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IPWorks SSH 2022 Qt Edition

Version 22.0 [Build 8172]

SFTP Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Configuration Settings   Errors  

The SFTP class can be used to transfer files to and from SFTP servers using the SFTP Protocol.

Syntax

SFTP

Remarks

The SFTP class is the SSH-enabled equivalent of the IPWorks FTP class. The SSHHost and SSHPort properties specify the SSH server to use. The SSHUser and SSHPassword properties allow the client to authenticate itself with the server. The SSHServerAuthentication event and/or SSHAcceptServerHostKey property allow you to check the server identity. Finally, the SSHStatus event provides information about the SSH handshake.

The SFTP class implements a standard SSH File Transfer client.

The first step in using the class is specifying the SSHHost, SSHUser and SSHPassword. The file to upload to or download from is given by the RemoteFile property. The file to download to or upload from is specified by LocalFile. The current path in the server is specified by the RemotePath property.

If LocalFile is set to something other than an empty string, then files are received in LocalFile, otherwise the data is received through the Transfer event. StartTransfer and EndTransfer are fired at the beginning and end of transmission.

Directory listings are received through the DirList event.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectedShows whether the class is connected.
DirListCountThe number of records in the DirList arrays.
DirListEntryThis property contains the raw entry as received from the server.
DirListFileNameThis property shows the file name in the last directory listing.
DirListFileSizeThis property shows the file size in the last directory listing.
DirListFileTimeThis property shows the file time in the last directory listing.
DirListIsDirThis property specifies whether entries in the last directory listing are directories.
DirListIsSymlinkThis property indicates whether the entry is a symbolic link.
FileAccessTimeThe number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was last accessed.
FileACLA string containing an Access Control List (ACL).
FileAllocationSizeThe size, in bytes, that this file consumes on disk.
FileAttributeBitsAttributeBits and AttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server.
FileAttributeBitsValidAttributeBits and AttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server.
FileCreationTimeThe number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was created.
FileTypeThe type of file.
FileGroupIdThe id of the group that has access rights this file.
FileIsDirWhether or not the file represented by these attributes is a directory.
FileIsSymlinkWhether or not the file or directory represented by these attributes is a symbolic link.
FileModifiedTimeThe number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 that this file was last modified.
FileOwnerIdThe user id of this file's owner.
FilePermissionsA 32-bit integer containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask.
FilePermissionsOctalAn octal string containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask The bitmask should be interpreted as a series of octal digits.
FileSizeThe total size, in bytes, of this file.
FirewallAutoDetectThis property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallTypeThis property determines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallHostThis property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallPasswordThis property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThis property contains the transmission control protocol (TCP) port for the firewall Host .
FirewallUserThis property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
IdleThe current status of the class.
LocalFileThe path to a local file for upload/download.
LocalHostThe name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe TCP port in the local host where the class binds.
OverwriteWhether or not the class should overwrite files during transfer.
RemoteFileThe name of the remote file for uploading, downloading, etc.
RemotePathThe current path in the SFTP server.
SSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
SSHAuthModeThe authentication method to be used the class when calling SSHLogon .
SSHCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
SSHCertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
SSHCertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
SSHCertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
SSHCertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
SSHCompressionAlgorithmsA comma-separated list containing all allowable compression algorithms.
SSHEncryptionAlgorithmsA comma-separated list containing all allowable encryption algorithms.
SSHHostThe address of the SSH host.
SSHPasswordThe password for SSH password-based authentication.
SSHPortThe port on the SSH server where the SSH service is running; by default, 22.
SSHUserThe username for SSH authentication.
StartByteThe offset in bytes at which to begin the Upload or Download.
TimeoutA timeout for the class.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AppendAppend data from LocalFile to a remote file RemoteFile on an SFTP server.
ChangeRemotePathChanges the current path on the server.
CheckFileExistsReturns if the file specified by RemoteFile exists on the remote server.
ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
ConnectConnects to the SSH host without logging in.
CreateFileCreates a file on the SFTP server.
DecodePacketDecodes a hex-encoded SSH packet.
DeleteFileRemove a file specified by FileName from an SFTP server.
DisconnectThis method disconnects from the server without first logging off.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
DownloadDownload a RemoteFile from an SFTP server.
EncodePacketHex encodes an SSH packet.
GetSSHParamUsed to read a field from an SSH packet's payload.
GetSSHParamBytesUsed to read a field from an SSH packet's payload.
InterruptInterrupt the current method.
ListDirectoryList the current directory specified by RemotePath on an SFTP server.
MakeDirectoryCreate a directory on an SFTP server.
QueryFileAttributesQueries the server for the attributes of RemoteFile .
QueueFileAdds a file to the transfer queue.
RemoveDirectoryRemove a directory specified by DirName from an SFTP server.
RenameFileChange the name of RemoteFile to NewName .
ResetReset the class.
ResetQueueResets the queue of files to be transferred.
SetSSHParamUsed to write a field to the end of a payload.
SSHLogoffLogoff from the SSH server.
SSHLogonLogon to the SSHHost using the current SSHUser and SSHPassword .
UpdateFileAttributesInstructs the class to send the FileAttributes to the server.
UploadUpload a file specified by LocalFile to an SFTP server.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectedFired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).
ConnectionStatusFired to indicate changes in connection state.
DirListFired when a directory entry is received.
DisconnectedFired when a connection is closed.
EndTransferFired when a file completes downloading/uploading.
ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
LogFires once for each log message.
SSHCustomAuthFired when the class is doing custom authentication.
SSHKeyboardInteractiveFired when the class receives a request for user input from the server.
SSHServerAuthenticationFired after the server presents its public key to the client.
SSHStatusShows the progress of the secure connection.
StartTransferFired when a file starts downloading/uploading.
TransferFired during file download/upload.

Configuration Settings


The following is a list of configuration settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AllowBackslashInNameWhether backslashes are allowed in folder and file names.
AsyncTransferControls whether simultatenous requests are made to read or write files.
AttrAccessTimeCan be queried for the AccessTime file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrCreationTimeCan be queried for the CreationTime file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrFileTypeCan be queried for the FileType file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrGroupIdCan be queried for the GroupId file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrLinkCountCan be queried for the LinkCount file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrOwnerIdCan be queried for the OwnerId file attribute during the DirList event.
AttrPermissionCan be queried for the Permissions file attribute during the DirList event.
CheckFileHashCompares a server-computed hash with a hash calculated locally.
DisableRealPathControls whether or not the SSH_FXP_REALPATH request is sent.
ExcludeFileMaskSpecifies a file mask for excluding files in directory listings.
FileMaskDelimiterSpecifies a delimiter to use for setting multiple file masks in the RemoteFile property.
FiletimeFormatSpecifies the format to use when returning filetime strings.
FreeSpaceThe free space on the remote server in bytes.
GetSpaceInfoQueries the server for drive usage information.
GetSymlinkAttrsWhether to get the attributes of the symbolic link, or the resource pointed to by the link.
IgnoreFileMaskCasingControls whether or not the file mask is case sensitive.
LocalEOLWhen TransferMode is set, this specifies the line ending for the local system.
LogSFTPFileDataWhether SFTP file data is present in Debug logs.
MaskSensitiveMasks passwords in logs.
MaxFileDataSpecifies the maximum payload size of an SFTP packet.
MaxOutstandingPacketsSets the maximum number of simultaneous read or write requests allowed.
NegotiatedProtocolVersionThe negotiated SFTP version.
NormalizeRemotePathWhether to normalize the RemotePath.
PreserveFileTimePreserves the file's timestamps during transfer.
ProtocolVersionThe highest allowable SFTP version to use.
ReadLinkThis settings returns the target of a specified symbolic link.
RealTimeUploadEnables real time uploading.
RealTimeUploadAgeLimitThe age limit in seconds when using RealTimeUpload.
ServerEOLWhen TransferMode is set, this specifies the line ending for the remote system.
SimultaneousTransferLimitThe maximum number of simultaneous file transfers.
TotalSpaceThe total space on the remote server in bytes.
TransferModeThe transfer mode (ASCII or Binary).
TransferredDataLimitSpecifies the maximum number of bytes to download from the remote file.
UseFxpStatWhether SSH_FXP_STAT is sent.
UseServerFileTimeControls if the file time returned from the server is converted to local time or not.
ClientSSHVersionStringThe SSH version string used by the class.
EnablePageantAuthWhether to use a key stored in Pageant to perform client authentication.
KerberosDelegationIf true, asks for credentials with delegation enabled during authentication.
KerberosRealmThe fully qualified domain name of the Kerberos Realm to use for GSSAPI authentication.
KerberosSPNThe Kerberos Service Principal Name of the SSH host.
KeyRenegotiationThresholdSets the threshold for the SSH Key Renegotiation.
LogLevelSpecifies the level of detail that is logged.
MaxPacketSizeThe maximum packet size of the channel, in bytes.
MaxWindowSizeThe maximum window size allowed for the channel, in bytes.
PasswordPromptThe text of the password prompt used in keyboard-interactive authentication.
PreferredDHGroupBitsThe size (in bits) of the preferred modulus (p) to request from the server.
RecordLengthThe length of received data records.
ServerSSHVersionStringThe remote host's SSH version string.
SignedSSHCertThe CA signed client public key used when authenticating.
SSHAcceptAnyServerHostKeyIf set the class will accept any key presented by the server.
SSHAcceptServerCAKeyThe CA public key that signed the server's host key.
SSHAcceptServerHostKeyFingerPrintThe fingerprint of the server key to accept.
SSHFingerprintHashAlgorithmThe algorithm used to calculate the fingerprint.
SSHFingerprintMD5The server hostkey's MD5 fingerprint.
SSHFingerprintSHA1The server hostkey's SHA1 fingerprint.
SSHFingerprintSHA256The server hostkey's SHA256 fingerprint.
SSHKeepAliveCountMaxThe maximum number of keep alive packets to send without a response.
SSHKeepAliveIntervalThe interval between keep alive packets.
SSHKeyExchangeAlgorithmsSpecifies the supported key exchange algorithms.
SSHKeyRenegotiateCauses the class to renegotiate the SSH keys.
SSHMacAlgorithmsSpecifies the supported Mac algorithms.
SSHPubKeyAuthSigAlgorithmsSpecifies the signature algorithm when attempting public key authentication.
SSHPublicKeyAlgorithmsSpecifies the supported public key algorithms.
SSHVersionPatternThe pattern used to match the remote host's version string.
TryAllAvailableAuthMethodsIf set to true, the class will try all available authentication methods.
WaitForChannelCloseWhether to wait for channels to be closed before disconnected.
WaitForServerDisconnectWhether to wait for the server to close the connection.
ConnectionTimeoutSets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.
FirewallAutoDetectTells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallHostName or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallPasswordPassword to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThe TCP port for the FirewallHost;.
FirewallTypeDetermines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallUserA user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
KeepAliveIntervalThe retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.
KeepAliveTimeThe inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.
LingerWhen set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.
LingerTimeTime in seconds to have the connection linger.
LocalHostThe name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe port in the local host where the class binds.
MaxLineLengthThe maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.
MaxTransferRateThe transfer rate limit in bytes per second.
ProxyExceptionsListA semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.
TCPKeepAliveDetermines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.
TcpNoDelayWhether or not to delay when sending packets.
UseIPv6Whether to use IPv6.
AbsoluteTimeoutDetermines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.
FirewallDataUsed to send extra data to the firewall.
InBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.
OutBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

Connected Property (SFTP Class)

Shows whether the class is connected.

Syntax

bool GetConnected();
int SetConnected(bool bConnected);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property is used to determine whether or not the class is connected to the remote host.

Note: It is recommended to use the Connect or Disconnect method instead of setting this property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

DirListCount Property (SFTP Class)

The number of records in the DirList arrays.

Syntax

int GetDirListCount();

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at DirListCount - 1.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

DirListEntry Property (SFTP Class)

This property contains the raw entry as received from the server.

