822 compliant string consisting of extra headers.
ReturnPathSets the Return-Path to be used for sending email.
SendRSETWhether to send RSET command.
StopOnBccErrorsInstructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the BCCs.
StopOnCcErrorsInstructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the CCs.
StopOnToErrorsInstructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the TOs.
CloseStreamAfterTransferIf true, the class will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.
ConnectionTimeoutSets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.
FirewallAutoDetectTells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallHostName or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallListenerIf true, the class binds to a SOCKS firewall as a server (TCPClient only).
FirewallPasswordPassword to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThe TCP port for the FirewallHost;.
FirewallTypeDetermines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallUserA user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
KeepAliveIntervalThe retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.
KeepAliveTimeThe inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.
LingerWhen set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.
LingerTimeTime in seconds to have the connection linger.
LocalHostThe name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe port in the local host where the class binds.
MaxLineLengthThe maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.
MaxTransferRateThe transfer rate limit in bytes per second.
ProxyExceptionsListA semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.
TCPKeepAliveDetermines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.
TcpNoDelayWhether or not to delay when sending packets.
UseIPv6Whether to use IPv6.
UseNTLMv2Whether to use NTLM V2.
LogSSLPacketsControls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.
ReuseSSLSessionDetermines if the SSL session is reused.
SSLCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.
SSLCheckCRLWhether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.
SSLCipherStrengthThe minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.
SSLContextProtocolThe protocol used when getting an SSLContext instance.
SSLEnabledCipherSuitesThe cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledProtocolsUsed to enable/disable the supported security protocols.
SSLEnableRenegotiationWhether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.
SSLIncludeCertChainWhether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.
SSLKeyLogFileThe location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.
SSLNegotiatedCipherReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedCipherStrengthReturns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.
SSLNegotiatedCipherSuiteReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrengthReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.
SSLNegotiatedVersionReturns the negotiated protocol version.
SSLServerCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.
SSLTrustManagerFactoryAlgorithmThe algorithm to be used to create a TrustManager through TrustManagerFactory.
TLS12SignatureAlgorithmsDefines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal.
TLS12SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for ECC.
TLS13KeyShareGroupsThe groups for which to pregenerate key shares.
TLS13SignatureAlgorithmsThe allowed certificate signature algorithms.
TLS13SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.
AbsoluteTimeoutDetermines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.
FirewallDataUsed to send extra data to the firewall.
InBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.
OutBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableTells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseDaemonThreadsWhether threads created by the class are daemon threads.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

Attachments Property (PFileMailer Class)

This property contains paths of the files to attach to the message.

Syntax


public FileAttachmentList getAttachments();


public void setAttachments(FileAttachmentList attachments);

Remarks

This property contains the path of a file on your system to be sent as an attachment with your message. The class will open the file and encode its contents in MIME format.

Example 1: Adding an Attachment

component.AddAttachment("C:\file1.zip"); component.AddAttachment("C:\file2.zip"); component.Send(); Example 2: Using an Attachments Collection

component.Attachments.Add(new nsoftware.IPWorks.FileAttachment("name", "C:\file.txt"));

This collection is indexed from 0 to size -1.

This property is not available at design time.

AuthMechanism Property (PFileMailer Class)

Used when connecting to the mail server.

Syntax


public int getAuthMechanism();


public void setAuthMechanism(int authMechanism);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int amUserPassword = 0;
  public final static int amCRAMMD5 = 1;
  public final static int amNTLM = 2;
  public final static int amAPOP = 3;
  public final static int amSASLPlain = 4;
  public final static int amSASLDigestMD5 = 5;
  public final static int amKerberos = 6;
  public final static int amXOAUTH2 = 7;

Default Value

0

Remarks

The authentication mechanism property to be used when connecting to the mail server.

By default, this property is amUserPassword (0), and if the User and Password properties are set, the AUTH command is sent to the server for authentication. If this property is set to amCRAMMD5 (1), CRAM-MD5 authentication is used instead.

If this property is set to amNTLM (2) NTLM authentication will be used.

If this property is set to amKerberos (6) Kerberos authentication will be used. NOTE: This functionality is only available in Windows.

When set to amXOAUTH2 (7) set User to the username and AuthorizationIdentity to the OAuth token. See AuthorizationIdentity for details.

BCc Property (PFileMailer Class)

A comma separated list of addresses for blind carbon copies (optional).

Syntax


public String getBCc();


public void setBCc(String BCc);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies a comma separated list of destinations for blind carbon copies of the mail message. A copy of the message is sent to each destination, but no BCc SMTP header is created containing the destination addresses, so individual recipients never see the list of the other recipients.

The class will return an error if the MailServer returns an error code about any email address specified in SendTo or Cc but it will only fire an Error event if the same happens with an email address specified in this property.

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

NOTE: You must clear the MessageRecipients collection before setting this property to remove previous recipients.

Cc Property (PFileMailer Class)

A comma separated list of addresses for carbon copies (optional).

Syntax


public String getCc();


public void setCc(String cc);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies a comma separated list of destinations for carbon copies of the mail message. A copy of the message is sent to each destination, and a Cc SMTP header is created containing the destination addresses. This header is sent to every recipient of the message. If you don't want to copy this information to every recipient, then use blind carbon copies instead (see the description of the BCc).

The class will return an error if the MailServer returns an error code about any email address specified in SendTo or Cc but it will only fire an Error event if the same happens with an email address specified in BCc.

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

NOTE: You must clear the MessageRecipients collection before setting this property to remove previous recipients.

CompressionMethod Property (PFileMailer Class)

The compression algorithm used.

Syntax


public String getCompressionMethod();


public void setCompressionMethod(String compressionMethod);

Default Value

"zip"

Remarks

This property specifies which compression method is used when generating output. Possible values are:

  • zip (default)
  • zlib
  • bzip2
  • none or uncompressed
Note: The level of compression is controlled by the CompressionLevel setting.

Connected Property (PFileMailer Class)

This shows whether the class is connected.

Syntax


public boolean isConnected();


public void setConnected(boolean connected);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property is used to determine whether or not the class is connected to the remote host.

Note: It is recommended to use the Connect or Disconnect method instead of setting this property.

This property is not available at design time.

DeliveryNotificationTo Property (PFileMailer Class)

Email address to which to send a delivery notification.

Syntax


public String getDeliveryNotificationTo();


public void setDeliveryNotificationTo(String deliveryNotificationTo);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the email address to send to which to send a delivery notification. When set, a Return-Receipt-To header is added to the message. This property should be set to an email address that can receive the delivery notification.

EncryptingAlgorithm Property (PFileMailer Class)

The encryption algorithm used when encrypting.

Syntax


public String getEncryptingAlgorithm();


public void setEncryptingAlgorithm(String encryptingAlgorithm);

Default Value

"AES128"

Remarks

This property specifies the encryption algorithm used when encrypting. Possible values are:

  • CAST5
  • 3DES or TripleDES
  • AES256
  • AES192
  • AES128 (default)
  • BLOWFISH
  • TWOFISH
  • IDEA

Firewall Property (PFileMailer Class)

A set of properties related to firewall access.

Syntax


public Firewall getFirewall();


public void setFirewall(Firewall firewall);

Remarks

This is a Firewall type property which contains fields describing the firewall through which the class will attempt to connect.

From Property (PFileMailer Class)

The email address of the sender (required).

Syntax


public String getFrom();


public void setFrom(String from);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property is used to create a From SMTP header. This header identifies the sender of the message. A valid email address is required. Examples of valid addresses are: "Friendly Name" <address@company.com> or address@company.com

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

Idle Property (PFileMailer Class)

The current status of the class.

Syntax


public boolean isIdle();


Default Value

True

Remarks

Idle will be False if the component is currently busy (communicating and/or waiting for an answer), and True at all other times.

This property is read-only.

Importance Property (PFileMailer Class)

Importance of the mail message (optional).

Syntax


public int getImportance();


public void setImportance(int importance);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int miUnspecified = 0;
  public final static int miHigh = 1;
  public final static int miNormal = 2;
  public final static int miLow = 3;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property indicates the importance of the mail message (optional). When set, an Importance header will be added to the message.

Importance is an indication to the recipient(s) about how important the message is. The possible values are Unspecified (0), High (1), Normal (2), and Low (3).

Keys Property (PFileMailer Class)

A collection of keys used for cryptographic operations.

Syntax


public KeyList getKeys();


public void setKeys(KeyList keys);

Remarks

This collection holds keys that are used for signing and decrypting. In most cases only one key will be specified, however multiple keys may be needed in some cases.

This property is not available at design time.

LastReply Property (PFileMailer Class)

The last reply from the server.

Syntax


public String getLastReply();


Default Value

""

Remarks

This property indicates the last reply received from the server. It can be used for informational purposes. The same information and more can also be retrieved through the PITrail event.

This property is read-only.

LocalHost Property (PFileMailer Class)

The name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.

Syntax


public String getLocalHost();


public void setLocalHost(String localHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalHost property contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost property shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

NOTE: LocalHost is not persistent. You must always set it in code, and never in the property window.

