IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Python Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

CMS Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

The CMS class is used to digitally sign, encrypt, verify, and decrypt data.

Syntax

class ipworksencrypt.CMS

Remarks

The CMS class implements the Cryptographic Message Syntax and allow for various cryptographic operations to be performed on data including:

The class can generate and consume message in a variety of formats including PEM, DER (Binary), and SMIME. The encryption_algorithm and signature_hash_algorithm are fully configurable and support a variety of industry standard encryption and hash algorithms.

The class supports additional functionality such as Compression, OAEP, and PSS. The get_recipient_info and get_signer_cert_info methods as well as the on_recipient_info and on_signer_cert_info events allow for a dynamic and flexible approach to message processing. Certificate may be loaded ahead of time or as-needed from the events.

Signing Notes

sign digitally signs the input data with the the specified certificate(s). Certificates are specified by calling add_certificate or setting the certificates property.

output_format specifies the encoding of the output message. Valid values are PEM, DER, and SMIME. include_certificates specifies whether the public certificate is included in the signed message. Additional settings allow further configuration. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Sign and Verify a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Sign(); byte[] signedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - Detached Signature Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.Sign(); string signature = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignatureData = signature; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.VerifySignature(); Sign and Verify a message - Multiple Signatures Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test2.pfx", "password2", "*")); cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - No Included Certificate Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.IncludeCertificates = CmsIncludeCertificates.icsNone; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.OnSignerCertInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { //Load the correct signer certificate. cms.SignerCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); } }; cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

Encryption Notes

encrypt encrypts the input data with the the specified certificate(s). Certificates are specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting the recipient_certs property.

output_format specifies the encoding of the output message. Valid values are PEM, DER, and SMIME. Additional settings allow further configuration. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Encrypt and Decrypt a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Encrypt(); byte[] encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Multiple Recipients Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test2.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Get Recipient Info Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; //If the recipient certificate is not known ahead of time the GetRecipientInfo method may be called //to find information about the certificate. cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.OnRecipientInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); } }; cms.GetRecipientInfo(); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

Signature Verification Notes

verify_signature verifies the signature of the input message.

In order to perform signature verification the public signer's certificate must be present or explicitly specified. In many cases the certificate itself is included in the input message and a certificate does not need to explicitly be set. If a certificate does need to be set for signature verification the certificate may be specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting recipient_certs.

When this method is called the on_signer_cert_info event fires once for each signature on the message. This event provides details about the signer certificate, as well as the signer certificate itself (if present). The information provided via on_signer_cert_info may be used to load an appropriate certificate for verification from within the event. If the CertEncoded parameter of on_signer_cert_info is populated the certificate required for verification is already present in the message.

The following property are applicable when calling this method:

If the input message is a detached signature, the original data that was signed must be specified in detached_signature_data. In addition the detached_signature property must be set to True to instruct the class to treat the input message as a detached signature.

If the input message is compressed enable_compression must be set to True before calling this method.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Sign and Verify a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Sign(); byte[] signedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - Detached Signature Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.Sign(); string signature = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignatureData = signature; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.VerifySignature(); Sign and Verify a message - Multiple Signatures Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test2.pfx", "password2", "*")); cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - No Included Certificate Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.IncludeCertificates = CmsIncludeCertificates.icsNone; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.OnSignerCertInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { //Load the correct signer certificate. cms.SignerCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); } }; cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

Decryption Notes

decrypt decrypts the input data with the specified certificate. Certificates are specified by calling add_certificate or setting the certificates property.

If the certificate used to encrypt the message is not known ahead of time get_recipient_info may be called prior to calling decrypt to obtain information about the recipient (the entity the for which the message was encrypted). If get_recipient_info is called, the on_recipient_info event is fired with information about the recipient which may be used to load an appropriate decryption certificate.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

  • certificates (Required)
Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Encrypt and Decrypt a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Encrypt(); byte[] encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Multiple Recipients Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test2.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Get Recipient Info Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; //If the recipient certificate is not known ahead of time the GetRecipientInfo method may be called //to find information about the certificate. cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.OnRecipientInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); } }; cms.GetRecipientInfo(); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

cert_countThe number of records in the Cert arrays.
cert_encodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
cert_storeThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
cert_store_passwordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
cert_store_typeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
cert_subjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
detached_signatureSpecifies whether to include a detached signature when signing a message.
detached_signature_dataThe detached signature.
enable_compressionSpecifies whether to compress the message.
encryption_algorithmThe algorithm used for encryption.
include_certificatesSpecifies whether to include the signer's certificate with the signed message.
input_fileThe file to process.
input_messageThe message to process.
output_fileThe output file.
output_formatSpecifies the output format.
output_messageThe output message after processing.
recipient_cert_countThe number of records in the RecipientCert arrays.
recipient_cert_encodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
recipient_cert_storeThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
recipient_cert_store_passwordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
recipient_cert_store_typeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
recipient_cert_subjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
signature_hash_algorithmThe signature hash algorithm used during signing.
signer_cert_countThe number of records in the SignerCert arrays.
signer_cert_encodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
signer_cert_storeThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
signer_cert_store_passwordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
signer_cert_store_typeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
signer_cert_subjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
use_oaepWhether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP).
use_pssWhether to use RSA-PSS during signing and verification.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