Syntax

QString GetDirListEntry(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the raw entry as received from the server. It is the complete unparsed entry in the directory listing.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

DirListFileName Property (SFTP Class)

This property shows the file name in the last directory listing.

Syntax

QString GetDirListFileName(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property shows the file name in the last directory listing. This also may be the directory name if a directory is being listed. You can tell whether it is a file or a directory by the Boolean DirListIsDir property.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

DirListFileSize Property (SFTP Class)

This property shows the file size in the last directory listing.

Syntax

qint64 GetDirListFileSize(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property shows the file size in the last directory listing.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

DirListFileTime Property (SFTP Class)

This property shows the file time in the last directory listing.

Syntax

QString GetDirListFileTime(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property shows the file time in the last directory listing. This contains the date/time stamp in which the file was created.

Note: In Unix systems, the date is given in two types of formats: If the date is in the past 12 months, the exact time is specified and the year is omitted. Otherwise, only the date and the year, but not hours or minutes, are given.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

DirListIsDir Property (SFTP Class)

This property specifies whether entries in the last directory listing are directories.

Syntax

bool GetDirListIsDir(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property specifies whether entries in the last directory listing are directories. This Boolean value denotes whether or not the directory entry listed in DirListFileName is a file or a directory.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

DirListIsSymlink Property (SFTP Class)

This property indicates whether the entry is a symbolic link.

Syntax

bool GetDirListIsSymlink(int iEntryIndex);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property indicates whether the entry is a symbolic link. When the entry is a symbolic link, the value of DirListIsDir will always be False because this information is not returned in the directory listing. To inspect a symlink to determine if it is a link to a file or a folder, set RemoteFile and query the FileAttributes.FileIsDir property.

The EntryIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the DirListCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

FileAccessTime Property (SFTP Class)

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was last accessed.

Syntax

qint64 GetFileAccessTime();
int SetFileAccessTime(qint64 lFileAccessTime);

Default Value

0

Remarks

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was last accessed.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

FileACL Property (SFTP Class)

A string containing an Access Control List (ACL).

Syntax

QString GetFileACL();
int SetFileACL(QString qsFileACL);

Default Value

""

Remarks

A string containing an Access Control List (ACL).

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

FileAllocationSize Property (SFTP Class)

The size, in bytes, that this file consumes on disk.

Syntax

qint64 GetFileAllocationSize();

Default Value

0

Remarks

The size, in bytes, that this file consumes on disk.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

FileAttributeBits Property (SFTP Class)

AttributeBits and AttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server.

Syntax

int GetFileAttributeBits();

Default Value

0

Remarks

FileAttributeBits and FileAttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server. These two values must be interpreted together. Any value present in FileAttributeBitsValid must be ignored in FileAttributeBits. This is done so that the server and client can communicate the attributes they know about without confusing any bits they do not understand.

This field can have one or more of the following values OR'd together:

  • 0x00000001 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_READONLY)
  • 0x00000002 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SYSTEM)
  • 0x00000004 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_HIDDEN)
  • 0x00000008 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_CASE_INSENSITIVE)
  • 0x00000010 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_ARCHIVE)
  • 0x00000020 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_ENCRYPTED)
  • 0x00000040 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_COMPRESSED)
  • 0x00000080 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SPARSE)
  • 0x00000100 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_APPEND_ONLY)
  • 0x00000200 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_IMMUTABLE)
  • 0x00000400 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SYNC)
  • 0x00000800 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_TRANSLATION_ERR)

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

FileAttributeBitsValid Property (SFTP Class)

AttributeBits and AttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server.

Syntax

int GetFileAttributeBitsValid();

Default Value

0

Remarks

FileAttributeBits and FileAttributeBitsValid each contain a bitmask representing attributes of the file on the SFTP server. These two values must be interpreted together. Any value present in FileAttributeBitsValid must be ignored in FileAttributeBits. This is done so that the server and client can communicate the attributes they know about without confusing any bits they do not understand.

This field can have one or more of the following values OR'd together:

  • 0x00000001 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_READONLY)
  • 0x00000002 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SYSTEM)
  • 0x00000004 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_HIDDEN)
  • 0x00000008 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_CASE_INSENSITIVE)
  • 0x00000010 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_ARCHIVE)
  • 0x00000020 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_ENCRYPTED)
  • 0x00000040 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_COMPRESSED)
  • 0x00000080 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SPARSE)
  • 0x00000100 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_APPEND_ONLY)
  • 0x00000200 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_IMMUTABLE)
  • 0x00000400 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_SYNC)
  • 0x00000800 (SSH_FILEXFER_ATTR_FLAGS_TRANSLATION_ERR)

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

FileCreationTime Property (SFTP Class)

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was created.

Syntax

qint64 GetFileCreationTime();
int SetFileCreationTime(qint64 lFileCreationTime);

Default Value

0

Remarks

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 when this file was created.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

FileType Property (SFTP Class)

The type of file.

Syntax

int GetFileType();

Possible Values

SFT_REGULAR(1), 
SFT_DIRECTORY(2),
SFT_SYM_LINK(3),
SFT_SPECIAL(4),
SFT_UNKNOWN(5),
SFT_SOCKET(6),
SFT_CHAR_DEVICE(7),
SFT_BLOCK_DEVICE(8),
SFT_FIFO(9)

Default Value

0

Remarks

The type of file. FileType may be one of the following values:

1 (sftRegular - default)A normal file.
2 (sftDirectory)A directory.
3 (symlink)The file is a Unix symbolic link.
4 (sftSpecial)The file type is a special system file.
5 (sftUnknown)The file type is unknown.
6 (sftSocket)The file handle is a socket handle.
7 (sftCharDevice)The file handle is a character input device.
8 (sftBlockDevice)The file handle is a block input device.
9 (sftpFIFO)The file handle is a buffering input device.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

FileGroupId Property (SFTP Class)

The id of the group that has access rights this file.

Syntax

QString GetFileGroupId();
int SetFileGroupId(QString qsFileGroupId);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The id of the group that has access rights this file.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

FileIsDir Property (SFTP Class)

Whether or not the file represented by these attributes is a directory.

Syntax

bool GetFileIsDir();

Default Value

false

Remarks

Whether or not the file represented by these attributes is a directory.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

FileIsSymlink Property (SFTP Class)

Whether or not the file or directory represented by these attributes is a symbolic link.

Syntax

bool GetFileIsSymlink();

Default Value

false

Remarks

Whether or not the file or directory represented by these attributes is a symbolic link. This setting is only applicable when GetSymlinkAttrs is set to True. By default the attributes of the actual file referred to by the link (not the symbolic link itself) are returned and this property will always be False.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

FileModifiedTime Property (SFTP Class)

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 that this file was last modified.

Syntax

qint64 GetFileModifiedTime();
int SetFileModifiedTime(qint64 lFileModifiedTime);

Default Value

0

Remarks

The number of milliseconds since 12:00:00 AM January 1, 1970 that this file was last modified.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

FileOwnerId Property (SFTP Class)

The user id of this file's owner.

Syntax

QString GetFileOwnerId();
int SetFileOwnerId(QString qsFileOwnerId);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The user id of this file's owner.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

FilePermissions Property (SFTP Class)

A 32-bit integer containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask.

Syntax

int GetFilePermissions();
int SetFilePermissions(int iFilePermissions);

Default Value

0

Remarks

A 32-bit integer containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask.

The bitmask should be interpreted as a decimal value of a series of octal digits. For example, an octal permission value of "100644" would be "33188" in base-10, and "40755" in octal would be "16877" in base-10.

The last three octal digits are the most significant and represent, in order, the file access capabilities of the file's owner, the owner's group and other users. Each of these octal digits is, on its own, a 3-bit bitmask with the following possible values:

1 (001)Execute
2 (010)Write
4 (100)Read

An octal permission digit of 7 would have all three values set and would mean that the file can be read, written and executed by that user class. For example, the octal permissions "100644" would have a value "6" for the owner, "4" for the group, and "4" for other users. This would be interpreted to mean that all users can read the file, no users can execute it and only the owner can write it. The permissions "40755" would mean that all users can read and execute the file, but only the owner can write it.

The previous octal digit is another bitmask with the following values:

1 (001)Sticky Bit - retain the file in memory for performance
2 (010)Set GID - sets the group ID of the process to the file's group ID upon execution (only for executable files)
4 (100)Set UID - sets the user ID of the process to the file's user ID upon execution (only for executable files)

The previous two octal digits are used together as a bitmask to determine the type of file. This bitmask has the following values:

01 (000001)Named pipe
02 (000010)Character special
04 (000100)Directory
06 (000110)Block special
10 (001000)Regular
12 (001010)Symbolic link
14 (001100)Socket

For example, the octal file permissions "100644" would indicate a regular file and octal "40755" would indicate a directory.

Please note that you will need to convert the octal permissions bitmask into its decimal representation

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

FilePermissionsOctal Property (SFTP Class)

An octal string containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask The bitmask should be interpreted as a series of octal digits.

Syntax

QString GetFilePermissionsOctal();
int SetFilePermissionsOctal(QString qsFilePermissionsOctal);

Default Value

""

Remarks

An octal string containing the a POSIX-compatible file permission bitmask

The bitmask should be interpreted as a series of octal digits. For example, "100644" and "40755".

The last three octal digits are the most significant and represent, in order, the file access capabilities of the file's owner, the owner's group and other users. Each of these octal digits is, on its own, a 3-bit bitmask with the following possible values:

1 (001)Execute
2 (010)Write
4 (100)Read

An octal permission digit of 7 would have all three values set and would mean that the file can be read, written and executed by that user class. For example, the octal permissions "100644" would have a value "6" for the owner, "4" for the group, and "4" for other users. This would be interpreted to mean that all users can read the file, no users can execute it and only the owner can write it. The permissions "40755" would mean that all users can read and execute the file, but only the owner can write it.

The previous octal digit is another bitmask with the following values:

1 (001)Sticky Bit - retain the file in memory for performance
2 (010)Set GID - sets the group ID of the process to the file's group ID upon execution (only for executable files)
4 (100)Set UID - sets the user ID of the process to the file's user ID upon execution (only for executable files)

The previous two octal digits are used together as a bitmask to determine the type of file. This bitmask has the following values:

01 (000001)Named pipe
02 (000010)Character special
04 (000100)Directory
06 (000110)Block special
10 (001000)Regular
12 (001010)Symbolic link
14 (001100)Socket

For example, the octal file permissions "100644" would indicate a regular file and octal "40755" would indicate a directory.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

FileSize Property (SFTP Class)

The total size, in bytes, of this file.

Syntax

qint64 GetFileSize();

Default Value

0

Remarks

The total size, in bytes, of this file.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Long64

FirewallAutoDetect Property (SFTP Class)

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Syntax

bool GetFirewallAutoDetect();
int SetFirewallAutoDetect(bool bFirewallAutoDetect);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Data Type

Boolean

FirewallType Property (SFTP Class)

This property determines the type of firewall to connect through.

Syntax

int GetFirewallType();
int SetFirewallType(int iFirewallType);

Possible Values

FW_NONE(0), 
FW_TUNNEL(1),
FW_SOCKS4(2),
FW_SOCKS5(3),
FW_SOCKS4A(10)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property determines the type of firewall to connect through. The applicable values are as follows:

fwNone (0)No firewall (default setting).
fwTunnel (1)Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
fwSOCKS4 (2)Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS5 (3)Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS4A (10)Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

Data Type

Integer

FirewallHost Property (SFTP Class)

This property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional).

Syntax

QString GetFirewallHost();
int SetFirewallHost(QString qsFirewallHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional). If a FirewallHost is given, the requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If this property is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, this property is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

FirewallPassword Property (SFTP Class)

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

Syntax

QString GetFirewallPassword();
int SetFirewallPassword(QString qsFirewallPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall. If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword properties are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

FirewallPort Property (SFTP Class)

This property contains the transmission control protocol (TCP) port for the firewall Host .

Syntax

int GetFirewallPort();
int SetFirewallPort(int iFirewallPort);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property contains the transmission control protocol (TCP) port for the firewall FirewallHost. See the description of the FirewallHost property for details.