MailPort Property (PFileMailer Class)

The server port for SMTP (default 25).

Syntax


public int getMailPort();


public void setMailPort(int mailPort);

Default Value

25

Remarks

This property contains the server port for SMTP (default 25). A valid port number (a value between 1 and 65535) is required for the connection to take place. The property must be set before a connection is attempted and cannot be changed once a connection is established. Any attempt to change this property while connected will fail with an error.

For implicit SSL, use port 465 (please refer to the SSLStartMode property for more information).

This property is not available at design time.

MailServer Property (PFileMailer Class)

The name or address of a mail server (mail relay).

Syntax


public String getMailServer();


public void setMailServer(String mailServer);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the IP address (IP number in dotted internet format) or Domain Name for a mail relay through which messages will be routed. It is set before a connection is attempted and cannot be changed once a connection is in progress.

The current version of the class does not provide a default value for the mail relay. You must provide a host name yourself. Generally, any internet host with an SMTP server will suffice (a UNIX host for example), but it is preferable to select a MailServer that is close to the machine sending mail.

If this property is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated and upon successful termination of the request, this property is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

If the class is configured to use a SOCKS firewall, the value assigned to this property may be preceded with an "*". If this is the case, the host name is passed to the firewall unresolved and the firewall performs the DNS resolution.

MessageDate Property (PFileMailer Class)

Date of the mail message (optional).

Syntax


public String getMessageDate();


public void setMessageDate(String messageDate);

Default Value

"*"

Remarks

If this property contains a non-empty string, then a Date SMTP header is created and attached to the message. If it is an empty string, then the date information is added by the mail relay(s) the message goes through.

Special case: if this property is set to the special value "*", a Date SMTP header reflecting the current date and time is generated when MessageHeaders is computed and the message is sent. This is the default behavior of the class

RFC 822 contains detailed date format specifications. An example of a valid date is "Fri, 1 Mar 96 21:24:52 EST".

This property is not available at design time.

MessageId Property (PFileMailer Class)

The Message Identifier for the message.

Syntax


public String getMessageId();


public void setMessageId(String messageId);

Default Value

"*"

Remarks

This property contains the Message Identifier for the message. When set, the value of MessageId is used as the Message-ID header value of the message. A special value of "*" will automatically generate a random unique identifier for the message.

This property is not available at design time.

MessageRecipients Property (PFileMailer Class)

The collection of recipients of the message.

Syntax


public MessageRecipientList getMessageRecipients();


public void setMessageRecipients(MessageRecipientList messageRecipients);

Remarks

This property contains a collection which describes to whom the message is being sent. You may include all recipients in this property, even Cc's and BCc's, which are specified by the type field.

This collection is indexed from 0 to size -1.

MessageText Property (PFileMailer Class)

This is the full text of the message to send (without headers).

Syntax


public String getMessageText();


public void setMessageText(String messageText);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the full text of the message.

The text contained in this property should be a collection of lines with lengths less than or equal to 80 bytes separated by CRLF ("\r\n") . The text in the message lines must contain 7-bit characters so that the message can successfully pass through the multitude of mail systems on the internet.

The class automatically escapes lines that start with a "." by adding another as specified in RFC 821. The message text is unescaped by the receiving agent, so the process is fully transparent.

OtherHeaders Property (PFileMailer Class)

An RFC 822 compliant string consisting of extra headers.

Syntax


public String getOtherHeaders();


public void setOtherHeaders(String otherHeaders);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a string of headers to be appended to the message headers created from other properties like SendTo, Subject, etc.

The headers must be of the format "header: value" as specified in RFC 822. Header lines should be separated by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Use this property with caution. If this property contains invalid headers, message delivery might not be successful.

This property is useful for extending the functionality of the class. A good example is delivery of MIME encoded messages.

SPECIAL CASE: if this property starts with an empty line (CRLF), then the value of this property is used instead of the normally computed message headers.

Example (Send an Email With Additional Header)

component.MailServer = "MyServer"; component.From = "me@server.com"; component.SendTo = "recipient@server.com"; component.Subject = "My Subject"; component.MessageText = "This is the message body."; component.OtherHeaders = "HeaderName: HeaderValue"; component.Send();

This property is not available at design time.

Password Property (PFileMailer Class)

A password for logon to the MailServer .

Syntax


public String getPassword();


public void setPassword(String password);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If this property is set to a non-empty string, then when connecting to the MailServer an AUTH or CRAM-MD5 (depending on the value of AuthMechanism) command is sent in order to provide authentication information for the user.

This property is not available at design time.

Priority Property (PFileMailer Class)

Priority of the mail message (optional).

Syntax


public int getPriority();


public void setPriority(int priority);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int epUnspecified = 0;
  public final static int epNormal = 1;
  public final static int epUrgent = 2;
  public final static int epNonUrgent = 3;

Default Value

0

Remarks

When this property is set, a Priority header will be added to the message. Priority is an indication about the delivery priority of the message. The possible values are epNormal, epUrgent, and epNonUrgent.

ReadReceiptTo Property (PFileMailer Class)

Email address to send a read receipt to.

Syntax


public String getReadReceiptTo();


public void setReadReceiptTo(String readReceiptTo);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When this property is set, a Disposition-Notification-To header is added to the message. This property should be set to an email address which should receive the read-receipt.

RecipientKeys Property (PFileMailer Class)

The collection of keys belonging to the recipient of the message.

Syntax


public KeyList getRecipientKeys();


public void setRecipientKeys(KeyList recipientKeys);

Remarks

This property contains the keys of the message recipient.

Set this property before calling Encrypt or SignAndEncrypt.

This property is not available at design time.

ReplyTo Property (PFileMailer Class)

A mail address to which to reply (optional).

Syntax


public String getReplyTo();


public void setReplyTo(String replyTo);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If this property contains a non-empty string, a Reply-To SMTP header is created for the message. This header shows the address to use for replies (useful if this address is different from the one in From).

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

SendTo Property (PFileMailer Class)

A comma separated list of addresses for destinations (required).

Syntax


public String getSendTo();


public void setSendTo(String sendTo);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies a comma separated list of destinations for the mail message. A copy of the message is sent to each of them, and a To SMTP header is created containing the destination addresses.

Examples of valid addresses are: "Friendly Name" <address@company.com> or address@company.com

The class will fail if the MailServer returns an error code about any email address specified in SendTo or Cc but it will silently ignore the error if the same happens with an email address specified in BCc.

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

NOTE: You must clear the MessageRecipients collection before setting this property to remove previous recipients.

Sensitivity Property (PFileMailer Class)

Sensitivity of the mail message (optional).

Syntax


public int getSensitivity();


public void setSensitivity(int sensitivity);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int esUnspecified = 0;
  public final static int esPersonal = 1;
  public final static int esPrivate = 2;
  public final static int esCompanyConfidential = 3;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property is an indication of how sensitive it is to disclose the message to people other than the recipients of the message. When set, a Sensitivity header will added to the message. Possible values are: esPersonal (1), esPrivate (2), and esCompanyConfidential (3).

SigningAlgorithm Property (PFileMailer Class)

The signature hash algorithm used when signing.

Syntax


public String getSigningAlgorithm();


public void setSigningAlgorithm(String signingAlgorithm);

Default Value

"SHA256"

Remarks

This property specifies the signature hash algorithm used when signing. Possible values are:

  • SHA1
  • MD5
  • SHA256 (default)
  • SHA384
  • SHA512
  • SHA224
  • RIPEMD160

SSLAcceptServerCert Property (PFileMailer Class)

Instructs the class to unconditionally accept the server certificate that matches the supplied certificate.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLAcceptServerCert();


public void setSSLAcceptServerCert(Certificate SSLAcceptServerCert);

Remarks

If it finds any issues with the certificate presented by the server, the class will normally terminate the connection with an error.

You may override this behavior by supplying a value for SSLAcceptServerCert. If the certificate supplied in SSLAcceptServerCert is the same as the certificate presented by the server, then the server certificate is accepted unconditionally, and the connection will continue normally.

Please note that this functionality is provided only for cases where you otherwise know that you are communicating with the right server. If used improperly, this property may create a security breach. Use it at your own risk.

SSLCert Property (PFileMailer Class)

The certificate to be used during SSL negotiation.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLCert();


public void setSSLCert(Certificate SSLCert);

Remarks

The digital certificate that the class will use during SSL negotiation. Set this property to a valid certificate before starting SSL negotiation. To set a certificate, you may set the Encoded field to the encoded certificate. To select a certificate, use the store and subject fields.

SSLEnabled Property (PFileMailer Class)

Whether TLS/SSL is enabled.

Syntax


public boolean isSSLEnabled();


public void setSSLEnabled(boolean SSLEnabled);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This setting specifies whether TLS/SSL is enabled in the class. When False (default) the class operates in plaintext mode. When True TLS/SSL is enabled.

TLS/SSL may also be enabled by setting SSLStartMode. Setting SSLStartMode will automatically update this property value.

This property is not available at design time.

SSLProvider Property (PFileMailer Class)

This specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use.

