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IPWorks 2022 Qt Edition

Version 22.0 [Build 8171]

OAuth Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Configuration Settings   Errors  

The OAuth class is used to authorize a client and provide an authorization string used in future requests.

Syntax

OAuth

Remarks

The OAuth class supports both plaintext and SSL/TLS connections. When connecting over SSL/TLS the SSLServerAuthentication event allows you to check the server identity and other security attributes. The SSLStatus event provides information about the SSL handshake. Additional SSL related settings are also supported via the Config method.

The OAuth class provides an easy way to obtain an authorization string for future requests to a service. The class implements an OAuth 2.0 client.

To begin using the class you will first need to register your application with the service you want to use. During this process you should obtain a ClientId and ClientSecret as well as the ServerAuthURL and ServerTokenURL for the authorization server. Then set ClientProfile to the client type that best describes your situation and call GetAuthorization.

The following client types are currently supported by the class:

  • Application (desktop application)
  • WebServer (server side application such as a web site)
  • Device (an application without browser access such as a game console)
  • Mobile (phone or tablet application)
  • JWT (server to server authentication using a JWT bearer token such as Google service account authentication)
Please see the detailed descriptions below for each client type and how the class is used to authorize an application using that client type.

Application Client Type

The application client type is applicable to applications that are run by the user directly. For instance a windows form application would use the application client type. To authorize your application (client) using the application client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfApplication. This defines the client type the class will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application.

Next, call GetAuthorization to begin the authorization process. When GetAuthorization is called the class will build the URL to which the user will be directed and fire the LaunchBrowser event. The class will then launch the browser using the command and URL shown in the LaunchBrowser event and await the response. The duration which the class will wait for a response is defined by BrowserResponseTimeout.

The user will interact with the browser to authenticate and grant access to the connecting application. The user will then be redirected back to an embedded web server that was automatically started when GetAuthorization was called. At this time the ReturnURL event will fire. This event provides an opportunity to provide a custom response to your user that they will see in their browser.

The class will then automatically exchange the grant that was returned by the authorization server for the access token using the HTTP endpoint specified in ServerTokenURL.

The authorization is now complete and the GetAuthorization method will return the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our classs simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

A simple example is shown below. component.ClientId = "MyId"; component.ClientSecret = "MyPassword"; component.ServerAuthURL = "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth"; component.ServerTokenURL = "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token"; HTTP.Authorization = component.GetAuthorization(); HTTP.Get("https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo");

WebServer Client Type

The WebServer client type is applicable to applications that are run on the server side where the user uses the application from a web browser. To authorize your application (client) using this client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfWebServer. This defines the client type the component will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application. Set ReturnURL to the page on your site that will be the endpoint the user is redirected back to after authentication.

Next, call GetAuthorizationURL. This will return a URL to which the user should be redirected. Redirect the user to this URL.

After the user authenticates and is returned to the page on your site specified by ReturnURL, parse the "code" query string parameter from the incoming request. Set AuthorizationCode to this value.

Call GetAuthorization to exchange the code specified in AuthorizationCode for a token from the server specified by ServerTokenURL. GetAuthorization returns the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our components simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

Device Client Type

The Device client type is applicable to applications that are run on devices where no web browser can be used. For instance a game console would use the device client type. To authorize your application (client) using the device client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfDevice. This defines the client type the class will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application. Do not set ReturnURL.

Next, call GetAuthorizationURL. The class will automatically make a request to ServerAuthURL to obtain a user code for the device. The GetAuthorizationURL method will return the URL your user must visit from another device or computer that has web browser support. The GetAuthorizationURL method will also populate DeviceUserCode. This device user code must also be provided to the user. The user will enter the code at the URL returned by GetAuthorizationURL.

At this time, call GetAuthorization. The class will begin polling the server specified in ServerTokenURL. The polling interval is specified (in seconds) by the PollingInterval setting.

After the user has authenticated, the GetAuthorization method will return the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our components simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

Mobile Client Type

The Mobile client type is applicable to applications that are run on devices where a web browser can be used. For instance a mobile phone or tablet. The behavior when using this client type is very similar to the Application client type. The only difference between the Mobile and Application client types is the way the browser is launched, when set to Mobile the LaunchBrowser event will fire but the class will not attempt to launch the browser automatically. The browser must be launched manually from code. This behavior is the only difference between the Mobile and Application client type. Please read the steps above for the Application client type for a more detailed look at the process.

JWT Bearer Token (Server to Server) Type

The JWT (JSON Web Token) Bearer Token type is available for server to server authentication. For instance this may be used by web applications to access a Google service. In this case the application will access data on behalf of the service account, not the end user. End user interaction is not required.

First, specify AuthorizationScope ServerTokenURL and JWTServiceProvider.

Next specify JWT specific values. The use of the JWT profile also requires additional configuration settings to be specified, including a certificate with private key used to sign the JWT. Either specify the JWTJSONKey configuration setting, which will parse the necessary information automatically, or manually specify the following configuration settings:

Additional fields may be added to the JWT using the AddParam method.

Example (Google): oauth.AuthorizationScope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/analytics"; oauth.ServerTokenURL = "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v3/token"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfJWT; oauth.Config("JWTServiceProvider=0"); oauth.Config("JWTIssuer=111917875427-g39d5bar90mjgiuf2n5ases9qk0j2q0p@developer.gserviceaccount.com"); oauth.Config("JWTAudience=https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v3/token"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStoreType=2"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStore=C:\\MyCertificate.p12"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStorePassword=password"); oauth.Config("JWTCertSubject=*"); oauth.Config("JWTValidityTime=5400"); //in seconds string authStr = oauth.GetAuthorization();

Example (Microsoft): oauth.ClientId = "Client_Id"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfJWT; oauth.AuthorizationScope = "https://graph.microsoft.com/.default"; oauth.ServerTokenURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/" + tenant_id + "/oauth2/V2.0/token"; oauth.Config("JWTCertStoreType=2"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStore=C:\\MyCertificate.p12"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStorePassword=password"); oauth.Config("JWTCertSubject=*"); oauth.Config("JWTValidityTime=3600"); oauth.Config("JWTAudience=https://login.microsoftonline.com/"+ tenant_id + "/oauth2/V2.0/token"); string authStr = oauth.GetAuthorization();

Microsoft Admin Consent Type

The Microsoft Admin Consent type is used when setting up application permissions for apps that authenticate to Microsoft. Typically this type is used in the client credentials grant flow so that the admin can consent to the scopes that are defined by the App's registration in Azure Portal. After the app has been registered, the Application (client) ID will need to be set to the ClientId property. Also, a registered return URL must be set to the ReturnURL property.

When the GetAuthorization method is called, the class will fire the LaunchBrowser event and open the admin consent page URL (eg. https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/adminconsent?client_id=CLIENT_ID&redirect_uri=URL). At the same time, the class will start an embedded webserver that will be used to receive the results from the redirect URI.

If the Admin consents to the scopes, the redirect URI will supply the tenant ID of the admin. The tenant ID can be accessed through the Microsoft365AdminConsentTenant configuration and is often needed for authenticating a client later (eg. Client Credentials Grant Flow). Once the Admin consents once, they typically will not need to go through the process again unless the scopes of the application change.

If the Admin does not consent to the scopes, the redirect URI will give an error message and a description of the error. The error message can be found in the Microsoft365AdminConsentError configuration setting and the error description can be found in the Microsoft365AdminConsentErrorDesc configuration setting. Additionally the class fails with an error.

For example: oauth.ClientId = "Client_ID"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfMicrosoft365AdminConsent; oauth.WebServerPort = 8888; oauth.ReturnURL = "http://localhost:8888"; oauth.GetAuthorization(); string tenant = oauth.Config("Microsoft365AdminConsentTenant");

Custom Responses

When using a profile type that makes use of the embedded web server the response that is displayed to the user on success of failure may be customized to include a variety of product and company specific information. The following section is only applicable when the embedded web server is used, for instance when ClientProfile is set to cfApplication.

By default the class will display a formatted result message indicating whether the authorization succeeded or failed. The below optional settings control the text of the message as well as product images, company logos, and links for help or licensing terms that can be displayed to the user.

Configuration Setting Description
ResponseSuccessHeading Short header text indicating success. The default value is Authorization Successful
ResponseSuccessMessage A description for a successful authorization. The default value is Access to your account was successfully authorized. You may now close this window.
ResponseFailureHeading Short header text indicating failure. The default value is Authorization Failed
ResponseFailureMessage A description for a failed authorization. The default value is Access to your account could not be authorized. Please check your user and connection details and try again.
ResponseHelpURL A URL to a help page or other resource. If set a "Help" link will be displayed and point to this URL.
ResponseLicenseURL A URL to licensing terms. If set a "License" link will be displayed and point to this URL.
ResponseProductURL A URL to a product page or similar resource. This is used in conjunction with ResponseProductImage.
ResponseProductImage A URL or full path to a product image. If set the image will be displayed and will be a hyperlink to ResponseProductURL.
ResponseCompanyURL A URL to the company website or similar resource. This is used in conjunction with ResponseCompanyImage.
ResponseCompanyImage A URL or full path to a company logo. If set the image will be displayed and will be a hyperlink to ResponseCompanyURL.

Alternatively, for complete control set the WebServerResponse and WebServerFailedResponse settings to the full HTML to be displayed to the user.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AccessTokenThe access token returned by the authorization server.
AuthorizationCodeThe authorization code that is exchanged for an access token.
AuthorizationScopeThe scope request or response parameter used during authorization.
ClientIdThe id of the client assigned when registering the application.
ClientProfileThe type of client that is requesting authorization.
ClientSecretThe secret value for the client assigned when registering the application.
ConnectedShows whether the class is connected.
CookieCountThe number of records in the Cookie arrays.
CookieDomainThe domain of a received cookie.
CookieExpirationThis property contains an expiration time for the cookie (if provided by the server).
CookieNameThe name of the cookie.
CookiePathThis property contains a path name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server).
CookieSecureThis property contains the security flag of the received cookie.
CookieValueThis property contains the value of the cookie.
FirewallAutoDetectThis property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallTypeThis property determines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallHostThis property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallPasswordThis property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThis property contains the TCP port for the firewall Host .
FirewallUserThis property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
FollowRedirectsDetermines what happens when the server issues a redirect.
GrantTypeThe OAuth grant type used to acquire an OAuth access token.
IdleThe current status of the class.
LocalHostThe name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.
OtherHeadersOther headers as determined by the user (optional).
ParamCountThe number of records in the Param arrays.
ParamNameThis property contains the name of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response.
ParamValueThis property contains the value of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response.
ProxyAuthSchemeThis property is used to tell the class which type of authorization to perform when connecting to the proxy.
ProxyAutoDetectThis property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use proxy system settings, if available.
ProxyPasswordThis property contains a password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
ProxyPortThis property contains the TCP port for the proxy Server (default 80).
ProxyServerIf a proxy Server is given, then the HTTP request is sent to the proxy instead of the server otherwise specified.
ProxySSLThis property determines when to use SSL for the connection to the proxy.
ProxyUserThis property contains a user name, if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
RefreshTokenSpecifies the refresh token received from or sent to the authorization server.
ReturnURLThe URL where the user (browser) returns after authenticating.
ServerAuthURLThe URL of the authorization server.
ServerTokenURLThe URL used to obtain the access token.
SSLAcceptServerCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
SSLCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
SSLCertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
SSLCertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
SSLCertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
SSLCertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
SSLProviderTBD.
SSLServerCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
TimeoutA timeout for the class.
TransferredDataThe contents of the last response from the server.
TransferredHeadersThe full set of headers as received from the server.
WebServerPortThe local port on which the embedded web server listens.
WebServerSSLCertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
WebServerSSLCertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
WebServerSSLCertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
WebServerSSLCertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
WebServerSSLEnabledWhether the web server requires SSL connections.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AddCookieAdds a cookie and the corresponding value to the outgoing request headers.
AddParamAdds a name-value pair to the query string parameters of outgoing request.
ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
GetAuthorizationGets the authorization string required to access the protected resource.
GetAuthorizationURLBuilds and returns the URL to which the user should be re-directed for authorization.
InterruptInterrupt the current method.
ResetReset the class.
StartWebServerStarts the embedded web server.
StopWebServerStops the embedded web server.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConnectedFired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).
ConnectionStatusFired to indicate changes in connection state.
DisconnectedFired when a connection is closed.
EndTransferFired when a document finishes transferring.
ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
HeaderFired every time a header line comes in.
LaunchBrowserFires before launching a browser with the authorization URL.
LogFires once for each log message.
RedirectFired when a redirection is received from the server.
ReturnURLFires when the user is redirected to the embedded web server.
SetCookieFired for every cookie set by the server.
SSLServerAuthenticationFired after the server presents its certificate to the client.
SSLStatusShows the progress of the secure connection.
StartTransferFired when a document starts transferring (after the headers).
StatusFired when the HTTP status line is received from the server.
TransferFired while a document transfers (delivers document).