Note: This property is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value. See the description of the FirewallType property for details.

Data Type

Integer

FirewallUser Property (SFTP Class)

This property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

Syntax

QString GetFirewallUser();
int SetFirewallUser(QString qsFirewallUser);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall. If the FirewallHost is specified, this property and FirewallPassword properties are used to connect and authenticate to the given Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

Idle Property (SFTP Class)

The current status of the class.

Syntax

bool GetIdle();

Default Value

true

Remarks

Idle will be False if the component is currently busy (communicating and/or waiting for an answer), and True at all other times.

This property is read-only.

Data Type

Boolean

LocalFile Property (SFTP Class)

The path to a local file for upload/download.

Syntax

QString GetLocalFile();
int SetLocalFile(QString qsLocalFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalFile property is used by the Upload and Download methods. The file will only be overwritten if the Overwrite property is set to True.

Example (Setting LocalFile)

SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "remotefile.txt" SFTPControl.Download() SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile2.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "folder/remotefile2.txt" SFTPControl.Download()

Data Type

String

LocalHost Property (SFTP Class)

The name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.

Syntax

QString GetLocalHost();
int SetLocalHost(QString qsLocalHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalHost property contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost property shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

NOTE: LocalHost is not persistent. You must always set it in code, and never in the property window.

Data Type

String

LocalPort Property (SFTP Class)

The TCP port in the local host where the class binds.

Syntax

int GetLocalPort();
int SetLocalPort(int iLocalPort);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property must be set before a connection is attempted. It instructs the class to bind to a specific port (or communication endpoint) in the local machine.

Setting this property to 0 (default) enables the system to choose an open port at random. The chosen port will be returned by the LocalPort property after the connection is established.

LocalPort cannot be changed once a connection is made. Any attempt to set this property when a connection is active will generate an error.

This property is useful when trying to connect to services that require a trusted port in the client side.

Data Type

Integer

Overwrite Property (SFTP Class)

Whether or not the class should overwrite files during transfer.

Syntax

bool GetOverwrite();
int SetOverwrite(bool bOverwrite);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property is a value indicating whether or not the class should overwrite LocalFile when downloading, and RemoteFile when uploading. If Overwrite is false, an error will be thrown whenever LocalFile exists before a download operation.

Data Type

Boolean

RemoteFile Property (SFTP Class)

The name of the remote file for uploading, downloading, etc.

Syntax

QString GetRemoteFile();
int SetRemoteFile(QString qsRemoteFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The RemoteFile is either an absolute file path, or a relative path based on RemotePath.

A number of methods use RemoteFile as an argument.

Example (Setting RemoteFile)

SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "remotefile.txt" SFTPControl.Download() SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile2.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "folder/remotefile2.txt" SFTPControl.Download()

Note: This property will also act as a file mask when performing ListDirectory.

Example (Using RemoteFile as a file mask): SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "*.txt" SFTPControl.ListDirectory()

The following special characters are supported for pattern matching:

? Any single character.
* Any characters or no characters. I.E., C*t matches Cat, Cot, Coast, Ct, etc)
[,-] A range of characters. E.g.: [a-z], [a], [0-9], [0-9,a-d,f,r-z], etc.
\ The slash is ignored and exact matching is performed on the next character.

If the above characters need to be used as a literal in a pattern then they must be escaped by surrounding them with a []. (Note, "]" and "-" do not need to be escaped) See below for the escape sequences:

CharacterEscape Sequence
? [?]
* [*]
[ [[]
\ [\]

For example, to match the value [Something].txt specify the pattern [[]Something].txt

Data Type

String

RemotePath Property (SFTP Class)

The current path in the SFTP server.

Syntax

QString GetRemotePath();
int SetRemotePath(QString qsRemotePath);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The RemotePath shows the current working directory on the SFTP server. It can also be used to change the working directory by setting it to an absolute directory path, or a relative path with respect to the existing value of RemotePath.

If the first two bytes of the new path are "..", then a change to one level above in the directory tree is performed.

Setting RemotePath causes the class to send the appropriate command to the remote server only if connected.

Example (Changing Directory)

SFTPControl.Logon() SFTPControl.RemotePath = "/home/user"

Note:It is recommended to use the ChangeRemotePath method instead of setting this property.

Data Type

String

SSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncoded Property (SFTP Class)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncoded();
int SetSSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncoded(QByteArray qbaSSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncoded);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SSHAcceptServerHostKeyStore and SSHAcceptServerHostKeySubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SSHAcceptServerHostKeyEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SSHAcceptServerHostKeyStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SSHAcceptServerHostKeySubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SSHAcceptServerHostKeySubject is set to an empty string.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

SSHAuthMode Property (SFTP Class)

The authentication method to be used the class when calling SSHLogon .

Syntax

int GetSSHAuthMode();
int SetSSHAuthMode(int iSSHAuthMode);

Possible Values

AM_NONE(0), 
AM_MULTI_FACTOR(1),
AM_PASSWORD(2),
AM_PUBLIC_KEY(3),
AM_KEYBOARD_INTERACTIVE(4),
AM_GSSAPIWITH_MIC(5),
AM_CUSTOM(6)

Default Value

2

Remarks

The SSH Authentication specification (RFC 4252) specifies multiple methods by which a user can be authenticated by an SSH server. When a call is made to SSHLogon, the class will connect to the SSH server and establish the security layer. After the connection has been secured, the client will send an authentication request to the SSHHost containing the SSHUser. The server will respond containing a list of methods by which that user may be authenticated.

The class will attempt to authenticate the user by one of those methods based on the value of SSHAuthMode and other property values supplied by the user. Currently, the class supports the following authentication methods:

amNone (0)No authentication will be performed. The current SSHUser value is ignored, and the connection will be logged in as anonymous.
amMultiFactor (1)This allows the class to attempt a multi-step authentication process. The class will send authentication data to the server based on the list of methods allowed for the current user and the authentication property values supplied. The class will continue to send authentication data until the server acknowledges authentication success. If the server rejects an authentication step, the class fails with an error.
amPassword (2)The class will use the values of SSHUser and SSHPassword to authenticate the user.
amPublicKey (3)The class will use the values of SSHUser and the SSHCert* properties to authenticate the user. the SSHCert* properties must have a private key available for this authentication method to succeed.
amKeyboardInteractive (4)At the time of authentication, the class will fire the SSHKeyboardInteractive event containing instructions on how to complete the authentication step. (NOTE: amKeyboardInteractive is not supported in SSHTunnel).
amGSSAPIWithMic (5)This allows the class to attempt Kerberos authentication using the GSSAPI-WITH-MIC scheme. The client will try Kerberos authentication using the value of SSHUser (single sign-on), or if SSHPassword is specified as well, it will try Kerberos authentication with alternate credentials. This is currently supported only in the .NET client.
amCustom (6)This allows the class caller to take over the authentication process completely. When amCustom is set, the class will fire the SSHCustomAuth event as necessary to complete the authentication process.

Example (User/Password Auth): Control.SSHAuthMode = SftpSSHAuthModes.amPassword Control.SSHUser = "username" Control.SSHPassword = "password" Control.SSHLogon("server", 22) Example (Public Key Auth): Control.SSHAuthMode = SftpSSHAuthModes.amPublicKey Control.SSHUser = "username" Control.SSHCertStoreType = SSHCertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile; Control.SSHCertStore = "cert.pfx"; Control.SSHCertStorePassword = "certpassword"; Control.SSHCertSubject = "*"; Control.SSHLogon("server", 22)

Data Type

Integer

SSHCertEncoded Property (SFTP Class)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSHCertEncoded();
int SetSSHCertEncoded(QByteArray qbaSSHCertEncoded);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SSHCertStore and SSHCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SSHCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SSHCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SSHCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SSHCertSubject is set to an empty string.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

SSHCertStore Property (SFTP Class)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSHCertStore();
int SetSSHCertStore(QByteArray qbaSSHCertStore);

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The SSHCertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by SSHCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in SSHCertStorePassword.

SSHCertStore is used in conjunction with the SSHCertSubject property to specify client certificates. If SSHCertStore has a value, and SSHCertSubject or SSHCertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the SSHCertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

Data Type

Byte Array

SSHCertStorePassword Property (SFTP Class)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

QString GetSSHCertStorePassword();
int SetSSHCertStorePassword(QString qsSSHCertStorePassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Data Type

String

SSHCertStoreType Property (SFTP Class)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

int GetSSHCertStoreType();
int SetSSHCertStoreType(int iSSHCertStoreType);

Possible Values

CST_USER(0), 
CST_MACHINE(1),
CST_PFXFILE(2),
CST_PFXBLOB(3),
CST_JKSFILE(4),
CST_JKSBLOB(5),
CST_PEMKEY_FILE(6),
CST_PEMKEY_BLOB(7),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_FILE(8),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(9),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(10),
CST_P7BFILE(11),
CST_P7BBLOB(12),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_FILE(13),
CST_PPKFILE(14),
CST_PPKBLOB(15),
CST_XMLFILE(16),
CST_XMLBLOB(17),
CST_JWKFILE(18),
CST_JWKBLOB(19),
CST_SECURITY_KEY(20),
CST_BCFKSFILE(21),
CST_BCFKSBLOB(22),
CST_AUTO(99)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the SSHCertStore and set SSHCertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Data Type

Integer

SSHCertSubject Property (SFTP Class)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

QString GetSSHCertSubject();
int SetSSHCertSubject(QString qsSSHCertSubject);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

Data Type

String

SSHCompressionAlgorithms Property (SFTP Class)

A comma-separated list containing all allowable compression algorithms.

Syntax

QString GetSSHCompressionAlgorithms();
int SetSSHCompressionAlgorithms(QString qsSSHCompressionAlgorithms);

Default Value

"none,zlib"

Remarks

During the SSH handshake, this list will be used to negotiate the compression algorithm to be used between the client and server. This list is used for both directions: client to server and server to client. When negotiating algorithms, each side sends a list of all algorithms it supports or allows. The algorithm chosen for each direction is the first algorithm to appear in the sender's list that the receiver supports, so it is important to list multiple algorithms in preferential order. If no algorithm can be agreed upon, the class will raise an error and the connection will be aborted.

At least one supported algorithm must appear in this list. The following compression algorithms are supported by the class:

  • zlib
  • zlib@openssh.com
  • none

Data Type

String

SSHEncryptionAlgorithms Property (SFTP Class)

A comma-separated list containing all allowable encryption algorithms.

Syntax

QString GetSSHEncryptionAlgorithms();
int SetSSHEncryptionAlgorithms(QString qsSSHEncryptionAlgorithms);

Default Value

"aes256-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes128-ctr,aes256-cbc,aes192-cbc,aes128-cbc,3des-ctr,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,arcfour256,arcfour128,arcfour,cast128-cbc,aes256-gcm@openssh.com,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com"

Remarks

During the SSH handshake, this list will be used to negotiate the encryption algorithm to be used between the client and server. This list is used for both directions: client to server and server to client. When negotiating algorithms, each side sends a list of all algorithms it supports or allows. The algorithm chosen for each direction is the first algorithm to appear in the sender's list that the receiver supports, so it is important to list multiple algorithms in preferential order. If no algorithm can be agreed upon, the class will raise an error and the connection will be aborted.

At least one supported algorithm must appear in this list. The following encryption algorithms are supported by the class:

aes256-ctr256-bit AES encryption in CTR mode
aes256-cbc256-bit AES encryption in CBC mode
aes192-ctr192-bit AES encryption in CTR mode
aes192-cbc192-bit AES encryption in CBC mode
aes128-ctr128-bit AES encryption in CTR mode
aes128-cbc128-bit AES encryption in CBC mode
3des-ctr192-bit (3-key) triple DES encryption in CTR mode
3des-cbc192-bit (3-key) triple DES encryption in CBC mode
cast128-cbcCAST-128 encryption
blowfish-cbcBlowfish encryption
arcfourARC4 encryption
arcfour128128-bit ARC4 encryption
arcfour256256-bit ARC4 encryption
aes256-gcm@openssh.com256-bit AES encryption in GCM mode.
aes128-gcm@openssh.com128-bit AES encryption in GCM mode.
chacha20-poly1305@openssh.comChaCha20 with Poly1305-AES encryption.