Syntax


public int getSSLProvider();


public void setSSLProvider(int SSLProvider);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int sslpAutomatic = 0;
  public final static int sslpPlatform = 1;
  public final static int sslpInternal = 2;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the SSL/TLS implementation to use. In most cases the default value of 0 (Automatic) is recommended and should not be changed. When set to 0 (Automatic) the class will select whether to use the platform implementation or the internal implementation depending on the operating system as well as the TLS version being used.

Possible values are:

0 (sslpAutomatic - default)Automatically selects the appropriate implementation.
1 (sslpPlatform) Uses the platform/system implementation.
2 (sslpInternal) Uses the internal implementation.

Additional Notes

In most cases using the default value (Automatic) is recommended. The class will select a provider depending on the current platform.

When Automatic is selected the platform implementation is used by default. When TLS 1.3 is enabled via SSLEnabledProtocols the internal implementation is used.

SSLServerCert Property (PFileMailer Class)

The server certificate for the last established connection.

Syntax


public Certificate getSSLServerCert();


Remarks

SSLServerCert contains the server certificate for the last established connection.

SSLServerCert is reset every time a new connection is attempted.

This property is read-only.

SSLStartMode Property (PFileMailer Class)

Determines how the class starts the SSL negotiation.

Syntax


public int getSSLStartMode();


public void setSSLStartMode(int SSLStartMode);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int sslAutomatic = 0;
  public final static int sslImplicit = 1;
  public final static int sslExplicit = 2;
  public final static int sslNone = 3;

Default Value

3

Remarks

The SSLStartMode property may have one of the following values:

0 (sslAutomatic)If the remote port is set to the standard plaintext port of the protocol (where applicable), the class will behave the same as if SSLStartMode is set to sslExplicit. In all other cases, SSL negotiation will be implicit (sslImplicit).
1 (sslImplicit)The SSL negotiation will start immediately after the connection is established.
2 (sslExplicit)The class will first connect in plaintext, and then explicitly start SSL negotiation through a protocol command such as STARTTLS.
3 (sslNone - default)No SSL negotiation, no SSL security. All communication will be in plaintext mode.

Subject Property (PFileMailer Class)

The subject of the mail message (optional).

Syntax


public String getSubject();


public void setSubject(String subject);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The string in this property is sent with a Subject SMTP header to the mail recipient.

If the resulting header is longer than MaxHeaderLength, then it is folded according to RFC 822 specifications.

Timeout Property (PFileMailer Class)

A timeout for the class.

Syntax


public int getTimeout();


public void setTimeout(int timeout);

Default Value

60

Remarks

If the Timeout property is set to 0, all operations will run uninterrupted until successful completion or an error condition is encountered.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, the class will wait for the operation to complete before returning control.

The class will use DoEvents to enter an efficient wait loop during any potential waiting period, making sure that all system events are processed immediately as they arrive. This ensures that the host application does not "freeze" and remains responsive.

If Timeout expires, and the operation is not yet complete, the class throws an exception.

Please note that by default, all timeouts are inactivity timeouts, i.e. the timeout period is extended by Timeout seconds when any amount of data is successfully sent or received.

The default value for the Timeout property is 60 seconds.

User Property (PFileMailer Class)

A user identifier to login as in the MailServer .

Syntax


public String getUser();


public void setUser(String user);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If this property is set to a non-empty string, then when connecting to the MailServer an AUTH or CRAM-MD5 (depending on the value of AuthMechanism) command is sent in order to provide authentication information for the user.

This property is not available at design time.

AddAttachment Method (Pfilemailer Class)

This adds FileName as an attachment.

Syntax

public void addAttachment(String fileName);

Remarks

This method adds the file name as an attachment. The full list of attachments is contained in the Attachments property.

Example 1: Adding an Attachment

component.AddAttachment("C:\file1.zip"); component.AddAttachment("C:\file2.zip"); component.Send(); Example 2: Using an Attachments Collection

component.Attachments.Add(new nsoftware.IPWorks.FileAttachment("name", "C:\file.txt"));

Config Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public String config(String configurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Connect Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Connects to the mail relay and sends the SMTP HELO command.

Syntax

public void connect();

Remarks

This method connects to the mail relay and sends the SMTP HELO command, thus preparing for sending messages. Any number of messages can later be sent using the Send method.

Example (Connect and Send an Email)

control.MailServer = "MyServer" control.From = "me@server.com" control.SendTo = "recipient@server.com" control.Subject = "My Subject" control.MessageText = "This is the message body" control.Connect() control.Send() control.Disconnect()

Disconnect Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Disconnects from the SMTP server.

Syntax

public void disconnect();

Remarks

This method disconnects from the mail relay.

DoEvents Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

public void doEvents();

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the class processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Encrypt Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Encrypts the message.

Syntax

public void encrypt();

Remarks

This method encrypts the specified message.

The message is encrypted with the public keys specified in RecipientKeys.

When encrypting, the following properties may be used to further configure the class:

Interrupt Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Interrupt the current method.

Syntax

public void interrupt();

Remarks

If there is no method in progress, Interrupt simply returns, doing nothing.

ProcessQueue Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Sends the messages which have previously been queued into QueueDir .

Syntax

public void processQueue(String queueDir);

Remarks

This method sends the messages which have previously been queued into QueueDir. The PITrail event shows the interaction with the server as messages as are processed.

This method looks in the directory for files with extension ".queued" and starts processing them.

When processing starts, the file extension is changed to ".sending". If an error happens at this stage, the sending process is aborted, and the file extension is changed to ".failed".

If the file is successfully sent, the file is normally deleted, unless the KeepQueue configuration setting is set to True, in which case the file extension is instead changed to ".sent" and the queue file is not deleted.

Queue Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Queues the message into QueueDir .

Syntax

public String queue(String queueDir);

Remarks

This method queues the message into QueueDir. The message is queued into a unique file into the directory QueueDir for future processing.

QueueDir must already exist, or an error will be generated.

The method returns the name of the unique queue file created in QueueDir. The file extension is ".queued".

Please refer to the ProcessQueue method for more information on email queue processing.

ResetHeaders Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Resets all the message headers to empty.

Syntax

public void resetHeaders();

Remarks

This method resets all the message headers to "" (empty string). Use this method before creating a new message, so that headers from the previous message are not carried over to the next one.

Send Method (Pfilemailer Class)

This sends the current message and the MIME-encoded attachment.

Syntax

public void send();

Remarks

This method sends the current message and the MIME-encoded attachment. If the class is not connected to the mail relay, a connection is created, the message is sent, and then the connection is closed unless an error occurs.

If the class is already connected (by use of the Connect method), the connection will remain open after the message is sent. To disconnect, call the Disconnect method.

SetMessageStream Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Sets the stream to be uploaded to the server as part of the message.

Syntax

public void setMessageStream(java.io.InputStream messageStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream to be uploaded to the server as part of the message. If an upload stream is set before the Send method is called, the content of the stream will be read by the class and uploaded to the server; The stream should be open and normally set to position 0. The class will automatically close this stream if CloseStreamAfterTransfer is set to true (default). If the stream is closed, you will need to call this method again before calling Send again. The content of the stream will be read from the current position all the way to the end.

Note: This method and LocalFile will reset the other.

Sign Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Signs the message.

Syntax

public void sign();

Remarks

This method signs the specified message.

The message is signed with the private key specified in Keys.

When signing, the following properties may be used to further configure the class:

SignAndEncrypt Method (Pfilemailer Class)

Signs and encrypts the current message.

Syntax

public void signAndEncrypt();

Remarks

This method signs and encrypts the specified message.

The message is encrypted with the public keys specified in RecipientKeys and signed with the private key specified in Keys.

When encrypting, the following properties may be used to further configure the class:

When signing, the following properties may be used to further configure the class:

ConnectionStatus Event (Pfilemailer Class)

This event is fired to indicate changes in the connection state.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void connectionStatus(PfilemailerConnectionStatusEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerConnectionStatusEvent {
  public String connectionEvent;
  public int statusCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The ConnectionStatus event is fired when the connection state changes: for example, completion of a firewall or proxy connection or completion of a security handshake.

The ConnectionEvent parameter indicates the type of connection event. Values may include the following:

Firewall connection complete.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) or S/Shell handshake complete (where applicable).
Remote host connection complete.
Remote host disconnected.
SSL or S/Shell connection broken.
Firewall host disconnected.

StatusCode has the error code returned by the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)/IP stack. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the error.

EndTransfer Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired when the message text completes transferring.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void endTransfer(PfilemailerEndTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerEndTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
}

Remarks

If MessageText is not empty, the EndTransfer event is fired when the MessageText finishes transferring from the local host to the MailServer. If MessageText is empty, the event is not fired.

If a file is attached to the MessageText via the AttachedFile property, then EndTransfer fires again when the file finishes transferring. Please go to the description of the AttachedFile property for more information.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

Error Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void error(PfilemailerErrorEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerErrorEvent {
  public int errorCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class throws an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

KeyPassphrase Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired if the passphrase of current key is incorrect or empty.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void keyPassphrase(PfilemailerKeyPassphraseEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerKeyPassphraseEvent {
  public String userId;
  public String keyId;
  public String passphrase;
}

Remarks

This event fires when the passphrase for the key is required. The passphrase must be specified before operations requiring the secret key are attempted. The passphrase may be supplied by setting the Passphrase parameter in this event, or by specifying the Passphrase field before attempting the operation.

