The Bzip2 component implements a bzip2 compressor and decompressor. It is compliant with bzip2 specification.
The bzip2 file format is typically used only to archive a single file. Accordingly, the operation of the component is simpler than that of the other components.
To compress with the component, set ArchiveFile to the name of the bzip2 file to be created, and FileDecompressedName to the name of the file to be compressed. Finally, invoke Compress. To extract the file, set ArchiveFile to the bzip2 archive and FileDecompressedName to the file where the component should extract. Finally, invoke the Extract or Compress method.
Example (Creating a Bzip2 File)
ZipControl.ArchiveFile = "c:\test.bz2"
ZipControl.FileDecompressedName = "c:\test.txt"
Example (Extracting from a Bzip2 File)
ZipControl.ArchiveFile = "c:\test.bz2"
ZipControl.FileDecompressedName = "c:\test.txt"
This component is an implementation based on Julian Seward's bzip2 library (http://www.bzip.org).
The following is the full list of the properties of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.
|ArchiveFile||The name of the zip, gzip, tar, or jar archive.|
|Bzip2Data||(Decompression only) The bzip2 file contents as a byte array.|
|ExtractToPath||A base path to decompress to.|
|FileDecompressedName||File name to decompress to, or compress from.|
|FileInputData||The data of the file to be compressed.|
|HasMoreData||Shows whether or not there is more data in the bzip2 archive.|
The following is the full list of the methods of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.
|Abort||Aborts the current operation.|
|Append||Adds specified file to an existing archive.|
|Compress||Creates the compressed bzip2 archive.|
|Config||Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.|
|Extract||Extracts the compressed file from the bzip2 archive.|
|ExtractAll||Extracts all files from the compressed archive.|
|Reset||Resets the component.|
|Scan||Scans the compressed archive.|
|SetArchiveInputStream||The stream to read the zip, tar, jar, or gzip archive from.|
|SetArchiveOutputStream||The stream to write the zip, tar, jar, or gzip archive to.|
The following is the full list of the events fired by the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.
|BeginFile||Fired before a file is processed.|
|EndFile||Fired after a file is processed.|
|Error||Information about non-fatal errors.|
|Overwrite||Fired whenever a file exists and may be overwritten.|
|Progress||Fired as progress is made.|
The following is a list of configuration settings for the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.
|WriteToProgressEvent||Whether or not to write data to the Progress Event.|
|BuildInfo||Information about the product's build.|
|CodePage||The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.|
|LicenseInfo||Information about the current license.|
|UseInternalSecurityAPI||Tells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.|
ArchiveFile Property (Bzip2 Component)
The name of the zip, gzip, tar, or jar archive.
property ArchiveFile: String read get_ArchiveFile write set_ArchiveFile;
This property specifies the name of the archive to be read or written. This property is required when extracting files.
When Compress is called, the file named by ArchiveFile will be written; if a file of this name already exists the Overwrite event will be fired. If ArchiveFile is set to the empty string (''), the archive will not be written to disk, and will be provided only through the Progress event.
The filename may be specified with or without a path. Paths may be relative or absolute, and should be specified in the format native to the host operating system. The filename should be specified with the appropriate extension (such as 'zip'); an extension will not automatically be appended by the component.
If the file cannot be read, or written, as appropriate, a trappable error will be generated.
Example (Creating an Archive)
ZipControl.ArchiveFile = "c:\test.zip"
ZipControl.RecurseSubdirectories = true
Note: an archive already open for read may be closed by setting ArchiveFile to the empty string ('').
Bzip2Data Property (Bzip2 Component)
(Decompression only) The bzip2 file contents as a byte array.
property Bzip2Data: String write set_Bzip2Data; property Bzip2DataB: TBytes write set_Bzip2DataB;
Normally you should set ArchiveFile before invoking Scan or Extract. If you prefer to read the bzip2 file from memory you may set Bzip2Data instead. Bzip2Data should be set to the entire contents of the bzip2 file; this will allow you to read from the bzip2 without writing any temporary files to disk.
If you would like to extract data from the archive without ever writing to disk you should also set WriteToProgressEvent to true, and after invoking Scan, you should set the value of FileDecompressedName to an empty string. Then, when you invoke Extract (or ExtractAll) the data will be provided in the Progress event.
This property is write-only. Note that modifying a bzip2 file stored in Bzip2Data is not supported, so Append will throw exceptions.
This property is write-only and not available at design time.
ExtractToPath Property (Bzip2 Component)
A base path to decompress to.
property ExtractToPath: String read get_ExtractToPath write set_ExtractToPath;
Setting the ExtractToPath property affects the operation of the Extract and ExtractAll methods. Setting this property to a nonempty string will cause all decompressed files to be written to the specified path. If pathnames are given in the values of FileDecompressedName they will be regarded as relative to ExtractToPath.
If the specified directory does not exist, it will be created when extraction is done.