add_certificateUsed to add certificates for signing.
add_recipient_certUsed to add recipient certificates used to encrypt messages.
configSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
decryptDecrypts the current message.
decrypt_and_verify_signatureDecrypts and verifies the signature of the current message.
encryptEncrypts the current message.
get_recipient_infoGets the recipient certificate information for an encrypted message.
get_signer_cert_infoThis method gets the signature information for an signed message.
resetResets the class properties.
signSigns the current message.
sign_and_encryptSigns and encrypts the current message.
verify_signatureVerifies the signature of the current message.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

on_errorInformation about errors during data delivery.
on_logFires with log information during processing.
on_recipient_infoFired for each recipient certificate of the encrypted message.
on_signer_cert_infoFired during verification of the signed message.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CompressBeforeSignSpecifies whether to compress before signing.
ContentTypeOIDSpecifies the oid for content type.
CSPThe Cryptographic Service Provider.
GenerateSignatureTimestampWhether to generate timestamps in signatures.
IncludeHeadersTells the class whether to include the headers when encoding the message.
IncludeInternalHeadersTells the class whether or not to include the internal headers when encoding the message.
InputContentTransferEncodingSets the Content-Transfer-Encoding for the signed message.
InputContentTypeSets the Content-Type for the signed message.
InputMessageHeadersMessage headers.
LogDirectoryThe directory on disk where debug logs are written.
LogFilenameThe base filename to use with LogDirectory.
LogLevelThe level of detail for log messages.
OAEPMGF1HashAlgorithmThe MGF1 hash algorithm used with OAEP.
OAEPParamsThe hex encoded OAEP parameters.
OAEPRSAHashAlgorithmThe RSA hash algorithm used with OAEP.
OutputMessageHeadersThe SMIME headers of the output message.
RecipientInfoTypeThe type of signer information to include in the signed message.
SignatureTimestampThe signature timestamp in the signed message.
SignerInfoTypeThe type of signer information to include in the signed message.
UseAlgorithmOIDsWhether OIDs are used when providing information about the algorithms.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
ProcessIdleEventsWhether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.
SelectWaitMillisThe length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

cert_count Property

The number of records in the Cert arrays.

Syntax

def get_cert_count() -> int: ...
def set_cert_count(value: int) -> None: ...

cert_count = property(get_cert_count, set_cert_count)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at cert_count - 1.

cert_encoded Property

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

def get_cert_encoded(cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_cert_encoded(cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The cert_store and cert_subject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When cert_encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current cert_store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, cert_subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, cert_subject is set to an empty string.

The cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the cert_count property.

cert_store Property

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

def get_cert_store(cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_cert_store(cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The cert_store_type property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by cert_store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in cert_store_password.

cert_store is used in conjunction with the cert_subject property to specify client certificates. If cert_store has a value, and cert_subject or cert_encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the cert_subject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

The cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the cert_count property.

cert_store_password Property

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

def get_cert_store_password(cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_cert_store_password(cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

The cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the cert_count property.

cert_store_type Property

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

def get_cert_store_type(cert_index: int) -> int: ...
def set_cert_store_type(cert_index: int, value: int) -> None: ...

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The list_store_certificates method may be called after setting cert_store_type to cstSecurityKey, cert_store_password to the PIN, and cert_store to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the on_cert_list event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the cert_store and set cert_store_password to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

The cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the cert_count property.

cert_subject Property

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

def get_cert_subject(cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_cert_subject(cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

The cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the cert_count property.

detached_signature Property

Specifies whether to include a detached signature when signing a message.

Syntax

def get_detached_signature() -> bool: ...
def set_detached_signature(value: bool) -> None: ...

detached_signature = property(get_detached_signature, set_detached_signature)

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property specifies whether the sign operation products a message that includes both a signature and the message data, or just a signature.

When set to False default the output message holds the data and signature in one CMS message. This may be passed in its entirety to the receiving party for signature verification.

When set to True the output message holds only a signature in the CMS message. Both the original input data and the signature in the output message produced by the sign operation must be passed to the receiving party for signature verification.

detached_signature_data Property

The detached signature.

Syntax

def get_detached_signature_data() -> bytes: ...
def set_detached_signature_data(value: bytes) -> None: ...

detached_signature_data = property(get_detached_signature_data, set_detached_signature_data)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This setting is used to specify the detached signature before calling verify_signature. The message data should be specified normally and this property should be set to the detached signature data. This may be set to the PEM, DER, or SMIME encoded signature message.

enable_compression Property

Specifies whether to compress the message.

Syntax

def get_enable_compression() -> bool: ...
def set_enable_compression(value: bool) -> None: ...

enable_compression = property(get_enable_compression, set_enable_compression)

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property specifies whether the input data will be compressed during the signing process.

If set to True the data will be compressed. If set to False (default) the data will not be compressed.

When compression is enabled the input will first be signed, and then compressed. To compress the data before signing set CompressBeforeSign.

encryption_algorithm Property

The algorithm used for encryption.