The passphrase is required when using the following methods in KeyMgr:

  • AddUserId
  • SignUserId
  • ChangeExpirationDate
  • ChangePassphrase

When using the OpenPGP class, or an email-based class, the following methods require a passphrase for the key:

PITrail Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Traces the commands sent to the mail server, and the respective replies.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void PITrail(PfilemailerPITrailEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerPITrailEvent {
  public int direction;
  public String message;
}

Remarks

The PITrail event is useful for debugging purposes. It shows all the interaction between the client and the server, line by line, except for message header and body transfers.

The Message parameter contains the full text of the message. The Direction parameter shows the originator of the message:

0 (Client)The Message originates from the client.
1 (Server)The Message originates from the server.
2 (Info)The Message is an informative message originating from the client software (the class code).

Progress Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void progress(PfilemailerProgressEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerProgressEvent {
  public long bytesProcessed;
  public int percentProcessed;
}

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

SSLServerAuthentication Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired after the server presents its certificate to the client.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void SSLServerAuthentication(PfilemailerSSLServerAuthenticationEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerSSLServerAuthenticationEvent {
  public byte[] certEncoded;
  public String certSubject;
  public String certIssuer;
  public String status;
  public boolean accept;
}

Remarks

This event is where the client can decide whether to continue with the connection process or not. The Accept parameter is a recommendation on whether to continue or close the connection. This is just a suggestion: application software must use its own logic to determine whether to continue or not.

When Accept is False, Status shows why the verification failed (otherwise, Status contains the string "OK"). If it is decided to continue, you can override and accept the certificate by setting the Accept parameter to True.

SSLStatus Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Shows the progress of the secure connection.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void SSLStatus(PfilemailerSSLStatusEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerSSLStatusEvent {
  public String message;
}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. Used to track the progress of the connection.

StartTransfer Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired when the message text starts transferring.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void startTransfer(PfilemailerStartTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerStartTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
}

Remarks

If MessageText is not empty, the StartTransfer event is fired when the MessageText starts transferring from the local host to the MailServer. If MessageText is empty, the event is not fired.

If a file is attached to the MessageText via the AttachedFile property, then StartTransfer fires again when the file starts transferring. Please go to the description of the AttachedFile property for more information.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

Status Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Shows the progress of the operation.

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void status(PfilemailerStatusEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerStatusEvent {
  public String message;
}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. It may be used to track the progress of an operation.

The level of detail is controlled by the LogLevel setting.

Transfer Event (Pfilemailer Class)

Fired while the message text gets transferred to MailServer .

Syntax

public class DefaultPfilemailerEventListener implements PfilemailerEventListener {
  ...
  public void transfer(PfilemailerTransferEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class PfilemailerTransferEvent {
  public int direction;
  public long bytesTransferred;
  public int percentDone;
  public byte[] text;
}

Remarks

One or more Transfer events are fired during message delivery. Messages consist of MessageText and an optional AttachedFile. The BytesTransferred parameter shows the number of bytes sent starting from the beginning of MessageText and/or AttachedFile.

Text contains the current portion of the message being sent.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

The PercentDone parameter shows the progress of the transfer in the corresponding direction. If PercentDone can not be calculated the value will be -1.

Note: Events are not re-entrant. Performing time-consuming operations within this event will prevent it from firing again in a timely manner and may affect overall performance.

Certificate Type

This is the digital certificate being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current digital certificate. The certificate may be a public or private key. The fields are used to identify or select certificates.

Fields

EffectiveDate
String

This is the date on which this certificate becomes valid. Before this date, it is not valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

EncodedB
byte[]

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

ExpirationDate
String

This is the date the certificate expires. After this date, the certificate will no longer be valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

ExtendedKeyUsage
String

This is a comma-delimited list of extended key usage identifiers. These are the same as ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs).

Fingerprint
String

This is the hex-encoded, 16-byte MD5 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: bc:2a:72:af:fe:58:17:43:7a:5f:ba:5a:7c:90:f7:02

FingerprintSHA1
String

This is the hex-encoded, 20-byte SHA-1 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 30:7b:fa:38:65:83:ff:da:b4:4e:07:3f:17:b8:a4:ed:80:be:ff:84

FingerprintSHA256
String

This is the hex-encoded, 32-byte SHA-256 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 6a:80:5c:33:a9:43:ea:b0:96:12:8a:64:96:30:ef:4a:8a:96:86:ce:f4:c7:be:10:24:8e:2b:60:9e:f3:59:53

Issuer
String

This is the issuer of the certificate. This field contains a string representation of the name of the issuing authority for the certificate.

KeyPassword
String

This is the password for the certificate's private key (if any).

Some certificate stores may individually protect certificates' private keys, separate from the standard protection offered by the StorePassword. KeyPassword. This field can be used to read such password-protected private keys.

Note: this property defaults to the value of StorePassword. To clear it, you must set the property to the empty string (""). It can be set at any time, but when the private key's password is different from the store's password, then it must be set before calling PrivateKey.

PrivateKey
String

This is the private key of the certificate (if available). The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

Note: The PrivateKey may be available but not exportable. In this case, PrivateKey returns an empty string.

PrivateKeyAvailable
boolean

This field shows whether a PrivateKey is available for the selected certificate. If PrivateKeyAvailable is True, the certificate may be used for authentication purposes (e.g., server authentication).

PrivateKeyContainer
String

This is the name of the PrivateKey container for the certificate (if available). This functionality is available only on Windows platforms.

PublicKey
String

This is the public key of the certificate. The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

This field contains the textual description of the certificate's public key algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_DH") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

PublicKeyLength
int

This is the length of the certificate's public key (in bits). Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

SerialNumber
String

This is the serial number of the certificate encoded as a string. The number is encoded as a series of hexadecimal digits, with each pair representing a byte of the serial number.

SignatureAlgorithm
String

The field contains the text description of the certificate's signature algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_MD5RSA") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

Store
String

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StoreB
byte[]

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StorePassword
String

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

StoreType
int

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Subject
String

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This field will be populated with the full subject of the loaded certificate. When loading a certificate the subject is used to locate the certificate in the store.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

SubjectAltNames
String

This field contains comma-separated lists of alternative subject names for the certificate.

ThumbprintMD5
String

This field contains the MD5 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA1
String

This field contains the SHA-1 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA256
String

This field contains the SHA-256 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

Usage
String

This field contains the text description of UsageFlags.

This value will be of one or more of the following strings and will be separated by commas:

  • Digital Signatures
  • Key Authentication
  • Key Encryption
  • Data Encryption
  • Key Agreement
  • Certificate Signing
  • Key Signing

If the provider is OpenSSL, the value is a comma-separated list of X.509 certificate extension names.

UsageFlags
int

This field contains the flags that show intended use for the certificate. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x80Digital Signatures
0x40Key Authentication
0x20Key Encryption
0x10Data Encryption
0x08Key Agreement
0x04Certificate Signing
0x02Key Signing

Please see the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

This functionality currently is not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

Version
String

This field contains the certificate's version number. The possible values are the strings "V1", "V2", and "V3".

Constructors

public Certificate();

Creates a Certificate instance whose properties can be set. This is useful for use with CERTMGR when generating new certificates.

public Certificate( certificateFile);

Opens CertificateFile and reads out the contents as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certificateData);

Parses CertificateData as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. ConfigurationString is a newline separated list of name-value pairs that may be used to modify the default behavior. Possible values include "PersistPFXKey", which shows whether or not the PFX key is persisted after performing operations with the private key. This correlates to the PKCS12_NO_PERSIST_KEY CyrptoAPI option. The default value is True (the key is persisted). "Thumbprint" - a MD5, SHA1, or SHA256 thumbprint of the certificate to load. When specified, this value is used to select the certificate in the store. This is applicable to cstUser, cstMachine, cstPublicKeyFile, and cstPFXFile store types. "UseInternalSecurityAPI" shows whether the platform (default) or the internal security API is used when performing certificate-related operations. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

FileAttachment Type

This describes the file being attached.

Remarks

This contains information about the location of the file that is being attached to the message.

Fields

File
String

This field contains the path of a file on your system to be sent as an attachment with your message.

InputStream
java.io.InputStream

When this field is set to a valid stream, the class will attach the data from the stream as the current attachment.

Name
String

This field contains the name of the attachment to be sent.

Constructors

public FileAttachment();



public FileAttachment( file);



public FileAttachment( name,  file);



public FileAttachment( name,  inputStream);



public FileAttachment( name,  inputStream,  encoding);



Firewall Type

This is the firewall the class will connect through.

Remarks

When connecting through a firewall, this type is used to specify different properties of the firewall, such as the firewall Host and the FirewallType.

Fields

AutoDetect
boolean

This field tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Connection information will first be obtained from Java system properties, such as http.proxyHost and https.proxyHost. Java properties may be set in a variety of ways; please consult the Java documentation for information about how firewall and proxy values can be specified.

