IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Python Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

JWS Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

Create, Sign and Verify JSON Web Signatures (JWS).

Syntax

class ipworksencrypt.JWS

Remarks

The JWS class supports signing and verifying JSON Web Signatures (JWS).

Specify any payload via input properties and use sign to create a JWS message using a variety of algorithms including HMAC, RSA, and ECDSA. Use verify to verify the signature of any received JWS message. The following algorithms are supported:

  • HS256
  • HS384
  • HS512
  • RS256
  • RS384
  • RS512
  • PS256
  • PS384
  • PS512
  • ES256
  • ES384
  • ES512
  • None

See algorithm for more details about supported algorithms.

Signing

The sign method may be used to sign a payload with a variety of algorithms. Before calling the sign method set algorithm to the algorithm which will be used to sign the message. The result of signing is a compact serialized JWS string. For instance:

eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.dGVzdA.o_JihJlCwvBO1AgY_Ao3_VBivdFmj3ufv3ZWAqYF4Ow

The class is agnostic of the payload that is signed. Any value may be signed. key_id may be set to include an identifier to help the receiving party identify the key used to sign the message. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

  • algorithm (required)
  • certificate (conditional - required for ECDSA and RSA)
  • key (conditional - required for HMAC)
  • header_params
  • key_id
  • overwrite

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Notes for HMAC Algorithms (HS256, HS384, HS512)

When algorithm is set to a HMAC algorithm key must be set to a key of appropriate length for the algorithm. The key should be the same number of bits as the algorithm being used. For instance a 256 bit key would be used for HS256.

The example code below uses the EzRand class to generate a key, but the key may be created using any means. The key must be known by both parties in order for signing and verification to take place.

//Generate a 256 bit (32 byte) key Ezrand ezrand = new Ezrand(); ezrand.RandBytesLength = 32; ezrand.GetNextBytes(); byte[] key = ezrand.RandBytesB; //Sign the payload using HS256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsHS256; jws.InputMessage = "test data"; jws.KeyB = key; jws.Sign(); string signedData = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an existing HMAC key provide the bytes to the key property. For instance:

//HMAC SHA-256 Key byte[] key = new byte[] { 170, 171, 221, 209, 7, 181, 48, 178, 48, 118, 242, 132, 36, 218, 74, 140, 216, 165, 161, 70, 11, 42, 246, 205, 235, 231, 19, 48, 87, 141, 122, 10 }; //Sign the payload using HS256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsHS256; jws.InputMessage = "test data"; jws.KeyB = key; jws.Sign(); string signedData = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for RSA Algorithms (RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512)

The RSA based algorithms use asymmetric encryption. Signing is done with a private key and verification is done with a public key. The private key may be in PFX or PEM format.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsRS256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, "..\\jwt.pfx", "test", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for ECDSA Algorithms (ES256, ES384, ES512)

ECDSA algorithms require a valid ECC private key to sign. The ECC class can be used to create or import an ECC key into the Certificate format accepted by the JWS class.

//Create an ECC key with SHA-256 Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); ecc.HashAlgorithm = EccHashAlgorithms.ehaSHA256; ecc.CreateKey(); string privKey = ecc.Key.PrivateKey; //Sign the payload using ES256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsES256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPEMKeyBlob, privKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an existing ECC Key populate the Rx, Ry, and K values of Key property in the ECC class first. For instance:

//Import an existing ECC private key Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); byte[] x_bytes = new byte[] { 171, 170, 196, 151, 94, 196, 231, 12, 128, 232, 17, 61, 45, 105, 41, 209, 192, 187, 112, 242, 110, 178, 95, 240, 36, 55, 83, 171, 190, 176, 78, 13 }; byte[] y_bytes = new byte[] { 197, 75, 134, 245, 245, 28, 199, 9, 7, 117, 1, 54, 49, 178, 135, 252, 62, 89, 35, 180, 117, 80, 231, 23, 110, 250, 28, 124, 219, 253, 224, 156 }; byte[] k_bytes = new byte[] { 81, 65, 201, 24, 235, 249, 162, 148, 169, 150, 109, 181, 61, 238, 145, 122, 31, 30, 151, 94, 239, 90, 222, 217, 63, 103, 54, 2, 176, 232, 248, 168 }; ecc.Key.RxB = x_bytes; ecc.Key.RyB = y_bytes; ecc.Key.KB = k_bytes; string privKey = ecc.Key.PrivateKey; //Sign the payload using ES256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsES256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPEMKeyBlob, privKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for Unsecured (none)