Configuration Settings


The following is a list of configuration settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AccessTokenExpThe lifetime of the access token.
AuthorizationTokenTypeThe type of access token returned.
AuthorizationURLSpecifies the URL used for authorization.
BrowserResponseTimeoutSpecifies the amount of time to wait for a response from the browser.
CodeChallengeMethodThe code challenge method to use (if any).
DeviceGrantTypeThe grant type to be used when the ClientProfile is set to cfDevice.
DeviceUserCodeThe device's user code when the ClientProfile is set to cfDevice.
FormVarCountSpecifies the number of additional form variables to include in the request.
FormVarName[i]Specifies the form variable name at the specified index.
FormVarValue[i]Specifies the form variable value at the specified index.
IncludeEmptyRedirectURIWhether an empty redirect_uri parameter is included in requests.
JWTAudienceThe JWT audience when the ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.
JWTCertStoreThe name of the certificate store for the JWT signing certificate.
JWTCertStorePasswordThe JWT signing certificate password.
JWTCertStoreTypeThe type of certificate store.
JWTCertSubjectThe JWT signing certificate subject.
JWTIssuerThe JWT issuer when the ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.
JWTJSONKeyThe file path of the JWT JSON Key, or a string containing its content.
JWTServiceProviderThe service provider to which authentication is being performed.
JWTSignatureAlgorithmThe signature algorithm used to sign the JWT.
JWTSubjectThe subject field in the JWT.
JWTValidityTimeThe amount of time in seconds for which the assertion in the JWT is valid.
Microsoft365AdminConsentErrorThe error message returned when the admin denies consent to the scopes.
Microsoft365AdminConsentErrorDescThe error description returned when the admin denies consent to the scopes.
Microsoft365AdminConsentTenantThe tenant ID returned after the admin consents to the scopes.
Office365ServiceAPIVersionThe API version of the Office 365 service being discovered.
Office365ServiceCapabilityThe API capability of the Office 365 service being discovered.
Office365ServiceEndpointThe Office 365 endpoint for the service that matches the criteria specified.
PollingIntervalThe interval in seconds between polling requests when the device client type is used.
ResponseCompanyImageA URL or full path to a company logo.
ResponseCompanyURLA URL to the company website or similar resource.
ResponseFailureHeadingShort header text indicating failure.
ResponseFailureMessageA description for a failed authorization.
ResponseHelpURLA URL to a help page or other resource.
ResponseLicenseURLA URL to licensing terms.
ResponseProductImageA URL or full path to a product image.
ResponseProductURLA URL to a product page or similar resource.
ResponseSuccessHeadingShort header text indicating success.
ResponseSuccessMessageA description for a successful authorization.
ReUseWebServerDetermines if the same server instance is used between requests.
TokenInfoFieldCountThe number of fields in the tokeninfo service response.
TokenInfoFieldName[i]The name of the tokeninfo service response field.
TokenInfoFieldValue[i]The value of the tokeninfo service response field.
TokenInfoURLThe URL of the tokeninfo service.
ValidateTokenValidates the specified access token with a tokeninfo service.
WebServerFailedResponseThe custom response that will be displayed to the user if authentication failed.
WebServerHostThe hostname used by the embedded web server displayed in the ReturnURL.
WebServerResponseThe custom response that will be displayed to the user.
AcceptEncodingUsed to tell the server which types of content encodings the client supports.
AllowHTTPCompressionThis property enables HTTP compression for receiving data.
AllowHTTPFallbackWhether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fallback to HTTP/1.1.
AppendWhether to append data to LocalFile.
AuthorizationThe Authorization string to be sent to the server.
BytesTransferredContains the number of bytes transferred in the response data.
ChunkSizeSpecifies the chunk size in bytes when using chunked encoding.
CompressHTTPRequestSet to true to compress the body of a PUT or POST request.
EncodeURLIf set to true the URL will be encoded by the class.
FollowRedirectsDetermines what happens when the server issues a redirect.
GetOn302RedirectIf set to true the class will perform a GET on the new location.
HTTP2HeadersWithoutIndexingHTTP2 headers that should not update the dynamic header table with incremental indexing.
HTTPVersionThe version of HTTP used by the class.
IfModifiedSinceA date determining the maximum age of the desired document.
KeepAliveDetermines whether the HTTP connection is closed after completion of the request.
KerberosSPNThe Service Principal Name for the Kerberos Domain Controller.
LogLevelThe level of detail that is logged.
MaxRedirectAttemptsLimits the number of redirects that are followed in a request.
NegotiatedHTTPVersionThe negotiated HTTP version.
OtherHeadersOther headers as determined by the user (optional).
ProxyAuthorizationThe authorization string to be sent to the proxy server.
ProxyAuthSchemeThe authorization scheme to be used for the proxy.
ProxyPasswordA password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
ProxyPortPort for the proxy server (default 80).
ProxyServerName or IP address of a proxy server (optional).
ProxyUserA user name if authentication is to be used for the proxy.
SentHeadersThe full set of headers as sent by the client.
StatusLineThe first line of the last response from the server.
TransferredDataThe contents of the last response from the server.
TransferredDataLimitThe maximum number of incoming bytes to be stored by the class.
TransferredHeadersThe full set of headers as received from the server.
TransferredRequestThe full request as sent by the client.
UseChunkedEncodingEnables or Disables HTTP chunked encoding for transfers.
UseIDNsWhether to encode hostnames to internationalized domain names.
UserAgentInformation about the user agent (browser).
ConnectionTimeoutSets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.
FirewallAutoDetectTells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.
FirewallHostName or IP address of firewall (optional).
FirewallPasswordPassword to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.
FirewallPortThe TCP port for the FirewallHost;.
FirewallTypeDetermines the type of firewall to connect through.
FirewallUserA user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.
KeepAliveIntervalThe retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.
KeepAliveTimeThe inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.
LingerWhen set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.
LingerTimeTime in seconds to have the connection linger.
LocalHostThe name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.
LocalPortThe port in the local host where the class binds.
MaxLineLengthThe maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.
MaxTransferRateThe transfer rate limit in bytes per second.
ProxyExceptionsListA semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.
TCPKeepAliveDetermines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.
TcpNoDelayWhether or not to delay when sending packets.
UseIPv6Whether to use IPv6.
LogSSLPacketsControls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.
OpenSSLCADirThe path to a directory containing CA certificates.
OpenSSLCAFileName of the file containing the list of CA's trusted by your application.
OpenSSLCipherListA string that controls the ciphers to be used by SSL.
OpenSSLPrngSeedDataThe data to seed the pseudo random number generator (PRNG).
ReuseSSLSessionDetermines if the SSL session is reused.
SSLCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.
SSLCheckCRLWhether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.
SSLCipherStrengthThe minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.
SSLEnabledCipherSuitesThe cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.
SSLEnabledProtocolsUsed to enable/disable the supported security protocols.
SSLEnableRenegotiationWhether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.
SSLIncludeCertChainWhether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.
SSLKeyLogFileThe location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.
SSLNegotiatedCipherReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedCipherStrengthReturns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.
SSLNegotiatedCipherSuiteReturns the negotiated ciphersuite.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.
SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrengthReturns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.
SSLNegotiatedProtocolReturns the negotiated protocol version.
SSLProviderThe name of the security provider to use.
SSLSecurityFlagsFlags that control certificate verification.
SSLServerCACertsA newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.
TLS12SignatureAlgorithmsDefines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True.
TLS12SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for ECC.
TLS13KeyShareGroupsThe groups for which to pregenerate key shares.
TLS13ProviderThe TLS 1.3 implementation to be used.
TLS13SignatureAlgorithmsThe allowed certificate signature algorithms.
TLS13SupportedGroupsThe supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.
AbsoluteTimeoutDetermines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.
FirewallDataUsed to send extra data to the firewall.
InBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.
OutBufferSizeThe size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

AccessToken Property (OAuth Class)

The access token returned by the authorization server.

Syntax

QString GetAccessToken();
int SetAccessToken(QString qsAccessToken);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the access token returned by the authorization server after a call to GetAuthorization. This will be the raw access token, whereas the return value from the GetAuthorization method will also include the required data so it can be passed directly to the Authorization property of the components or added as the value of the Authorization header in another client implementation.

Data Type

String

AuthorizationCode Property (OAuth Class)

The authorization code that is exchanged for an access token.

Syntax

QString GetAuthorizationCode();
int SetAuthorizationCode(QString qsAuthorizationCode);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When ClientProfile is set to cfWebServer (WebServer flow) the authorization server will return a code when the user is re-directed from the authorization server back to your website. This code is returned as a query string parameter and the class will automatically populate this property with that value.

Normally this property will only be informational, as the GetAuthorization method will automatically exchange this code for a token with the authorization server specified in ServerTokenURL.

If this property is set before calling GetAuthorization the class will attempt to exchange the code with the authorization server for an access token.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

AuthorizationScope Property (OAuth Class)

The scope request or response parameter used during authorization.

Syntax

QString GetAuthorizationScope();
int SetAuthorizationScope(QString qsAuthorizationScope);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the scope is not set, the authorization server will use the default access scope for your application as determined by the server. To request a specific access scope set this property to a space separated list of strings as defined by the authorization server.

After calling GetAuthorization this property will be updated with the scope sent in the response from the server and will indicate the scope that was actually granted.

Data Type

String

ClientId Property (OAuth Class)

The id of the client assigned when registering the application.

Syntax

QString GetClientId();
int SetClientId(QString qsClientId);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the id of the client that was assigned when initially registering the application with the authorization server. This value must be specified before calling GetAuthorization or GetAuthorizationURL.

Data Type

String

ClientProfile Property (OAuth Class)

The type of client that is requesting authorization.

Syntax

int GetClientProfile();
int SetClientProfile(int iClientProfile);

Possible Values

CF_APPLICATION(0), 
CF_WEB_SERVER(1),
CF_DEVICE(2),
CF_MOBILE(3),
CF_JWT(4),
CF_MICROSOFT_365ADMIN_CONSENT(5)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This defines the type of client that will be requesting authorization. Set this before calling GetAuthorization to inform the class to act accordingly. Possible values are:

0 (cfApplication - default) User application such as a windows form application
1 (cfWebServer) Server side application such as a website
2 (cfDevice) Device application without a browser such as a game console
3 (cfMobile) Mobile application with browser support such as a smart phone or tablet
4 (cfBrowser) Client side browser application such as JavaScript
5 (cfJWT) Server to Server authentication using a JWT Bearer Token
6 (cfMicrosoft365AdminConsent) Admin consent for Microsoft API application scopes

Application Client Type

The application client type is applicable to applications that are run by the user directly. For instance a windows form application would use the application client type. To authorize your application (client) using the application client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfApplication. This defines the client type the class will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application.

Next, call GetAuthorization to begin the authorization process. When GetAuthorization is called the class will build the URL to which the user will be directed and fire the LaunchBrowser event. The class will then launch the browser using the command and URL shown in the LaunchBrowser event and await the response. The duration which the class will wait for a response is defined by BrowserResponseTimeout.

The user will interact with the browser to authenticate and grant access to the connecting application. The user will then be redirected back to an embedded web server that was automatically started when GetAuthorization was called. At this time the ReturnURL event will fire. This event provides an opportunity to provide a custom response to your user that they will see in their browser.

The class will then automatically exchange the grant that was returned by the authorization server for the access token using the HTTP endpoint specified in ServerTokenURL.

The authorization is now complete and the GetAuthorization method will return the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our classs simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

A simple example is shown below. component.ClientId = "MyId"; component.ClientSecret = "MyPassword"; component.ServerAuthURL = "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth"; component.ServerTokenURL = "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token"; HTTP.Authorization = component.GetAuthorization(); HTTP.Get("https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo");

WebServer Client Type

The WebServer client type is applicable to applications that are run on the server side where the user uses the application from a web browser. To authorize your application (client) using this client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfWebServer. This defines the client type the component will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application. Set ReturnURL to the page on your site that will be the endpoint the user is redirected back to after authentication.

Next, call GetAuthorizationURL. This will return a URL to which the user should be redirected. Redirect the user to this URL.

After the user authenticates and is returned to the page on your site specified by ReturnURL, parse the "code" query string parameter from the incoming request. Set AuthorizationCode to this value.

Call GetAuthorization to exchange the code specified in AuthorizationCode for a token from the server specified by ServerTokenURL. GetAuthorization returns the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our components simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

Device Client Type

The Device client type is applicable to applications that are run on devices where no web browser can be used. For instance a game console would use the device client type. To authorize your application (client) using the device client type follow the steps below.

First, set ClientProfile to cfDevice. This defines the client type the class will use. Set the ClientId, ClientSecret, ServerAuthURL, and ServerTokenURL to the values you obtained when registering your application. Do not set ReturnURL.

Next, call GetAuthorizationURL. The class will automatically make a request to ServerAuthURL to obtain a user code for the device. The GetAuthorizationURL method will return the URL your user must visit from another device or computer that has web browser support. The GetAuthorizationURL method will also populate DeviceUserCode. This device user code must also be provided to the user. The user will enter the code at the URL returned by GetAuthorizationURL.

At this time, call GetAuthorization. The class will begin polling the server specified in ServerTokenURL. The polling interval is specified (in seconds) by the PollingInterval setting.

After the user has authenticated, the GetAuthorization method will return the authorization string. To use the authorization string with any of our components simply pass this value to the Authorization property before making the request.

Mobile Client Type

The Mobile client type is applicable to applications that are run on devices where a web browser can be used. For instance a mobile phone or tablet. The behavior when using this client type is very similar to the Application client type. The only difference between the Mobile and Application client types is the way the browser is launched, when set to Mobile the LaunchBrowser event will fire but the class will not attempt to launch the browser automatically. The browser must be launched manually from code. This behavior is the only difference between the Mobile and Application client type. Please read the steps above for the Application client type for a more detailed look at the process.

JWT Bearer Token (Server to Server) Type

The JWT (JSON Web Token) Bearer Token type is available for server to server authentication. For instance this may be used by web applications to access a Google service. In this case the application will access data on behalf of the service account, not the end user. End user interaction is not required.

First, specify AuthorizationScope ServerTokenURL and JWTServiceProvider.

Next specify JWT specific values. The use of the JWT profile also requires additional configuration settings to be specified, including a certificate with private key used to sign the JWT. Either specify the JWTJSONKey configuration setting, which will parse the necessary information automatically, or manually specify the following configuration settings:

Additional fields may be added to the JWT using the AddParam method.

Example (Google): oauth.AuthorizationScope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/analytics"; oauth.ServerTokenURL = "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v3/token"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfJWT; oauth.Config("JWTServiceProvider=0"); oauth.Config("JWTIssuer=111917875427-g39d5bar90mjgiuf2n5ases9qk0j2q0p@developer.gserviceaccount.com"); oauth.Config("JWTAudience=https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v3/token"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStoreType=2"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStore=C:\\MyCertificate.p12"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStorePassword=password"); oauth.Config("JWTCertSubject=*"); oauth.Config("JWTValidityTime=5400"); //in seconds string authStr = oauth.GetAuthorization();

Example (Microsoft): oauth.ClientId = "Client_Id"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfJWT; oauth.AuthorizationScope = "https://graph.microsoft.com/.default"; oauth.ServerTokenURL = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/" + tenant_id + "/oauth2/V2.0/token"; oauth.Config("JWTCertStoreType=2"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStore=C:\\MyCertificate.p12"); oauth.Config("JWTCertStorePassword=password"); oauth.Config("JWTCertSubject=*"); oauth.Config("JWTValidityTime=3600"); oauth.Config("JWTAudience=https://login.microsoftonline.com/"+ tenant_id + "/oauth2/V2.0/token"); string authStr = oauth.GetAuthorization();

Microsoft Admin Consent Type

The Microsoft Admin Consent type is used when setting up application permissions for apps that authenticate to Microsoft. Typically this type is used in the client credentials grant flow so that the admin can consent to the scopes that are defined by the App's registration in Azure Portal. After the app has been registered, the Application (client) ID will need to be set to the ClientId property. Also, a registered return URL must be set to the ReturnURL property.