If no Java system properties define connection information, the class will inspect the Windows registry for connection information that may be present on the system (applicable only on Windows systems).

FirewallType
int

This field determines the type of firewall to connect through. The applicable values are as follows:

fwNone (0)No firewall (default setting).
fwTunnel (1)Connect through a tunneling proxy. Port is set to 80.
fwSOCKS4 (2)Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. Port is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS5 (3)Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. Port is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS4A (10)Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. Port is set to 1080.

Host
String

This field contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional). If a Host is given, the requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If this field is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, this field is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, the class throws an exception.

Password
String

This field contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall. If Host is specified, the User and Password fields are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Port
int

This field contains the transmission control protocol (TCP) port for the firewall Host. See the description of the Host field for details.

Note: This field is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value. See the description of the FirewallType field for details.

User
String

This field contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall. If the Host is specified, this field and Password fields are used to connect and authenticate to the given Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Constructors

public Firewall();



Key Type

The OpenPGP key being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current key. The key may be a public or secret key. The fields are used to identify or select the key.

Fields

Curve
String

This field specifies the elliptic curve used in the ECDSA or EdDSA key. This field is only applicable if PublicKeyAlgorithm is ECDSA or EdDSA. Possible values are:

ValuePublicKeyAlgorithmDescription
secp256r1 ECDSA NIST curve P-256
secp384r1 ECDSA NIST curve P-384
secp521r1 ECDSA NIST curve P-521
Ed25519 EdDSA Ed25519
secp256k1 EdDSA Secp256k1

EffectiveDate
String

The date when this key becomes valid. Prior to this it is not valid. The following is an example of a valid encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

The key. This field is used to assign a specific key. The UserId fields may also be used to specify a key.

EncodedB
byte[]

The key. This field is used to assign a specific key. The UserId fields may also be used to specify a key.

ExpirationDate
String

The date the key expires. After this date the key will no longer be valid. The following is an example of a valid encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

Fingerprint
String

The hex-encoded, 20-byte fingerprint of the key.

This is in the form:

5E70662EA810E768391A2FE8F7B7D49C89C9D7B1

Id
String

The hex-encoded, 4-byte key Id. It is same as last 4 bytes of Fingerprint.

This is in the form:

89C9D7B1
The KeyIdLength setting may be set to a value of 8 to return the last 8 bytes instead of the last 4 bytes.

OtherUserIds
String

If the specified key has alternate user Ids associated with it, this field returns a comma-separated list of the other user Ids.

Passphrase
String

The passphrase for the key's secret key (if any). This must be specified before operations requiring the secret key are attempted. The passphrase may be supplied in this field or through the KeyPassphrase event, which will fire when a passphrase is required.

The passphrase is required when using the following methods in KeyMgr:

  • AddUserId
  • SignUserId
  • ChangeExpirationDate
  • ChangePassphrase

When using the OpenPGP class, or an email-based class, the following methods require a passphrase for the key:

  • Decrypt
  • Sign
  • SignAndEncrypt

PublicKey
String

The public key of the key. The key is provided as ASCII armored data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

A text description of the public key algorithm of the key. Possible values are:

  • RSA
  • DSA
  • ECDSA
  • EdDSA
  • RSA-Legacy

PublicKeyLength
int

The length of the public key in bits. Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

If the PublicKeyAlgorithm field is ECDSA or EcDSA the length of the public key is determined by the Curve. Possible lenghts are:

CurvePublic Key Length (bits)
secp256r1256
secp384r1384
secp521r1521
Ed25519 256
secp256k1256

Revoked
boolean

Whether or not the key is revoked.

SecretKey
String

The secret key of the key (if available). The key is provided as ASCII armored data.

SecretKeyAvailable
boolean

Whether or not a secret key is available for the selected key.

Usage
String

A text description of UsageFlags.

The value will be of one or more of the following strings, separated by commas:

  • Certifying Other Certificates
  • Signing Emails and Files
  • Encrypting Emails and Files
  • Split Key
  • Authenticate Against Servers
  • Group Key

UsageFlags
int

Flags that show the intended use for the key. The default value is 0x0F. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x01This key may be used to certify other keys.
0x02This key may be used to sign data.
0x0CThis key may be used to encrypt communications and encrypt storage.
0x10The private component of this key may have been split by a secret-sharing mechanism.
0x20This key may be used for authentication.
0x80The private component of this key may be in the possession of more than one person.

Please refer to the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

UserId
String

The user Id of the key. When a key is loaded this field is populated with the user Id associated with the key. This field may be set to load a key from the Keyring. When this field is set the class will search the Keyring for a key associated with the UserId specified.

When loading a key with multiple user Ids, this field will be populated with the UserId that was most recently added to the key. To discover all of the UserIds associated with a key query this field and OtherUserIds after loading the key.

The UserId format is:

FirstName LastName (Comment) <Email>
Not all values are required when selecting or generating a key, but at least FirstName or Email are required.

When using this field to select a key you may also specify the key's Id, or any of its subkeys' Ids, instead of a user Id. The class will then search for a key with a matching Id. This is helpful in situations where you do not have the UserId but still need to load the key, such as within the OpenPGP class's RecipientInfo event.

Constructors

public Key( keyPath);

Reads the OpenPGP public key from the specified KeyPath . If multiple keys are present only the first one is used.

public Key( keyData);

Reads the OpenPGP key from the specified KeyData . Both binary-formatted and ASCII-armored data are accepted.

public Key( keyPath,  userId);

Searches the KeyPath for an OpenPGP key with a matching UserId . If UserId is set to "*" the first key will be used.

public Key( keyPath,  secretKeyringFile,  publicKeyringFile,  userId);

Searches the KeyPath for the specified SecretKeyRingFile and PublicKeyringFile . If UserId is set to "*" the first key will be used.

public Key( keyData,  userId);

Searches the KeyData for an OpenPGP key with a matching UserId . If UserId is set to "*" the first key will be used.

MessageRecipient Type

This types describes the message recipient.

Remarks

This type describes who the message is sent to. It includes fields to denote the name and email address of the recipient of the message. The type of recipient must also be specified if the class is sending the message.

Fields

Address
String

This field contains the email address of the recipient.

Name
String

This field contains the name of the recipient.

Options
String

This field contains the recipient sending options (used only by SMTP). This must be a string of RFC-compliant recipient options (used by SMTP).

One type of option is a delivery status notification sent per recipient, which is specified by RFC 1891.

component.MessageRecipients(0).Options = "NOTIFY SUCCESS,FAILURE,DELAY";

RecipientType
int

This field contains the recipient type: To, Cc, or Bcc.

Constructors

public MessageRecipient();



public MessageRecipient( address);



public MessageRecipient( address,  recipientType);



Config Settings (Pfilemailer Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

PFILEMailer Config Settings

ClearSignature:   Specifies whether or not to create a cleartext signature.

This setting controls whether or not a cleartext signature is created during signing. The default value is True. When set to True a cleartext signature will be created when Sign is called.

Note: some mail applications such as GpgOL cannot process cleartext signatures.

Comment:   The OpenPGP message comment.

OpenPGP messages may contain a comment. A comment may optionally be set before calling Encrypt, Sign, or SignAndEncrypt.

CompressionLevel:   The level of compression used.

This setting specifies the level of compression used: possible values depend on the value of CompressionMethod and are detailed below.

zlib 1-6
zip 1-6
bzip21-9

Higher values will cause the class to compress better; lower values will cause the class to compress faster. The default value for all methods is 4.

EnsureValidDSASignatureHashAlgorithm:   Whether or not to select a suitable signature hash algorithm automatically.

This setting specifies whether the class ensures a valid hash algorithm is selected for use with the loaded DSA or ECDSA key. The default value is True.

DSA Notes

DSA requires that the hash be 160 bits or larger, which means MD5 is not a suitable algorithm. When DSA Signature Hash Algorithm selection is enabled (default) the class will use the preferred algorithm from the key if it meets the requirements for DSA. If the preferred algorithm is MD5 and does not meed the requirements for DSA the class will automatically use a suitable algorithm based on the Q element of the DSA key (may be SHA1, SHA224, or SHA256).

ECDSA Notes

The ECDSA Signature Hash Algorithm requirements are directly related to the Curve used by the key. When this setting is enabled (default) the class will use the preferred algorithm from the key if it meets the requirements for ECDSA. If the preferred algorithm does not meet the requirements the class will automatically select a valid hash algorithm based on the curve as follows:

CurveHash Algorithm
secp256r1 SHA256
secp384r1 SHA384
secp521r1 SHA512
secp256k1 SHA256

LogLevel:   Specifies the level of detail that is logged.

This setting controls the level of detail that is logged through the Status event. Possible values are:

0 (None)No events are logged.
1 (Info - default)Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose)Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug)Debug data is logged.

ProcessAttachments:   Whether or not to process attachments.

This setting controls whether attachments are processed when calling Encrypt, Sign, or SignAndEncrypt. If set to True the attachments will also be encrypted and/or signed. If set to False the attachments will be added to the message with no additional processing. The default value is False.

SymmetricPassphrase:   The password used for symmetric encryption or decryption.