Data Type

String

SSHHost Property (SFTP Class)

The address of the SSH host.

Syntax

QString GetSSHHost();
int SetSSHHost(QString qsSSHHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The SSHHost property specifies the IP address (IP number in dotted internet format) or Domain Name of the remote host. It is set before a connection is attempted and cannot be changed once a connection is established.

If the SSHHost property is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated, and upon successful termination of the request, the SSHHost property is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

The SSHHost must be the same host that will be assumed for SSH as for the remote service being connected to.

Data Type

String

SSHPassword Property (SFTP Class)

The password for SSH password-based authentication.

Syntax

QString GetSSHPassword();
int SetSSHPassword(QString qsSSHPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

SSHPassword specifies the password which is used to authenticate the client to the SSH server.

Data Type

String

SSHPort Property (SFTP Class)

The port on the SSH server where the SSH service is running; by default, 22.

Syntax

int GetSSHPort();
int SetSSHPort(int iSSHPort);

Default Value

22

Remarks

The SSHPort specifies a service port on the SSH host to connect to.

A valid port number (a value between 1 and 65535) is required for the connection to take place. The property must be set before a connection is attempted and cannot be changed once a connection is established. Any attempt to change this property while connected will fail with an error.

Data Type

Integer

SSHUser Property (SFTP Class)

The username for SSH authentication.

Syntax

QString GetSSHUser();
int SetSSHUser(QString qsSSHUser);

Default Value

""

Remarks

SSHUser specifies the username which is used to authenticate the client to the SSH server. This property is required.

Example (User/Password Auth): Control.SSHAuthMode = SftpSSHAuthModes.amPassword Control.SSHUser = "username" Control.SSHPassword = "password" Control.SSHLogon("server", 22) Example (Public Key Auth): Control.SSHAuthMode = SftpSSHAuthModes.amPublicKey Control.SSHUser = "username" Control.SSHCertStoreType = SSHCertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile; Control.SSHCertStore = "cert.pfx"; Control.SSHCertStorePassword = "certpassword"; Control.SSHCertSubject = "*"; Control.SSHLogon("server", 22)

Data Type

String

StartByte Property (SFTP Class)

The offset in bytes at which to begin the Upload or Download.

Syntax

qint64 GetStartByte();
int SetStartByte(qint64 lStartByte);

Default Value

0

Remarks

The StartByte property is used by the Upload and Download methods to determine at what offset to begin the transfer. This allows for resuming both uploads and downloads. The value of this property is reset to 0 after a successful transfer. StartByte is not valid for use with Append.

When downloading, this property can be used in conjunction with the TransferredDataLimit configuration setting in order to only download a specific range of data from the current RemoteFile.

Data Type

Long64

Timeout Property (SFTP Class)

A timeout for the class.

Syntax

int GetTimeout();
int SetTimeout(int iTimeout);

Default Value

60

Remarks

If the Timeout property is set to 0, all operations will run uninterrupted until successful completion or an error condition is encountered.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, the class will wait for the operation to complete before returning control.

The class will use DoEvents to enter an efficient wait loop during any potential waiting period, making sure that all system events are processed immediately as they arrive. This ensures that the host application does not "freeze" and remains responsive.

If Timeout expires, and the operation is not yet complete, the class fails with an error.

Please note that by default, all timeouts are inactivity timeouts, i.e. the timeout period is extended by Timeout seconds when any amount of data is successfully sent or received.

The default value for the Timeout property is 60 seconds.

Data Type

Integer

Append Method (SFTP Class)

Append data from LocalFile to a remote file RemoteFile on an SFTP server.

Syntax

int Append();

Remarks

Similar to the Upload method but the local file specified by LocalFile is appended to RemoteFile on the server as opposed to replacing it as done by the Upload method. RemoteFile is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath. The server will create a file with that name if it doesn't already exist (similar to Upload).

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

ChangeRemotePath Method (SFTP Class)

Changes the current path on the server.

Syntax

int ChangeRemotePath(const QString& qsRemotePath);

Remarks

This method changes the current path on the server to the specified RemotePath. When called, the class will issue a command to the server to change the directory. The RemotePath parameter may hold an absolute or relative path.

Absolute Paths

If the path begins with a / it is considered and absolute path and must specify the entire path from the root of the server. For instance:

component.ChangeRemotePath("/home/testuser/myfolder");

Relative Paths

If the path does not begin with a / it is considered a relative path and is resolved in relation to the current directory. For instance a value of myfolder will indicate a sub-folder of the current directory. The special value .. refers to the parent directory of the current path. For instance:

//Change to the 'myfolder' sub-directory component.ChangeRemotePath("myfolder"); //Navigate up two levels and then into the 'another/folder' path. component.ChangeRemotePath("../../another/folder");

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

CheckFileExists Method (SFTP Class)

Returns if the file specified by RemoteFile exists on the remote server.

Syntax

bool CheckFileExists();

Remarks

This property returns true if the file exists on the remote server. It returns false if the file does not exist. You must specify the file you wish to check by setting the RemoteFile prior to calling this method.

If there is no session in place, the value of this property will always be false.

Error Handling

This method returns a Boolean value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Config Method (SFTP Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

QString Config(const QString& qsConfigurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Connect Method (SFTP Class)

Connects to the SSH host without logging in.

Syntax

int Connect();

Remarks

This method establishes a connection with the SSHHost but does not log in. In most cases it is recommended to use the SSHLogon method which will both establish a connection and log in to the server.

This method may be useful in cases where it is desirable to separate the connection and logon operations, for instance confirming a host is available by first creating the connection.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

CreateFile Method (SFTP Class)

Creates a file on the SFTP server.

Syntax

int CreateFile(const QString& qsFileName);

Remarks

This method creates an empty file on the server with the name specified by the FileName parameter.

To upload a file with content use Upload instead.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

DecodePacket Method (SFTP Class)

Decodes a hex-encoded SSH packet.

Syntax

QByteArray DecodePacket(const QString& qsEncodedPacket);

Remarks

This method is used to decode an SSH packet created by EncodePacket.

Note: This method is only applicable for reading and creating SSH packets for use within the SSHCustomAuth event.

Error Handling

This method returns a Binary String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

DeleteFile Method (SFTP Class)

Remove a file specified by FileName from an SFTP server.

Syntax

int DeleteFile(const QString& qsFileName);

Remarks

The remote file or directory specified by FileName is deleted. FileName is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Disconnect Method (SFTP Class)

This method disconnects from the server without first logging off.

Syntax

int Disconnect();

Remarks

This method immediately disconnects from the server without first logging off.

In most cases the SSHLogoff method should be used to logoff and disconnect from the server. Call the Disconnect method in cases where it is desirable to immediately disconnect without first logging off.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

DoEvents Method (SFTP Class)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

int DoEvents();

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the class processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Download Method (SFTP Class)

Download a RemoteFile from an SFTP server.

Syntax

int Download();

Remarks

The remote file specified by RemoteFile is downloaded to the local file specified by LocalFile, or it is retrieved through the Transfer event, if the LocalFile property is "" (empty string). RemoteFile is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Example (Download a File)

SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "remotefile.txt" SFTPControl.Download() SFTPControl.Localfile = "C:\localfile2.txt" SFTPControl.RemoteFile = "folder/remotefile2.txt" SFTPControl.Download()

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

EncodePacket Method (SFTP Class)

Hex encodes an SSH packet.

Syntax

QString EncodePacket(const QByteArray& qbaPacket);

Remarks

This method is used to encode a raw SSH packet created by SetSSHParam.

Note: This method is only applicable for reading and creating SSH packets for use within the SSHCustomAuth event.

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

GetSSHParam Method (SFTP Class)

Used to read a field from an SSH packet's payload.

Syntax

QString GetSSHParam(const QByteArray& qbaPayload, const QString& qsField);

Remarks

This method is used to read the value of a particular field from an SSH packet's payload. Payload should contain the full payload of a packet received by an event such as SSHChannelRequest. Field is the name of a field to be read out of the packet.

The following is a list of the names of well-known channel request field names and their encodings:

ChannelId (int32)The id of the channel that received the packet.
RequestType (string)The type of channel request.
WantsReply (boolean)Whether or not the client wants a reply to the request.

The remaining fields that are available in the payload are dependent upon the value of RequestType.

pty-req

Pty-req is a request to open a pseudo terminal on the specified channel. The following fields are available:

TerminalType (string)The type of terminal being requested (eg: "vt100").
TerminalWidthCharacters (int32)The width, in characters, of the terminal to be opened.
TerminalHeightRows (int32)The height, in rows, of the terminal to be opened.
TerminalWidthPixels (int32)The width, in pixels, of the terminal to be opened.
TerminalHeightPixels (int32)The height, in pixels, of the terminal to be opened.
TerminalModes (string)A list of op-val (int32-byte) encoded modes to be used by the terminal.

x11-req

X11-req is a request to forward x11 sessions over a channel. The following fields are available:

SingleConnection (boolean)Disallows more than one connection to be forwarded by the channel.
X11AuthProtocol (string)The authentication protocol to be used (eg: "MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1").
X11AuthCookie (string)A hexadecimal-encoded cookie to be used for authentication.
X11ScreenNumber (int32)The x11 screen number to be used.

env

Env is a request to set an environment variable to be passed into a shell that may be started later. The following fields are available:

VariableName (string)The name of the variable to be set.
VariableValue (string)The value of the variable to be set.

exec

Exec is a request to execute a command on the channel using the authenticated user's shell. The following field is available:

Command (string)The command to be executed.

subsystem

Subsystem is a request to start a subsystem on the specified channel. The following field is available:

Subsystem (string)The name of the subsystem to be started (eg: "sftp").

xon-xoff

Instructs the server to allow or disallow control-S/control-Q style flow control. The following field is available:

ClientCanDo (boolean)Whether or not the server should enable flow control.

signal

Sends a signal to the remote process/service. The following field is available:

SignalName (string)The name of the signal to be sent.

If the packet type is not well known, Field should start with the special character "%" and contain a comma-separated list of field types as defined in SetSSHParam. For example, reading out the X11AuthProtocol of an x11-req payload, you can use "%s,f".

Note: the return value is a string encoded the same way as the FieldValue param in SetSSHParam.

Note: This method is only applicable for reading and creating SSH packets for use within the SSHCustomAuth event.

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

GetSSHParamBytes Method (SFTP Class)

Used to read a field from an SSH packet's payload.

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSHParamBytes(const QByteArray& qbaPayload, const QString& qsField);

Remarks

This method is the same as calling GetSSHParam, but returns raw bytes instead of strings.

Note: This method is only applicable for reading and creating SSH packets for use within the SSHCustomAuth event.

Error Handling

This method returns a Binary String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Interrupt Method (SFTP Class)

Interrupt the current method.

Syntax

int Interrupt();

Remarks

If there is no method in progress, Interrupt simply returns, doing nothing.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

ListDirectory Method (SFTP Class)

List the current directory specified by RemotePath on an SFTP server.

Syntax

int ListDirectory();

Remarks

A listing is requested for the directory (or file mask) specified in RemoteFile. RemoteFile is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath. The file listing is received through the DirList event.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

MakeDirectory Method (SFTP Class)

Create a directory on an SFTP server.

Syntax

int MakeDirectory(const QString& qsNewDir);

Remarks

A directory with path specified by NewDir is created on the SFTP server. NewDir is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

QueryFileAttributes Method (SFTP Class)

Queries the server for the attributes of RemoteFile .

Syntax

int QueryFileAttributes();

Remarks

This method queries the server for attributes of RemoteFile. After calling this method FileAttributes will be populated with the values returned by the server.

To update attributes modify the desired values in FileAttributes and call UpdateFileAttributes.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

QueueFile Method (SFTP Class)

Adds a file to the transfer queue.