Syntax

def get_encryption_algorithm() -> str: ...
def set_encryption_algorithm(value: str) -> None: ...

encryption_algorithm = property(get_encryption_algorithm, set_encryption_algorithm)

Default Value

"3DES"

Remarks

This property specifies the encryption algorithm used when encrypt is called.

This may be the name of the algorithm, or the corresponding OID of the algorithm. The default value is 3DES. Possible values are:

  • "3DES"
  • "DES"
  • "RC2CBC40"
  • "RC2CBC64"
  • "RC2CBC128" or "RC2"
  • "AESCBC128" or "AES"
  • "AESCBC192"
  • "AESCBC256"
  • "AESGCM128" or "AESGCM"
  • "AESGCM192"
  • "AESGCM256"

include_certificates Property

Specifies whether to include the signer's certificate with the signed message.

Syntax

def get_include_certificates() -> int: ...
def set_include_certificates(value: int) -> None: ...

include_certificates = property(get_include_certificates, set_include_certificates)

Default Value

1

Remarks

This setting specifies which certificates (if any) are included in the signed message. By default the public certificate of the certificate used to sign the message is included. This allows the receiving party to verify the signature without any additional knowledge. If this is set to icsNone the recipient must obtain and specify the public certificate to be used for signature verification. Possible values are:

Value Description
0 (icsNone) No signer certificates are included.
1 (icsSignerCerts - default) The certificates specified in certificates are included.
2 (icsSignerCertsAndChain) The certificates specified in certificates and the full chain of each certificate are included.

input_file Property

The file to process.

Syntax

def get_input_file() -> str: ...
def set_input_file(value: str) -> None: ...

input_file = property(get_input_file, set_input_file)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Encrypt and/or Sign

When encrypting or signing this may be set to a file containing content that will be encrypted and/or signed.

Decrypt and/or Verify

When decrypting or verifying a signature this may be set to a file containing the PEM, DER, or SMIME encoded message.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

input_message Property

The message to process.

Syntax

def get_input_message() -> bytes: ...
def set_input_message(value: bytes) -> None: ...

input_message = property(get_input_message, set_input_message)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Encrypt and/or Sign

When encrypting or signing this may be set to the content that will be encrypted and/or signed.

Decrypt and/or Verify

When decrypting or verifying a signature this may be set to the PEM, DER, or SMIME encoded message.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

output_file Property

The output file.

Syntax

def get_output_file() -> str: ...
def set_output_file(value: str) -> None: ...

output_file = property(get_output_file, set_output_file)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

Encrypt and/or Sign

When encrypting or signing this specifies a file where the message will be written.

Decrypt and/or Verify

When decrypting or verifying a signature this specifies a file where the decrypted/verified content will be written.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • output_file
  • output_message: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

output_format Property

Specifies the output format.

Syntax

def get_output_format() -> str: ...
def set_output_format(value: str) -> None: ...

output_format = property(get_output_format, set_output_format)

Default Value

"PEM"

Remarks

This property specifies the format of the output message created when calling sign, encrypt, or sign_and_encrypt.

The various formats allow for easier transport of the signed or encrypted message, as well as interoperability with other utilities.

Possible values are:

Value Description
PEM (default) A PEM formatted message. For instance:
-----BEGIN CMS-----
MIAGCSqGSIb3DQEHAqCAMIACAQExDzANBglghkgBZQMEAgEFADCABgkqhkiG9w0BBwGggCSABGFD
b250ZW50LVR5cGU6IHRleHQvcGxhaW47IGNoYXJzZXQ9Imlzby04ODU5LTEiDQpDb250ZW50LVRy
...
mlJLPoCw5pf3Cjae56oXs29IZMcDXKersNjFGYSaG0o9k3lAcj9llLFh54Xr1ljx7K0VpVvlrmgu
kNHAf7cUvvilW/KrDa+T2n+sOFAAAAAAAAA=
-----END CMS-----
DER The message is binary (raw bytes).
SMIME The message is S/MIME encoded. For instance:
Mime-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: application/pkcs7-mime; smime-type=signed-data; name="smime.p7m"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="smime.p7m"

MIAGCSqGSIb3DQEHAqCAMIACAQExDzANBglghkgBZQMEAgEFADCABgkqhkiG9w0BBwGggCSABGFD
b250ZW50LVR5cGU6IHRleHQvcGxhaW47IGNoYXJzZXQ9Imlzby04ODU5LTEiDQpDb250ZW50LVRy
...
Mpc/PtPNeHA3CCFGRFnHju/yb9CsQWpgf8TTWytjP7O1hFUecW0yiuGSDeeNlQ4ZcX0TOm6haRMT
lqYIrHUNMn4tYaREevNBL9CQB8MAAAAAAAA=

output_message Property

The output message after processing.

Syntax

def get_output_message() -> bytes: ...

output_message = property(get_output_message, None)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output of the operation if output_file is not set.

Encrypt and/or Sign

When encrypting or signing this will hold the fully encoded message.

Decrypt and/or Verify

When decrypting or verifying a signature this will hold the decrypted/verified content.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • output_file
  • output_message: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

This property is read-only.

recipient_cert_count Property

The number of records in the RecipientCert arrays.