ExtractToPath should always be specified in the format native to the host operating system, and with a trailing slash or backslash. If the path is specified otherwise, it will be immediately converted and stored in the converted format. For example, '/temp' would be immediately converted to '\temp\' on a Windows system.
FileDecompressedName Property (Bzip2 Component)
File name to decompress to, or compress from.
property FileDecompressedName: String read get_FileDecompressedName write set_FileDecompressedName;
FileDecompressedName contains the name of the file in the archive, as stored on the file system, outside the archive.
When compressing a file, this property should be specified with a path, if necessary, to allow the file to be found by the component. If the file cannot be found when Compress is called, a trappable error will be generated, and the archive will not be correctly written.
When decompressing files, this property may be set prior to calling Extract. If this property is set to the empty string when Extract is called, Extract will automatically set this property to an appropriate value.
Paths on the local file system should be specified in the format native to the host operating system. They may also be specified in standard (UNIX) format, in which case they will be immediately converted.
FileInputData Property (Bzip2 Component)
The data of the file to be compressed.
property FileInputData: String read get_FileInputData write set_FileInputData; property FileInputDataB: TBytes read get_FileInputDataB write set_FileInputDataB;
When this property is set, the component will read in the data from this property instead of reading from the file contained in the FileDecompressedName property.
This property is not available at design time.
HasMoreData Property (Bzip2 Component)
Shows whether or not there is more data in the bzip2 archive.
property HasMoreData: Boolean read get_HasMoreData;
The bzip2 format allows multiple bzip2 data members to be concatenated into a single file. However, due to the nature of the algorithm it is impossible to determine the number of data members until after the entire archive has been decompressed. The HasMoreData property can be used to cycle through the archive and extract each file.
Example (Extracting Multiple Files)
ZipControl.ArchiveFile = "c:\temp.bz2"
ZipControl.ExtractToPath = "c:\extracted\"
//here you may set the file name in FileDecompressedName prior to extraction
This property is read-only.
Abort Method (Bzip2 Component)
Aborts the current operation.
Abort may be used to immediately interrupt compression or decompression. Any files partially written by the component will be deleted.
Append Method (Bzip2 Component)
Adds specified file to an existing archive.
This method may only be used to add files to an existing archive. To add files to a new archive, Compress method should be used.
Compress Method (Bzip2 Component)
Creates the compressed bzip2 archive.
Invoking Compress creates the archive specified by ArchiveFile. When the method is called, the file specified by FileDecompressedName will be opened, and the file specified by ArchiveFile will contain the compressed output.
As the data is compressed the Progress event will be fired at regular intervals. This event may be used to stream out the bzip2 file, or to display a progress bar to the user.
Config Method (Bzip2 Component)
Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.
function Config(ConfigurationString: String): String;
Config is a generic method available in every component. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the component.
These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.
To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).
To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.
Extract Method (Bzip2 Component)
Extracts the compressed file from the bzip2 archive.
Invoking Extract decompresses the archive specified by ArchiveFile. The compressed file will be extracted, and written to disk.
If ArchiveFile ends in '.bz2', this filename, less the '.bz2' extension will be used.
If this condition does not hold, '.unzipped' will be appended to ArchiveFile.
ExtractAll Method (Bzip2 Component)
Extracts all files from the compressed archive.
The BeginFile and EndFile events will be fired before and after each file is extracted, and the Progress event will be fired as the data is extracted. If WriteToProgressEvent is set to true, the decompressed data will be streamed out through the Progress event.
Reset Method (Bzip2 Component)
Resets the component.
Reset resets the state of the component. All properties will be set to their default values, and any files open will be closed.
Scan Method (Bzip2 Component)
Scans the compressed archive.
This method will scan the bzip archive specified by ArchiveFile. The archive will be read, and the header will be checked.
Unlike in the Zip, Tar, and Jar components, it is never necessary to invoke this method, and it will not be automatically invoked by Extract. Suggested uses for this method would be to check that the file is a bzip file.
SetArchiveInputStream Method (Bzip2 Component)
The stream to read the zip, tar, jar, or gzip archive from.
procedure SetArchiveInputStream(ArchiveStream: TStream);
This method should be set when the archive is to be read from a stream when Extract is called.
By default, and when this is set to null, the component will read from the file specified by ArchiveFile. However, when this is a valid stream, the data will be read from the stream.
SetArchiveOutputStream Method (Bzip2 Component)
The stream to write the zip, tar, jar, or gzip archive to.
procedure SetArchiveOutputStream(ArchiveStream: TStream);
This method should be set when the archive is to be written to a stream when Compress is called.
By default, and when this is set to null, the component will write to the file specified by ArchiveFile. However, when this is a valid stream, the data will be written to the stream.
BeginFile Event (Bzip2 Component)
Fired before a file is processed.
type TBeginFileEvent = procedure ( Sender: TObject; Index: Integer; var Skip: Boolean ) of Object;
property OnBeginFile: TBeginFileEvent read FOnBeginFile write FOnBeginFile;
BeginFile is fired before compression or decompression begins. Index will contain 0.