Syntax

int QueueFile(const QString& qsLocalFile, const QString& qsRemoteFile);

Remarks

This method adds a file to the queue of files that will be transferred.

It is not required to use this method, however this extends the ability of the class to allow for multiple simultaneous file transfers.

To simply transfer a file without using this method you need only set LocalFile, RemoteFile, and call Upload or Download as appropriate. This method allows you to instead queue multiple files before beginning a transfer.

When a file is queued it will not be transferred until the Upload or Download method is called. If multiple files are queued the files will be transferred simultaneously. The SimultaneousTransferLimit setting controls the maximum number of simultaneous transfers.

The Upload or Download method will not return until the Queue has been completely processed. This method may be called from within events in order to add additional files to the Queue before processing is complete.

To clear the queue call ResetQueue. This will not affect current transfers.

To cancel and individual file transfer set the Cancel parameter of the Transfer event to true. The rest of the queue will continue to process as normal.

The Interrupt method may be called to immediately stop all current transfers.

In the event of a file specific error the Error event will fire and the LocalFile and RemoteFile event parameters can be used to identify the file to which the error applies.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

RemoveDirectory Method (SFTP Class)

Remove a directory specified by DirName from an SFTP server.

Syntax

int RemoveDirectory(const QString& qsDirName);

Remarks

A directory with path specified by DirName is deleted on the SFTP server. DirName is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

RenameFile Method (SFTP Class)

Change the name of RemoteFile to NewName .

Syntax

int RenameFile(const QString& qsNewName);

Remarks

The name of remote file or folder specified by RemoteFile is changed to NewName. RemoteFile and NewName are either absolute paths on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Reset Method (SFTP Class)

Reset the class.

Syntax

int Reset();

Remarks

This method will reset the class's properties to their default values.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

ResetQueue Method (SFTP Class)

Resets the queue of files to be transferred.

Syntax

int ResetQueue();

Remarks

This method will remove all files from the transfer queue.

Calling this method will clear all files that were queued by QueueFile. Calling this method will not affect current transfers.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

SetSSHParam Method (SFTP Class)

Used to write a field to the end of a payload.

Syntax

QByteArray SetSSHParam(const QByteArray& qbaPayload, const QString& qsFieldType, const QString& qsFieldValue);

Remarks

This method is used to build the payload portion of an SSH packet to be sent later by a call to SendSSHPacket. Payload should contain the result of a previous call to SetSSHParam. FieldType is a string defining the type of field to be written to the packet. FieldValue should be the string representation of the field to be written.

The following is a list of supported field types and a description of how FieldValue should be encoded:

sA plaintext string containing the default system encoding of the data.
sbA string containing the hex encoded data. (eg: "A1B23C")
mA variable-length large integer, encoded as a textual representation of the value ("1234").
iA 32-bit integer, encoded as a textual representation of the value (eg: "1234").
lA 64-bit integer, encoded as a textual representation of the value (eg: "1234").
bA single byte, encoded as a textual representation of the value (eg: "123").
fA boolean flag, encoded as a textual representation of the value (eg: 'true' or 'false')

Note: integer values may be encoded in hexadecimal by prefixing "0x" to the beginning of the string, otherwise the value is assumed to be base-10.

Note: This method is only applicable for reading and creating SSH packets for use within the SSHCustomAuth event.

Error Handling

This method returns a Binary String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

SSHLogoff Method (SFTP Class)

Logoff from the SSH server.

Syntax

int SSHLogoff();

Remarks

Logoff from the SSH server. If that fails, the connection is terminated by the local host.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

SSHLogon Method (SFTP Class)

Logon to the SSHHost using the current SSHUser and SSHPassword .

Syntax

int SSHLogon(const QString& qsSSHHost, int iSSHPort);

Remarks

Logon to the SSH server using the current SSHUser and SSHPassword. This will perform the SSH handshake and authentication.

Example (Logging On)

SSHClient.SSHUser = "username" SSHClient.SSHPassword = "password" SSHClient.SSHLogon("sshHost", sshPort)

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

UpdateFileAttributes Method (SFTP Class)

Instructs the class to send the FileAttributes to the server.

Syntax

int UpdateFileAttributes();

Remarks

When UpdateFileAttributes is called, the class will send the values of the following properties to the server:

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Upload Method (SFTP Class)

Upload a file specified by LocalFile to an SFTP server.

Syntax

int Upload();

Remarks

The local file specified by LocalFile is uploaded to the remote file specified by RemoteFile. RemoteFile is either an absolute path on the server, or a path relative to RemotePath.

If there is no SSH session in place, one is automatically created by the component first.

If you want to append to a server file, please refer to the Append method.

Example (Upload a File)

FTPControl.LocalFile = "C:\\localfile.txt" FTPControl.RemoteFile = "remotefile.txt" FTPControl.Upload() FTPControl.LocalFile = "C:\\localfile2.txt" FTPControl.RemoteFile = "folder/remotefile2.txt" FTPControl.Upload()

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Connected Event (SFTP Class)

Fired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).

Syntax

class SFTPConnectedEventParams {
public:
  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Connected(SFTPConnectedEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireConnected(SFTPConnectedEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

If the connection is made normally, StatusCode is 0 and Description is "OK".

If the connection fails, StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP stack. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

ConnectionStatus Event (SFTP Class)

Fired to indicate changes in connection state.

Syntax

class SFTPConnectionStatusEventParams {
public:
  const QString &ConnectionEvent();

  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void ConnectionStatus(SFTPConnectionStatusEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireConnectionStatus(SFTPConnectionStatusEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The ConnectionStatus event is fired when the connection state changes: completion of a firewall or proxy connection, completion of a security handshake, etc.

The ConnectionEvent parameter indicates the type of connection event. Values may include:

Firewall connection complete.
SSL or S/Shell handshake complete (where applicable).
Remote host connection complete.
Remote host disconnected.
SSL or S/Shell connection broken.
Firewall host disconnected.

StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP stack. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the error.

DirList Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when a directory entry is received.

Syntax

class SFTPDirListEventParams {
public:
  const QString &DirEntry();

  const QString &FileName();

  bool IsDir();

  qint64 FileSize();

  const QString &FileTime();

  bool IsSymlink();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void DirList(SFTPDirListEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireDirList(SFTPDirListEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The DirList events are fired when a directory listing is received as a response to a ListDirectory.

The StartTransfer and EndTransfer events mark the beginning and end of the event stream.

The DirEntry parameter contains the filename when ListDirectory is called.

The class tries to fill out the FileName, IsDir, FileSize, and FileTime parameters when calling the ListDirectory method.

The format of the FileTime parameter returned by the class can be controlled through the FileTimeFormat configuration setting. If no format is specified, the class will format the date dependent on the year. If the filetime is in the same year, it will be formatted as "MMM dd HH:mm", otherwise it will be formatted as "MMM dd yyyy".

IsSymlink indicates whether the entry is a symbolic link. When the entry is a symbolic link the value of IsDir will always be False since this information is not returned in the directory listing. To inspect a symlink to determine if it is a link to a file or folder set RemoteFile and query the FileIsDir property.

Disconnected Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when a connection is closed.

Syntax

class SFTPDisconnectedEventParams {
public:
  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Disconnected(SFTPDisconnectedEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireDisconnected(SFTPDisconnectedEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

If the connection is broken normally, StatusCode is 0 and Description is "OK".

If the connection is broken for any other reason, StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP subsystem. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the TCP/IP error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

EndTransfer Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when a file completes downloading/uploading.

Syntax

class SFTPEndTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  const QString &LocalFile();

  const QString &RemoteFile();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void EndTransfer(SFTPEndTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireEndTransfer(SFTPEndTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The EndTransfer event fires when either an upload or a download operation completes. This is when the file finishes transferring and/or a directory listing is finished.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

LocalFile identifies the local file. RemoteFile is the remote file.

Error Event (SFTP Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

class SFTPErrorEventParams {
public:
  int ErrorCode();

  const QString &Description();

  const QString &LocalFile();

  const QString &RemoteFile();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Error(SFTPErrorEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireError(SFTPErrorEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class fails with an error.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

LocalFile identifies the local file. RemoteFile is the remote file.

Log Event (SFTP Class)

Fires once for each log message.

Syntax

class SFTPLogEventParams {
public:
  int LogLevel();

  const QString &Message();

  const QString &LogType();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Log(SFTPLogEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireLog(SFTPLogEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event fires once for each log messages generated by the class. The verbosity is controlled by the LogLevel setting.

LogLevel indicates the detail level of the message. Possible values are:

0 (None) No messages are logged.
1 (Info - Default) Informational events such as SSH handshake messages are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data such as individual packet information is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data including all relevant sent and received bytes are logged.

Message is the log message.

LogType is reserved for future use.

SSHCustomAuth Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when the class is doing custom authentication.

Syntax

class SFTPSSHCustomAuthEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Packet();
  void SetPacket(const QString &qsPacket);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSHCustomAuth(SFTPSSHCustomAuthEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSHCustomAuth(SFTPSSHCustomAuthEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

SSHCustomAuth is fired during the user authentication stage of the SSH logon process if SSHAuthMode is set to amCustom. Packet contains the raw last SSH packet sent by the server, in HEX-encoded format.

The client should create a new raw SSH packet to send to the server and set Packet to the HEX-encoded representation of the packet to send.

In all cases, Packet will start with the message type field.

To read the incoming packet call DecodePacket and then use the GetSSHParam and GetSSHParamBytes methods. To create a packet use the SetSSHParam method and then call EncodePacket to obtain a HEX-encoded value and assign this to the Packet parameter.

SSHKeyboardInteractive Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when the class receives a request for user input from the server.

Syntax

class SFTPSSHKeyboardInteractiveEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Name();

  const QString &Instructions();

  const QString &Prompt();

  const QString &Response();
  void SetResponse(const QString &qsResponse);

  bool EchoResponse();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSHKeyboardInteractive(SFTPSSHKeyboardInteractiveEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSHKeyboardInteractive(SFTPSSHKeyboardInteractiveEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

SSHKeyboardInteractive is fired during the user authentication stage of the SSH logon process. During authentication, the class will request a list of available authentication methods for the SSHUser. For example, if the SSHHost responds with "keyboard-interactive", the class will fire this event to allow the client application to set the password.

During authentication, the SSH server may respond with a request for the user's authentication information. Name is a server-provided value associated with the authentication method such as "CRYPTOCard Authentication". Instructions will contain specific instructions, also supplied by the server, for how the user should respond.

Along with these values, the server will also send at least one input Prompt to be displayed to and filled out by the user. Response should be set to the user's input, and will be sent back in the user authentication information response. EchoResponse is a server recommendation for whether or not the user's response should be echoed back during input.

Note: the server may send several prompts in a single packet. The class will fire the SSHKeyboardInteractive event once for each prompt.

SSHServerAuthentication Event (SFTP Class)

Fired after the server presents its public key to the client.

Syntax

class SFTPSSHServerAuthenticationEventParams {
public:
  const QByteArray &HostKey();

  const QString &Fingerprint();

  const QString &KeyAlgorithm();

  const QString &CertSubject();

  const QString &CertIssuer();

  const QString &Status();

  bool Accept();
  void SetAccept(bool bAccept);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSHServerAuthentication(SFTPSSHServerAuthenticationEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSHServerAuthentication(SFTPSSHServerAuthenticationEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event is where the client can decide whether to continue with the connection process or not. If the public key is known to be a valid key for the SSH server, Accept should be set to True within the event. Otherwise, the server will not be authenticated and the connection will be broken.

Accept will be True only if either HostKey or Fingerprint is identical to the value of SSHAcceptServerHostKey.

Accept may be set to True manually to accept the server host key.

Note that SSH's security inherently relies on client verification of the host key. Ignoring the host key and always setting Accept to true is strongly discouraged, and could cause potentially serious security vulnerabilities in your application. It is recommended that clients maintain a list of known keys for each server and check HostKey against this list each time a connection is attempted.

Host Key contains the full binary text of the key, in the same format used internally by SSH.