When the GetAuthorization method is called, the class will fire the LaunchBrowser event and open the admin consent page URL (eg. https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/adminconsent?client_id=CLIENT_ID&redirect_uri=URL). At the same time, the class will start an embedded webserver that will be used to receive the results from the redirect URI.

If the Admin consents to the scopes, the redirect URI will supply the tenant ID of the admin. The tenant ID can be accessed through the Microsoft365AdminConsentTenant configuration and is often needed for authenticating a client later (eg. Client Credentials Grant Flow). Once the Admin consents once, they typically will not need to go through the process again unless the scopes of the application change.

If the Admin does not consent to the scopes, the redirect URI will give an error message and a description of the error. The error message can be found in the Microsoft365AdminConsentError configuration setting and the error description can be found in the Microsoft365AdminConsentErrorDesc configuration setting. Additionally the class fails with an error.

For example: oauth.ClientId = "Client_ID"; oauth.ClientProfile = OauthClientProfiles.cfMicrosoft365AdminConsent; oauth.WebServerPort = 8888; oauth.ReturnURL = "http://localhost:8888"; oauth.GetAuthorization(); string tenant = oauth.Config("Microsoft365AdminConsentTenant");

Data Type

Integer

ClientSecret Property (OAuth Class)

The secret value for the client assigned when registering the application.

Syntax

QString GetClientSecret();
int SetClientSecret(QString qsClientSecret);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the secret of the client that was assigned when initially registering the application with the authorization server. This value must be specified before calling GetAuthorization or GetAuthorizationURL.

Data Type

String

Connected Property (OAuth Class)

Shows whether the class is connected.

Syntax

bool GetConnected();
int SetConnected(bool bConnected);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property is used to determine whether or not the class is connected to the remote host.

Note: It is recommended to use the Connect or Disconnect method instead of setting this property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

CookieCount Property (OAuth Class)

The number of records in the Cookie arrays.

Syntax

int GetCookieCount();
int SetCookieCount(int iCookieCount);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at CookieCount - 1.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

CookieDomain Property (OAuth Class)

The domain of a received cookie.

Syntax

QString GetCookieDomain(int iCookieIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The domain of a received cookie. This property contains a domain name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server). If the server does not provide a domain name, this property will contain an empty string. The convention in this case is to use the server name specified by URLServer as the cookie domain.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

CookieExpiration Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains an expiration time for the cookie (if provided by the server).

Syntax

QString GetCookieExpiration(int iCookieIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains an expiration time for the cookie (if provided by the server). The time format used is "Weekday, DD-Mon-YY HH:MM:SS GMT". If the server does not provide an expiration time, this property will contain an empty string. The convention is to drop the cookie at the end of the session.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

CookieName Property (OAuth Class)

The name of the cookie.

Syntax

QString GetCookieName(int iCookieIndex);
int SetCookieName(int iCookieIndex, QString qsCookieName);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The name of the cookie.

This property, along with CookieValue store the cookie that is to be sent to the server. The SetCookie event displays the cookies set by the server and their properties.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

CookiePath Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains a path name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server).

Syntax

QString GetCookiePath(int iCookieIndex);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a path name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server). If the server does not provide a cookie path, the path property will be an empty string. The convention in this case is to use the path specified by URLPath as the cookie path.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

CookieSecure Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the security flag of the received cookie.

Syntax

bool GetCookieSecure(int iCookieIndex);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property contains the security flag of the received cookie. This property specifies whether the cookie is secure. If the value of this property is True, the cookie value must be submitted through a secure (HTTPS) connection only.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Boolean

CookieValue Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the value of the cookie.

Syntax

QString GetCookieValue(int iCookieIndex);
int SetCookieValue(int iCookieIndex, QString qsCookieValue);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the value of the cookie. The cookie specified by CookieName has a corresponding value associated with it. This property holds that value.

The SetCookie event provides the cookies set by the server.

The CookieIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the CookieCount property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

FirewallAutoDetect Property (OAuth Class)

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Syntax

bool GetFirewallAutoDetect();
int SetFirewallAutoDetect(bool bFirewallAutoDetect);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

Data Type

Boolean

FirewallType Property (OAuth Class)

This property determines the type of firewall to connect through.

Syntax

int GetFirewallType();
int SetFirewallType(int iFirewallType);

Possible Values

FW_NONE(0), 
FW_TUNNEL(1),
FW_SOCKS4(2),
FW_SOCKS5(3),
FW_SOCKS4A(10)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property determines the type of firewall to connect through. The applicable values are the following:

fwNone (0)No firewall (default setting).
fwTunnel (1)Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
fwSOCKS4 (2)Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS5 (3)Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
fwSOCKS4A (10)Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

Data Type

Integer

FirewallHost Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional).

Syntax

QString GetFirewallHost();
int SetFirewallHost(QString qsFirewallHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the name or IP address of firewall (optional). If a FirewallHost is given, the requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If this property is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, this property is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

FirewallPassword Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

Syntax

QString GetFirewallPassword();
int SetFirewallPassword(QString qsFirewallPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall. If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword properties are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

FirewallPort Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the TCP port for the firewall Host .

Syntax

int GetFirewallPort();
int SetFirewallPort(int iFirewallPort);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property contains the TCP port for the firewall FirewallHost. See the description of the FirewallHost property for details.

Note that this property is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value. See the description of the FirewallType property for details.

Data Type

Integer

FirewallUser Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

Syntax

QString GetFirewallUser();
int SetFirewallUser(QString qsFirewallUser);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall. If the FirewallHost is specified, this property and FirewallPassword properties are used to connect and authenticate to the given Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

Data Type

String

FollowRedirects Property (OAuth Class)

Determines what happens when the server issues a redirect.

Syntax

int GetFollowRedirects();
int SetFollowRedirects(int iFollowRedirects);

Possible Values

FR_NEVER(0), 
FR_ALWAYS(1),
FR_SAME_SCHEME(2)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property determines what happens when the server issues a redirect. Normally, the class returns an error if the server responds with an "Object Moved" message. If this property is set to frAlways (1), the new URL for the object is retrieved automatically every time.

If this property is set to frSameScheme (2), the new URL is retrieved automatically only if the URLScheme is the same, otherwise the class fails with an error.

Note that following the HTTP specification, unless this property is set to frAlways (1), automatic redirects will be performed only for 'GET' or 'HEAD' requests. Other methods could potentially change the conditions of the initial request and create security vulnerabilities.

Furthermore, if either the new URL server and port are different than the existing one, User and Password are also reset to empty, unless this property is set to frAlways (1), in which case the same credentials are used to connect to the new server.

A Redirect event is fired for every URL the product is redirected to. In the case of automatic redirections, the Redirect event is a good place to set properties related to the new connection (e.g. new authentication parameters).

The default value is frNever (0). In this case, redirects are never followed, and the class fails with an error instead.

Data Type

Integer

GrantType Property (OAuth Class)

The OAuth grant type used to acquire an OAuth access token.

Syntax

int GetGrantType();
int SetGrantType(int iGrantType);

Possible Values

OGT_AUTHORIZATION_CODE(0), 
OGT_IMPLICIT(1),
OGT_PASSWORD(2),
OGT_CLIENT_CREDENTIALS(3)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This setting specifies the type of grant to obtain. In most cases the Authorization Code grant type (default) is used, so it is typically not necessary to change this. The supported values are:

  • 0 (Authorization Code - Default)
  • 1 (Implicit)
  • 2 (Resource Owner Password Credentials)
  • 3 (Client Credentials)

For all grant types listed set ClientProfile to Application.

The Authorization Code grant is the most commonly used grant type. It follows the flow described for the Application Client Type section in the OAuth introduction page.

Implicit grants are similar to Authorization Code, except that a Bearer token is returned directly from the authorization server without requiring a second step to exchange a code for a bearer token. To use this grant type set:

And call GetAuthorization.

The Resource Owner Password Credentials grant type may be used to authenticate on behalf of a resource owner with the owner's credentials. Authentication is performed directly and the user is not prompted to authenticate the application. To use this grant type set:

And call GetAuthorization.

The Client Credentials grant type is typically used for server-to-server authentication. The client authenticates directly to the authentication server and receives a token without any user interaction. To use this grant type set:

And call GetAuthorization.

Data Type

Integer

Idle Property (OAuth Class)

The current status of the class.

Syntax

bool GetIdle();

Default Value

true

Remarks

Idle will be False if the component is currently busy (communicating and/or waiting for an answer), and True at all other times.

This property is read-only.

Data Type

Boolean

LocalHost Property (OAuth Class)

The name of the local host or user-assigned IP interface through which connections are initiated or accepted.

Syntax

QString GetLocalHost();
int SetLocalHost(QString qsLocalHost);

Default Value

""

Remarks

The LocalHost property contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost property shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

NOTE: LocalHost is not persistent. You must always set it in code, and never in the property window.

Data Type

String

OtherHeaders Property (OAuth Class)

Other headers as determined by the user (optional).

Syntax

QString GetOtherHeaders();
int SetOtherHeaders(QString qsOtherHeaders);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property can be set to a string of headers to be appended to the HTTP request headers created from other properties like ContentType, From, etc.

The headers must be of the format "header: value" as described in the HTTP specifications. Header lines should be separated by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Use this property with caution. If this property contains invalid headers, HTTP requests may fail.

This property is useful for extending the functionality of the class beyond what is provided.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

ParamCount Property (OAuth Class)

The number of records in the Param arrays.

Syntax

int GetParamCount();
int SetParamCount(int iParamCount);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at ParamCount - 1.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

ParamName Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the name of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response.

Syntax

QString GetParamName(int iParamIndex);
int SetParamName(int iParamIndex, QString qsParamName);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the name of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response.

The ParamIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the ParamCount property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

ParamValue Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the value of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response.

Syntax

QString GetParamValue(int iParamIndex);
int SetParamValue(int iParamIndex, QString qsParamValue);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the value of the parameter to be used in the request or returned in the response. When issuing a request the class will URL encode the value specified here. Returned values will be automatically URL decoded.

The ParamIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the ParamCount property.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

String

ProxyAuthScheme Property (OAuth Class)

This property is used to tell the class which type of authorization to perform when connecting to the proxy.

Syntax

int GetProxyAuthScheme();
int SetProxyAuthScheme(int iProxyAuthScheme);

Possible Values

AUTH_BASIC(0), 
AUTH_DIGEST(1),
AUTH_PROPRIETARY(2),
AUTH_NONE(3),
AUTH_NTLM(4),
AUTH_NEGOTIATE(5)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property is used to tell the class which type of authorization to perform when connecting to the proxy. This is only used when the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are set.

ProxyAuthScheme should be set to authNone (3) when no authentication is expected.

By default, ProxyAuthScheme is authBasic (0), and if the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are set, the component will attempt basic authentication.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to authDigest (1), digest authentication will be attempted instead.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to authProprietary (2), then the authorization token will not be generated by the class. Look at the configuration file for the class being used to find more information about manually setting this token.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to authNtlm (4), NTLM authentication will be used.

For security reasons, setting this property will clear the values of ProxyUser and ProxyPassword.

Data Type

Integer

ProxyAutoDetect Property (OAuth Class)

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use proxy system settings, if available.

Syntax

bool GetProxyAutoDetect();
int SetProxyAutoDetect(bool bProxyAutoDetect);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use proxy system settings, if available. The default value is false.

Data Type

Boolean

ProxyPassword Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

Syntax

QString GetProxyPassword();
int SetProxyPassword(QString qsProxyPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to Basic Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword are Base64 encoded and the proxy authentication token will be generated in the form "Basic [encoded-user-password]".

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to Digest Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are used to respond to the Digest Authentication challenge from the server.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to NTLM Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are used to authenticate through NTLM negotiation.

Data Type

String

ProxyPort Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains the TCP port for the proxy Server (default 80).

Syntax

int GetProxyPort();
int SetProxyPort(int iProxyPort);

Default Value

80

Remarks

This property contains the TCP port for the proxy ProxyServer (default 80). See the description of the ProxyServer property for details.

Data Type

Integer

ProxyServer Property (OAuth Class)

If a proxy Server is given, then the HTTP request is sent to the proxy instead of the server otherwise specified.

Syntax

QString GetProxyServer();
int SetProxyServer(QString qsProxyServer);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If a proxy ProxyServer is given, then the HTTP request is sent to the proxy instead of the server otherwise specified.

If the ProxyServer property is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated and upon successful termination of the request, the ProxyServer property is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

Data Type

String

ProxySSL Property (OAuth Class)

This property determines when to use SSL for the connection to the proxy.

Syntax

int GetProxySSL();
int SetProxySSL(int iProxySSL);

Possible Values

PS_AUTOMATIC(0), 
PS_ALWAYS(1),
PS_NEVER(2),
PS_TUNNEL(3)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property determines when to use SSL for the connection to the proxy. The applicable values are the following:

psAutomatic (0)Default setting. If the URL is an "https" URL, the class will use the psTunnel option. If the URL is a "http" URL, the class will use the psNever option.
psAlways (1)The connection is always SSL-enabled.
psNever (2)The connection is not SSL-enabled.
psTunnel (3)The connection is through a tunneling (HTTP) proxy.

Data Type

Integer

ProxyUser Property (OAuth Class)

This property contains a user name, if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

Syntax

QString GetProxyUser();
int SetProxyUser(QString qsProxyUser);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains a user name, if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to Basic Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword are Base64 encoded and the proxy authentication token will be generated in the form "Basic [encoded-user-password]".