You may use the Skip parameter to tell the component to skip the file when appending or decompressing.
EndFile Event (Bzip2 Component)
Fired after a file is processed.
type TEndFileEvent = procedure ( Sender: TObject; Index: Integer ) of Object;
property OnEndFile: TEndFileEvent read FOnEndFile write FOnEndFile;
EndFile is fired when compression or decompression finishes. Index will contain 0.
Error Event (Bzip2 Component)
Information about non-fatal errors.
type TErrorEvent = procedure ( Sender: TObject; const Description: String; ErrorCode: Integer; Index: Integer; const Filename: String; var Ignore: Boolean ) of Object;
property OnError: TErrorEvent read FOnError write FOnError;
The Error event is fired when non-fatal errors occur during compression or decompression. Note that if this event is fired during decompression this may indicate that the archive is corrupt.
By default these errors will cause the component to fail with an exception. The exception may be overridden by setting Ignore to true. This will cause the error to be ignored, the file will be skipped if necessary, and the component will continue operation.
ErrorCode will correspond to one of the following errors:
|1||Bad or missing CRC-32 checksum.|
|2||Failed to set creation date of a file.|
|111||Can't open file for read (skipping).|
Description contains a textual description of the error. Index and Filename contain the array index (where appropriate) and filename of the file being processed at the time of the error.
Overwrite Event (Bzip2 Component)
Fired whenever a file exists and may be overwritten.
type TOverwriteEvent = procedure ( Sender: TObject; var Filename: String; var Overwrite: Boolean ) of Object;
property OnOverwrite: TOverwriteEvent read FOnOverwrite write FOnOverwrite;
Overwrite is fired when a file is about to be overwritten, and would overwrite an existing file. The event is fired during decompression.
Filename contains the full name of the file, specified with its pathname.
Overwrite specifies whether or not the file will be overwritten. For Zip, Jar, and Tar, this is equal by default to the value of the OverwriteFiles property. For Gzip, this value defaults to true.
Either of the parameters may be changed when the event is fired. Changing the value of Overwrite will override the default behavior of the component, and cause the file to be overwritten or not overwritten, depending on the value set. If Filename is changed, the value of Overwrite will be ignored, and the file will be written with the specified name. If a file of the new name also exists this file will be silently overwritten.
Progress Event (Bzip2 Component)
Fired as progress is made.
type TProgressEvent = procedure ( Sender: TObject; Data: String; DataB: TBytes; const Filename: String; BytesProcessed: Int64; PercentProcessed: Integer ) of Object;
property OnProgress: TProgressEvent read FOnProgress write FOnProgress;
The Progress event is automatically fired as compression or decompression is performed. When WriteToProgressEvent is true, the output data is provided through the Data parameter, allowing for it to be streamed out.
Filename contains the name of the file being written. If no file is being written, Filename will contain an empty string, and the output data will be provided exclusively through this event.
BytesProcessed contains the total number of uncompressed bytes processed. PercentProcessed contains the percent of uncompressed bytes processed, corresponding roughly to the running time of the operation.
For Gzip extraction only, BytesProcessed and PercentProcessed will reflect the number of compressed bytes extracted, as it is generally impossible to predetermine the total uncompressed size.
If WriteToProgressEvent is false, Data will contain null.
Configuration Settings (Bzip2 Component)The component accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.
Bzip2 Configuration Settings
Whether or not to write data to the Progress Event.If WriteToProgressEvent is set to true, then all data produced through invocations
of Extract, ExtractAll, and Compress will be written to the Progress
event as well as to disk. Applications may stream out the compressed or decompressed
data by trapping this event and copying the data.
By default, this config is set to false.
Base Configuration Settings
|BuildInfo: Information about the product's build.When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.|
The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).
The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:
Information about the current license.When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a component is using. It will return the following information:
|UseInternalSecurityAPI: Tells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation. By default the component will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to True tells the component to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.|
Trappable Errors (Bzip2 Component)Errors
The following errors may be generated by the component. Note that frequently the error message will contain more specific information than what is listed here.
Note that some non-fatal errors may be trapped and explicitly ignored in the Error event. This will allow the component to continue operation even in case of error.
|111 Can't open file for read.|
|112 Can't open file for write.|
|113 Can't create directory.|
|114 The file is too large.|
|115 Can't create empty archive.|
|116 The archive must be scanned prior to attempting this operation.|
|117 The array index is out of range.|
|118 The maximum size of the archive has been exceeded.|
|119 The archive must be specified, or streaming must be enabled.|
|120 The component is busy.|
|124 Must specify the compressed name.|
|127 Bad CRC-32 checksum.|
|128 Unable to set file date.|
|133 File already exists in the archive.|
|150 An I/O error has occurred (details follow).|