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_count() -> int: ...
def set_recipient_cert_count(value: int) -> None: ...

recipient_cert_count = property(get_recipient_cert_count, set_recipient_cert_count)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at recipient_cert_count - 1.

recipient_cert_encoded Property

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_encoded(recipient_cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_recipient_cert_encoded(recipient_cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The recipient_cert_store and recipient_cert_subject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When recipient_cert_encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current recipient_cert_store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, recipient_cert_subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, recipient_cert_subject is set to an empty string.

The recipient_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the recipient_cert_count property.

recipient_cert_store Property

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_store(recipient_cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_recipient_cert_store(recipient_cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The recipient_cert_store_type property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by recipient_cert_store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in recipient_cert_store_password.

recipient_cert_store is used in conjunction with the recipient_cert_subject property to specify client certificates. If recipient_cert_store has a value, and recipient_cert_subject or recipient_cert_encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the recipient_cert_subject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

The recipient_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the recipient_cert_count property.

recipient_cert_store_password Property

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_store_password(recipient_cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_recipient_cert_store_password(recipient_cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

The recipient_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the recipient_cert_count property.

recipient_cert_store_type Property

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_store_type(recipient_cert_index: int) -> int: ...
def set_recipient_cert_store_type(recipient_cert_index: int, value: int) -> None: ...

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The list_store_certificates method may be called after setting cert_store_type to cstSecurityKey, cert_store_password to the PIN, and cert_store to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the on_cert_list event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the recipient_cert_store and set recipient_cert_store_password to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

The recipient_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the recipient_cert_count property.

recipient_cert_subject Property

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

def get_recipient_cert_subject(recipient_cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_recipient_cert_subject(recipient_cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

The recipient_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the recipient_cert_count property.

signature_hash_algorithm Property

The signature hash algorithm used during signing.

Syntax

def get_signature_hash_algorithm() -> str: ...
def set_signature_hash_algorithm(value: str) -> None: ...

signature_hash_algorithm = property(get_signature_hash_algorithm, set_signature_hash_algorithm)

Default Value

"SHA256"

Remarks

This property specifies the signature hash algorithm used when sign is called.

When sign is called the input data is first hashed with the algorithm specified by this property to produce a message digest. The computed digest is then digitally signed with the certificates specified in certificates.

The value specified here may be the name of the algorithm or the corresponding OID. Possible values are:

  • "SHA-256" (default)
  • "SHA-384"
  • "SHA-512"
  • "SHA-224"
  • "SHA1"
  • "MD5"

signer_cert_count Property

The number of records in the SignerCert arrays.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_count() -> int: ...
def set_signer_cert_count(value: int) -> None: ...

signer_cert_count = property(get_signer_cert_count, set_signer_cert_count)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at signer_cert_count - 1.

signer_cert_encoded Property

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_encoded(signer_cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_signer_cert_encoded(signer_cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The signer_cert_store and signer_cert_subject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When signer_cert_encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current signer_cert_store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, signer_cert_subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, signer_cert_subject is set to an empty string.

The signer_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the signer_cert_count property.

signer_cert_store Property

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_store(signer_cert_index: int) -> bytes: ...
def set_signer_cert_store(signer_cert_index: int, value: bytes) -> None: ...

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The signer_cert_store_type property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by signer_cert_store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in signer_cert_store_password.

signer_cert_store is used in conjunction with the signer_cert_subject property to specify client certificates. If signer_cert_store has a value, and signer_cert_subject or signer_cert_encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the signer_cert_subject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

The signer_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the signer_cert_count property.

signer_cert_store_password Property

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_store_password(signer_cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_signer_cert_store_password(signer_cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

The signer_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the signer_cert_count property.

signer_cert_store_type Property

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_store_type(signer_cert_index: int) -> int: ...
def set_signer_cert_store_type(signer_cert_index: int, value: int) -> None: ...

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The list_store_certificates method may be called after setting cert_store_type to cstSecurityKey, cert_store_password to the PIN, and cert_store to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the on_cert_list event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the signer_cert_store and set signer_cert_store_password to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

The signer_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the signer_cert_count property.

signer_cert_subject Property

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_subject(signer_cert_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_signer_cert_subject(signer_cert_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

The signer_cert_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the signer_cert_count property.

use_oaep Property

Whether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP).

Syntax

def get_use_oaep() -> bool: ...
def set_use_oaep(value: bool) -> None: ...

use_oaep = property(get_use_oaep, set_use_oaep)

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

Whether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP). By default this value is False and the class will use PKCS1.

To specify non-default OAEP options please see OAEPRSAHashAlgorithm, OAEPMGF1HashAlgorithm, and OAEPParams

use_pss Property

Whether to use RSA-PSS during signing and verification.

Syntax

def get_use_pss() -> bool: ...
def set_use_pss(value: bool) -> None: ...

use_pss = property(get_use_pss, set_use_pss)

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property specifies whether RSA-PSS will be used when signing and verifying messages. The default value is False.

add_certificate Method

Used to add certificates for signing.