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to Digest Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are used to respond to the Digest Authentication challenge from the server.

If ProxyAuthScheme is set to NTLM Authentication, the ProxyUser and ProxyPassword properties are used to authenticate through NTLM negotiation.

Data Type

String

RefreshToken Property (OAuth Class)

Specifies the refresh token received from or sent to the authorization server.

Syntax

QString GetRefreshToken();
int SetRefreshToken(QString qsRefreshToken);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When GetAuthorization is called if the authorization server returns a refresh token along with the access token, this property will hold the refresh token. Save this value for later use.

When your access token expires, set this property to the corresponding refresh token. Then call GetAuthorization and the class will use this token to retrieve a new access token. The new authorization string will be returned by the GetAuthorization method. No user interaction is required when refreshing an access token.

Data Type

String

ReturnURL Property (OAuth Class)

The URL where the user (browser) returns after authenticating.

Syntax

QString GetReturnURL();
int SetReturnURL(QString qsReturnURL);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When ClientProfile is set to cfApplication this will be automatically set to the address of the local embedded web server. In that case this property can be inspected to determine the URL where the user will be redirected, but does not need to be set.

When calling GetAuthorizationURL, which is common when ClientProfile is set to cfWebBrowser, set this property to the URL on your server where the user will be redirected after authenticating with the authorization server.

This property corresponds to the redirect_uri query string parameter.

Data Type

String

ServerAuthURL Property (OAuth Class)

The URL of the authorization server.

Syntax

QString GetServerAuthURL();
int SetServerAuthURL(QString qsServerAuthURL);

Default Value

""

Remarks

Specifies the URL of the authorization server used when GetAuthorization is called. This value is used when constructing the URL to which the user will be redirected to authenticate and grant access.

This should be specified before calling GetAuthorization.

When this is set, it will clear any value specified in AuthorizationURL.

Data Type

String

ServerTokenURL Property (OAuth Class)

The URL used to obtain the access token.

Syntax

QString GetServerTokenURL();
int SetServerTokenURL(QString qsServerTokenURL);

Default Value

""

Remarks

Specifies the URL where the grant will be exchanged for the access token. This is typically a separate HTTP endpoint on the authorization server.

This must be set before calling GetAuthorization.

Data Type

String

SSLAcceptServerCertEncoded Property (OAuth Class)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSLAcceptServerCertEncoded();
int SetSSLAcceptServerCertEncoded(QByteArray qbaSSLAcceptServerCertEncoded);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SSLAcceptServerCertStore and SSLAcceptServerCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SSLAcceptServerCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SSLAcceptServerCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SSLAcceptServerCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SSLAcceptServerCertSubject is set to an empty string.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

SSLCertEncoded Property (OAuth Class)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSLCertEncoded();
int SetSSLCertEncoded(QByteArray qbaSSLCertEncoded);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SSLCertStore and SSLCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SSLCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SSLCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SSLCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SSLCertSubject is set to an empty string.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

SSLCertStore Property (OAuth Class)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSLCertStore();
int SetSSLCertStore(QByteArray qbaSSLCertStore);

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The SSLCertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by SSLCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in SSLCertStorePassword.

SSLCertStore is used in conjunction with the SSLCertSubject property to specify client certificates. If SSLCertStore has a value, and SSLCertSubject or SSLCertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the SSLCertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

Data Type

Byte Array

SSLCertStorePassword Property (OAuth Class)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

QString GetSSLCertStorePassword();
int SetSSLCertStorePassword(QString qsSSLCertStorePassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Data Type

String

SSLCertStoreType Property (OAuth Class)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

int GetSSLCertStoreType();
int SetSSLCertStoreType(int iSSLCertStoreType);

Possible Values

CST_USER(0), 
CST_MACHINE(1),
CST_PFXFILE(2),
CST_PFXBLOB(3),
CST_JKSFILE(4),
CST_JKSBLOB(5),
CST_PEMKEY_FILE(6),
CST_PEMKEY_BLOB(7),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_FILE(8),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(9),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(10),
CST_P7BFILE(11),
CST_P7BBLOB(12),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_FILE(13),
CST_PPKFILE(14),
CST_PPKBLOB(15),
CST_XMLFILE(16),
CST_XMLBLOB(17),
CST_JWKFILE(18),
CST_JWKBLOB(19),
CST_SECURITY_KEY(20),
CST_BCFKSFILE(21),
CST_BCFKSBLOB(22),
CST_AUTO(99)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the SSLCertStore and set SSLCertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Data Type

Integer

SSLCertSubject Property (OAuth Class)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

QString GetSSLCertSubject();
int SetSSLCertSubject(QString qsSSLCertSubject);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

Data Type

String

SSLProvider Property (OAuth Class)

TBD.

Syntax

int GetSSLProvider();
int SetSSLProvider(int iSSLProvider);

Possible Values

SSLP_AUTOMATIC(0), 
SSLP_PLATFORM(1),
SSLP_INTERNAL(2)

Default Value

0

Remarks

TBD.

Data Type

Integer

SSLServerCertEncoded Property (OAuth Class)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

QByteArray GetSSLServerCertEncoded();

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SSLServerCertStore and SSLServerCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SSLServerCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SSLServerCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SSLServerCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SSLServerCertSubject is set to an empty string.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

Timeout Property (OAuth Class)

A timeout for the class.

Syntax

int GetTimeout();
int SetTimeout(int iTimeout);

Default Value

60

Remarks

If the Timeout property is set to 0, all operations will run uninterrupted until successful completion or an error condition is encountered.

If Timeout is set to a positive value, the class will wait for the operation to complete before returning control.

The class will use DoEvents to enter an efficient wait loop during any potential waiting period, making sure that all system events are processed immediately as they arrive. This ensures that the host application does not "freeze" and remains responsive.

If Timeout expires, and the operation is not yet complete, the class fails with an error.

Please note that by default, all timeouts are inactivity timeouts, i.e. the timeout period is extended by Timeout seconds when any amount of data is successfully sent or received.

The default value for the Timeout property is 60 seconds.

Data Type

Integer

TransferredData Property (OAuth Class)

The contents of the last response from the server.

Syntax

QByteArray GetTransferredData();

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the contents of the last response from the server.

TransferredDataLimit controls the maximum amount of data accumulated in TransferredData (by default there is no limit).

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Byte Array

TransferredHeaders Property (OAuth Class)

The full set of headers as received from the server.

Syntax

QString GetTransferredHeaders();

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property returns the complete set of raw headers as received from the server.

The Header event shows the individual headers as parsed by the class.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

WebServerPort Property (OAuth Class)

The local port on which the embedded web server listens.

Syntax

int GetWebServerPort();
int SetWebServerPort(int iWebServerPort);

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the port on which the embedded web server listens. Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be returned when this setting is queried after the server has started listening.This is only applicable when using the embedded web server.

Data Type

Integer

WebServerSSLCertStore Property (OAuth Class)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

QByteArray GetWebServerSSLCertStore();
int SetWebServerSSLCertStore(QByteArray qbaWebServerSSLCertStore);

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The WebServerSSLCertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by WebServerSSLCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in WebServerSSLCertStorePassword.

WebServerSSLCertStore is used in conjunction with the WebServerSSLCertSubject property to specify client certificates. If WebServerSSLCertStore has a value, and WebServerSSLCertSubject or WebServerSSLCertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the WebServerSSLCertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

Data Type

Byte Array

WebServerSSLCertStorePassword Property (OAuth Class)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

QString GetWebServerSSLCertStorePassword();
int SetWebServerSSLCertStorePassword(QString qsWebServerSSLCertStorePassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Data Type

String

WebServerSSLCertStoreType Property (OAuth Class)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

int GetWebServerSSLCertStoreType();
int SetWebServerSSLCertStoreType(int iWebServerSSLCertStoreType);

Possible Values

CST_USER(0), 
CST_MACHINE(1),
CST_PFXFILE(2),
CST_PFXBLOB(3),
CST_JKSFILE(4),
CST_JKSBLOB(5),
CST_PEMKEY_FILE(6),
CST_PEMKEY_BLOB(7),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_FILE(8),
CST_PUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(9),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_BLOB(10),
CST_P7BFILE(11),
CST_P7BBLOB(12),
CST_SSHPUBLIC_KEY_FILE(13),
CST_PPKFILE(14),
CST_PPKBLOB(15),
CST_XMLFILE(16),
CST_XMLBLOB(17),
CST_JWKFILE(18),
CST_JWKBLOB(19),
CST_SECURITY_KEY(20),
CST_BCFKSFILE(21),
CST_BCFKSBLOB(22),
CST_AUTO(99)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the WebServerSSLCertStore and set WebServerSSLCertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Data Type

Integer

WebServerSSLCertSubject Property (OAuth Class)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

QString GetWebServerSSLCertSubject();
int SetWebServerSSLCertSubject(QString qsWebServerSSLCertSubject);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

Data Type

String

WebServerSSLEnabled Property (OAuth Class)

Whether the web server requires SSL connections.

Syntax

bool GetWebServerSSLEnabled();
int SetWebServerSSLEnabled(bool bWebServerSSLEnabled);

Default Value

false

Remarks

This setting specifies whether the embedded web server use SSL. If set to True WebServerSSLCert is required and the server will only accept SSL connections. If set to False only plaintext connects are supported.

Data Type

Boolean

AddCookie Method (OAuth Class)

Adds a cookie and the corresponding value to the outgoing request headers.

Syntax

int AddCookie(const QString& qsCookieName, const QString& qsCookieValue);

Remarks

This property adds a cookie and the corresponding value to the outgoing request headers. Please refer to the Cookies property for more information on cookies and how they are managed.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

AddParam Method (OAuth Class)

Adds a name-value pair to the query string parameters of outgoing request.

Syntax

int AddParam(const QString& qsParamName, const QString& qsParamValue);

Remarks

This method can be used to add query string parameters to the outgoing request. One common use for this method would be to add the "state" parameter to the request, which can be used when the ClientProfile is cfWebServer to add user defined data. The authorization server will include the "state" parameter in the response and will be available in the post back to your server which will allow you to maintain state in your application.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Config Method (OAuth Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

QString Config(const QString& qsConfigurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

DoEvents Method (OAuth Class)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

int DoEvents();

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the class processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

GetAuthorization Method (OAuth Class)

Gets the authorization string required to access the protected resource.

Syntax

QString GetAuthorization();

Remarks

This method performs several operations automatically depending on the value of ClientProfile. Please see the introduction section for the OAuth class for a detailed overview of the typical scenarios.

After authorization is completed this method will return the authorization string which can be passed directly to the Authorization property of any other component. This can also be passed as the value of the HTTP Authorization header to other implementations that access the protected resource as well.

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

GetAuthorizationURL Method (OAuth Class)

Builds and returns the URL to which the user should be re-directed for authorization.

Syntax

QString GetAuthorizationURL();

Remarks

When this method is called, the class will return the URL used for authorization. The class will not make any connections itself, but instead return the URL to you so that you may re-direct the user to this location. This is useful when ClientProfile is set to cfWebServer. Before calling this method set:

Error Handling

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Interrupt Method (OAuth Class)

Interrupt the current method.

Syntax

int Interrupt();

Remarks

If there is no method in progress, Interrupt simply returns, doing nothing.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Reset Method (OAuth Class)

Reset the class.

Syntax

int Reset();

Remarks

This method will reset the class's properties to their default values.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

StartWebServer Method (OAuth Class)

Starts the embedded web server.

Syntax

int StartWebServer();

Remarks

Starts the embedded web server. This method can be used to manually start the embedded web server. Under normal circumstances this is not needed as the component will automatically start and stop the web server when GetAuthorization is called. However, you may decide to start the web server manually before calling GetAuthorization. When called this method will also populate ReturnURL with the address of the embedded server.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

StopWebServer Method (OAuth Class)

Stops the embedded web server.

Syntax

int StopWebServer();

Remarks

Stops the embedded web server. Under normal circumstances the web server will be stopped automatically during the authorization process when GetAuthorization is called. If ReUseWebServer is set to true the server will not be automatically stopped, and this method must be called to stop the embedded web server.

Error Handling

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Connected Event (OAuth Class)

Fired immediately after a connection completes (or fails).

Syntax

class OAuthConnectedEventParams {
public:
  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Connected(OAuthConnectedEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireConnected(OAuthConnectedEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

If the connection is made normally, StatusCode is 0 and Description is "OK".

If the connection fails, StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP stack. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

ConnectionStatus Event (OAuth Class)

Fired to indicate changes in connection state.

Syntax

class OAuthConnectionStatusEventParams {
public:
  const QString &ConnectionEvent();

  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void ConnectionStatus(OAuthConnectionStatusEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireConnectionStatus(OAuthConnectionStatusEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The ConnectionStatus event is fired when the connection state changes: completion of a firewall or proxy connection, completion of a security handshake, etc.

The ConnectionEvent parameter indicates the type of connection event. Values may include:

Firewall connection complete.
SSL or S/Shell handshake complete (where applicable).
Remote host connection complete.
Remote host disconnected.
SSL or S/Shell connection broken.
Firewall host disconnected.

StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP stack. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the error.

Disconnected Event (OAuth Class)

Fired when a connection is closed.

Syntax

class OAuthDisconnectedEventParams {
public:
  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Disconnected(OAuthDisconnectedEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireDisconnected(OAuthDisconnectedEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

If the connection is broken normally, StatusCode is 0 and Description is "OK".

If the connection is broken for any other reason, StatusCode has the error code returned by the TCP/IP subsystem. Description contains a description of this code. The value of StatusCode is equal to the value of the TCP/IP error.

Please refer to the Error Codes section for more information.

EndTransfer Event (OAuth Class)

Fired when a document finishes transferring.

Syntax

class OAuthEndTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void EndTransfer(OAuthEndTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireEndTransfer(OAuthEndTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The EndTransfer event is fired first when the client finishes sending data to the server (in a 'POST' or 'PUT' request) and then when the document text finishes transferring from the server to the local host.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

Error Event (OAuth Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

class OAuthErrorEventParams {
public:
  int ErrorCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Error(OAuthErrorEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireError(OAuthErrorEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class fails with an error.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Header Event (OAuth Class)

Fired every time a header line comes in.