To create a JWS token without any security set algorithm to jwsNone.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsNone; jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string unsecuredMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

Signature Verification

The verify method may be used to verify a received JWS message. Before calling the verify method set input_message or input_file to a valid compact serialized JWS string. For instance:

eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.dGVzdA.o_JihJlCwvBO1AgY_Ao3_VBivdFmj3ufv3ZWAqYF4Ow

key or certificate should be set to the HMAC key or public certificate respectively. If the correct key or certificate is not known ahead of time the KeyId parameter of the on_signer_info event may be used to identify the correct key.

If this method returns without error verification was successful. If verification fails then this method fails with an error. After calling this method the payload will be present in the output_message or file specified by output_file and the Header* properties will contain the headers. Headers of the parsed message are also available through the on_header_param event.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Notes for HMAC Algorithms (HS256, HS384, HS512)

When verifying a message originally signed with a HMAC algorithm key must be set to the same key used during signing. The key must be known by both parties in order for signing and verification to take place.

byte[] key = new byte[] { 170, 171, 221, 209, 7, 181, 48, 178, 48, 118, 242, 132, 36, 218, 74, 140, 216, 165, 161, 70, 11, 42, 246, 205, 235, 231, 19, 48, 87, 141, 122, 10 }; Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.KeyB = key; jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for RSA Algorithms (RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512)

The RSA based algorithms use asymmetric encryption. Signing is done with a private key and verification is done with a public key. The public key is typically in PEM format.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate("..\\jwt.cer"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for ECDSA Algorithms (ES256, ES384, ES512)

ECDSA algorithms require a valid ECC public key to verify the message. If the key was originally created with the ECC class the PEM encoded PublicKey may be used directly with the certificate property. An example PEM encoded public certificate created by the ECC class:

-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBMjCB7AYHKoZIzj0CATCB4AIBATAsBgcqhkjOPQEBAiEA/////wAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAD///////////////8wRAQg/////wAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAD///////////////wEIFrG
NdiqOpPns+u9VXaYhrxlHQawzFOw9jvOPD4n0mBLBEEEaxfR8uEsQkf4vOblY6RA8ncDfYEt
6zOg9KE5RdiYwpZP40Li/hp/m47n60p8D54WK84zV2sxXs7LtkBoN79R9QIhAP////8AAAAA
//////////+85vqtpxeehPO5ysL8YyVRAgEBA0EEIC5rbLp11Mnz6cBXLLriaDIov3rm8RAY
x/OR0bOKiff0cQy+sLVaxjseqFk/+Xvl4ORSv5Z6HdHv5GyEpA0UoA==
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, pubKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an ECC public key created by other means the ECC class may be used to import the key parameters. Populate the Rx and Ry of the ECC class first to obtain the PEM formatted public key. For instance:

//Import an existing ECC public key Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); byte[] x_bytes = new byte[] { 171, 170, 196, 151, 94, 196, 231, 12, 128, 232, 17, 61, 45, 105, 41, 209, 192, 187, 112, 242, 110, 178, 95, 240, 36, 55, 83, 171, 190, 176, 78, 13 }; byte[] y_bytes = new byte[] { 197, 75, 134, 245, 245, 28, 199, 9, 7, 117, 1, 54, 49, 178, 135, 252, 62, 89, 35, 180, 117, 80, 231, 23, 110, 250, 28, 124, 219, 253, 224, 156 }; ecc.Key.RxB = x_bytes; ecc.Key.RyB = y_bytes; string pubKey = ecc.Key.PublicKey; Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, pubKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for Unsecured (none)

To parse a JWS token without any security call the sign method without setting key or certificate.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string unsecuredPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Other Functionality

In addition to standard signing and verifying the class also supports a variety of other features including:

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

algorithmThe algorithm used when signing.
cert_encodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
cert_storeThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
cert_store_passwordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
cert_store_typeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
cert_subjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
header_param_countThe number of records in the HeaderParam arrays.
header_param_data_typeThe data type of the header parameter.
header_param_nameThe header parameter name.
header_param_valueThe header parameter value.
input_fileThe file to process.
input_messageThe message to process.
keyThe secret key for the hash algorithm.
key_idThe Id of the key used to sign the message.
output_fileThe output file when encrypting or decrypting.
output_messageThe output message after processing.
overwriteIndicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

add_header_paramAdds additional header parameters.
configSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
parseParses the compact serialized JWS string.
resetResets the class.
signSigns the payload with the specified algorithm.
verifyVerifies the signature of the JWS token.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

on_errorInformation about errors during data delivery.
on_header_paramFires once for each JOSE header parameter.
on_signer_infoFires with information about the signature.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AllowedSigningAlgorithmsAllowed signing algorithms when StrictValidation is set to True.
IncludeCertificateFormatThe certificate values to include in the signed message (if any).
IssuerCertsA collection of issuer certificates used with IncludeCertificateFormat.
KeyEncodingThe encoding of the Key value.
RawHeaderHolds the raw JOSE header.
SerializationTypeDetermines the serialization type to use when reading and writing JWS content.
StrictValidationRequires a specific algorithm when verifying signatures.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
ProcessIdleEventsWhether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.
SelectWaitMillisThe length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

algorithm Property

The algorithm used when signing.

Syntax

def get_algorithm() -> int: ...
def set_algorithm(value: int) -> None: ...

algorithm = property(get_algorithm, set_algorithm)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the algorithm to use when signing.

When signing with an HMAC algorithm key must be specified. When an RSA or ECDSA algorithm is selected certificate must be set before calling sign and certificate must be set before calling verify. The following values are supported:

AlgorithmDescriptionPrivate Key Location
0 (jwsHS256 - default) HMAC using SHA-256 key
1 (jwsHS384) HMAC using SHA-384 key
2 (jwsHS512) HMAC using SHA-512 key
3 (jwsRS256) RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-256 certificate
4 (jwsRS384) RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-384 certificate
5 (jwsRS512) RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-512 certificate
6 (jwsPS256) RSASSA-PSS using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256 certificate
7 (jwsPS384) RSASSA-PSS using SHA-384 and MGF1 with SHA-384 certificate
8 (jwsPS512) RSASSA-PSS using SHA-512 and MGF1 with SHA-512 certificate
9 (jwsES256) ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256 certificate
10 (jwsES384) ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384 certificate
11 (jwsES512) ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512 certificate
12 (jwsES256K) ECDSA using secp256k1 curve and SHA-256 certificate
99 (jwsNone) None (unprotected) Not Applicable

Note: This setting is also applicable when StrictValidation is enabled before calling verify.

cert_encoded Property

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

def get_cert_encoded() -> bytes: ...
def set_cert_encoded(value: bytes) -> None: ...

cert_encoded = property(get_cert_encoded, set_cert_encoded)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The cert_store and cert_subject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When cert_encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current cert_store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, cert_subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, cert_subject is set to an empty string.

cert_store Property

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

def get_cert_store() -> bytes: ...
def set_cert_store(value: bytes) -> None: ...

cert_store = property(get_cert_store, set_cert_store)

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The cert_store_type property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by cert_store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in cert_store_password.

cert_store is used in conjunction with the cert_subject property to specify client certificates. If cert_store has a value, and cert_subject or cert_encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the cert_subject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

cert_store_password Property

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

def get_cert_store_password() -> str: ...
def set_cert_store_password(value: str) -> None: ...

cert_store_password = property(get_cert_store_password, set_cert_store_password)

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

cert_store_type Property

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

def get_cert_store_type() -> int: ...
def set_cert_store_type(value: int) -> None: ...

cert_store_type = property(get_cert_store_type, set_cert_store_type)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The list_store_certificates method may be called after setting cert_store_type to cstSecurityKey, cert_store_password to the PIN, and cert_store to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the on_cert_list event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the cert_store and set cert_store_password to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

cert_subject Property

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

def get_cert_subject() -> str: ...
def set_cert_subject(value: str) -> None: ...

cert_subject = property(get_cert_subject, set_cert_subject)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

header_param_count Property

The number of records in the HeaderParam arrays.