Fingerprint holds the SHA-256 hash of HostKey in the hex-encoded form: 0a:1b:2c:3d. To configure the hash algorithm used to calculate this value see SSHFingerprintHashAlgorithm.

KeyAlgorithm identifies the host key algorithm. Supported values are:

  • ssh-rsa
  • ssh-dss
  • rsa-sha2-256
  • rsa-sha2-512
  • x509v3-sign-rsa
  • x509v3-sign-dss
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp256
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp384
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp521
To limit the accepted host key algorithms refer to SSHPublicKeyAlgorithms.

CertSubject is the subject of the certificate. This is only applicable when KeyAlgorithm is "x509v3-sign-rsa" or "x509v3-sign-dss".

CertIssuer is the issuer of the certificate. This is only applicable when KeyAlgorithm is "x509v3-sign-rsa" or "x509v3-sign-dss".

Status is reserved for future use.

SSHStatus Event (SFTP Class)

Shows the progress of the secure connection.

Syntax

class SFTPSSHStatusEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Message();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSHStatus(SFTPSSHStatusEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSHStatus(SFTPSSHStatusEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. Used to track the progress of the connection.

StartTransfer Event (SFTP Class)

Fired when a file starts downloading/uploading.

Syntax

class SFTPStartTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  const QString &LocalFile();

  const QString &RemoteFile();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void StartTransfer(SFTPStartTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireStartTransfer(SFTPStartTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The StartTransfer event fires when a Data Interface connection is created. This is when the file starts transferring and/or a directory listing is started.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

LocalFile identifies the local file. RemoteFile is the remote file.

Transfer Event (SFTP Class)

Fired during file download/upload.

Syntax

class SFTPTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  const QString &LocalFile();

  const QString &RemoteFile();

  qint64 BytesTransferred();

  int PercentDone();

  const QByteArray &Text();

  bool Cancel();
  void SetCancel(bool bCancel);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Transfer(SFTPTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass SFTP and override this emitter function. virtual int FireTransfer(SFTPTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

One or more Transfer events are fired during file transfer. The BytesTransferred parameter shows the number of bytes transferred since the beginning of the transfer.

Text contains the portion of the file data being delivered.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

LocalFile identifies the local file. RemoteFile is the remote file.

The PercentDone parameter shows the progress of the transfer in the corresponding direction. If PercentDone can not be calculated the value will be -1.

To cancel the current transfer set Cancel to true.

Configuration Settings (SFTP Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

SFTP Configuration Settings

AllowBackslashInName:   Whether backslashes are allowed in folder and file names.

By default the backslash character is treated as a path separator and is not allowed in file and folder names. When this configuration setting is set to True, backslashes "\" are allowed in file and folder names, and are not supported as path separators.

The default value is False.

AsyncTransfer:   Controls whether simultatenous requests are made to read or write files.

When set to true, the class will make several requests to read or write data before waiting for a response from the server. The maximum number of these requests that can be made is controlled by MaxOutstandingPackets. The default is true.

AttrAccessTime:   Can be queried for the AccessTime file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the AccessTime file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrCreationTime:   Can be queried for the CreationTime file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the CreationTime file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrFileType:   Can be queried for the FileType file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the FileType file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrGroupId:   Can be queried for the GroupId file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the GroupId file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrLinkCount:   Can be queried for the LinkCount file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the LinkCount file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrOwnerId:   Can be queried for the OwnerId file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the OwnerId file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

AttrPermission:   Can be queried for the Permissions file attribute during the DirList event.

During DirList, this configuration setting can be queried to retrieve the value of the Permissions file attribute if it is present in the response from the server.

CheckFileHash:   Compares a server-computed hash with a hash calculated locally.

This setting may be queried to compare a hash of the file specified by RemoteFile with the hash calculated by the server. When queried the class will ask the server to calculate a hash of the file. It will then compute a hash locally and compare the values to confirm the content that exists in the file specified by RemoteFile is the same as the file specified by LocalFile.

The server must support the check-file extension.

The class supports the following hash algorithms (in order of preference): sha256,sha224,sha384,sha512,sha1,md5. The server may choose to use any value from this list. No action is needed to configure the algorithm, the class will automatically use the same algorithm that the server users.

If the extension is unsupported or a mismatch in hashes is detected the class fails with an error. If the hashes match the value "True" is returned. try { String flag = sftp.Config("CheckFileHash"); // flag will be equal to "True" } catch (Exception e) { // mismatch }

DisableRealPath:   Controls whether or not the SSH_FXP_REALPATH request is sent.

This configuration setting can be used to skip sending the SSH_FXP_REALPATH request, which asks the server to canonicalize the value in RemotePath to an absolute path. The default value is false, which will cause the component to send the request normally. If set to true, component will not send the SSH_FXP_REALPATH packet and will use the value in RemotePath directly.

ExcludeFileMask:   Specifies a file mask for excluding files in directory listings.

This configuration setting specifies one or more file masks to be excluded during a directory listing. When using multiple masks, any files that match one or more of the masks will not be listed. For example, setting ExcludeFileMask to "*.txt", RemoteFile to "", and calling ListDirectory will list all files except those ending in .txt.

FileMaskDelimiter:   Specifies a delimiter to use for setting multiple file masks in the RemoteFile property.

If specified, the RemoteFile property will be split into separate masks based on the chosen delimiter. The default is "", which will cause the RemoteFile property to be treated as a single value. When using multiple masks, any files that match one or more of the masks will be listed. For example, setting FileMaskDelimiter to "," and setting RemoteFile to "*.txt, *.csv" will list all files ending in .txt or .csv.

FiletimeFormat:   Specifies the format to use when returning filetime strings.

If specified, the class will use this value to format the filetime string returned through the DirList event. If no format is specified, the class will format the date dependent on the year. If the filetime is in the same year, it will be formatted as "MMM dd HH:mm", otherwise it will be formatted as "MMM dd yyyy".

FreeSpace:   The free space on the remote server in bytes.

This property is populated after calling the GetSpaceInfo configuration setting. This holds the total free space available on the drive on the remote server in bytes.

GetSpaceInfo:   Queries the server for drive usage information.

This setting queries the server for the total space and free space available on the remote drive. When querying this setting the class will immediately request the information from the server. After calling this setting the TotalSpace and FreeSpace configuration settings will be populated.

Note: The server must understand either the "statvfs@openssh.com" or "space-available" extension in order for this operation to succeed.

GetSymlinkAttrs:   Whether to get the attributes of the symbolic link, or the resource pointed to by the link.

When FileAttributes is queried the class will retrieve information about the RemoteFile. This setting controls the behavior when RemoteFile refers to a symbolic link on the server. By default the information returned by FileAttributes is that of the actual file pointed to by the symbolic link, not the symbolic link itself.

If it is desired to retrieve the attributes of the symbolic link itself, set GetSymlinkAttrs to True before querying FileAttributes.

IgnoreFileMaskCasing:   Controls whether or not the file mask is case sensitive.

This applies to the file mask value specified by the RemoteFile property. The default value is true. If set to false, the file mask will be case sensitive.

LocalEOL:   When TransferMode is set, this specifies the line ending for the local system.

This setting is only applicable when TransferMode is set to 1 (ASCII). The default value is a CrLf character sequence.

When uploading or downloading this value will be compared to ServerEOL. If ServerEOL and LocalEOL are different, the line endings in the file being transferred will be converted to the line endings used by the destination. Line endings will be converted to the value in LocalEOL when downloading. Line endings will be converted to the value in ServerEOL when uploading. If ServerEOL and LocalEOL are the same, no conversion takes place.

The value supplied to this setting must be quoted. For instance: component.Config("LocalEOL=\"" + myEOLSequence + "\""); Where myEOLSequence is a Cr, Lf, or CrLf character sequence.

Conversion will only happen when TransferMode is set to 1 (ASCII) and ServerEOL and LocalEOL are different.

LogSFTPFileData:   Whether SFTP file data is present in Debug logs.

This setting controls whether file data is logged when LogLevel is set to 3 (Debug). When False (default) the file data being transferred is not included. Set this value to True to include all traffic include file data. Note: setting this value to True will increase the amount of data that is logged.

MaskSensitive:   Masks passwords in logs.

The default value is false. When set to true the class will mask passwords that would otherwise appear in its logs.

MaxFileData:   Specifies the maximum payload size of an SFTP packet.

While the SSH specification requires servers and clients to support SSH packets of at least 32000 bytes, some server implementations limit packet size to smaller values. MaxFileData provides a means by which the user can specify the maximum amount of data that can be put into an SFTP packet so that the class can communicate effectively with these servers. If you are having difficulty when uploading to a server, try setting MaxFileData size to a value smaller than 32000.

Most servers that use smaller values will use a maximum SSH packet size of 16KB (16384). In order to most efficiently communicate with such servers, MaxFileData size should be set to 14745.

Note: Values larger than 64K (65536) may not be respected by some servers (such as OpenSSH) and will result in unexpected behavior. If specifying a value, it is recommended to set a value less than or equal to 65536.

The default value is 32768.

MaxOutstandingPackets:   Sets the maximum number of simultaneous read or write requests allowed.

This sets the number of simultaneous read or write requests allowed. This setting only applies when AsyncTransfer is true. The default is 8.

NegotiatedProtocolVersion:   The negotiated SFTP version.

This returns the negotiated version of SFTP. Query this to ensure that the correct version was negotiated. This configuration setting is read-only.

NormalizeRemotePath:   Whether to normalize the RemotePath.

When set to true, the component will normalize the value in RemotePath by appending a forward slash (/) if one is not already present. "." and ".." are special cases and will not be affected. The default is true.

PreserveFileTime:   Preserves the file's timestamps during transfer.

If set to True, the class will preserve the file's timestamps during transfer. This is applicable to both uploads and downloads. The default value is False.

ProtocolVersion:   The highest allowable SFTP version to use.

This governs the highest allowable SFTP version to use when negotiating the version with the server. The default value is 3 as this is the most common version. The class supports values from 3 to 6. It is recommended to use the default value of 3 unless there is a specific reason a higher version is needed.

ReadLink:   This settings returns the target of a specified symbolic link.

This setting returns the target of the specified symbolic link. To use the setting, pass the remote path and file name of the symbolic link. For instance: string resolvedPath = component.Config("ReadLink=/home/test/mysymlink.txt");

RealTimeUpload:   Enables real time uploading.

When this value is set to "True" the class will upload the data in the file specified by LocalFile and continue monitoring LocalFile for additional data to upload until no new data is found for RealTimeUploadAgeLimit seconds. This allows you to start uploading a file immediately after the file is created and continue uploading as data is written to the file. The default value is "False".

RealTimeUploadAgeLimit:   The age limit in seconds when using RealTimeUpload.

This value is only applicable when RealTimeUpload is set to "True". This specifies the number of seconds for which the class will monitor LocalFile for new data to upload. If this limit is reached and no new data is found in LocalFile the upload will complete. The default value is "1".

ServerEOL:   When TransferMode is set, this specifies the line ending for the remote system.

This setting is only applicable when TransferMode is set to 1 (ASCII). The default value is a CrLf character sequence.

When uploading or downloading this value will be compared to LocalEOL. If ServerEOL and LocalEOL are different, the line endings in the file being transferred will be converted to the line endings used by the destination. Line endings will be converted to the value in LocalEOL when downloading. Line endings will be converted to the value in ServerEOL when uploading. If ServerEOL and LocalEOL are the same, no conversion takes place.

The value supplied to this setting must be quoted. For instance: component.Config("ServerEOL=\"" + myEOLSequence + "\""); Where myEOLSequence is a Cr, Lf, or CrLf character sequence.

Conversion will only happen when TransferMode is set to 1 (ASCII) and ServerEOL and LocalEOL are different.

SimultaneousTransferLimit:   The maximum number of simultaneous file transfers.

This setting specifies the maximum number of simultaneous file transfers. This is used when processing files added to the transfer queue by QueueFile. The default value is "5".

TotalSpace:   The total space on the remote server in bytes.