Syntax

class OAuthHeaderEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Field();

  const QString &Value();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Header(OAuthHeaderEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireHeader(OAuthHeaderEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The Field parameter contains the name of the HTTP header (same case as it is delivered). The Value parameter contains the header contents.

If the header line being retrieved is a continuation header line, then the Field parameter contains "" (empty string).

LaunchBrowser Event (OAuth Class)

Fires before launching a browser with the authorization URL.

Syntax

class OAuthLaunchBrowserEventParams {
public:
  const QString &URL();
  void SetURL(const QString &qsURL);

  const QString &Command();
  void SetCommand(const QString &qsCommand);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void LaunchBrowser(OAuthLaunchBrowserEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireLaunchBrowser(OAuthLaunchBrowserEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

When the ClientProfile property is set to cfApplication and GetAuthorization is called the class will fire this event with the Command which will be executed by the class. The URL parameter will be the authorization URL which the user will be directed to authenticate.

Within this event you may override the current value of either Command or URL and provide your own value. If Command is set to empty string the class will not attempt to launch the browser and instead you will be responsible for directing the user to the authorization URL specified by AuthorizationURL.

In Windows, ShellExecute is used to execute Command, which limits the verbs available for use in Command to:

  • edit
  • explore
  • find
  • open
  • print

Log Event (OAuth Class)

Fires once for each log message.

Syntax

class OAuthLogEventParams {
public:
  int LogLevel();

  const QString &Message();

  const QString &LogType();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Log(OAuthLogEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireLog(OAuthLogEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event fires once for each log message generated by the class. The verbosity is controlled by the LogLevel setting.

LogLevel indicates the level of message. Possible values are:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data is logged.

The value 1 (Info) logs basic information including the URL, HTTP version, and status details.

The value 2 (Verbose) logs additional information about the request and response.

The value 3 (Debug) logs the headers and body for both the request and response, as well as additional debug information (if any).

Message is the log entry.

LogType identifies the type of log entry. Possible values are:

  • "Info"
  • "RequestHeaders"
  • "ResponseHeaders"
  • "RequestBody"
  • "ResponseBody"
  • "ProxyRequest"
  • "ProxyResponse"
  • "FirewallRequest"
  • "FirewallResponse"

Redirect Event (OAuth Class)

Fired when a redirection is received from the server.

Syntax

class OAuthRedirectEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Location();

  bool Accept();
  void SetAccept(bool bAccept);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Redirect(OAuthRedirectEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireRedirect(OAuthRedirectEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event is where the client can decide whether to continue with the redirection process or not. The Accept parameter is always true by default, but if you do not want to follow the redirection, Accept may be set to false, in which case the class fails with an error. Location is the location to which the client is being redirected. Further control over redirection is provided in the FollowRedirects property.

ReturnURL Event (OAuth Class)

Fires when the user is redirected to the embedded web server.

Syntax

class OAuthReturnURLEventParams {
public:
  const QString &URLPath();

  const QString &QueryString();

  const QString &ResponseHeaders();
  void SetResponseHeaders(const QString &qsResponseHeaders);

  const QString &ResponseBody();
  void SetResponseBody(const QString &qsResponseBody);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void ReturnURL(OAuthReturnURLEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireReturnURL(OAuthReturnURLEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

When ClientProfile is set to cfApplication and the embedded web server is used (default), this event will fire when the user is redirected from authorization server back to the local embedded web server. The event provides an opportunity to set the ResponseHeaders and ResponseBody and provide a custom response that the user will see in their browser.

URLPath and QueryString are informational parameters that show the values sent by the authorization server.

SetCookie Event (OAuth Class)

Fired for every cookie set by the server.

Syntax

class OAuthSetCookieEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Name();

  const QString &Value();

  const QString &Expires();

  const QString &Domain();

  const QString &Path();

  bool Secure();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SetCookie(OAuthSetCookieEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSetCookie(OAuthSetCookieEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The SetCookie event is fired for every "Set-Cookie:" header received from the HTTP server.

The Name parameter contains the name of the cookie, with the corresponding value supplied in the Value parameter.

The Expires parameter contains an expiration time for the cookie (if provided by the server). The time format used is "Weekday, DD-Mon-YY HH:MM:SS GMT". If the server does not provide an expiration time, the Expires parameter will be an empty string. In this case, the convention is to drop the cookie at the end of the session.

The Domain parameter contains a domain name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server). If the server does not provide a domain name, the Domain parameter will be an empty string. The convention in this case is to use the server specified in the URL (URLServer) as the cookie domain.

The Path parameter contains a path name to limit the cookie to (if provided by the server). If the server does not provide a cookie path, the Path parameter will be an empty string. The convention in this case is to use the path specified in the URL (URLPath) as the cookie path.

The Secure parameter specifies whether the cookie is secure. If the value of this parameter is True, the cookie value must be submitted through a secure (HTTPS) connection only.

SSLServerAuthentication Event (OAuth Class)

Fired after the server presents its certificate to the client.

Syntax

class OAuthSSLServerAuthenticationEventParams {
public:
  const QByteArray &CertEncoded();

  const QString &CertSubject();

  const QString &CertIssuer();

  const QString &Status();

  bool Accept();
  void SetAccept(bool bAccept);

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSLServerAuthentication(OAuthSSLServerAuthenticationEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSLServerAuthentication(OAuthSSLServerAuthenticationEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event is where the client can decide whether to continue with the connection process or not. The Accept parameter is a recommendation on whether to continue or close the connection. This is just a suggestion: application software must use its own logic to determine whether to continue or not.

When Accept is False, Status shows why the verification failed (otherwise, Status contains the string "OK"). If it is decided to continue, you can override and accept the certificate by setting the Accept parameter to True.

SSLStatus Event (OAuth Class)

Shows the progress of the secure connection.

Syntax

class OAuthSSLStatusEventParams {
public:
  const QString &Message();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void SSLStatus(OAuthSSLStatusEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireSSLStatus(OAuthSSLStatusEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. Used to track the progress of the connection.

StartTransfer Event (OAuth Class)

Fired when a document starts transferring (after the headers).

Syntax

class OAuthStartTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void StartTransfer(OAuthStartTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireStartTransfer(OAuthStartTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The StartTransfer event is fired first when the client starts sending data to the server (in a 'POST' or 'PUT' request) and then when the document text starts transferring from the server to the local host.

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

Status Event (OAuth Class)

Fired when the HTTP status line is received from the server.

Syntax

class OAuthStatusEventParams {
public:
  const QString &HTTPVersion();

  int StatusCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Status(OAuthStatusEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireStatus(OAuthStatusEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

HTTPVersion is a string containing the HTTP version string as returned from the server (e.g. "1.1").

StatusCode contains the HTTP status code (e.g. 200), and Description the associated message returned by the server (e.g. "OK").

Transfer Event (OAuth Class)

Fired while a document transfers (delivers document).

Syntax

class OAuthTransferEventParams {
public:
  int Direction();

  qint64 BytesTransferred();

  int PercentDone();

  const QByteArray &Text();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Transfer(OAuthTransferEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass OAuth and override this emitter function. virtual int FireTransfer(OAuthTransferEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The Text parameter contains the portion of the document text being received. It is empty if data is being posted to the server.

The BytesTransferred parameter contains the number of bytes transferred in this Direction since the beginning of the document text (excluding HTTP response headers).

The Direction parameter shows whether the client (0) or the server (1) is sending the data.

The PercentDone parameter shows the progress of the transfer in the corresponding direction. If PercentDone can not be calculated the value will be -1.

Note that events are not re-entrant. Performing time consuming operations within this event will prevent it from firing again in a timely manner and may impact overall performance.

Configuration Settings (OAuth Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

OAuth Configuration Settings

AccessTokenExp:   The lifetime of the access token.

This setting holds the lifetime of the access token in seconds. For instance the value 3600 indicates that the token will expire in one hour from the time it was generated.

AuthorizationTokenType:   The type of access token returned.

The applicable values include the following:

Bearer (default)When the access token returned by the server is a Bearer type, the authorization string returned by GetAuthorization will be in the format "Bearer access_token". This can be supplied as the value of the HTTP Authorization header.

AuthorizationURL:   Specifies the URL used for authorization.

Holds the URL that the user should be directed to in order to authenticate. If this value is specified the class will use this value instead of automatically calculating the value when GetAuthorization is called.

BrowserResponseTimeout:   Specifies the amount of time to wait for a response from the browser.

This setting specifies the amount of time (in seconds) the component will wait for a response from the browser in the LaunchBrowser event. The default value is 0, meaning that the component will wait indefinitely.

CodeChallengeMethod:   The code challenge method to use (if any).

This setting controls the code challenge method used (if any). If specified, Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE) defined by RFC 7636 will be used. The value here controls the code challenge method. Possible values are:

  • 0 (None - default)
  • 1 (Plain)
  • 2 (S256/SHA256)
DeviceGrantType:   The grant type to be used when the ClientProfile is set to cfDevice.

Used to specify a different grant type to use for device flow. By default this is set to "http://oauth.net/grant_type/device/1.0". Another commonly used grant type is "urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:device_code".

DeviceUserCode:   The device's user code when the ClientProfile is set to cfDevice.

When ClientProfile is set to cfDevice and GetAuthorizationURL is called the class will request a device user code from the server specified by ServerAuthURL. This setting will be populated with the device user code returned by the server. Provide this value along with the URL returned by GetAuthorizationURL to the user.

FormVarCount:   Specifies the number of additional form variables to include in the request.

This setting may be used to specify additional form variables made in the request to exchange AuthorizationCode for an access token. This is useful in cases where the OAuth server requires additional fields. This is used in conjunction with FormVarName[i] and FormVarValue[i]. For instance: component.Config("FormVarCount=2"); component.Config("FormVarName[0]=myvar"); component.Config("FormVarValue[0]=myvalue"); component.Config("FormVarName[1]=testname"); component.Config("FormVarValue[1]=testvalue"); The value will be URL encoded by the class

FormVarName[i]:   Specifies the form variable name at the specified index.

This setting specifies the form variable name at the index specified. See FormVarCount for details.

FormVarValue[i]:   Specifies the form variable value at the specified index.

This setting specifies the form variable value at the index specified. See FormVarCount for details.

IncludeEmptyRedirectURI:   Whether an empty redirect_uri parameter is included in requests.

This setting specifies whether redirect_uri is included in the request made by GetAuthorization if it is empty. In most cases redirect_uri will contain a value and will be sent, however if ClientProfile is set to Mobile or Device this will be empty.

If set to True (default) the redirect_uri will be sent in all cases. If set to False the redirect_uri will only be sent if it has a value.

JWTAudience:   The JWT audience when the ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

This setting specifies the audience that the JWT is intended for. This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT. When using Google service accounts this value must be "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v3/token".

JWTCertStore:   The name of the certificate store for the JWT signing certificate.

The name of the certificate store for the JWT signing certificate.

The JWTCertStoreType field specifies the type of the certificate store specified by JWTCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in JWTCertStorePassword.

JWTCertStore is used in conjunction with the JWTCertSubject field in order to specify JWT signing certificate.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

Note: This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

JWTCertStorePassword:   The JWT signing certificate password.

If the certificate store is of a type that requires a password, this property is used to specify that password in order to open the certificate store.

Note: This is only applicable when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

JWTCertStoreType:   The type of certificate store.

This specifies the type of certificate store. Possible values are:

0 User - default For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 Machine - For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 PFXFile - The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 PFXBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 JKSFile - The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 JKSBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 PEMKeyFile - The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 PEMKeyBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
14 PPKFile - The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 PPKBlob - The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 XMLFile - The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 XMLBlob - The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.

Note: This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

JWTCertSubject:   The JWT signing certificate subject.

The subject of the JWT signing certificate.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

Note: This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

JWTIssuer:   The JWT issuer when the ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

This setting specifies the issuer of the JWT. This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT. When using Google service accounts this value is the email address of the service account.

JWTJSONKey:   The file path of the JWT JSON Key, or a string containing its content.

This setting specifies the file path of the JWT JSON Key, or a string containing its content, provided for the service account. If this setting is specified, the class will attempt to parse the values for JWTCertStore, JWTIssuer from the JSON file, as well as initializing the values for JWTCertStoreType, JWTCertStorePassword, and JWTCertSubject.

JWTServiceProvider:   The service provider to which authentication is being performed.

This setting specifies the service provider that is being authenticated to. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Google - Default)
  • 1 (Microsoft)
Note: This is required when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.
JWTSignatureAlgorithm:   The signature algorithm used to sign the JWT.

This setting specifies the signature algorithm used to sign the JWT. Possible values are:

  • RSA-SHA256
Note: This is only applicable when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.
JWTSubject:   The subject field in the JWT.

This setting optionally specifies the subject field in the JWT. For Google service accounts this is the email address of the user for which the application is requesting delegated access. The meaning of this value varies from service to service. Please consult the documentation for the service to which you're authenticating to determine if the "sub" field is applicable.

JWTValidityTime:   The amount of time in seconds for which the assertion in the JWT is valid.

The amount of time in seconds for which the assertion in the JWT is valid. The default value is 3600 (one hour).

Note: This is only applicable when ClientProfile is set to cfJWT.

Microsoft365AdminConsentError:   The error message returned when the admin denies consent to the scopes.

When using the Microsoft365AdminConsent profile, this configuration will hold the error message in the event that the admin does not consent to the scopes of the application. This configuration is read-only.

Microsoft365AdminConsentErrorDesc:   The error description returned when the admin denies consent to the scopes.

When using the Microsoft365AdminConsent profile, this configuration will hold the description of the error message in the event that the admin does not consent to the scopes of the application. This configuration is read-only.

Microsoft365AdminConsentTenant:   The tenant ID returned after the admin consents to the scopes.

When using the Microsoft365AdminConsent profile, this configuration will hold the tenant ID that is returned after the admin consents to the scopes. This configuration is read-only.

Office365ServiceAPIVersion:   The API version of the Office 365 service being discovered.