Syntax

def add_certificate(cert_store_type: int, cert_store: str, cert_store_password: str, cert_subject: str) -> None: ...

Remarks

This method adds a signing certificate. Signing certificates may be added using this method or by adding a certificate directly to certificates.

The added certificate(s) will be used to sign the message when sign is called.

CertStoreType specifies the type of certificate store. The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The list_store_certificates method may be called after setting cert_store_type to cstSecurityKey, cert_store_password to the PIN, and cert_store to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the on_cert_list event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the and set to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

CertStore specifies the path to the certificate file. If the CertStoreType is a blob, this specifies the certificate content. See certificates for details.

CertStorePassword is the password for the certificate (if any).

CertSubject specified the subject of the certificate to load. The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

add_recipient_cert Method

Used to add recipient certificates used to encrypt messages.

Syntax

def add_recipient_cert(cert_encoded: bytes) -> None: ...

Remarks

This method adds a public certificate used when encrypt is called. Public certificates of recipients may be added using this method or by adding a certificate directly to the recipient_certs property.

CertEncoded must contain the PEM or Base64 encoded public certificate.

config Method

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

def config(configuration_string: str) -> str: ...

Remarks

config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

decrypt Method

Decrypts the current message.

Syntax

def decrypt() -> None: ...

Remarks

decrypt decrypts the input data with the specified certificate. Certificates are specified by calling add_certificate or setting the certificates property.

If the certificate used to encrypt the message is not known ahead of time get_recipient_info may be called prior to calling decrypt to obtain information about the recipient (the entity the for which the message was encrypted). If get_recipient_info is called, the on_recipient_info event is fired with information about the recipient which may be used to load an appropriate decryption certificate.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

  • certificates (Required)
Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Encrypt and Decrypt a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Encrypt(); byte[] encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Multiple Recipients Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test2.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Get Recipient Info Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; //If the recipient certificate is not known ahead of time the GetRecipientInfo method may be called //to find information about the certificate. cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.OnRecipientInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); } }; cms.GetRecipientInfo(); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

decrypt_and_verify_signature Method

Decrypts and verifies the signature of the current message.

Syntax

def decrypt_and_verify_signature() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method decrypts the input data and verifies the signature. Decryption certificates are specified by calling add_certificate or setting the certificates property. Certificates used to verify the signature will be taken from the message itself if included, or from the signer_certs property.

If the certificate used to encrypt the message is not known ahead of time get_recipient_info may be called prior to calling decrypt to obtain information about the recipient (the entity the for which the message was encrypted). If get_recipient_info is called, the on_recipient_info event is fired with information about the recipient which may be used to load an appropriate decryption certificate.

In order to perform signature verification the public signer's certificate must be present or explicitly specified. In many cases the certificate itself is included in the input message and a certificate does not need to explicitly be set. If a certificate does need to be set for signature verification the certificate may be specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting recipient_certs.

When this method is called the on_signer_cert_info event fires once for each signature on the message. This event provides details about the signer certificate, as well as the signer certificate itself (if present). The information provided via on_signer_cert_info may be used to load an appropriate certificate for verification from within the event. If the CertEncoded parameter of on_signer_cert_info is populated the certificate required for verification is already present in the message.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

If the input message is a detached signature, the original data that was signed must be specified in detached_signature_data. In addition the detached_signature property must be set to True to instruct the class to treat the input message as a detached signature.

If the input message is compressed enable_compression must be set to True before calling this method.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

encrypt Method

Encrypts the current message.

Syntax

def encrypt() -> None: ...

Remarks

encrypt encrypts the input data with the the specified certificate(s). Certificates are specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting the recipient_certs property.

output_format specifies the encoding of the output message. Valid values are PEM, DER, and SMIME. Additional settings allow further configuration. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Encrypt and Decrypt a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Encrypt(); byte[] encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Multiple Recipients Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test2.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Encrypt and Decrypt - Get Recipient Info Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.RecipientCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Encrypt(); string encryptedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; //If the recipient certificate is not known ahead of time the GetRecipientInfo method may be called //to find information about the certificate. cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = encryptedMessage; cms.OnRecipientInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); } }; cms.GetRecipientInfo(); cms.Decrypt(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

get_recipient_info Method

Gets the recipient certificate information for an encrypted message.

Syntax

def get_recipient_info() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method retrieves information about the recipient(s) of the encrypted message. This may be called prior to calling decrypt to determine which certificate should be loaded for decryption.

When this method is called the on_recipient_info event fires once for each recipient found within the message. Use the parameters of the on_recipient_info to determine which certificate to specify via add_certificate or certificates before calling decrypt.

get_signer_cert_info Method

This method gets the signature information for an signed message.

Syntax

def get_signer_cert_info() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method retrieves information about the certificate used to sign the message. This may be called before calling verify_signature to determine which certificate should be loaded for verification.

When this method is called, the on_signer_cert_info event fires once for each signer of the message. Use the parameters of the on_signer_cert_info to determine which certificate to specify before calling verify_signature.

Note: Use of this method is optional. If no certificate is specified before calling verify_signature, the class will fire the on_signer_cert_info and a certificate may be loaded from within the event at that time (if necessary).

reset Method

Resets the class properties.