This property is populated after calling the GetSpaceInfo configuration setting. This holds the total space on the drive on the remote server in bytes.

TransferMode:   The transfer mode (ASCII or Binary).

The value 0 represents Binary and the value 1 represents ASCII. If the value is 0 (default), the initial server mode will be used.

When this value is set to 1 (ASCII) the class will use the values specified in LocalEOL and ServerEOL to convert line endings as appropriate.

Note: When this value is set to 1 (ASCII) and ProtocolVersion is set to 4 or higher the class will automatically determine the value for ServerEOL if the server supports the "newline" protocol extension.

TransferredDataLimit:   Specifies the maximum number of bytes to download from the remote file.

This setting specifies the maximum number of bytes which should be downloaded from the current RemoteFile when Download is called. The class will stop downloading data if it reaches the specified limit, or if there is no more data to download.

This setting can be used in conjunction with the StartByte property in order to download a specific range of data from the current RemoteFile.

UseFxpStat:   Whether SSH_FXP_STAT is sent.

For certain operations the class will send SSH_FXP_STAT to get a file's attributes. Some servers do not support this packet and will return an error.

Set this to false to not send the packet. This will cause PreserveFileTime to not work and prevent PercentDone in Transfer from being calculated.

The default is true.

UseServerFileTime:   Controls if the file time returned from the server is converted to local time or not.

If set to false the component will return the filetime as the system's local time, otherwise it will return with the time as it is reported by the server.

SSHClient Configuration Settings

ClientSSHVersionString:   The SSH version string used by the class.

This configuration setting specifies the SSH version string used by the class. The default value is "SSH-2.0-IPWorks SSH Client 2022".

EnablePageantAuth:   Whether to use a key stored in Pageant to perform client authentication.

This setting controls whether Pageant authentication is disabled, enabled, or required. When enabled or required, the class attempts to communicate with PuTTY's ssh-agent, called "Pageant", over shared memory to perform public key authentication. Possible values and the corresponding behavior is described below:

ValueDescription
0 (Disabled - default) No communication with Pageant is attempted.
1 (Enabled) Pageant authentication is used if available. If Pageant is not running, or does not contain the expected key no error is thrown.
2 (Required) Only Pageant authentication is used. If Pageant is not running, or does not contain the expected key an error is thrown.

Example enabling Pageant: component.Config("EnablePageantAuth=1"); component.SSHUser = "sshuser"; component.SSHLogon("localhost", 22);

Note: This functionality is only available on Windows.

KerberosDelegation:   If true, asks for credentials with delegation enabled during authentication.

The default value is "True". If set to "False", the client will not ask for credentials delegation support during authentication. Note that even if the client asks for delegation, the server/KDC might not grant it and authentication will still succeed.

KerberosRealm:   The fully qualified domain name of the Kerberos Realm to use for GSSAPI authentication.

This property may be set to the fully qualified (DNS) name of the kerberos realm (or Windows Active Directory domain name) to use during GSSAPI authentication. This can be used to force authentication with a given realm if the client and server machines are not part of the same domain.

KerberosSPN:   The Kerberos Service Principal Name of the SSH host.

This property can be set to specify the Service Principal Name (SPN) associated with the SSH service on the remote host. This will usually be in the form "host/fqdn.of.sshhost[@REALM]". If not specified, the class will assume the SPN is based on the value of the SSHHost property and the kerberos realm used for authentication.

KeyRenegotiationThreshold:   Sets the threshold for the SSH Key Renegotiation.

This property allows you to specify the threshold, in the number of bytes, for the SSH Key Renegotiation. The default value for this property is set to 1 GB.

Example (for setting the threshold to 500 MB): SSHComponent.Config("KeyRenegotiationThreshold=524288000")

LogLevel:   Specifies the level of detail that is logged.

This setting controls the level of detail that is logged through the Log event. Possible values are:

0 (None) No messages are logged.
1 (Info - Default) Informational events such as SSH handshake messages are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data such as individual packet information is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data including all relevant sent and received bytes are logged.

MaxPacketSize:   The maximum packet size of the channel, in bytes.

This setting specifies the maximum size of an individual data packet, in bytes, that can be sent to the sender.

MaxWindowSize:   The maximum window size allowed for the channel, in bytes.

This setting specifies how many bytes of channel data can be sent to the sender of this message without adjusting the window. Note that this value may be changed during the connection, but the window size can only be increased, not decreased.

PasswordPrompt:   The text of the password prompt used in keyboard-interactive authentication.

This setting optionally specifies a pattern to be matched to the prompt received from the server during keyboard-interactive authentication. If a matching prompt is detected the class automatically responds to the prompt with the password specified by SSHPassword.

This provides an easy way to automatically reply to prompts with the password if one is presented by the server. The password will be auto-filled in the Response parameter of the SSHKeyboardInteractive event in the case of a match.

The following special characters are supported for pattern matching:

? Any single character.
* Any characters or no characters. I.E., C*t matches Cat, Cot, Coast, Ct, etc)
[,-] A range of characters. E.g.: [a-z], [a], [0-9], [0-9,a-d,f,r-z], etc.
\ The slash is ignored and exact matching is performed on the next character.

If the above characters need to be used as a literal in a pattern then they must be escaped by surrounding them with a []. (Note, "]" and "-" do not need to be escaped) See below for the escape sequences:

CharacterEscape Sequence
? [?]
* [*]
[ [[]
\ [\]

For example, to match the value [Something].txt specify the pattern [[]Something].txt

PreferredDHGroupBits:   The size (in bits) of the preferred modulus (p) to request from the server.

This may be when using the diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1 or diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256 key exchange algorithms to control the preferred size, in bits, of the modulus (p) prime number to request from the server. Acceptable values are between 1024 and 8192.

RecordLength:   The length of received data records.

If set to a positive value, this setting defines the length of data records to be received. The class will accumulate data until RecordLength is reached and only then fire the DataIn event with data of length RecordLength. This allows data to be received as records of known length. This value can be changed at any time, including within the DataIn event.

The default value is 0, meaning this setting is not used.

ServerSSHVersionString:   The remote host's SSH version string.

This will return the remote host's SSH version string, which can help when identifying problematic servers. This configuration setting is read-only.

SignedSSHCert:   The CA signed client public key used when authenticating.

When authenticating via public key authentication this setting may be set to the CA signed client's public key. This is useful when the server has been configured to trust client keys signed by a particular CA. For instance: component.Config("SignedSSHCert=ssh-rsa-cert-v01@openssh.com AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAAB..."); The algorithm such as ssh-rsa-cert-v01@openssh.com in the above string is used as part of the authentication process. To use a different algorithm simply change this value. For instance all of the following are acceptable with the same signed public key:

  • ssh-rsa-cert-v01@openssh.com AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAAB...
  • rsa-sha2-256-cert-v01@openssh.com AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAAB...
  • rsa-sha2-512-cert-v01@openssh.com AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAAB...

SSHAcceptAnyServerHostKey:   If set the class will accept any key presented by the server.

The default value is "False". Set this to "True" to accept any key presented by the server.

SSHAcceptServerCAKey:   The CA public key that signed the server's host key.

If the server's host key was signed by a CA, this setting may be used to specify the CA's public key. If specified the class will trust any server's host key that was signed by the CA. For instance: component.Config("SSHAcceptServerCAKey=ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQAB...");

SSHAcceptServerHostKeyFingerPrint:   The fingerprint of the server key to accept.

This may be set to a comma-delimited collection of 16-byte MD5 fingerprints that should be accepted as the host's key. You may supply it by HEX encoding the values in the form "0a:1b:2c:3d". Example: SSHClient.Config("SSHAcceptServerHostKeyFingerprint=0a:1b:2c:3d"); If the server's fingerprint matches one of the values supplied, the class will accept the host key.

SSHFingerprintHashAlgorithm:   The algorithm used to calculate the fingerprint.

This configuration setting controls which hash algorithm is used to calculate the hostkey's fingerprint, displayed when SSHServerAuthentication fires. Valid values are:

  • MD5
  • SHA1
  • SHA256 (default)
SSHFingerprintMD5:   The server hostkey's MD5 fingerprint.

This setting may be queried in SSHServerAuthentication to get the server hostkey's MD5 fingerprint.

SSHFingerprintSHA1:   The server hostkey's SHA1 fingerprint.

This setting may be queried in SSHServerAuthentication to get the server hostkey's SHA1 fingerprint.

SSHFingerprintSHA256:   The server hostkey's SHA256 fingerprint.

This setting may be queried in SSHServerAuthentication to get the server hostkey's SHA256 fingerprint.

SSHKeepAliveCountMax:   The maximum number of keep alive packets to send without a response.

This setting specifies the maximum number of keep alive packets to send when no response is received. Normally a response to a keep alive packet is received right away. If no response is received the class will continue to send keep alive packets until SSHKeepAliveCountMax is reached. If this is reached the class will assume the connection is broken and disconnect. The default value is 5.

SSHKeepAliveInterval:   The interval between keep alive packets.

This setting specifies the number of seconds between keep alive packets. If set to a positive value the class will send a SSH keep alive packet after KeepAliveInterval seconds of inactivity. This setting only takes effect when there is no activity, if any data is sent or received over the connection it will reset the timer.

The default value is 0 meaning no keep alives will be sent.

Note: The SSHReverseTunnel class uses a default value of 30.

SSHKeyExchangeAlgorithms:   Specifies the supported key exchange algorithms.

This may be used to specify the list of supported Key Exchange algorithms used during SSH negotiation. The value should contain a comma separated list of algorithms. Supported algorithms are:

  • curve25519-sha256
  • curve25519-sha256@libssh.org
  • diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
  • diffie-hellman-group14-sha1
  • diffie-hellman-group14-sha256
  • diffie-hellman-group16-sha512
  • diffie-hellman-group18-sha512
  • diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
  • diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1
  • ecdh-sha2-nistp256
  • ecdh-sha2-nistp384
  • ecdh-sha2-nistp521
The default value is: curve25519-sha256,curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,diffie-hellman-group16-sha512,diffie-hellman-group18-sha512,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521.
SSHKeyRenegotiate:   Causes the component to renegotiate the SSH keys.

Once this setting is set the component will renegotiate the SSH keys with the remote host.

Example: SSHClient.Config("SSHKeyRenegotiate")

SSHMacAlgorithms:   Specifies the supported Mac algorithms.

This may be used to specify an alternate list of supported Mac algorithms used during SSH negotiation. This also specifies the order in which the Mac algorithms are preferred. The value should contain a comma separated list of algorithms. Supported algorithms are:

  • hmac-sha1
  • hmac-md5
  • hmac-sha1-96
  • hmac-md5-96
  • hmac-sha2-256
  • hmac-sha2-256-96
  • hmac-sha2-512
  • hmac-sha2-512-96
  • hmac-ripemd160
  • hmac-ripemd160-96
  • hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com
  • hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com
The default value is hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1,hmac-md5,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96,hmac-sha2-256-96,hmac-sha2-512-96,hmac-ripemd160-96,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com.
SSHPubKeyAuthSigAlgorithms:   Specifies the signature algorithm when attempting public key authentication.

This setting specifies a list of signature algorithms that may be used when authenticating to the server using public key authentication. This applies only when public key authentication is performed by the client.

The setting should be a comma separated list of algorithms ordered by preference. At runtime the class will evaluate each algorithm in the order specified here. If the algorithm is applicable to the certificate specified in SSHCert it will be used. If the algorithm is not applicable the class will evaluate the next algorithm. Possible values are:

  • ssh-rsa (default)
  • ssh-dss (default)
  • rsa-sha2-256 (default)
  • rsa-sha2-512 (default)
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 (default - windows only)
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp384 (default - windows only)
  • ecdsa-sha2-nistp521 (default - windows only)
  • x509v3-sign-rsa
  • x509v3-sign-dss

The default value in Windows is ssh-rsa,rsa-sha2-256,rsa-sha2-512,ssh-dss,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,ssh-ed25519.

The default value in Unix/macOS/Java is ssh-rsa,rsa-sha2-256,rsa-sha2-512,ssh-dss.