This setting specifies the API version of the Office 365 service for which a search is initiated. See Office365ServiceEndpoint for details.

Office365ServiceCapability:   The API capability of the Office 365 service being discovered.

This setting specifies the capability of the Office 365 service for which a search is initiated. See Office365ServiceEndpoint for details.

Office365ServiceEndpoint:   The Office 365 endpoint for the service that matches the criteria specified.

When obtaining authorization to access an Office 365 resource it may be necessary to discover a list of services that match a certain criteria and then select a specific resource from that list. For instance, OneDrive for Business requires discovery of the Office 365 service which can be used with the OneDrive API.

When GetAuthorization is called, if Office365ServiceAPIVersion and Office365ServiceCapability are specified the class will attempt to discover the Office 365 services for which the user has access sand find a service which matches the requirements specified in Office365ServiceAPIVersion and Office365ServiceCapability. If a service is found the class will then obtain authorization to access that service. If authorization is successful Office365ServiceEndpoint will hold the service endpoint URL to which requests should be made.

Example of OneDrive for Business: oauth.Config("Office365ServiceCapability=MyFiles"); oauth.Config("Office365ServiceAPIVersion=v2.0"); string authString = oauth.GetAuthorization(); string endpointURL = oauth.Config("Office365ServiceEndpoint");

PollingInterval:   The interval in seconds between polling requests when the device client type is used.

When ClientProfile is set to cfDevice, this determines the interval (in seconds) between polling requests made to ServerTokenURL. The default value is 5.

ResponseCompanyImage:   A URL or full path to a company logo.

This setting specifies a URL or full path to a company logo. If set the image will be displayed and will be a hyperlink to ResponseCompanyURL.

ResponseCompanyURL:   A URL to the company website or similar resource.

This setting specifies a URL to the company website or similar resource. This is used in conjunction with ResponseCompanyImage.

ResponseFailureHeading:   Short header text indicating failure.

This setting specifies short header text indicating failure. The default value is Authorization Failed.

ResponseFailureMessage:   A description for a failed authorization.

This setting specifies a description for a failed authorization. The default value is Access to your account could not be authorized. Please check your user and connection details and try again.

ResponseHelpURL:   A URL to a help page or other resource.

This setting specifies a URL to a help page or other resource. If set a "Help" link will be displayed and point to this URL.

ResponseLicenseURL:   A URL to licensing terms.

This setting specifies a URL to licensing terms. If set a "License" link will be displayed and point to this URL.

ResponseProductImage:   A URL or full path to a product image.

This setting specifies a URL or full path to a product image. If set the image will be displayed and will be a hyperlink to ResponseProductURL.

ResponseProductURL:   A URL to a product page or similar resource.

This setting specifies a URL to a product page or similar resource. This is used in conjunction with ResponseProductImage.

ResponseSuccessHeading:   Short header text indicating success.

This setting specifies short header text indicating success. The default value is Authorization Successful.

ResponseSuccessMessage:   A description for a successful authorization.

This setting specifies a description for a successful authorization. The default value is Access to your account was successfully authorized. You may now close this window.

ReUseWebServer:   Determines if the same server instance is used between requests.

If set to true (default), the same embedded web server instance will be used for multiple requests. If set to false the embedded web server will be created and destroyed on each call to GetAuthorization

TokenInfoFieldCount:   The number of fields in the tokeninfo service response.

This setting returns the number of fields present in the tokeninfo service response. This is populated after calling ValidateToken.

TokenInfoFieldName[i]:   The name of the tokeninfo service response field.

This setting returns the name of the tokeninfo service response field specified by index i. Valid values are from 0 to TokenInfoFieldCount - 1.

TokenInfoFieldValue[i]:   The value of the tokeninfo service response field.

This setting returns the value of the tokeninfo service response field specified by index i. Valid values are from 0 to TokenInfoFieldCount - 1.

TokenInfoURL:   The URL of the tokeninfo service.

This setting specifies the URL of the tokeninfo service to which a request is made when ValidateToken is called. The default value is "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/tokeninfo".

ValidateToken:   Validates the specified access token with a tokeninfo service.

This setting will post the AccessToken to the tokeninfo service specified by TokenInfoURL. This allows a token to be queried for validity and other information before use. When this setting is queried the class will immediately make a request to the server. TokenInfoFieldCount, TokenInfoFieldName[i], and TokenInfoFieldValue[i] may be used to iterate over the fields in the response.

WebServerFailedResponse:   The custom response that will be displayed to the user if authentication failed.

When GetAuthorization is called the user will be redirected to the embedded web server upon completing authentication with the authorization server. If authentication failed, the HTML specified here will be sent to the user's browser.

WebServerHost:   The hostname used by the embedded web server displayed in the ReturnURL.

This setting specifies the hostname used by the embedded web server when ClientProfile is set to cfApplication. This specifies the interface on which the embedded web server listens, and also the value displayed in the ReturnURL. This should be set to the hostname only, not the full URL.

The default value is "localhost".

WebServerResponse:   The custom response that will be displayed to the user.

When GetAuthorization is called the user will be redirected to the embedded web server upon completing authentication with the authorization server. This setting allows you to specify the HTML that will be sent to the user's browser.

HTTP Configuration Settings

AcceptEncoding:   Used to tell the server which types of content encodings the client supports.

When AllowHTTPCompression is true, the class adds an "Accept-Encoding: " header to the request being sent to the server. By default, this header's value is "gzip, deflate". This config allows you to change the value of the "Accept-Encoding" header. NOTE: The class only supports gzip and deflate decompression algorithms.

AllowHTTPCompression:   This property enables HTTP compression for receiving data.

This setting enables HTTP compression for receiving data. When set to True (default), the class will accept compressed data. It will then uncompress the data it has received. The class will handle data compressed by both GZIP and Deflate compression algorithms.

When true, the class adds an "Accept-Encoding" header to the outgoing request. The value for this header can be controlled by the AcceptEncoding config. The default value for this header is "gzip, deflate".

The default value is True.

AllowHTTPFallback:   Whether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fallback to HTTP/1.1.

This setting controls whether HTTP/2 connections are permitted to fallback to HTTP/1.1 when the server does not support HTTP/2. This setting is only applicable when HTTPVersion is set to "2.0".

If set to True (default) the class will automatically use HTTP/1.1 if the server does not support HTTP/2. If set to False the class fails with an error if the server does not support HTTP/2.

The default value is True.

Append:   Whether to append data to LocalFile.

This setting determines whether data is appended when writing to LocalFile. When set to True downloaded data will be appended to LocalFile. This may be used in conjunction with Range to resume a failed download. This is only applicable when LocalFile is set. The default value is False.

Authorization:   The Authorization string to be sent to the server.

If the Authorization property contains a non-empty string, an Authorization HTTP request header is added to the request. This header conveys Authorization information to the server.

This property is provided so that the HTTP class can be extended with other security schemes in addition to the authorization schemes already implemented by the class.

The AuthScheme property defines the authentication scheme used. In the case of HTTP Basic Authentication (default), every time User and Password are set, they are Base64 encoded, and the result is put in the Authorization property in the form "Basic [encoded-user-password]".

BytesTransferred:   Contains the number of bytes transferred in the response data.

Returns the raw number of bytes from the HTTP response data, prior to the component processing the data, whether it is chunked and/or compressed. This returns the same value as the Transfer event, by BytesTransferred.

ChunkSize:   Specifies the chunk size in bytes when using chunked encoding.

This is only applicable when UseChunkedEncoding is true. This setting specifies the chunk size in bytes to be used when posting data. The default value is 16384.

CompressHTTPRequest:   Set to true to compress the body of a PUT or POST request.

If set to true, the body of a PUT or POST request will be compressed into gzip format before sending the request. The "Content-encoding" header is also added to the outgoing request.

The default value is False.

EncodeURL:   If set to true the URL will be encoded by the class.

If set to True the URL passed to the class will be URL encoded. The default value is False.

FollowRedirects:   Determines what happens when the server issues a redirect.

This option determines what happens when the server issues a redirect. Normally, the class returns an error if the server responds with an "Object Moved" message. If this property is set to 1 (always), the new URL for the object is retrieved automatically every time.

If this property is set to 2 (Same Scheme), the new URL is retrieved automatically only if the URL Scheme is the same, otherwise the class fails with an error.

Note that following the HTTP specification, unless this option is set to 1 (Always), automatic redirects will be performed only for 'GET' or 'HEAD' requests. Other methods could potentially change the conditions of the initial request and create security vulnerabilities.

Furthermore, if either the new URL server and port are different than the existing one, User and Password are also reset to empty, unless this property is set to 1 (Always), in which case the same credentials are used to connect to the new server.

A Redirect event is fired for every URL the product is redirected to. In the case of automatic redirections, the Redirect event is a good place to set properties related to the new connection (e.g. new authentication parameters).

The default value is 0 (Never). In this case, redirects are never followed, and the class fails with an error instead.

Valid options are:

  • 0 - Never
  • 1 - Always
  • 2 - Same Scheme

GetOn302Redirect:   If set to true the class will perform a GET on the new location.

The default value is false. If set to true the class will perform a GET on the new location. Otherwise it will use the same HTTP method again.

HTTP2HeadersWithoutIndexing:   HTTP2 headers that should not update the dynamic header table with incremental indexing.

HTTP/2 servers maintain a dynamic table of headers and values seen over the course of a connection. Typically these headers are inserted into the table via incremental indexing (also known as HPACK, defined in RFC 7541). To tell the component not to use incremental indexing for certain headers, and thus not update the dynamic table, set this configuration option to a comma-delimited list of the header names.

HTTPVersion:   The version of HTTP used by the class.

This property specifies the HTTP version used by the class. Possible values are:

  • "1.0"
  • "1.1" (default)
  • "2.0"

When using HTTP/2 ("2.0") additional restrictions apply. Please see notes below for details.

HTTP/2 Notes

When using HTTP/2 only secure (TLS/SSL) connections are currently supported. Attempting to use a plaintext URL with HTTP/2 will result in an error.

If the server does not support HTTP/2 the class will automatically use HTTP/1.1 instead. This is done in order to provide compatibility without the need for any additional settings. To see which version was used check NegotiatedHTTPVersion after calling a method. The AllowHTTPFallback setting controls whether this behavior is allowed (default) or disallowed.

HTTP/2 is supported on Windows 8.1/Server 2012 R2 or later. If HTTP/2 is used on a version of Windows prior to these versions the class fails with an error.

Note: HTTP/2 is currently only supported on Windows.

IfModifiedSince:   A date determining the maximum age of the desired document.

If this setting contains a non-empty string, an If-Modified-Since HTTP header is added to the request. The value of this header is used to make the HTTP request conditional: if the requested documented has not been modified since the time specified in the field, a copy of the document will not be returned from the server; instead, a 304 (not modified) response will be returned by the server and the component throws an exception

The format of the date value for IfModifiedSince is detailed in the HTTP specs. An example is: Sat, 29 Oct 2017 19:43:31 GMT.

KeepAlive:   Determines whether the HTTP connection is closed after completion of the request.

If true, the component will not send the 'Connection: Close' header. The absence of the Connection header indicates to the server that HTTP persistent connections should be used if supported. Note that not all server support persistent connections. You may also explicitly add the Keep-Alive header to the request headers by setting OtherHeaders to 'Connection: Keep-Alive'. If false, the connection will be closed immediately after the server response is received.

The default value for KeepAlive is false.

KerberosSPN:   The Service Principal Name for the Kerberos Domain Controller.

If the Service Principal Name on the Kerberos Domain Controller is not the same as the URL that you are authenticating to, the Service Principal Name should be set here.

LogLevel:   The level of detail that is logged.

This setting controls the level of detail that is logged through the Log event. Possible values are:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data is logged.

The value 1 (Info) logs basic information including the URL, HTTP version, and status details.

The value 2 (Verbose) logs additional information about the request and response.

The value 3 (Debug) logs the headers and body for both the request and response, as well as additional debug information (if any).

MaxRedirectAttempts:   Limits the number of redirects that are followed in a request.

When FollowRedirects is set to any value besides frNever the class will follow redirects until this maximum number of redirect attempts are made. The default value is 20.

NegotiatedHTTPVersion:   The negotiated HTTP version.

This setting may be queried after the request is complete to indicate the HTTP version used. When HTTPVersion is set to "2.0" if the server does not support "2.0" the class will fallback to using "1.1" automatically. This setting will indicate which was used.

OtherHeaders:   Other headers as determined by the user (optional).

This configuration option can be set to a string of headers to be appended to the HTTP request headers.

The headers must be of the format "header: value" as described in the HTTP specifications. Header lines should be separated by CRLF ("\r\n") .

Use this configuration option with caution. If this configuration option contains invalid headers, HTTP requests may fail.

This configuration option is useful for extending the functionality of the class beyond what is provided.

ProxyAuthorization:   The authorization string to be sent to the proxy server.

Similar to the Authorization config, but for proxy authorization. If this config contains a non-empty string, a Proxy-Authorization HTTP request header is added to the request. This header conveys proxy authorization information to the server. If ProxyUser and ProxyPassword are specified, this value is calculated using the algorithm specified by ProxyAuthScheme.

ProxyAuthScheme:   The authorization scheme to be used for the proxy.

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyPassword:   A password if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyPort:   Port for the proxy server (default 80).

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyServer:   Name or IP address of a proxy server (optional).

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

ProxyUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used for the proxy.

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Proxy properties.

SentHeaders:   The full set of headers as sent by the client.

This configuration setting returns the complete set of raw headers as sent by the client.

StatusLine:   The first line of the last response from the server.

This setting contains the first line of the last response from the server. The format of the line will be [HTTP version] [Result Code] [Description].

TransferredData:   The contents of the last response from the server.

This setting contains the contents of the last response from the server.

TransferredDataLimit:   The maximum number of incoming bytes to be stored by the class.

If TransferredDataLimit is set to 0 (default), no limits are imposed. Otherwise this reflects the maximum number of incoming bytes that can be stored by the class.

TransferredHeaders:   The full set of headers as received from the server.

This configuration setting returns the complete set of raw headers as received from the server.

TransferredRequest:   The full request as sent by the client.