Syntax

def reset() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method resets the values of all message and certificate properties. It is an easy way to reset the class properties before starting to populate with new values.

sign Method

Signs the current message.

Syntax

def sign() -> None: ...

Remarks

sign digitally signs the input data with the the specified certificate(s). Certificates are specified by calling add_certificate or setting the certificates property.

output_format specifies the encoding of the output message. Valid values are PEM, DER, and SMIME. include_certificates specifies whether the public certificate is included in the signed message. Additional settings allow further configuration. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Sign and Verify a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Sign(); byte[] signedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - Detached Signature Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.Sign(); string signature = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignatureData = signature; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.VerifySignature(); Sign and Verify a message - Multiple Signatures Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test2.pfx", "password2", "*")); cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - No Included Certificate Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.IncludeCertificates = CmsIncludeCertificates.icsNone; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.OnSignerCertInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { //Load the correct signer certificate. cms.SignerCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); } }; cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

sign_and_encrypt Method

Signs and encrypts the current message.

Syntax

def sign_and_encrypt() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method signs encrypts the input data with the the specified certificate(s). Encryption certificates are specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting the recipient_certs property. Signing certificates are set via the certificates property.

output_format specifies the encoding of the output message. Valid values are PEM, DER, and SMIME. Additional settings allow further configuration. include_certificates specifies whether the public certificate is included in the signed message. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

verify_signature Method

Verifies the signature of the current message.

Syntax

def verify_signature() -> None: ...

Remarks

verify_signature verifies the signature of the input message.

In order to perform signature verification the public signer's certificate must be present or explicitly specified. In many cases the certificate itself is included in the input message and a certificate does not need to explicitly be set. If a certificate does need to be set for signature verification the certificate may be specified by calling add_recipient_cert or setting recipient_certs.

When this method is called the on_signer_cert_info event fires once for each signature on the message. This event provides details about the signer certificate, as well as the signer certificate itself (if present). The information provided via on_signer_cert_info may be used to load an appropriate certificate for verification from within the event. If the CertEncoded parameter of on_signer_cert_info is populated the certificate required for verification is already present in the message.

The following property are applicable when calling this method:

If the input message is a detached signature, the original data that was signed must be specified in detached_signature_data. In addition the detached_signature property must be set to True to instruct the class to treat the input message as a detached signature.

If the input message is compressed enable_compression must be set to True before calling this method.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Sign and Verify a message Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - DER Output Format Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.OutputFormat = "DER"; cms.Sign(); byte[] signedMessage = cms.OutputMessageB; //Binary output cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessageB = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - Detached Signature Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.Sign(); string signature = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.DetachedSignatureData = signature; cms.DetachedSignature = true; cms.VerifySignature(); Sign and Verify a message - Multiple Signatures Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test2.pfx", "password2", "*")); cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage; Sign and Verify a message - No Included Certificate Cms cms = new Cms(); cms.InputMessage = "My Data"; cms.Certificates.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, @"C:\temp\test.pfx", "password", "*")); cms.IncludeCertificates = CmsIncludeCertificates.icsNone; cms.Sign(); string signedMessage = cms.OutputMessage; cms = new Cms(); cms.OnSignerCertInfo += (s, e) => { Console.WriteLine(e.Issuer); Console.WriteLine(e.SerialNumber); if (e.Issuer == "CN=100") //Identify the certificate to load based on event params { //Load the correct signer certificate. cms.SignerCerts.Add(new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, @"C:\temp\test.cer", "", "*")); } }; cms.InputMessage = signedMessage; cms.VerifySignature(); string plaintextMessage = cms.OutputMessage;

on_error Event

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

class CMSErrorEventParams(object):
  @property
  def error_code() -> int: ...

  @property
  def description() -> str: ...

# In class CMS:
@property
def on_error() -> Callable[[CMSErrorEventParams], None]: ...
@on_error.setter
def on_error(event_hook: Callable[[CMSErrorEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

The on_error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class fails with an error.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

on_log Event

Fires with log information during processing.

Syntax

class CMSLogEventParams(object):
  @property
  def log_level() -> int: ...

  @property
  def message() -> str: ...

  @property
  def log_type() -> str: ...

# In class CMS:
@property
def on_log() -> Callable[[CMSLogEventParams], None]: ...
@on_log.setter
def on_log(event_hook: Callable[[CMSLogEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

This event fires during processing with log information. The level of detail that is logged is controlled via the LogLevel.

LogLevel indicates the level of message. Possible values are:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data is logged.

LogMessage is the log entry.

LogType indicates the type of log. Possible values are:

  • "INFO"
  • "ENCRYPT"
  • "COMPRESS"
  • "SIGN"
  • "DECRYPT"
  • "DECOMPRESS"
  • "VERIFY"
  • "DEBUG"

on_recipient_info Event

Fired for each recipient certificate of the encrypted message.

Syntax

class CMSRecipientInfoEventParams(object):
  @property
  def issuer() -> str: ...

  @property
  def serial_number() -> str: ...