Syntax

def get_header_param_count() -> int: ...
def set_header_param_count(value: int) -> None: ...

header_param_count = property(get_header_param_count, set_header_param_count)

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at header_param_count - 1.

header_param_data_type Property

The data type of the header parameter.

Syntax

def get_header_param_data_type(header_param_index: int) -> int: ...
def set_header_param_data_type(header_param_index: int, value: int) -> None: ...

Default Value

2

Remarks

The data type of the header parameter.

This property specifies the JSON type of the header parameter value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)

The header_param_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the header_param_count property.

header_param_name Property

The header parameter name.

Syntax

def get_header_param_name(header_param_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_header_param_name(header_param_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

The header parameter name.

The header_param_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the header_param_count property.

header_param_value Property

The header parameter value.

Syntax

def get_header_param_value(header_param_index: int) -> str: ...
def set_header_param_value(header_param_index: int, value: str) -> None: ...

Default Value

""

Remarks

The header parameter value.

The header_param_index parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the header_param_count property.

input_file Property

The file to process.

Syntax

def get_input_file() -> str: ...
def set_input_file(value: str) -> None: ...

input_file = property(get_input_file, set_input_file)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

input_message Property

The message to process.

Syntax

def get_input_message() -> bytes: ...
def set_input_message(value: bytes) -> None: ...

input_message = property(get_input_message, set_input_message)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

key Property

The secret key for the hash algorithm.

Syntax

def get_key() -> bytes: ...
def set_key(value: bytes) -> None: ...

key = property(get_key, set_key)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the secret key used when creating the hash. The key can be arbitrarily long.

Note: This property is only applicable when algorithm is set to an HMAC algorithm.

It is recommended that the length of the key be equal to or larger than the hash size of the algorithm. Use of keys shorter than the hash size is discouraged.

Sizes (in bytes)

SHA1SHA224SHA256SHA384SHA512MD5RIPEMD160
Recommended Key Size20 28 32 48 64 16 20
Hash Size 20 28 32 48 64 16 20
Block Size 64 64 64 128 128 64 64

Key Length Details

As mentioned above it is recommended to use a key size equal to the hash size. Use of keys larger than the hash size does not typically significantly increase the function strength. Keys of any length are technically valid however see the below processing rules to understand how keys of varying lengths are treated:

  • If the key length is equal to the hash size (recommended) it is used without modification.
  • If the key length is less than the hash size it is used without modification.
  • If the key length is less than or equal to the block size it is used without modification.
  • If the key length is larger than the block size is it first hashed with the same algorithm.

key_id Property

The Id of the key used to sign the message.

Syntax

def get_key_id() -> str: ...
def set_key_id(value: str) -> None: ...

key_id = property(get_key_id, set_key_id)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property optionally specifies the Id of the key used to sign the message.

Any string value may be supplied here to help the other party identify the key used to sign the message. This may be set before calling the sign method.

output_file Property

The output file when encrypting or decrypting.

Syntax

def get_output_file() -> str: ...
def set_output_file(value: str) -> None: ...

output_file = property(get_output_file, set_output_file)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written when encrypt or decrypt is called. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

This property is only applicable to encrypt and decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • output_file
  • output_message: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

output_message Property

The output message after processing.

Syntax

def get_output_message() -> bytes: ...

output_message = property(get_output_message, None)

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output from the operation if output_file is not set.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • output_file
  • output_message: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

This property is read-only.

overwrite Property

Indicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.

Syntax

def get_overwrite() -> bool: ...
def set_overwrite(value: bool) -> None: ...

overwrite = property(get_overwrite, set_overwrite)

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the class will overwrite output_file. If overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever output_file exists before an operation. The default value is False.

add_header_param Method

Adds additional header parameters.

Syntax

def add_header_param(name: str, value: str, data_type: int) -> None: ...