This configuration setting returns the full request as sent by the client. For performance reasons, the request is not normally saved. Set this config to ON before making a request to enable it. Examples are below.

.NET Http http = new Http(); http.Config("TransferredRequest=on"); http.PostData = "body"; http.Post("http://someserver.com"); Console.WriteLine(http.Config("TransferredRequest")); C++ HTTP http; http.Config("TransferredRequest=on"); http.SetPostData("body", 5); http.Post("http://someserver.com"); printf("%s\r\n", http.Config("TransferredRequest"));

UseChunkedEncoding:   Enables or Disables HTTP chunked encoding for transfers.

If UseChunkedEncoding is set to true, the class will use HTTP chunked encoding when posting if possible. HTTP chunked encoding allows large files to be sent in chunks instead of all at once. If set to false, the class will not use HTTP chunked encoding. The default value is false.

Note: Some servers (such as the ASP.NET Development Server) may not support chunked encoding.

UseIDNs:   Whether to encode hostnames to internationalized domain names.

This setting specifies whether hostnames containing non-ASCII characters are encoded to internationalized domain names. When set to True if a hostname contains non-ASCII characters it is encoded using Punycode to an IDN.

The default value is False and the hostname will always be used exactly as specified. Note: The CodePage setting must be set to a value capable of interpreting the specified host name. For instance to specify UTF-8 set CodePage to 65001. In the C++ Edition for Windows the *W version of the class must be used. For instance DNSW or HTTPW.

UserAgent:   Information about the user agent (browser).

This is the value supplied in the HTTP User-Agent header. The default setting is "IPWorks HTTP Component - www.nsoftware.com".

Override the default with the name and version of your software.

IPPort Configuration Settings

ConnectionTimeout:   Sets a separate timeout value for establishing a connection.

When set, this configuration setting allows you to specify a different timeout value for establishing a connection. Otherwise, the class will use Timeout for establishing a connection and transmitting/receiving data.

FirewallAutoDetect:   Tells the class whether or not to automatically detect and use firewall system settings, if available.

This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallHost:   Name or IP address of firewall (optional).

If a FirewallHost is given, requested connections will be authenticated through the specified firewall when connecting.

If the FirewallHost setting is set to a Domain Name, a DNS request is initiated. Upon successful termination of the request, the FirewallHost setting is set to the corresponding address. If the search is not successful, an error is returned.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPassword:   Password to be used if authentication is to be used when connecting through the firewall.

If FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the given firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallPort:   The TCP port for the FirewallHost;.

Note that the FirewallPort is set automatically when FirewallType is set to a valid value.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallType:   Determines the type of firewall to connect through.

The appropriate values are as follows:

0No firewall (default setting).
1Connect through a tunneling proxy. FirewallPort is set to 80.
2Connect through a SOCKS4 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
3Connect through a SOCKS5 Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.
10Connect through a SOCKS4A Proxy. FirewallPort is set to 1080.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

FirewallUser:   A user name if authentication is to be used connecting through a firewall.

If the FirewallHost is specified, the FirewallUser and FirewallPassword settings are used to connect and authenticate to the Firewall. If the authentication fails, the class fails with an error.

NOTE: This setting is provided for use by classs that do not directly expose Firewall properties.

KeepAliveInterval:   The retry interval, in milliseconds, to be used when a TCP keep-alive packet is sent and no response is received.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to true. A TCP keep-alive packet will be sent after a period of inactivity as defined by KeepAliveTime. If no acknowledgement is received from the remote host the keep-alive packet will be re-sent. This setting specifies the interval at which the successive keep-alive packets are sent in milliseconds. This system default if this value is not specified here is 1 second.

Note: This value is not applicable in macOS.

KeepAliveTime:   The inactivity time in milliseconds before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent.

When set, TCPKeepAlive will automatically be set to true. By default the operating system will determine the time a connection is idle before a TCP keep-alive packet is sent. This system default if this value is not specified here is 2 hours. In many cases a shorter interval is more useful. Set this value to the desired interval in milliseconds.

Linger:   When set to True, connections are terminated gracefully.

This property controls how a connection is closed. The default is True.

In the case that Linger is True (default), there are two scenarios for determining how long the connection will linger. The first, if LingerTime is 0 (default), the system will attempt to send pending data for a connection until the default IP protocol timeout expires.

In the second scenario, LingerTime is a positive value, the system will attempt to send pending data until the specified LingerTime is reached. If this attempt fails, then the system will reset the connection.

The default behavior (which is also the default mode for stream sockets) might result in a long delay in closing the connection. Although the class returns control immediately, the system could hold system resources until all pending data is sent (even after your application closes).

Setting this property to False forces an immediate disconnection. If you know that the other side has received all the data you sent (by a client acknowledgment, for example), setting this property to False might be the appropriate course of action.

LingerTime:   Time in seconds to have the connection linger.

LingerTime is the time, in seconds, to leave the socket connection linger. This value is 0 by default, which means it will use the default IP protocol timeout.

LocalHost:   The name of the local host through which connections are initiated or accepted.

The LocalHost setting contains the name of the local host as obtained by the gethostname() system call, or if the user has assigned an IP address, the value of that address.

In multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface) setting LocalHost to the value of an interface will make the class initiate connections (or accept in the case of server classs) only through that interface.

If the class is connected, the LocalHost setting shows the IP address of the interface through which the connection is made in internet dotted format (aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd). In most cases, this is the address of the local host, except for multi-homed hosts (machines with more than one IP interface).

LocalPort:   The port in the local host where the class binds.

This must be set before a connection is attempted. It instructs the class to bind to a specific port (or communication endpoint) in the local machine.

Setting this to 0 (default) enables the system to choose a port at random. The chosen port will be shown by LocalPort after the connection is established.

LocalPort cannot be changed once a connection is made. Any attempt to set this when a connection is active will generate an error.

This; setting is useful when trying to connect to services that require a trusted port in the client side. An example is the remote shell (rsh) service in UNIX systems.

MaxLineLength:   The maximum amount of data to accumulate when no EOL is found.

MaxLineLength is the size of an internal buffer, which holds received data while waiting for an EOL string.

If an EOL string is found in the input stream before MaxLineLength bytes are received, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to True, and the buffer is reset.

If no EOL is found, and MaxLineLength bytes are accumulated in the buffer, the DataIn event is fired with the EOL parameter set to False, and the buffer is reset.

The minimum value for MaxLineLength is 256 bytes. The default value is 2048 bytes.

MaxTransferRate:   The transfer rate limit in bytes per second.

This setting can be used to throttle outbound TCP traffic. Set this to the number of bytes to be sent per second. By default this is not set and there is no limit.

ProxyExceptionsList:   A semicolon separated list of hosts and IPs to bypass when using a proxy.

This setting optionally specifies a semicolon separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to bypass when a proxy is in use. When requests are made to hosts specified in this property the proxy will not be used. For instance:

www.google.com;www.nsoftware.com

TCPKeepAlive:   Determines whether or not the keep alive socket option is enabled.

If set to true, the socket's keep-alive option is enabled and keep-alive packets will be sent periodically to maintain the connection. Set KeepAliveTime and KeepAliveInterval to configure the timing of the keep-alive packets.

Note: This value is not applicable in Java.

TcpNoDelay:   Whether or not to delay when sending packets.

When true, the socket will send all data that is ready to send at once. When false, the socket will send smaller buffered packets of data at small intervals. This is known as the Nagle algorithm.

By default, this config is set to false.

UseIPv6:   Whether to use IPv6.

When set to 0 (default), the class will use IPv4 exclusively. When set to 1, the class will use IPv6 exclusively. To instruct the class to prefer IPv6 addresses, but use IPv4 if IPv6 is not supported on the system, this setting should be set to 2. The default value is 0. Possible values are:

0 IPv4 Only
1 IPv6 Only
2 IPv6 with IPv4 fallback

SSL Configuration Settings

LogSSLPackets:   Controls whether SSL packets are logged when using the internal security API.

When the UseInternalSecurityAPI configuration setting is True, this setting controls whether SSL packets should be logged. By default, this setting is False, as it is only useful for debugging purposes.

When enabled, SSL packet logs are output using the SSLStatus event, which will fire each time an SSL packet is sent or received.

Enabling this setting has no effect if UseInternalSecurityAPI is False.

OpenSSLCADir:   The path to a directory containing CA certificates.

This functionality is available only when the provider is OpenSSL.

The path set by this property should point to a directory containing CA certificates in PEM format. The files each contain one CA certificate. The files are looked up by the CA subject name hash value, which must hence be available. If more than one CA certificate with the same name hash value exist, the extension must be different (e.g. 9d66eef0.0, 9d66eef0.1 etc). OpenSSL recommends to use the c_rehash utility to create the necessary links. Please refer to the OpenSSL man page SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations(3) for details.

OpenSSLCAFile:   Name of the file containing the list of CA's trusted by your application.

This functionality is available only when the provider is OpenSSL.

The file set by this property should contain a list of CA certificates in PEM format. The file can contain several CA certificates identified by

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----

... (CA certificate in base64 encoding) ...

-----END CERTIFICATE-----

sequences. Before, between, and after the certificates text is allowed which can be used e.g. for descriptions of the certificates. Please refer to the OpenSSL man page SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations(3) for details.

OpenSSLCipherList:   A string that controls the ciphers to be used by SSL.

This functionality is available only when the provider is OpenSSL.

The format of this string is described in the OpenSSL man page ciphers(1) section "CIPHER LIST FORMAT". Please refer to it for details. The default string "DEFAULT" is determined at compile time and is normally equivalent to "ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+SSLv2:@STRENGTH".

OpenSSLPrngSeedData:   The data to seed the pseudo random number generator (PRNG).

This functionality is available only when the provider is OpenSSL.

By default OpenSSL uses the device file "/dev/urandom" to seed the PRNG and setting OpenSSLPrngSeedData is not required. If set, the string specified is used to seed the PRNG.

ReuseSSLSession:   Determines if the SSL session is reused.

If set to true, the class will reuse the context if and only if the following criteria are met:

  • The target host name is the same.
  • The system cache entry has not expired (default timeout is 10 hours).
  • The application process that calls the function is the same.
  • The logon session is the same.
  • The instance of the class is the same.

SSLCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL client authentication.

This setting specifies one or more CA certificates to be included in the request when performing SSL client authentication. Some servers require the entire chain, including CA certificates, to be presented when performing SSL client authentication. The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

SSLCheckCRL:   Whether to check the Certificate Revocation List for the server certificate.

This setting specifies whether the class will check the Certificate Revocation List specified by the server certificate. If set to true the class will first obtain the list of CRL URLs from the server certificate's CRL distribution points extension. The class will then make HTTP requests to each CRL endpoint to check the validity of the server's certificate. If the certificate has been revoked or any other issues are found during validation the class fails with an error.

When set to false (default) the CRL check will not be performed by the class.

SSLCipherStrength:   The minimum cipher strength used for bulk encryption.

This minimum cipher strength largely dependent on the security modules installed on the system. If the cipher strength specified is not supported, an error will be returned when connections are initiated.

Please note that this setting contains the minimum cipher strength requested from the security library. The actual cipher strength used for the connection is shown by the SSLStatus event.

Use this setting with caution. Requesting a lower cipher strength than necessary could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList config setting.

SSLEnabledCipherSuites:   The cipher suite to be used in an SSL negotiation.

The enabled cipher suites to be used in SSL negotiation.

By default, the enabled cipher suites will include all available ciphers ("*").

The special value "*" means that the class will pick all of the supported cipher suites. If SSLEnabledCipherSuites is set to any other value, only the specified cipher suites will be considered.

Multiple cipher suites are separated by semicolons.

Example values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is False (default): obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=CALG_AES_256"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=CALG_AES_256;CALG_3DES"); Possible values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is False (default) include:

  • CALG_3DES
  • CALG_3DES_112
  • CALG_AES
  • CALG_AES_128
  • CALG_AES_192
  • CALG_AES_256
  • CALG_AGREEDKEY_ANY
  • CALG_CYLINK_MEK
  • CALG_DES
  • CALG_DESX
  • CALG_DH_EPHEM
  • CALG_DH_SF
  • CALG_DSS_SIGN
  • CALG_ECDH
  • CALG_ECDH_EPHEM
  • CALG_ECDSA
  • CALG_ECMQV
  • CALG_HASH_REPLACE_OWF
  • CALG_HUGHES_MD5
  • CALG_HMAC
  • CALG_KEA_KEYX
  • CALG_MAC
  • CALG_MD2
  • CALG_MD4
  • CALG_MD5
  • CALG_NO_SIGN
  • CALG_OID_INFO_CNG_ONLY
  • CALG_OID_INFO_PARAMETERS
  • CALG_PCT1_MASTER
  • CALG_RC2
  • CALG_RC4
  • CALG_RC5
  • CALG_RSA_KEYX
  • CALG_RSA_SIGN
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_ENC_KEY
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_MAC_KEY
  • CALG_SCHANNEL_MASTER_HASH
  • CALG_SEAL
  • CALG_SHA
  • CALG_SHA1
  • CALG_SHA_256
  • CALG_SHA_384
  • CALG_SHA_512
  • CALG_SKIPJACK
  • CALG_SSL2_MASTER
  • CALG_SSL3_MASTER
  • CALG_SSL3_SHAMD5
  • CALG_TEK
  • CALG_TLS1_MASTER
  • CALG_TLS1PRF
Example values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True: obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=*"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA"); obj.config("SSLEnabledCipherSuites=TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA;TLS_DH_ANON_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA"); Possible values when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True include:
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  • TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
  • TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA

When TLS 1.3 is negotiated (see SSLEnabledProtocols) only the following cipher suites are supported:

  • TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  • TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
  • TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

SSLEnabledCipherSuites is used together with SSLCipherStrength.

SSLEnabledProtocols:   Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Used to enable/disable the supported security protocols.

Not all supported protocols are enabled by default (the value of this setting is 4032). If you want more granular control over the enabled protocols, you can set this property to the binary 'OR' of one or more of the following values:

TLS1.312288 (Hex 3000)
TLS1.23072 (Hex C00) (Default)
TLS1.1768 (Hex 300) (Default)
TLS1 192 (Hex C0) (Default)
SSL3 48 (Hex 30)
SSL2 12 (Hex 0C)

When the provider is OpenSSL, SSLCipherStrength is currently not supported. This functionality is instead made available through the OpenSSLCipherList setting.