  @property
  def subject_key_identifier() -> str: ...

  @property
  def encryption_algorithm() -> str: ...

# In class CMS:
@property
def on_recipient_info() -> Callable[[CMSRecipientInfoEventParams], None]: ...
@on_recipient_info.setter
def on_recipient_info(event_hook: Callable[[CMSRecipientInfoEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

When get_recipient_info is called on a valid encrypted message, this event will fire once for each recipient certificate that the message has been encrypted for. This may be used to identify the certificate to load.

Issuer is the subject of the issuer certificate.

SerialNumber is the serial number of the encryption certificate.

SubjectKeyIdentifier is the X.509 subjectKeyIdentifier extension value of the certificate used to sign the message encoded as a hex string.

EncryptionAlgorithm is the encryption algorithm used to encrypt the message. Possible values are:

  • "3DES"
  • "DES"
  • "RC2CBC40"
  • "RC2CBC64"
  • "RC2CBC128" or "RC2"
  • "AESCBC128" or "AES"
  • "AESCBC192"
  • "AESCBC256"
  • "AESGCM128" or "AESGCM"
  • "AESGCM192"
  • "AESGCM256"

on_signer_cert_info Event

Fired during verification of the signed message.

Syntax

class CMSSignerCertInfoEventParams(object):
  @property
  def issuer() -> str: ...

  @property
  def serial_number() -> str: ...

  @property
  def subject_key_identifier() -> str: ...

  @property
  def cert_encoded() -> bytes: ...

# In class CMS:
@property
def on_signer_cert_info() -> Callable[[CMSSignerCertInfoEventParams], None]: ...
@on_signer_cert_info.setter
def on_signer_cert_info(event_hook: Callable[[CMSSignerCertInfoEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

During verification, this event will be raised while parsing the signer's certificate information. The parameters which are populated depends on the options used when the message was originally signed. This information may be used to select the correct certificate for signer_certs in order to verify the signature. The following parameters may be populated.

Issuer specifies the subject of the issuer of the certificate used to sign the message.

SerialNumber is the serial number of the certificate used to sign the message.

SubjectKeyIdentifier is the X.509 subjectKeyIdentifier extension value of the certificate used to sign the message encoded as a hex string.

CertEncoded is the PEM (base64 encoded) public certificate needed to verify the signature. Note: when this value is present the class will automatically use this value to perform signature verification.

The signer_certs property may be set from within this event. In this manner the decision of which signer certificate to load may be delayed until the parameters of this event are inspected and the correct certificate can be located and loaded.

CMS Config Settings

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the config method.

CMS Config Settings

CompressBeforeSign:   Specifies whether to compress before signing.

When enable_compression is set to True this property controls whether compression happens before or after signing. If set to True the input data will be compressed before signing. If set to False (default) the input data will be signed and then compressed.

ContentTypeOID:   Specifies the oid for content type.

This setting optionally specifies an OID defining the data content type for the data being processed. This may be set before calling encrypt, sign, or sign_and_encrypt.

The default value is 1.2.840.113549.1.7.1 which is the OID for id-data.

CSP:   The Cryptographic Service Provider.

For the Win32 editions, the name of the Cryptographic Service Provider used to provide access to encryption/decryption and signature operations.

NOTE: This config may only be used when the UseCryptoAPI is true.

GenerateSignatureTimestamp:   Whether to generate timestamps in signatures.

If GenerateSignatureTimestamp is True, a timestamp will be generated and added to all signatures created by the class.

The default value is True.

IncludeHeaders:   Tells the class whether to include the headers when encoding the message.

If True (default), the class will include MIME headers when sign, encrypt, or sign_and_encrypt are called. If False, only the message will be encoded.

The default value for IncludeHeaders is true.

Note: This setting is only applicable to when output_format is set to SMIME.

IncludeInternalHeaders:   Tells the class whether or not to include the internal headers when encoding the message.

If True, the class will generate and include MIME part headers when sign, encrypt, or sign_and_encrypt are called. When verify_signature, decrypt, or decrypt_and_verify_signature are called the MIME part headers will be stripped.

When set to False, only the message will be processed, MIME part headers will not be generated or stripped.

The default value for IncludeInternalHeaders is False.

Note: This setting is only applicable to when output_format is set to SMIME.

InputContentTransferEncoding:   Sets the Content-Transfer-Encoding for the signed message.

This setting specifies the Content-Transfer-Encoding header value in signed messages. By default the class will automatically determine the Content-Transfer-Encoding based on the file extension set in input_file, however this setting may be set to override the determined value or to specify a value if data is read from input_message.

If no value is specified and a value cannot be automatically determined the default value 7bit will be used.

Note: This setting is only applicable when output_format is set to SMIME and when calling sign or sign_and_encrypt and detached_signature is True.

InputContentType:   Sets the Content-Type for the signed message.

This setting specifies the Content-Type header value in signed messages. By default the class will automatically determine the Content-Type based on the file extension set in input_file, however this setting may be set to override the determined value or to specify a value if data is read from input_message.

If no value is specified and a value cannot be automatically determined the default value text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1" will be used.