Note that ECDSA algorithms are only supported in Windows.

SSHPublicKeyAlgorithms:   Specifies the supported public key algorithms.

This setting specifies the allowed public key algorithms. This list controls only the public key algorithm used when authenticating to the server. This list has no bearing on the public key algorithms that can be used to authenticate the client. The default value is ssh-ed25519,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,rsa-sha2-256,rsa-sha2-512,ssh-rsa,ssh-dss,x509v3-sign-rsa,x509v3-sign-dss.

SSHVersionPattern:   The pattern used to match the remote host's version string.

This configuration setting specifies the pattern used to accept or deny the remote host's SSH version string. It takes a comma-delimited list of patterns to match. The default value is "*SSH-1.99-*,*SSH-2.0-*" and will accept connections from SSH 1.99 and 2.0 hosts. As an example, the below value would accept connections for SSH 1.99, 2.0, and 2.99 hosts.

*SSH-1.99-*,*SSH-2.0-*,*SSH-2.99-*
TryAllAvailableAuthMethods:   If set to true, the class will try all available authentication methods.

The default value is false. When set to true, the class will try to authenticate using all methods that it has credentials for and the server supports.

WaitForChannelClose:   Whether to wait for channels to be closed before disconnected.

This setting controls whether the class will wait for a server response to the SSH_MSG_CHANNEL_CLOSE when disconnecting. When the class disconnects it will first attempt to close all open channels by sending a SSH_MSG_CHANNEL_CLOSE for each channel. This setting controls whether the class will wait for a server response after sending the messages.

When True (default) the class will wait for a response to the channel close message until the responses have been received, the server closes the connection, or Timeout seconds is reached.

When False the class will still send the channel close messages but will not wait for a response and will proceed to close the connection.

WaitForServerDisconnect:   Whether to wait for the server to close the connection.

This setting controls whether to wait for the server to close the connection when SSHLogoff is called.

When set to True the class will initiate the disconnection sequence by sending SSH_MSG_DISCONNECT but will not close the connection, and instead will wait for the server to close the connection. Setting this to True may be beneficial in circumstances where many connections are being established, to avoid port exhaustion when sockets are in a TIME_WAIT state. Allowing the server to close the connection avoids the TIME_WAIT state of socket on the client machine.

When set to False (default) the client will close the connection. It is recommended to use this value unless there is a specific need to change it.

IPPort Configuration Settings

ConnectionTimeout:   Sets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.

When set, this configuration setting allows you to specify a different timeout value for establishing a connection. Otherwise, the class will use Timeout for establishing a connection and transmitting/receiving data.

FirewallAutoDetect:   Tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallHost:   Name or IP address of firewall (optional).

If a FirewallHost is given, requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If the FirewallHost setting is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, the FirewallHost setting is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPassword:   Password to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPort:   The TCP port for the FirewallHost;.

Note that the FirewallPort is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallType:   Determines the type of firewall to connect through.

The appropriate values are as follows:

0No firewall (default setting).
1Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
2Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
3Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
10Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

If the FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

KeepAliveInterval:   The retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to true. A TCP keep-alive packet will be sent after a period of inactivity as defined by KeepAliveTime. If no acknowledgement is received from the remote host the keep-alive packet will be re-sent. This setting specifies the interval at which the successive keep-alive packets are sent in milliseconds. This system default if this value is not specified here is 1 second.

Note: This value is not applicable in macOS.

KeepAliveTime:   The inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to true. By default the operating system will determine the time a connection is idle before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent. This system default if this value is not specified here is 2 hours. In many cases a shorter interval is more useful. Set this value to the desired interval in milliseconds.

Linger:   When set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.

This property controls how a connection is closed. The default is True.

In the case that Linger is True (default), there are two scenarios for determining how long the connection will linger. The first, if LingerTime is 0 (default), the system will attempt to send pending data for a connection until the default IP protocol timeout expires.

In the second scenario, LingerTime is a positive value, the system will attempt to send pending data until the specified LingerTime is reached. If this attempt fails, then the system will reset the connection.

The default behavior (which is also the default mode for stream sockets) might result in a long delay in closing the connection. Although the class returns control immediately, the system could hold system resources until all pending data is sent (even after your application closes).

Setting this property to False forces an immediate disconnection. If you know that the other side has received all the data you sent (by a client acknowledgment, for example), setting this property to False might be the appropriate course of action.

LingerTime:   Time in seconds to have the connection linger.

LingerTime is the time, in seconds, to leave the socket connection linger. This value is 0 by default, which means it will use the default IP protocol timeout.

LocalHost:   The name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.

The LocalHost setting contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost setting shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

LocalPort:   The port in the local host where the class binds.

This must be set before a connection is attempted. It instructs the class to bind to a specific port (or communication endpoint) in the local machine.

Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be shown by LocalPort after the connection is established.

LocalPort cannot be changed once a connection is made. Any attempt to set this when a connection is active will generate an error.

This; setting is useful when trying to connect to services that require a trusted port in the client side. An example is the remote shell (rsh) service in UNIX systems.

MaxLineLength:   The maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.

MaxLineLength is the size of an internal buffer, which holds received data while waiting for an EOL string.

If an EOL string is found in the input stream before MaxLineLength bytes are received, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to True, and the buffer is reset.

If no EOL is found, and MaxLineLength bytes are accumulated in the buffer, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to False, and the buffer is reset.

The minimum value for MaxLineLength is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

MaxTransferRate:   The transfer rate limit in bytes per second.

This setting can be used to throttle outbound TCP traffic. Set this to the number of bytes to be sent per second. By default this is not set and there is no limit.

ProxyExceptionsList:   A semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.

This setting optionally specifies a semicolon separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to bypass when a proxy is in use. When requests are made to hosts specified in this property the proxy will not be used. For instance:

www.google.com;www.nsoftware.com

TCPKeepAlive:   Determines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.

If set to true, the socket's keep-alive option is enabled and keep-alive packets will be sent periodically to maintain the connection. Set KeepAliveTime and KeepAliveInterval to configure the timing of the keep-alive packets.

Note: This value is not applicable in Java.

TcpNoDelay:   Whether or not to delay when sending packets.

When true, the socket will send all data that is ready to send at once. When false, the socket will send smaller buffered packets of data at small intervals. This is known as the Nagle algorithm.

By default, this config is set to false.

UseIPv6:   Whether to use IPv6.

When set to 0 (default), the class will use IPv4 exclusively. When set to 1, the class will use IPv6 exclusively. To instruct the class to prefer IPv6 addresses, but use IPv4 if IPv6 is not supported on the system, this setting should be set to 2. The default value is 0. Possible values are:

0 IPv4 Only
1 IPv6 Only
2 IPv6 with IPv4 fallback

Socket Configuration Settings

AbsoluteTimeout:   Determines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.

If AbsoluteTimeout is set to True, any method which does not complete within Timeout seconds will be aborted. By default, AbsoluteTimeout is False, and the timeout is an inactivity timeout.

Note: This option is not valid for UDP ports.

FirewallData:   Used to send extra data to the firewall.

When the firewall is a tunneling proxy, use this property to send custom (additional) headers to the firewall (e.g. headers for custom authentication schemes).

InBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be receiving. Increasing the value of the InBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the InBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

OutBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be sending. Increasing the value of the OutBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the OutBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

Base Configuration Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions. Setting this to True tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (SFTP Class)

SFTP Errors

118   Firewall error. Error description contains detailed information.
1102   The server's SFTP draft version is unsupported.
1103   SFTP command failed. Error description contains detailed information.
1104   Server does not support renaming.
1105   Received invalid response from server. Error description contains detailed information.
1106   Cannot resolve path: path does not exist.
1107   You must set LocalFile/RemoteFile before attempt to download/upload.
1108   Cannot download file: LocalFile exists and Overwrite is set to false.
1109   CheckFileHash failed due to hash value mismatch.

SSHClient Errors

1001   Server has disconnected.
1002   Protocol version unsupported or other issue with version string.
1003   Cannot negotiate algorithms.
1005   Selected algorithm unsupported.
1006   Cannot set keys.
1010   Unexpected algorithm.
1011   Cannot create exchange hash.
1012   Cannot make key.
1013   Cannot sign data.
1014   Cannot encrypt packet.
1015   Cannot decrypt packet.
1016   Cannot decompress packet.
1020   Failure to open channel.
1021   Invalid channel ID.
1022   Invalid channel data.
1023   Invalid channel message.
1024   SSH message unimplemented.
1027   Server message unsupported.
1030   Server's host key was rejected. The host key may be accepted within the SSHServerAuthentication event or using the SSHAcceptServerHostKey property.
1031   Cannot verify server's host key.
1032   Authentication failed. Check description for details.
1033   Channel request failed.
1034   Diffie-Hellman exchange failed.
1036   SSH connection failed.
1037   SSH reconnect limit reached.
1038   Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman exchange failed.
1039   SSH keep-alive limit reached.
1098   Request failure.
1130   Would block error.
1133   Would block, reason: key reExchange.

The class may also return one of the following error codes, which are inherited from other classes.

IPPort Errors

100   You cannot change the RemotePort at this time. A connection is in progress.
101   You cannot change the RemoteHost (Server) at this time. A connection is in progress.
102   The RemoteHost address is invalid (0.0.0.0).
104   Already connected. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
106   You cannot change the LocalPort at this time. A connection is in progress.
107   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
112   You cannot change MaxLineLength at this time. A connection is in progress.
116   RemotePort cannot be zero. Please specify a valid service port number.
117   Cannot change UseConnection option while the class is Active.
135   Operation would block.
201   Timeout.
211   Action impossible in control's present state.
212   Action impossible while not connected.
213   Action impossible while listening.
301   Timeout.
302   Could not open file.
434   Unable to convert string to selected CodePage
1105   Already connecting. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
1117   You need to connect first.
1119   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
1120   Connection dropped by remote host.

TCP/IP Errors

10004   [10004] Interrupted system call.
10009   [10009] Bad file number.
10013   [10013] Access denied.
10014   [10014] Bad address.
10022   [10022] Invalid argument.
10024   [10024] Too many open files.
10035   [10035] Operation would block.
10036   [10036] Operation now in progress.
10037   [10037] Operation already in progress.
10038   [10038] Socket operation on non-socket.
10039   [10039] Destination address required.
10040   [10040] Message too long.
10041   [10041] Protocol wrong type for socket.
10042   [10042] Bad protocol option.
10043   [10043] Protocol not supported.
10044   [10044] Socket type not supported.
10045   [10045] Operation not supported on socket.
10046   [10046] Protocol family not supported.
10047   [10047] Address family not supported by protocol family.
10048   [10048] Address already in use.
10049   [10049] Can't assign requested address.
10050   [10050] Network is down.
10051   [10051] Network is unreachable.
10052   [10052] Net dropped connection or reset.
10053   [10053] Software caused connection abort.
10054   [10054] Connection reset by peer.
10055   [10055] No buffer space available.
10056   [10056] Socket is already connected.
10057   [10057] Socket is not connected.
10058   [10058] Can't send after socket shutdown.
10059   [10059] Too many references, can't splice.
10060   [10060] Connection timed out.
10061   [10061] Connection refused.
10062   [10062] Too many levels of symbolic links.
10063   [10063] File name too long.
10064   [10064] Host is down.
10065   [10065] No route to host.
10066   [10066] Directory not empty
10067   [10067] Too many processes.
10068   [10068] Too many users.
10069   [10069] Disc Quota Exceeded.
10070   [10070] Stale NFS file handle.
10071   [10071] Too many levels of remote in path.
10091   [10091] Network subsystem is unavailable.
10092   [10092] WINSOCK DLL Version out of range.
10093   [10093] Winsock not loaded yet.
11001   [11001] Host not found.
11002   [11002] Non-authoritative 'Host not found' (try again or check DNS setup).
11003   [11003] Non-recoverable errors: FORMERR, REFUSED, NOTIMP.
11004   [11004] Valid name, no data record (check DNS setup).

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IPWorks SSH 2022 Qt Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8172]