Remarks

This method is used to add additional header parameters before calling sign.

The Name and Value parameters define the name and value of the parameter respectively. The DataType parameter specifies the JSON data type of the value. Possible values for DataType are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
To add additional parameters to the JOSE header use this method. For instance to create this header:

{
  "alg": "HS512",
  "crit": [
    "exp"
  ],
  "exp": 12345687,
  "kid": "myKeyId",
  "type": "JWT"
}

The following code can be used:

jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsHS512; jws.KeyId = "myKeyId"; jws.KeyB = key; jws.AddHeaderParam("type", "JWT", 2); jws.AddHeaderParam("crit", "[\"exp\"]", 1); jws.AddHeaderParam("exp", "12345687", 3); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedData = jws.OutputMessage;

Note: when calling sign the class will automatically add some headers based on properties that are set.

Parameters Automatically Set:

Header ParamProperty
algalgorithm
kidkey_id

config Method

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

def config(configuration_string: str) -> str: ...

Remarks

config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

parse Method

Parses the compact serialized JWS string.

Syntax

def parse() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method parses, but does not verify, the JWS string.

Take care when using this method as no signature verification is performed. This method may be helpful in cases where information about the signature is contained within the payload, or for any other reason where the signature is not important.

If verification is desired, use verify instead. It is not necessary to call this method before calling verify. verify will both parse and verify the message.

When calling this method the headers and payload are parsed. The on_header_param and on_signer_info events will fire and the HeaderParam* properties will be populated. The payload will be written to the specified output location.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

reset Method

Resets the class.

Syntax

def reset() -> None: ...

Remarks

When called, the class will reset all of its properties to their default values.

sign Method

Signs the payload with the specified algorithm.

Syntax

def sign() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method signs the input with the specified algorithm.

Before calling the sign method set algorithm to the algorithm which will be used to sign the message. The result of signing is a compact serialized JWS string. For instance:

eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.dGVzdA.o_JihJlCwvBO1AgY_Ao3_VBivdFmj3ufv3ZWAqYF4Ow

The class is agnostic of the payload that is signed. Any value may be signed. key_id may be set to include an identifier to help the receiving party identify the key used to sign the message. The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

  • algorithm (required)
  • certificate (conditional - required for ECDSA and RSA)
  • key (conditional - required for HMAC)
  • header_params
  • key_id
  • overwrite

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Notes for HMAC Algorithms (HS256, HS384, HS512)

When algorithm is set to a HMAC algorithm key must be set to a key of appropriate length for the algorithm. The key should be the same number of bits as the algorithm being used. For instance a 256 bit key would be used for HS256.

The example code below uses the EzRand class to generate a key, but the key may be created using any means. The key must be known by both parties in order for signing and verification to take place.

//Generate a 256 bit (32 byte) key Ezrand ezrand = new Ezrand(); ezrand.RandBytesLength = 32; ezrand.GetNextBytes(); byte[] key = ezrand.RandBytesB; //Sign the payload using HS256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsHS256; jws.InputMessage = "test data"; jws.KeyB = key; jws.Sign(); string signedData = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an existing HMAC key provide the bytes to the key property. For instance:

//HMAC SHA-256 Key byte[] key = new byte[] { 170, 171, 221, 209, 7, 181, 48, 178, 48, 118, 242, 132, 36, 218, 74, 140, 216, 165, 161, 70, 11, 42, 246, 205, 235, 231, 19, 48, 87, 141, 122, 10 }; //Sign the payload using HS256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsHS256; jws.InputMessage = "test data"; jws.KeyB = key; jws.Sign(); string signedData = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for RSA Algorithms (RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512)

The RSA based algorithms use asymmetric encryption. Signing is done with a private key and verification is done with a public key. The private key may be in PFX or PEM format.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsRS256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPFXFile, "..\\jwt.pfx", "test", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for ECDSA Algorithms (ES256, ES384, ES512)

ECDSA algorithms require a valid ECC private key to sign. The ECC class can be used to create or import an ECC key into the Certificate format accepted by the JWS class.