Note: TLS 1.1 and TLS1.2 support are only available starting with Windows 7.

Note: Enabling TLS 1.3 will automatically set UseInternalSecurityAPI to True.

SSLEnableRenegotiation:   Whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension is supported.

This setting specifies whether the renegotiation_info SSL extension will be used in the request when using the internal security API. This setting is true by default, but can be set to false to disable the extension.

This setting is only applicable when UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to true.

SSLIncludeCertChain:   Whether the entire certificate chain is included in the SSLServerAuthentication event.

This setting specifies whether the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event contains the full certificate chain. By default this value is False and only the leaf certificate will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event.

If set to True all certificates returned by the server will be present in the Encoded parameter of the SSLServerAuthentication event. This includes the leaf certificate, any intermediate certificate, and the root certificate.

SSLKeyLogFile:   The location of a file where per-session secrets are written for debugging purposes.

This setting optionally specifies the full path to a file on disk where per-session secrets are stored for debugging purposes.

When set, the class will save the session secrets in the same format as the SSLKEYLOGFILE environment variable functionality used by most major browsers and tools such as Chrome, Firefox, and cURL. This file can then be used in tools such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS traffice for debugging purposes. When writing to this file the class will only append, it will not overwrite previous values.

Note: This setting is only applicable when UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True.

SSLNegotiatedCipher:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipher[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite strength.

Returns the strength of the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite:   Returns the negotiated ciphersuite.

Returns the ciphersuite negotiated during the SSL handshake represented as a single string.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedCipherSuite[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm.

Returns the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchange[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength:   Returns the negotiated key exchange algorithm strength.

Returns the strenghth of the key exchange algorithm negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedKeyExchangeStrength[connId]");

SSLNegotiatedProtocol:   Returns the negotiated protocol version.

Returns the protocol version negotiated during the SSL handshake.

Note: For server components (e.g. IPDaemon) this is a per-connection setting accessed by passing the ConnectionId. For example: server.Config("SSLNegotiatedProtocol[connId]");

SSLProvider:   The name of the security provider to use.

Change this setting to use security providers other than the system default.

Use this setting with caution. Disabling SSL security or pointing to the wrong provider could potentially cause serious security vulnerabilities in your application.

The special value "*" (default) picks the default SSL provider defined in the system.

Note: On Windows systems, the default SSL Provider is "Microsoft Unified Security Protocol Provider" and cannot be changed .

SSLSecurityFlags:   Flags that control certificate verification.

The following flags are defined (specified in hexadecimal notation). They can be or-ed together to exclude multiple conditions:

0x00000001Ignore time validity status of certificate.
0x00000002Ignore time validity status of CTL.
0x00000004Ignore non-nested certificate times.
0x00000010Allow unknown Certificate Authority.
0x00000020Ignore wrong certificate usage.
0x00000100Ignore unknown certificate revocation status.
0x00000200Ignore unknown CTL signer revocation status.
0x00000400Ignore unknown Certificate Authority revocation status.
0x00000800Ignore unknown Root revocation status.
0x00008000Allow test Root certificate.
0x00004000Trust test Root certificate.
0x80000000Ignore non-matching CN (certificate CN not-matching server name).

This functionality is currently not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

SSLServerCACerts:   A newline separated list of CA certificate to use during SSL server certificate validation.

This setting optionally specifies one or more CA certificates to be used when verifying the server certificate. When verifying the server's certificate the certificates trusted by the system will be used as part of the verification process. If the server's CA certificates are not installed to the trusted system store, they may be specified here so they are included when performing the verification process. This setting should only be set if the server's CA certificates are not already trusted on the system and cannot be installed to the trusted system store.

The value of this setting is a newline (CrLf) separated list of certificates. For instance:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEKzCCAxOgAwIBAgIRANTET4LIkxdH6P+CFIiHvTowDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
...
eWHV5OW1K53o/atv59sOiW5K3crjFhsBOd5Q+cJJnU+SWinPKtANXMht+EDvYY2w
F0I1XhM+pKj7FjDr+XNj
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
\r \n
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEFjCCAv6gAwIBAgIQetu1SMxpnENAnnOz1P+PtTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADBp
..
d8q23djXZbVYiIfE9ebr4g3152BlVCHZ2GyPdjhIuLeH21VbT/dyEHHA
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

TLS12SignatureAlgorithms:   Defines the allowed TLS 1.2 signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True.

This setting specifies the allowed server certificate signature algorithms when UseInternalSecurityAPI is True and SSLEnabledProtocols is set to allow TLS 1.2.

When specified the class will verify that the server certificate signature algorithm is among the values specified in this setting. If the server certificate signature algorithm is unsupported the class fails with an error.

The format of this value is a comma separated list of hash-signature combinations. For instance: IPPort.Config("UseInternalSecurityAPI=true"); IPPort.Config("SSLEnabledProtocols=3072"); //TLS 1.2 IPPort.Config("TLS12SignatureAlgorithms=sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa"); The default value for this setting is sha512-ecdsa,sha512-rsa,sha512-dsa,sha384-ecdsa,sha384-rsa,sha384-dsa,sha256-ecdsa,sha256-rsa,sha256-dsa,sha224-ecdsa,sha224-rsa,sha224-dsa,sha1-ecdsa,sha1-rsa,sha1-dsa.

In order to not restrict the server's certificate signature algorithm, specify an empty string as the value for this setting, which will cause the signature_algorithms TLS 1.2 extension to not be sent.

TLS12SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for ECC.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.2 for ECC.

The default value is ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1.

When using TLS 1.2 and UseInternalSecurityAPI is set to True, the values refer to the supported groups for ECC. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)

TLS13KeyShareGroups:   The groups for which to pregenerate key shares.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. The groups specified here will have key share data pregenerated locally before establishing a connection. This can prevent an additional round trip during the handshake if the group is supported by the server.

The default value is set to balance common supported groups and the computational resources required to generate key shares. As a result only some groups are included by default in this setting.

Note: All supported groups can always be used during the handshake even if not listed here, but if a group is used which is not present in this list it will incur an additional round trip and time to generate the key share for that group.

In most cases this setting does not need to be modified. This should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448"
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1"
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096"
  • "ffdhe_6144"
  • "ffdhe_8192"

TLS13Provider:   The TLS 1.3 implementation to be used.

This setting specifies the TLS 1.3 implementation which will be used when TLS 1.3 is enabled via SSLEnabledProtocols. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Internal - Default)
  • 1 (Platform)

The platform provider is only supported on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up. The default internal provider is available on all platforms and is not restricted to any specific OS version.

If set to 1 (Platform provider) please be aware of the following notes:

  • The platform provider is only available on Windows 11 / Windows Server 2022 and up.
  • SSLEnabledCipherSuites and other similar SSL configuration settings are not supported.
  • If SSLEnabledProtocols includes both TLS 1.3 and TLS 1.2 the above restrictions are still applicable even if TLS 1.2 is negotiated. Enabling TLS 1.3 with the platform provider changes the implementation used for all TLS versions.

TLS13SignatureAlgorithms:   The allowed certificate signature algorithms.

This setting holds a comma separated list of allowed signature algorithms. Possible values are:

  • "ed25519" (default)
  • "ed448" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384" (default)
  • "ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pkcs1_sha512" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha256" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha384" (default)
  • "rsa_pss_sha512" (default)
The default value is rsa_pss_sha256,rsa_pss_sha384,rsa_pss_sha512,rsa_pkcs1_sha256,rsa_pkcs1_sha384,rsa_pkcs1_sha512,ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256,ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384,ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512,ed25519,ed448. This setting is only applicable when SSLEnabledProtocols includes TLS 1.3.
TLS13SupportedGroups:   The supported groups for (EC)DHE key exchange.

This setting specifies a comma separated list of named groups used in TLS 1.3 for key exchange. This setting should only be modified if there is a specific reason to do so.

The default value is ecdhe_x25519,ecdhe_x448,ecdhe_secp256r1,ecdhe_secp384r1,ecdhe_secp521r1,ffdhe_2048,ffdhe_3072,ffdhe_4096,ffdhe_6144,ffdhe_8192

The values are ordered from most preferred to least preferred. The following values are supported:

  • "ecdhe_x25519" (default)
  • "ecdhe_x448" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp256r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp384r1" (default)
  • "ecdhe_secp521r1" (default)
  • "ffdhe_2048" (default)
  • "ffdhe_3072" (default)
  • "ffdhe_4096" (default)
  • "ffdhe_6144" (default)
  • "ffdhe_8192" (default)

Socket Configuration Settings

AbsoluteTimeout:   Determines whether timeouts are inactivity timeouts or absolute timeouts.

If AbsoluteTimeout is set to True, any method which does not complete within Timeout seconds will be aborted. By default, AbsoluteTimeout is False, and the timeout is an inactivity timeout.

Note: This option is not valid for UDP ports.

FirewallData:   Used to send extra data to the firewall.

When the firewall is a tunneling proxy, use this property to send custom (additional) headers to the firewall (e.g. headers for custom authentication schemes).

InBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the incoming queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be receiving. Increasing the value of the InBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the InBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

OutBufferSize:   The size in bytes of the outgoing queue of the socket.

This is the size of an internal queue in the TCP/IP stack. You can increase or decrease its size depending on the amount of data that you will be sending. Increasing the value of the OutBufferSize setting can provide significant improvements in performance in some cases.

Some TCP/IP implementations do not support variable buffer sizes. If that is the case, when the class is activated the OutBufferSize reverts to its defined size. The same happens if you attempt to make it too large or too small.

Base Configuration Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions. Setting this to True tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (OAuth Class)

OAuth Errors

169   Invalid param index (out of range).
801   No token specified in Token property.
802   No authorization URL specified.
803   No client id specified in ClientId property.
804   No client secret specified in ClientSecret property.
805   No request token URL specified.
806   Unknown signature method.
807   Invalid URL.
808   Cryptographic error.
809   No verifier specified.
810   No access token URL specified.
811   Protocol error.
812   Invalid OAuth Data.

The class may also return one of the following error codes, which are inherited from other classes.

HTTP Errors

118   Firewall Error. Error description contains detailed message.
143   Busy executing current method.
151   HTTP protocol error. The error message has the server response.
152   No server specified in URL
153   Specified URLScheme is invalid.
155   Range operation is not supported by server.
156   Invalid cookie index (out of range).
301   Interrupted.
302   Can't open AttachedFile.

The class may also return one of the following error codes, which are inherited from other classes.

IPPort Errors

100   You cannot change the RemotePort at this time. A connection is in progress.
101   You cannot change the RemoteHost (Server) at this time. A connection is in progress.
102   The RemoteHost address is invalid (0.0.0.0).
104   Already connected. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
106   You cannot change the LocalPort at this time. A connection is in progress.
107   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
112   You cannot change MaxLineLength at this time. A connection is in progress.
116   RemotePort cannot be zero. Please specify a valid service port number.
117   Cannot change UseConnection option while the class is Active.
135   Operation would block.
201   Timeout.
211   Action impossible in control's present state.
212   Action impossible while not connected.
213   Action impossible while listening.
301   Timeout.
302   Could not open file.
434   Unable to convert string to selected CodePage
1105   Already connecting. If you want to reconnect, close the current connection first.
1117   You need to connect first.
1119   You cannot change the LocalHost at this time. A connection is in progress.
1120   Connection dropped by remote host.

SSL Errors

270   Cannot load specified security library.
271   Cannot open certificate store.
272   Cannot find specified certificate.
273   Cannot acquire security credentials.
274   Cannot find certificate chain.
275   Cannot verify certificate chain.
276   Error during handshake.
280   Error verifying certificate.
281   Could not find client certificate.
282   Could not find server certificate.
283   Error encrypting data.
284   Error decrypting data.

TCP/IP Errors

10004   [10004] Interrupted system call.
10009   [10009] Bad file number.
10013   [10013] Access denied.
10014   [10014] Bad address.
10022   [10022] Invalid argument.
10024   [10024] Too many open files.
10035   [10035] Operation would block.
10036   [10036] Operation now in progress.
10037   [10037] Operation already in progress.
10038   [10038] Socket operation on non-socket.
10039   [10039] Destination address required.
10040   [10040] Message too long.
10041   [10041] Protocol wrong type for socket.
10042   [10042] Bad protocol option.
10043   [10043] Protocol not supported.
10044   [10044] Socket type not supported.
10045   [10045] Operation not supported on socket.
10046   [10046] Protocol family not supported.
10047   [10047] Address family not supported by protocol family.
10048   [10048] Address already in use.
10049   [10049] Can't assign requested address.
10050   [10050] Network is down.
10051   [10051] Network is unreachable.
10052   [10052] Net dropped connection or reset.
10053   [10053] Software caused connection abort.
10054   [10054] Connection reset by peer.
10055   [10055] No buffer space available.
10056   [10056] Socket is already connected.
10057   [10057] Socket is not connected.
10058   [10058] Can't send after socket shutdown.
10059   [10059] Too many references, can't splice.
10060   [10060] Connection timed out.
10061   [10061] Connection refused.
10062   [10062] Too many levels of symbolic links.
10063   [10063] File name too long.
10064   [10064] Host is down.
10065   [10065] No route to host.
10066   [10066] Directory not empty
10067   [10067] Too many processes.
10068   [10068] Too many users.
10069   [10069] Disc Quota Exceeded.
10070   [10070] Stale NFS file handle.
10071   [10071] Too many levels of remote in path.
10091   [10091] Network subsystem is unavailable.
10092   [10092] WINSOCK DLL Version out of range.
10093   [10093] Winsock not loaded yet.
11001   [11001] Host not found.
11002   [11002] Non-authoritative 'Host not found' (try again or check DNS setup).
11003   [11003] Non-recoverable errors: FORMERR, REFUSED, NOTIMP.
11004   [11004] Valid name, no data record (check DNS setup).

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks 2022 Qt Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8171]