IPWorks Encrypt 2022 C++ Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8515]

AES Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

The AES class can be used to encrypt and decrypt data through Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cryptography.

Syntax

AES

Remarks

The AES component can be used to encrypt and decrypt data through Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cryptography. Includes support for AES 128, 192, and 256 bit keys.

To begin simply specify the data you wish to encrypt or decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Before encrypting you must have a valid Key and IV. There are a few options available to you in regards to key management. The easiest option is to simply set KeyPassword. When KeyPassword is set the component will automatically create a Key and IV using the PKCS5 password digest algorithm. This means there is only one value you need to keep track of.

If you wish to have more control over the Key and IV values you may specify the properties yourself. If IV is left empty, one will be created for you when you call Encrypt or Decrypt.

A simple example: Component.InputFile = "C:\MyFile.txt"; Component.OutputFile = "C:\Encrypted.txt"; Component.KeyPassword = "password"; Component.Encrypt();

Note that by default the component uses a key size of 256. You may specify the key size (such as 128 or 192) by setting KeySize.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CipherModeThe cipher mode of operation.
InputFileThe file to process.
InputMessageThe message to process.
IVThe initialization vector (IV).
KeyThe secret key for the symmetric algorithm.
KeyPasswordA password to generate the Key and IV .
OutputFileThe output file when encrypting or decrypting.
OutputMessageThe output message after processing.
OverwriteIndicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.
PaddingModeThe padding mode.
UseHexWhether input or output is hex encoded.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
DecryptDecrypts the data.
DecryptBlockDecrypts a block and returns the decrypted data.
EncryptEncrypts the data.
EncryptBlockEncrypts data and returns the encrypted block.
ResetResets the class.
SetInputStreamSets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.
SetOutputStreamSets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ProgressFired as progress is made.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

AdditionalAuthDataAdditional authentication data (AAD) used in GCM mode.
AuthTagThe authentication tag used in GCM mode.
AuthTagLengthThe authentication tag length used in GCM mode.
BlockSizeThe block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.
EncryptedDataEncodingThe encoding of the encrypted input or output data.
IncludeAuthTagWhether to append the authentication tag to the cipher text in GCM mode.
IncludeIVWhether to prepend the IV to the output data and read the IV from the input data.
KeyPasswordAlgorithmThe hash algorithm used to derive the Key and IV from the KeyPassword property.
KeyPasswordIterationsThe number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.
KeyPasswordSaltThe salt value used in conjunction with the KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.
KeySizeThe size, in bits, of secret key for the symmetric algorithm.
UsePlatformAESWhether to use the platform AES implementation.
XTSDataUnitLengthThe length of the XTS data unit.
XTSInitialTweakThe initial XTS tweak value.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
MaskSensitiveWhether sensitive data is masked in log messages.
ProcessIdleEventsWhether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.
SelectWaitMillisThe length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

CipherMode Property (AES Class)

The cipher mode of operation.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetCipherMode();
int SetCipherMode(int iCipherMode); Unicode (Windows) INT GetCipherMode();
INT SetCipherMode(INT iCipherMode);

Possible Values

ACM_CBC(0), 
ACM_ECB(1),
ACM_OFB(2),
ACM_CFB(3),
ACM_CTS(4),
ACM_8OFB(5),
ACM_GCM(6),
ACM_8CFB(7),
ACM_CTR(8),
ACM_XTS(9)
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getciphermode(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setciphermode(void* lpObj, int iCipherMode);
int GetCipherMode();
int SetCipherMode(int iCipherMode);

Default Value

0

Remarks

The cipher mode of operation.

Possible values are:

0 (cmCBC - default) The Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) is a mode of operation for a block cipher, one in which a sequence of bits is encrypted as a single unit or block with a cipher key applied to the entire block.
1 (cmECB) The Electronic Codebook (ECB) mode encrypts each block separately. Important: It is not recommend to use this model when encrypting more than one block because it may introduce security risks.
2 (cmOFB) The Output Feedback (n-bit, NOFB) mode makes a block cipher into a synchronous stream cipher. It has some similarities to CFB mode in that it permits encryption of differing block sizes, but has the key difference that the output of the encryption block function is the feedback (instead of the ciphertext).
3 (cmCFB) The Cipher Feedback (CFB) mode processes a small amount of incremental text into ciphertext, rather than processing a whole block at one time.
4 (cmCTS) The Cipher Text Stealing (CTS) mode handles any length of plain text and produces cipher text whose length matches the plain text length. This mode behaves like the CBC mode for all but the last two blocks of the plain text.
5 (cm8OFB) 8-bit Output Feedback (OFB) cipher mode.
7 (cm8CFB) 8-bit Cipher Feedback (CFB) cipher mode.
6 (acmGCM) Galois/Counter (GCM) cipher mode.
8 (acmCTR) Counter (CTR) cipher mode.
9 (acmXTS) XEX Tweakable Block Cipher with Ciphertext Stealing (XTS) cipher mode.

GCM Notes

When setting this value to 6 (acmGCM) the following settings are also applicable:

GCM mode code example: //Encrypt aes.CipherMode = AesCipherModes.acmGCM; aes.KeyPassword = "test"; aes.InputMessage = "input data"; aes.Config("AdditionalData=" + hex_aad); //Optional aes.Encrypt(); string authTag = aes.Config("AuthTag"); byte[] outputMessage = aes.OutputMessageB; //Decrypt aes.CipherMode = AesCipherModes.acmGCM; aes.KeyPassword = "test"; aes.InputMessageB = outputMessage; aes.Config("AdditionalData=" + hex_aa); aes.Config("AuthenticationTag=" + authTag); aes.Decrypt(); XTS Notes

When setting this value to 9 (acmXTS) the following settings are also applicable:

PaddingMode has no effect when using acmXTS -- the InputMessage MUST be a multiple of XTSDataUnitLength.