//Create an ECC key with SHA-256 Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); ecc.HashAlgorithm = EccHashAlgorithms.ehaSHA256; ecc.CreateKey(); string privKey = ecc.Key.PrivateKey; //Sign the payload using ES256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsES256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPEMKeyBlob, privKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an existing ECC Key populate the Rx, Ry, and K values of Key property in the ECC class first. For instance:

//Import an existing ECC private key Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); byte[] x_bytes = new byte[] { 171, 170, 196, 151, 94, 196, 231, 12, 128, 232, 17, 61, 45, 105, 41, 209, 192, 187, 112, 242, 110, 178, 95, 240, 36, 55, 83, 171, 190, 176, 78, 13 }; byte[] y_bytes = new byte[] { 197, 75, 134, 245, 245, 28, 199, 9, 7, 117, 1, 54, 49, 178, 135, 252, 62, 89, 35, 180, 117, 80, 231, 23, 110, 250, 28, 124, 219, 253, 224, 156 }; byte[] k_bytes = new byte[] { 81, 65, 201, 24, 235, 249, 162, 148, 169, 150, 109, 181, 61, 238, 145, 122, 31, 30, 151, 94, 239, 90, 222, 217, 63, 103, 54, 2, 176, 232, 248, 168 }; ecc.Key.RxB = x_bytes; ecc.Key.RyB = y_bytes; ecc.Key.KB = k_bytes; string privKey = ecc.Key.PrivateKey; //Sign the payload using ES256 Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsES256; jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPEMKeyBlob, privKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string signedMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for Unsecured (none)

To create a JWS token without any security set algorithm to jwsNone.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Algorithm = JwsAlgorithms.jwsNone; jws.InputMessage = "test"; jws.Sign(); string unsecuredMessage = jws.OutputMessage;

verify Method

Verifies the signature of the JWS token.

Syntax

def verify() -> None: ...

Remarks

This method verifies the signature of the JWS token.

Before calling the verify method set input_message or input_file to a valid compact serialized JWS string. For instance:

eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.dGVzdA.o_JihJlCwvBO1AgY_Ao3_VBivdFmj3ufv3ZWAqYF4Ow

key or certificate should be set to the HMAC key or public certificate respectively. If the correct key or certificate is not known ahead of time the KeyId parameter of the on_signer_info event may be used to identify the correct key.

If this method returns without error verification was successful. If verification fails then this method fails with an error. After calling this method the payload will be present in the output_message or file specified by output_file and the Header* properties will contain the headers. Headers of the parsed message are also available through the on_header_param event.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Notes for HMAC Algorithms (HS256, HS384, HS512)

When verifying a message originally signed with a HMAC algorithm key must be set to the same key used during signing. The key must be known by both parties in order for signing and verification to take place.

byte[] key = new byte[] { 170, 171, 221, 209, 7, 181, 48, 178, 48, 118, 242, 132, 36, 218, 74, 140, 216, 165, 161, 70, 11, 42, 246, 205, 235, 231, 19, 48, 87, 141, 122, 10 }; Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.KeyB = key; jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for RSA Algorithms (RS256, RS384, RS512, PS256, PS384, PS512)

The RSA based algorithms use asymmetric encryption. Signing is done with a private key and verification is done with a public key. The public key is typically in PEM format.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate("..\\jwt.cer"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for ECDSA Algorithms (ES256, ES384, ES512)

ECDSA algorithms require a valid ECC public key to verify the message. If the key was originally created with the ECC class the PEM encoded PublicKey may be used directly with the certificate property. An example PEM encoded public certificate created by the ECC class:

-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBMjCB7AYHKoZIzj0CATCB4AIBATAsBgcqhkjOPQEBAiEA/////wAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAD///////////////8wRAQg/////wAAAAEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAD///////////////wEIFrG
NdiqOpPns+u9VXaYhrxlHQawzFOw9jvOPD4n0mBLBEEEaxfR8uEsQkf4vOblY6RA8ncDfYEt
6zOg9KE5RdiYwpZP40Li/hp/m47n60p8D54WK84zV2sxXs7LtkBoN79R9QIhAP////8AAAAA
//////////+85vqtpxeehPO5ysL8YyVRAgEBA0EEIC5rbLp11Mnz6cBXLLriaDIov3rm8RAY
x/OR0bOKiff0cQy+sLVaxjseqFk/+Xvl4ORSv5Z6HdHv5GyEpA0UoA==
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, pubKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