This setting specifies the passphrase when using symmetric encryption. If a value is provided, symmetric encryption/decryption will be attempted. In this case no keys are used for either encryption or decryption. Only Encrypt and Decrypt are valid operations when a value is set. Sign, SignAndEncrypt, VerifySignature, and DecryptAndVerifySignature are not valid operations when using this option.

VersionHeader:   The Version header value in the ASCII armored OpenPGP message.

This setting specifies the Version header value included in the ASCII armored OpenPGP message. This may be set before calling Encrypt, Sign, or SignAndEncrypt. The default value is "IPWorks! OpenPGP 2016".

This setting will be populated after calling Decrypt, VerifySignature, or DecryptAndVerifySignature.

FileMailer Config Settings

AttachmentEncoding[index]:   Content-Transfer-Encoding for attached file (at index).

This configuration setting allows you to set the Content-Transfer-Encoding for each attached file in the Attachments array property. Valid array indices are from 0 to AttachmentCount -1. When set to one of the following integer values, the attachment will be encoded using the specified encoding. The following encodings are supported:

07-bit
1Quoted-Printable
2Base64
38-bit

AttachmentType[index]:   Content-type for attached file (at index).

This configuration setting allows you to set the Content-Type for each attached file in the Attachments array property. Valid array indices are from 0 to AttachmentCount -1. To set the Content-Type for the attachment at index 2, you would set the string "AttachmentType[2]=application/octet-stream".

Charset:   When set, the charset Content-Type attribute will be added using the specified value.

This property is used to specify the "charset" Content-Type attribute for the plain text (MessageText) part header. The default value is "" (empty string), in which case the charset attribute will not be added to the Content-Type header.

MessageTextEncoding:   When set, the MessageText value will be encoded using the specified encoding.

When set to one of the following integer values, the MessageText properties will be encoded using the specified encoding. The "Content-Transfer-Encoding" header also will be set for the plain text. The following encodings are supported:

07-bit
1Quoted-Printable
2Base64
38-bit

OverrideFilename:   If set to true, the AttachmentName property value will be used to set the MIME part Filename attribute.

When set to True, the Name value specified will be used to set the Filename attribute of the Content-Disposition header. The default value is False, in which case, the component will use the same name as the file being added.

TempFilePath:   If set, the temporary files created during message creation will be put in the path specified.

The TempFilePath configuration sets the path at which the temporary files will be created.

UseTempFile:   If set, the class uses temporary files when generating messages.

This controls whether or not the class will use a temporary file when creating messages to be sent. Set this to True if the outgoing message contains large images or attachments.

Note: Be aware of security considerations when using this configuration.

SMTP Config Settings

AllowEmptyTo:   If set to True, then the SendTo property is not required.

Normally, the SendTo property is required to send a message. If AllowEmptyTo is True, then this is not the case, and messages can be sent with just one or both of Cc and BCc set.

AuthorizationIdentity:   The value to use as the authorization identity when SASL authentication is used.

When AuthMechanism is set to amXOAUTH2 you may use this setting to specify an authorization identity to be used when authenticating. In the case of amXOAUTH2, this should be your OAUTH authorization string. For instance:

Bearer ya29.AHES6ZRmS-8xPbpGetC1VbABJIBRdKm-c4X7wMVGAbgxdGt5q8Ts3Q

Note: When using amXOAUTH2, User must be specified, but Password is not required.

Charset:   When set, the message headers will be encoded using the specified Charset.

This property is used to specify the "charset" to be used to encode the message headers. For example, to use UTF-8 you can set this property to "UTF-8". The default value is "" (empty string) in which case the headers will not be encoded.

FoldHeaders:   Tells the class whether to fold the headers.

If True, the class will fold the headers if the headers are over a certain length. If False, the headers will be on one line regardless of length.

Note that this is True by default.

Hello:   The argument for HELO (herald) command to the server (defaults to local host name).

The Hello property specifies a string to send to the MailServer at connection time as an argument to the SMTP HELO command. This generally identifies the host sending mail, and that's why the Hello property defaults to the name of the local host. The property is provided in case the class does not accept the default value and a custom value (such as, for example, a fully qualified domain name) must be sent.

If AllowExtensions is True the EHLO command will be sent instead of the HELO command.

KeepQueue:   If set to True, queued files are not deleted after a successful send.

Normally, ProcessQueue deletes queued files after processing them. If KeepQueue is True, the file extension is instead changed to ".sent" and the files are not deleted.

MaxHeaderLength:   Maximum length for headers to avoid line folding (default 80).

The MaxHeaderLength specifies the maximum line length supported by the mail delivery system. Any headers longer than MaxHeaderLength are folded as specified in RFC 822.

It is generally a good idea to use a MaxHeaderLength of less than 100 bytes, although different mail relays and mail servers have different requirements for header lengths.

MessageHeadersString:   String representation of RFC822-encoded headers of the message.

This setting holds the full headers of the message in RFC822 format.

MessageIdAlgorithm:   Determines the algorithm used to hash the random MessageId.

The MessageIdAlgorithm specifies which algorithm to use in the hash for the MessageId when the property is set to "*". The default value is "SHA1".

Possible values are:

  • "MD5"
  • "SHA1" (default)
  • "SHA256"

OtherHeaders:   An RFC 822 compliant string consisting of extra headers.

This is the same as the OtherHeaders property. This setting is exposed here for use by classs that inherit from SMTP.

ReturnPath:   Sets the Return-Path to be used for sending email.

This is the same as the ReturnPath property. This setting is exposed here for use by classs that inherit from SMTP.

SendRSET:   Whether to send RSET command.

By default, the class will periodically send the RSET command to the server. Changing this configuration setting to False will prevent the RSET command from being sent. This can be useful when interacting with some servers that do not respond properly to the RSET command.

StopOnBccErrors:   Instructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the BCCs.

If this setting is set to True, the class will fail the moment the server does not acknowledge a Bcc address. If set to False, an error will be fired for every Bcc that is not recognized by the server, but the message will be sent to the rest of the recipients. The default value is False.

StopOnCcErrors:   Instructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the CCs.

If this setting is set to True, the class will fail the moment the server does not acknowledge a Cc address. If set to False, an error will be fired for every Cc that is not recognized by the server, but the message will be sent to the rest of the recipients. The default value is True.

StopOnToErrors:   Instructs the class to stop sending the message if the server does not acknowledge any of the TOs.

If this setting is set to True, the class will fail the moment the server does not acknowledge a To address. If set to False, an error will be fired for every To that is not recognized by the server, but the message will be sent to the rest of the recipients. The default value is True.

TCPClient Config Settings

CloseStreamAfterTransfer:   If true, the component will close the upload or download stream after the transfer.

This setting determines whether the input or output stream is closed after the transfer completes. When set to True (default), all streams will be closed after a transfer is completed. In order to keep streams open after the transfer of data, set this to False. the default value is True.

ConnectionTimeout:   Sets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.

When set, this configuration setting allows you to specify a different timeout value for establishing a connection. Otherwise, the class will use Timeout for establishing a connection and transmitting/receiving data.

FirewallAutoDetect:   Tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallHost:   Name or IP address of firewall (optional).

If a FirewallHost is given, requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If the FirewallHost setting is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, the FirewallHost setting is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallListener:   If true, the component binds to a SOCKS firewall as a server (TCPClient only).

This entry is for TCPClient only and does not work for other components that descend from TCPClient.

If this entry is set, the class acts as a server. RemoteHost and RemotePort are used to tell the SOCKS firewall in which address and port to listen to. The firewall rules may ignore RemoteHost, and it is recommended that RemoteHost be set to empty string in this case.

RemotePort is the port in which the firewall will listen to. If set to 0, the firewall will select a random port. The binding (address and port) is provided through the ConnectionStatus event.

The connection to the firewall is made by calling the Connect method.

FirewallPassword:   Password to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPort:   The TCP port for the FirewallHost;.

The FirewallPort is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value.

Note: This configuration setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallType:   Determines the type of firewall to connect through.

The appropriate values are as follows:

0No firewall (default setting).
1Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
2Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
3Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
10Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

If the FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class throws an exception.

Note: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

KeepAliveInterval:   The retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to True. A TCP keep-alive packet will be sent after a period of inactivity as defined by KeepAliveTime. If no acknowledgment is received from the remote host, the keep-alive packet will be sent again. This configuration setting specifies the interval at which the successive keep-alive packets are sent in milliseconds. This system default if this value is not specified here is 1 second.

Note: This value is not applicable in macOS.

KeepAliveTime:   The inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to True. By default, the operating system will determine the time a connection is idle before a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) keep-alive packet is sent. This system default if this value is not specified here is 2 hours. In many cases, a shorter interval is more useful. Set this value to the desired interval in milliseconds.

Linger:   When set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.

This property controls how a connection is closed. The default is True.

In the case that Linger is True (default), two scenarios determine how long the connection will linger. In the first, if LingerTime is 0 (default), the system will attempt to send pending data for a connection until the default IP timeout expires.

In the second scenario, if LingerTime is a positive value, the system will attempt to send pending data until the specified LingerTime is reached. If this attempt fails, then the system will reset the connection.