Note: This setting is only applicable when output_format is set to SMIME and when calling sign or sign_and_encrypt and detached_signature is True.

InputMessageHeaders:   Message headers.

This setting specifies the headers of the SMIME message if they are not already present in the input message. In most cases the input message itself will contain the necessary headers, however if the headers are and body of the SMIME message are separate, the headers may be specified in this setting before calling decrypt, decrypt_and_verify_signature, or verify_signature.

LogDirectory:   The directory on disk where debug logs are written.

This setting specifies a directory on disk to which debug logs will be written during operation. This should only be set for debugging purposes. Files with various extensions will be written to disk at the location specified with debug data for the operation being performed. If LogFilename is not specified the filenames will be in the format yyyy-MM-dd-HH-mm-ss-fff.

LogFilename:   The base filename to use with LogDirectory.

This setting specifies the base filename to use when LogDirectory is set. If specified the name should be a filename without extension. Various files will be logged with different extensions during operation. This setting defines only the base filename. If unspecified the files will be named with a timestamp in the format yyyy-MM-dd-HH-mm-ss-fff.

LogLevel:   The level of detail for log messages.

This setting specifies the level of detail that is logged via the on_log event. Possible values are:

0 (None) No events are logged.
1 (Info - default) Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose) Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug) Debug data is logged.

OAEPMGF1HashAlgorithm:   The MGF1 hash algorithm used with OAEP.

This configuration setting specifies the MGF1 hash algorithm used when use_oaep is set to True. The default value is SHA256. Possible values are as follows:

  • "SHA1"
  • "SHA224"
  • "SHA256" (default)
  • "SHA384"
  • "SHA512"
  • "RIPEMD160"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5"
  • "MD5SHA1"
OAEPParams:   The hex encoded OAEP parameters.

This configuration setting optionally specifies OAEP parameters to be used when use_oaep is set to True. The specified value should be hex encoded.

OAEPRSAHashAlgorithm:   The RSA hash algorithm used with OAEP.

This configuration setting specifies that RSA hash algorithm used when use_oaep is set to True. The default value is SHA256. Possible values are as follows:

  • "SHA1"
  • "SHA224"
  • "SHA256" (default)
  • "SHA384"
  • "SHA512"
  • "RIPEMD160"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5"
  • "MD5SHA1"
OutputMessageHeaders:   The SMIME headers of the output message.

When IncludeHeaders is set to False the SMIME headers are not included in the output message itself when sign, encrypt, or sign_and_encrypt are called. This setting may be used to obtain the SMIME headers separately. This setting is only applicable when output_format is set to SMIME.

RecipientInfoType:   The type of signer information to include in the signed message.

This configuration setting specifies which type of information about the recipient's encryption certificate is included in the encrypted message. Possible values are as follows:

  • 0 (issuerAndSerialNumber - default)
  • 1 (subjectKeyIdentifier)

Note: When subjectKeyIdentifier is selected, the recipient's encryption certificate must contain the subjectKeyIdentifier extension.

SignatureTimestamp:   The signature timestamp in the signed message.

This setting holds the timestamp of the signature. After calling verify_signature this setting will hold the timestamp identifying when the signature was created. The timestamp is in UTC time with the format yyyyMMddHHmmss. For instance 20181130223821.

SignerInfoType:   The type of signer information to include in the signed message.

This configuration setting specifies which type of information about the signer certificate is included in the signed message. Possible values are as follows:

  • 0 (issuerAndSerialNumber - default)
  • 1 (subjectKeyIdentifier)

Note: When subjectKeyIdentifier is selected, the signing certificate must contain the subjectKeyIdentifier extension.

UseAlgorithmOIDs:   Whether OIDs are used when providing information about the algorithms.

This configuration setting controls whether the EncryptionAlgorithm parameter of the on_recipient_info event is populated with the name of the algorithm, such as 3DES or the corresponding OID such as 1.2.840.113549.3.7.

The default value is False, and the name of the algorithm is used. Set this to True to use the object identifiers instead.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
ProcessIdleEvents:   Whether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.

If set to False, the class will not fire internal idle events. Set this to False to use the class in a background thread on Mac OS. By default, this setting is True.

SelectWaitMillis:   The length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.

If there are no events to process when do_events is called, the class will wait for the amount of time specified here before returning. The default value is 20.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to True tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

CMS Errors

CMS Errors

10191   Invalid index (RecipientIndex).
10192   Message decoding error (code).
10193   Unexpected message type.
10194   Unsupported hashing/signing algorithm.
10195   The message doesn't have any signers.
10196   The message signature could not be verified.
10197   Could not locate a suitable decryption certificate.
10198   The signer certificate could not be found.
10199   No signing certificate was supplied for signing the message.
10201   The specified certificate was not the one required.
10202   The specified certificate could not be found.
10221   Could not acquire CSP.
10222   Type validation error.
10223   Unsupported key size.
10224   Unrecognized Content-Type object identifier.
10225   Unrecognized public key format.
10226   No choices specified.
10228   Must specify output stream.
10280   Invalid Part Index.
10281   Unknown MIME type.
10283   No MIME-boundary found.
10280   Error decoding certificate.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Python Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]