To use an ECC public key created by other means the ECC class may be used to import the key parameters. Populate the Rx and Ry of the ECC class first to obtain the PEM formatted public key. For instance:

//Import an existing ECC public key Ecc ecc = new Ecc(); byte[] x_bytes = new byte[] { 171, 170, 196, 151, 94, 196, 231, 12, 128, 232, 17, 61, 45, 105, 41, 209, 192, 187, 112, 242, 110, 178, 95, 240, 36, 55, 83, 171, 190, 176, 78, 13 }; byte[] y_bytes = new byte[] { 197, 75, 134, 245, 245, 28, 199, 9, 7, 117, 1, 54, 49, 178, 135, 252, 62, 89, 35, 180, 117, 80, 231, 23, 110, 250, 28, 124, 219, 253, 224, 156 }; ecc.Key.RxB = x_bytes; ecc.Key.RyB = y_bytes; string pubKey = ecc.Key.PublicKey; Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.Certificate = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstPublicKeyFile, pubKey, "", "*"); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string verifiedPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

Notes for Unsecured (none)

To parse a JWS token without any security call the sign method without setting key or certificate.

Jws jws = new Jws(); jws.InputMessage = signedData; jws.Verify(); string unsecuredPayload = jws.OutputMessage;

on_error Event

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

class JWSErrorEventParams(object):
  @property
  def error_code() -> int: ...

  @property
  def description() -> str: ...

# In class JWS:
@property
def on_error() -> Callable[[JWSErrorEventParams], None]: ...
@on_error.setter
def on_error(event_hook: Callable[[JWSErrorEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

The on_error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class fails with an error.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

on_header_param Event

Fires once for each JOSE header parameter.

Syntax

class JWSHeaderParamEventParams(object):
  @property
  def name() -> str: ...

  @property
  def value() -> str: ...

  @property
  def data_type() -> int: ...

# In class JWS:
@property
def on_header_param() -> Callable[[JWSHeaderParamEventParams], None]: ...
@on_header_param.setter
def on_header_param(event_hook: Callable[[JWSHeaderParamEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

When verify or parse is called this event will fire once for each JOSE header parameter.

Name is the name of the parameter.

Value is the value of the parameter.

DataType specifies the JSON data type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)

on_signer_info Event

Fires with information about the signature.

Syntax

class JWSSignerInfoEventParams(object):
  @property
  def key_id() -> str: ...

  @property
  def algorithm() -> str: ...

# In class JWS:
@property
def on_signer_info() -> Callable[[JWSSignerInfoEventParams], None]: ...
@on_signer_info.setter
def on_signer_info(event_hook: Callable[[JWSSignerInfoEventParams], None]) -> None: ...

Remarks

This event fires with information about the signature. This may be used to help identify the key or certificate to load in order to verify the signature. This event fires when verify or parse is called.

KeyId is the Id of the key as supplied by the signer that created the message. This may be empty.

Algorithm is the signature algorithm used to sign the message.

JWS Config Settings

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the config method.

JWS Config Settings

AllowedSigningAlgorithms:   Allowed signing algorithms when StrictValidation is set to True.

This setting specifics a comma separated list of algorithms that are allowed when StrictValidation is set to True. This allows multiple signing algorithms to be considered acceptable during validation. This setting is only applicable when StrictValidation is set to True. Possible values:

  • HS256
  • HS384
  • HS512
  • RS256
  • RS384
  • RS512
  • ES256
  • ES384
  • ES512
  • PS256
  • PS384
  • PS512

Example value: HS512,HS256.

IncludeCertificateFormat:   The certificate values to include in the signed message (if any).

This setting specifies whether information about the certificate is included in the signed message. When specified, the value here determines the format of the included certificate information. The certificate information is included as a standard JWS header parameter.