The default behavior (which is also the default mode for stream sockets) might result in a long delay in closing the connection. Although the class returns control immediately, the system could hold system resources until all pending data are sent (even after your application closes).

Setting this property to False forces an immediate disconnection. If you know that the other side has received all the data you sent (e.g., by a client acknowledgment), setting this property to False might be the appropriate course of action.

LingerTime:   Time in seconds to have the connection linger.

LingerTime is the time, in seconds, the socket connection will linger. This value is 0 by default, which means it will use the default IP timeout.

LocalHost:   The name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.

The LocalHost setting contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost setting shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

LocalPort:   The port in the local host where the class binds.

This must be set before a connection is attempted. It instructs the class to bind to a specific port (or communication endpoint) in the local machine.

Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be shown by LocalPort after the connection is established.

LocalPort cannot be changed once a connection is made. Any attempt to set this when a connection is active will generate an error.

This; setting is useful when trying to connect to services that require a trusted port in the client side. An example is the remote shell (rsh) service in UNIX systems.

MaxLineLength:   The maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.

MaxLineLength is the size of an internal buffer, which holds received data while waiting for an EOL string.

If an EOL string is found in the input stream before MaxLineLength bytes are received, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to True, and the buffer is reset.

If no EOL is found, and MaxLineLength bytes are accumulated in the buffer, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to False, and the buffer is reset.

The minimum value for MaxLineLength is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

MaxTransferRate:   The transfer rate limit in bytes per second.

This configuration setting can be used to throttle outbound TCP traffic. Set this to the number of bytes to be sent per second. By default, this is not set and there is no limit.

ProxyExceptionsList:   A semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.

This configuration setting optionally specifies a semicolon-separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to bypass when a proxy is in use. When requests are made to hosts specified in this property, the proxy will not be used. For instance:

www.google.com;www.nsoftware.com

TCPKeepAlive:   Determines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.

If set to True, the socket's keep-alive option is enabled and keep-alive packets will be sent periodically to maintain the connection. Set KeepAliveTime and KeepAliveInterval to configure the timing of the keep-alive packets.

Note: This value is not applicable in Java.

TcpNoDelay:   Whether or not to delay when sending packets.

When true, the socket will send all data that is ready to send at once. When false, the socket will send smaller buffered packets of data at small intervals. This is known as the Nagle algorithm.

By default, this config is set to false.

UseIPv6:   Whether to use IPv6.

When set to 0 (default), the class will use IPv4 exclusively. When set to 1, the class will use IPv6 exclusively. To instruct the class to prefer IPv6 addresses, but use IPv4 if IPv6 is not supported on the system, this setting should be set to 2. The default value is 0. Possible values are:

0 IPv4 Only
1 IPv6 Only
2 IPv6 with IPv4 fallback

UseNTLMv2:   Whether to use NTLM V2.

When authenticating with NTLM, this setting specifies whether NTLM V2 is used. By default this value is False and NTLM V1 will be used. Set this to True to use NTLM V2.

SSL Config Settings

LogSSLPackets:   Controls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.

When SSLProvider is set to Internal, this setting controls whether SSL packets should be logged. By default, this setting is False, as it is only useful for debugging purposes.

When enabled, SSL packet logs are output using the SSLStatus event, which will fire each time an SSL packet is sent or received.

Enabling this setting has no effect if SSLProvider is set to Platform.

ReuseSSLSession:   Determines if the SSL session is reused.

If set to true, the class will reuse the context if and only if the following criteria are met:

  • The target host name is the same.
  • The system cache entry has not expired (default timeout is 10 hours).
  • The application process that calls the function is the same.
  • The logon session is the same.
  • The instance of the class is the same.

SSLCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.

This setting specifies one or more CA certificates to be included in the request when performing SSL client authentication. Some servers require the entire chain, including CA certificates, to be presented when performing SSL client authentication. The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLCheckCRL:   Whether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.

This setting specifies whether the class will check the Certificate Revocation List specified by the server certificate. If set to 1 or 2, the class will first obtain the list of CRL URLs from the server certificate's CRL distribution points extension. The class will then make HTTP requests to each CRL endpoint to check the validity of the server's certificate. If the certificate has been revoked or any other issues are found during validation the class throws an exception.

When set to 0 (default) the CRL check will not be performed by the class. When set to 1, it will attempt to perform the CRL check, but will continue without an error if the server's certificate does not support CRL. When set to 2, it will perform the CRL check and will throw an error if CRL is not supported.

This configuration setting is only supported in the Java, C#, and C++ editions. In the C++ edition, it is only supported on Windows operating systems.

SSLCipherStrength:   The minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.

This minimum cipher strength largely dependent on the security modules installed on the system. If the cipher strength specified is not supported, an error will be returned when connections are initiated.

Please note that this setting contains the minimum cipher strength requested from the security library. The actual cipher strength used for the connection is shown by the SSLStatus event.

Use this setting with caution. Requesting a lower cipher strength than necessary could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList config setting.

SSLContextProtocol:   The protocol used when getting an SSLContext instance.

Possible values are SSL, SSLv2, SSLv3, TLS and TLSv1. Use it only in case your security provider does not support TLS. This is the parameter "protocol" inside the SSLContext.getInstance(protocol) call.

SSLEnabledCipherSuites:   The cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.

The enabled cipher suites to be used in SSL negotiation.

By default, the enabled cipher suites will include all available ciphers ("*").

The special value "*" means that the class will pick all of the supported cipher suites. If SSLEnabledCipherSuites is set to any other value, only the specified cipher suites will be considered.

Multiple cipher suites are separated by semicolons.

Note: This value must be set after SSLProvider is set.

Example values: obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA; SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA"); Possible values when SSLProvider is set to latform include:

  • SSL_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • SSL_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_DES_CBC_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_DES_CBC_40_MD5
  • TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_KRB5_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_KRB5_EXPORT_WITH_DES_CBC_40_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA

Possible values when SSLProvider is set to Internal include:

  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (Not Recommended)
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA

When TLS 1.3 is negotiated (see SSLEnabledProtocols) only the following cipher suites are supported:

  • TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
  • TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

SSLEnabledCipherSuites is used together with SSLCipherStrength.

SSLEnabledProtocols:   Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Not all supported protocols are enabled by default (the value of this setting is 4032). If you want more granular control over the enabled protocols, you can set this property to the binary 'OR' of one or more of the following values:

TLS1.312288 (Hex 3000)
TLS1.23072 (Hex C00) (Default)
TLS1.1768 (Hex 300) (Default)
TLS1 192 (Hex C0) (Default)
SSL3 48 (Hex 30)
SSL2 12 (Hex 0C)

SSLEnabledProtocols - TLS 1.3 Notes

By default when TLS 1.3 is enabled the class will use the internal TLS implementation.

In editions which are designed to run on Windows SSLProvider can be set to Platform to use the platform implementation instead of the internal implementation. When configured in this manner, please note that the platform provider is only supported on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up. The default internal provider is available on all platforms and is not restricted to any specific OS version.

If set to 1 (Platform provider) please be aware of the following notes:

  • The platform provider is only available on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up.
  • SSLEnabledCipherSuites and other similar SSL configuration settings are not supported.
  • If SSLEnabledProtocols includes both TLS 1.3 and TLS 1.2 the above restrictions are still applicable even if TLS 1.2 is negotiated. Enabling TLS 1.3 with the platform provider changes the implementation used for all TLS versions.

SSLEnableRenegotiation:   Whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.

This setting specifies whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension will be used in the request when using the internal security API. This setting is true by default, but can be set to false to disable the extension.

This setting is only applicable when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

SSLIncludeCertChain:   Whether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.

This setting specifies whether the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event contains the full certificate chain. By default this value is False and only the leaf certificate will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event.

If set to True all certificates returned by the server will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event. This includes the leaf certificate, any intermediate certificate, and the root certificate.

Note: When SSLProvider is set to Internal this value is automatically set to true. This is needed for proper validation when using the internal provider.

SSLKeyLogFile:   The location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.

This setting optionally specifies the full path to a file on disk where per-session secrets are stored for debugging purposes.

When set, the class will save the session secrets in the same format as the SSLKEYLOGFILE environment variable functionality used by most major browsers and tools such as Chrome, Firefox, and cURL. This file can then be used in tools such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS traffice for debugging purposes. When writing to this file the class will only append, it will not overwrite previous values.

Note: This setting is only applicable when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

SSLNegotiatedCipher:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipher[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.

Returns the strength of the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g.TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake represented as a single string.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.

Returns the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.

Returns the strenghth of the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedVersion:   Returns the negotiated protocol version.

Returns the protocol version negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. TCPServer) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedVersion[connId]");

SSLServerCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.

This setting optionally specifies one or more CA certificates to be used when verifying the server certificate. When verifying the server's certificate the certificates trusted by the system will be used as part of the verification process. If the server's CA certificates are not installed to the trusted system store, they may be specified here so they are included when performing the verification process. This setting should only be set if the server's CA certificates are not already trusted on the system and cannot be installed to the trusted system store.

The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLTrustManagerFactoryAlgorithm:   The algorithm to be used to create a TrustManager through TrustManagerFactory.

Possible values include SunX509. This is the parameter "algorithm" inside the TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(algorithm) call.

TLS12SignatureAlgorithms:   Defines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal.

This setting specifies the allowed server certificate signature algorithms when SSLProvider is set to Internal and SSLEnabledProtocols is set to allow TLS 1.2.

When specified the class will verify that the server certificate signature algorithm is among the values specified in this setting. If the server certificate signature algorithm is unsupported the class throws an exception.

The format of this value is a comma separated list of hash-signature combinations. For instance: TCPClient.SSLProvider = TCPClientSSLProviders.sslpInternal; TCPClient.Config("SSLEnabledProtocols=3072"); //TLS 1.2 TCPClient.Config("TLS12SignatureAlgorithms=sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa"); The default value for this setting is sha512-ecdsa,sha512-rsa,sha512-dsa,sha384-ecdsa,sha384-rsa,sha384-dsa,sha256-ecdsa,sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha224-ecdsa,sha224-rsa,sha224-dsa,sha1-ecdsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa.

In order to not restrict the server's certificate signature algorithm, specify an empty string as the value for this setting, which will cause the signature_algorithms TLS 1.2 extension to not be sent.

TLS12SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for ECC.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.2 for ECC.

The default value is ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1.

When using TLS 1.2 and SSLProvider is set to Internal, the values refer to the supported groups for ECC. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)

TLS13KeyShareGroups:   The groups for which to pregenerate key shares.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. The groups specified here will have key share data pregenerated locally before establishing a connection. This can prevent an additional round trip during the handshake if the group is supported by the server.

The default value is set to balance common supported groups and the computational resources required to generate key shares. As a result only some groups are included by default in this setting.

Note: All supported groups can always be used during the handshake even if not listed here, but if a group is used which is not present in this list it will incur an additional round trip and time to generate the key share for that group.

In most cases this setting does not need to be modified. This should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448"
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1"
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096"
  • "ffdhe_6144"
  • "ffdhe_8192"

TLS13SignatureAlgorithms:   The allowed certificate signature algorithms.

This setting holds a comma separated list of allowed signature algorithms. Possible values are:

  • "ed25519" (default)
  • "ed448" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha512" (default)
The default value is rsa_pss_sha256,rsa_pss_sha384,rsa_pss_sha512,rsa_pkcs1_sha256,rsa_pkcs1_sha384,rsa_pkcs1_sha512,ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256,ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384,ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512,ed25519,ed448. This setting is only applicable when SSLEnabledProtocols includes TLS 1.3.
TLS13SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. This setting should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_x448,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072,ffdhe_4096,ffdhe_6144,ffdhe_8192

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096" (default)
  • "ffdhe_6144" (default)
  • "ffdhe_8192" (default)

Socket Config Settings

AbsoluteTimeout:   Determines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.

If AbsoluteTimeout is set to True, any method which does not complete within Timeout seconds will be aborted. By default, AbsoluteTimeout is False, and the timeout is an inactivity timeout.

Note: This option is not valid for UDP ports.

FirewallData:   Used to send extra data to the firewall.

When the firewall is a tunneling proxy, use this property to send custom (additional) headers to the firewall (e.g. headers for custom authentication schemes).

InBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be receiving. Increasing the value of the InBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the InBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

OutBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be sending. Increasing the value of the OutBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the OutBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Tells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The class will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the class does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
UseDaemonThreads:   Whether threads created by the class are daemon threads.

If set to True (default), when the class creates a thread, the thread's Daemon property will be explicitly set to True. When set to False, the class will not set the Daemon property on the created thread. The default value is True.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (Pfilemailer Class)

FileMailer Errors

169   Invalid attachment index (out of range).
170   Cannot create temporary file.

MIME Errors

3   Can't create the file for write (illegal name or disk is write-protected).
4   Can't open the file for read (doesn't exist?).
5   Can't read from file.
6   Can't write to file (disk full?).
280   Invalid Part Index.
281   Unknown MIME type.
282   No MIME-boundary found.
283   No file given.
284   The class is busy.
285   Can't create a temporary file to decode the data.
286   Can't read Message file.
287   No header separator found.
289   No separator found.
290   Input stream must have seeking enabled.

SMTP Errors

118   Firewall Error. Error message contains detailed description.
161   SMTP protocol error. Description contains the server reply.
162   Error communicating with server. Error text is attached.
163   Please specify a MailServer.
164   Please specify a sender (From).
165   Please specify a recipient.
166   Busy executing current method.
301   Operation interrupted.
302   Can't open AttachedFile.

TCPClient Errors

100   You cannot change the RemotePort at this time. A connection is in progress.
101   You cannot change the RemoteHost (Server) at this time. A connection is in progress.
102   The RemoteHost address is invalid (0.0.0.0).
104   Already connected. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
106   You cannot change the LocalPort at this time. A connection is in progress.
107   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
112   You cannot change MaxLineLength at this time. A connection is in progress.
116   RemotePort cannot be zero. Please specify a valid service port number.
117   You cannot change the UseConnection option while the class is active.
135   Operation would block.
201   Timeout.
211   Action impossible in control's present state.
212   Action impossible while not connected.
213   Action impossible while listening.
301   Timeout.
303   Could not open file.
434   Unable to convert string to selected CodePage.
1105   Already connecting. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
1117   You need to connect first.
1119   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
1120   Connection dropped by remote host.

SSL Errors

270   Cannot load specified security library.
271   Cannot open certificate store.
272   Cannot find specified certificate.
273   Cannot acquire security credentials.
274   Cannot find certificate chain.
275   Cannot verify certificate chain.
276   Error during handshake.
280   Error verifying certificate.
281   Could not find client certificate.
282   Could not find server certificate.
283   Error encrypting data.
284   Error decrypting data.

TCP/IP Errors

10004   [10004] Interrupted system call.
10009   [10009] Bad file number.
10013   [10013] Access denied.
10014   [10014] Bad address.
10022   [10022] Invalid argument.
10024   [10024] Too many open files.
10035   [10035] Operation would block.
10036   [10036] Operation now in progress.
10037   [10037] Operation already in progress.
10038   [10038] Socket operation on non-socket.
10039   [10039] Destination address required.
10040   [10040] Message too long.
10041   [10041] Protocol wrong type for socket.
10042   [10042] Bad protocol option.
10043   [10043] Protocol not supported.
10044   [10044] Socket type not supported.
10045   [10045] Operation not supported on socket.
10046   [10046] Protocol family not supported.
10047   [10047] Address family not supported by protocol family.
10048   [10048] Address already in use.
10049   [10049] Can't assign requested address.
10050   [10050] Network is down.
10051   [10051] Network is unreachable.
10052   [10052] Net dropped connection or reset.
10053   [10053] Software caused connection abort.
10054   [10054] Connection reset by peer.
10055   [10055] No buffer space available.
10056   [10056] Socket is already connected.
10057   [10057] Socket is not connected.
10058   [10058] Can't send after socket shutdown.
10059   [10059] Too many references, can't splice.
10060   [10060] Connection timed out.
10061   [10061] Connection refused.
10062   [10062] Too many levels of symbolic links.
10063   [10063] File name too long.
10064   [10064] Host is down.
10065   [10065] No route to host.
10066   [10066] Directory not empty
10067   [10067] Too many processes.
10068   [10068] Too many users.
10069   [10069] Disc Quota Exceeded.
10070   [10070] Stale NFS file handle.
10071   [10071] Too many levels of remote in path.
10091   [10091] Network subsystem is unavailable.
10092   [10092] WINSOCK DLL Version out of range.
10093   [10093] Winsock not loaded yet.
11001   [11001] Host not found.
11002   [11002] Non-authoritative 'Host not found' (try again or check DNS setup).
11003   [11003] Non-recoverable errors: FORMERR, REFUSED, NOTIMP.
11004   [11004] Valid name, no data record (check DNS setup).

OpenPGP Errors

101   Cannot decode ASCII Armor data.
102   Unknown ASCII Armor data type.
103   Checksum failed.
104   Unknown ASCII Armor header.
105   Cannot decode PGP packet.
106   Cannot encode PGP packet.
107   Unknown PGP packet tag.
108   Unsupported version.
109   Unsupported algorithm.
110   Unknown subpacket.
111   Internal error.
112   Feature not supported.
113   Secret data was not encrypted.
114   Cannot find the key.
115   Error reading file.
116   Error writing file.
117   Error reading key.
118   Error writing key.
119   Cannot verify signature.
120   Cannot create signature.
121   Invalid UserId.
122   Invalid passphrase.
123   Data encryption failed.
124   Error creating key.
125   Unsupported symmetric algorithm.
126   Unsupported hash.
127   Unsupported compression algorithm.
128   Invalid key usage.
129   Component is busy.
130   Error decrypting data.
131   Data is not compressed.
132   Error decompressing data.
133   Error compressing data.
134   Unsupported signature.
141   No input.
142   Signing was required, but the message was not signed.
143   Encryption was required, but the message was not encrypted.
146   No data integrity packet was found (MDC), but one was required.
200   Out of memory.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks OpenPGP 2022 Java Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]