Multiple formats may be included in the signed message. The value specified should be the binary 'OR' of one or more of the following values:

Value Description JWS Header Param
0 (0x00 - default) None
1 (0x01) X.509 Certificate Chain x5c
2 (0x02) X.509 Certificate SHA-1 Thumbprint (Base64-URL encoded) x5t
4 (0x04) X.509 Certificate SHA-256 Thumbprint (Base64-URL encoded) x5t#S256

Note: When including the certificate chain (0x01) the public certificate of certificate will automatically be included. IssuerCerts may also be set to the public issuer certificates that will be used when building the chain to include.

For instance, to include both the certificate chain and SHA-256 thumbprint of the certificate set this to 5.

IssuerCerts:   A collection of issuer certificates used with IncludeCertificateFormat.

This setting optionally specifies one or more issuer certificates that may be used by the class when IncludeCertificateFormat is specified. Note that the issuer certificates specified here are used as a store of potential issuer certificates. At runtime the class will inspect the certificate value and add the relevant issuer certificates that are present in this property.

The format of the value must be one or more PEM encoded certificates with headers and footers. For instance to include 2 issuer certificates the value may be:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIBujCCASOgAwIBAgICA+kwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAwHTEbMBkGA1UEAxMSbnVuaXRDZXJ0
Q2hhaW5Sb290MCAXDTE4MTAxNTA5MDAxN1oYDzIxMTgwOTIxMDkwMDE3WjAmMSQwIgYDVQQD
...
Tr+wi0ouNo7ifWRcE83Z15PhfGn1nkfxMYj4rya5n+V0RVVcgFUdiolCI5o/sYq503a7kH16
JSF5Zw+TiMz/COM8R94=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIBsTCCARqgAwIBAgICA+gwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAwHTEbMBkGA1UEAxMSbnVuaXRDZXJ0
Q2hhaW5Sb290MCAXDTE4MTAxNTA5MDAxN1oYDzIxMTgwOTIxMDkwMDE3WjAdMRswGQYDVQQD
...
5u2K9PuJ3ySgL7AvYsqbB/e0/gw8j253SOU+gNTpFahOJsLGEJ43CRtaowkLnWEzs+OPnRfw
iQmqruw=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

KeyEncoding:   The encoding of the Key value.

This setting specifies the encoding that has been applied to the key. value prior to providing it to the class. The key is typically represented as an array of bytes, however in some cases the key value may have been encoded. As a matter of convenience the class will accept the key with an encoding already applied. The class will decode the key value according the to the value specified here before processing. Possible values are:

  • 0 (none - default)
  • 1 (Base64)
  • 2 (Hex)
  • 3 (Base64URL)

RawHeader:   Holds the raw JOSE header.

This setting may be queried after calling sign or verify to obtain the raw JOSE header. This returns a JSON string like:

{"alg":"ES384","kid":"myKeyId"}

SerializationType:   Determines the serialization type to use when reading and writing JWS content.

This setting is used to control the serialization type the class uses when reading and writing JWS content. Possible values are:

  • 0 (default): Compact serialization (content is serialized as a single base64url-encoded string).
  • 1: Standard JSON serialization.
  • 2: Flattened JSON serialization.
StrictValidation:   Requires a specific algorithm when verifying signatures.

If set to True the class will validate that the Algorithm in the JWS message matches the value specified in the algorithm property. If it does not an error is thrown. By default this is False and the algorithm is read and used automatically from the message. Enabling this setting provides a way to require a specific algorithm when calling verify_signature.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
ProcessIdleEvents:   Whether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.

If set to False, the class will not fire internal idle events. Set this to False to use the class in a background thread on Mac OS. By default, this setting is True.

SelectWaitMillis:   The length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.

If there are no events to process when do_events is called, the class will wait for the amount of time specified here before returning. The default value is 20.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to True tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

JWS Errors

JWS Errors

201   Invalid JWS value. Not recognized as a compact serialized JWS string.
202   Signature verification failed.
203   Key must be specified before attempting this operation.
204   The specified key is too short for the selected algorithm.
205   Certificate must be specified before attempting this operation.
206   Unsupported algorithm.
207   OutputFile already exists and Overwrite is False.
208   Error writing data. See error message for details.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Python Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]