Data Type

Integer

InputFile Property (AES Class)

The file to process.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* GetInputFile();
int SetInputFile(const char* lpszInputFile); Unicode (Windows) LPWSTR GetInputFile();
INT SetInputFile(LPCWSTR lpszInputFile);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_getinputfile(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setinputfile(void* lpObj, const char* lpszInputFile);
QString GetInputFile();
int SetInputFile(QString qsInputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Data Type

String

InputMessage Property (AES Class)

The message to process.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetInputMessage(char* &lpInputMessage, int &lenInputMessage);
int SetInputMessage(const char* lpInputMessage, int lenInputMessage); Unicode (Windows) INT GetInputMessage(LPSTR &lpInputMessage, INT &lenInputMessage);
INT SetInputMessage(LPCSTR lpInputMessage, INT lenInputMessage);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getinputmessage(void* lpObj, char** lpInputMessage, int* lenInputMessage);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setinputmessage(void* lpObj, const char* lpInputMessage, int lenInputMessage);
QByteArray GetInputMessage();
int SetInputMessage(QByteArray qbaInputMessage);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Data Type

Binary String

IV Property (AES Class)

The initialization vector (IV).

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetIV(char* &lpIV, int &lenIV);
int SetIV(const char* lpIV, int lenIV); Unicode (Windows) INT GetIV(LPSTR &lpIV, INT &lenIV);
INT SetIV(LPCSTR lpIV, INT lenIV);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getiv(void* lpObj, char** lpIV, int* lenIV);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setiv(void* lpObj, const char* lpIV, int lenIV);
QByteArray GetIV();
int SetIV(QByteArray qbaIV);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the initialization vector (IV). By default this property is empty and the class will automatically generate a new IV value if KeyPassword or Key is set before Encrypt or EncryptBlock is called. The size of the IV property must be equal to the BlockSize divided by 8.

Data Type

Binary String

Key Property (AES Class)

The secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetKey(char* &lpKey, int &lenKey);
int SetKey(const char* lpKey, int lenKey); Unicode (Windows) INT GetKey(LPSTR &lpKey, INT &lenKey);
INT SetKey(LPCSTR lpKey, INT lenKey);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getkey(void* lpObj, char** lpKey, int* lenKey);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setkey(void* lpObj, const char* lpKey, int lenKey);
QByteArray GetKey();
int SetKey(QByteArray qbaKey);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This secret key is used both for encryption and decryption. The secret key should be known only to the sender and the receiver. The legal key size varies depending on the algorithm.

If this property is left empty and KeyPassword is specified, a Key value will be generated by the class as necessary.

Legal Key and Block Sizes (in bits)

AES Rijndael CAST DES IDEA RC2 RC4 TripleDES Blowfish Twofish TEA
Minimum Key Size 128 128 112 64 128 112 112 128 112 128 128
Maximum Key Size 256 256 128 64 128 128 2048 192 448 256 128
Key Size Step 64 64 8 0 0 8 8 64 1 8 0
Block Size 128 128/192/256 64 64 64 64 N/A 64 64 128 64*

Note: When using TEA if Algorithm is set to XXTEA valid block sizes are 64 + n * 32. Where n is any positive integer.

The default KeySize is the Maximum Key Size.

Data Type

Binary String

KeyPassword Property (AES Class)

A password to generate the Key and IV .

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* GetKeyPassword();
int SetKeyPassword(const char* lpszKeyPassword); Unicode (Windows) LPWSTR GetKeyPassword();
INT SetKeyPassword(LPCWSTR lpszKeyPassword);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_getkeypassword(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setkeypassword(void* lpObj, const char* lpszKeyPassword);
QString GetKeyPassword();
int SetKeyPassword(QString qsKeyPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When this property is set the class will calculate values for Key and IV using the PKCS5 password digest algorithm. This provides a simpler alternative to creating and managing Key and IV values directly.

The size of the Key generated is dependent on the value of KeySize.

Data Type

String

OutputFile Property (AES Class)

The output file when encrypting or decrypting.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* GetOutputFile();
int SetOutputFile(const char* lpszOutputFile); Unicode (Windows) LPWSTR GetOutputFile();
INT SetOutputFile(LPCWSTR lpszOutputFile);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_getoutputfile(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setoutputfile(void* lpObj, const char* lpszOutputFile);
QString GetOutputFile();
int SetOutputFile(QString qsOutputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written when Encrypt or Decrypt is called. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

This property is only applicable to Encrypt and Decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Data Type

String

OutputMessage Property (AES Class)

The output message after processing.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetOutputMessage(char* &lpOutputMessage, int &lenOutputMessage);

Unicode (Windows)
INT GetOutputMessage(LPSTR &lpOutputMessage, INT &lenOutputMessage);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getoutputmessage(void* lpObj, char** lpOutputMessage, int* lenOutputMessage);
QByteArray GetOutputMessage();

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output from the operation if OutputFile is not set.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Binary String

Overwrite Property (AES Class)

Indicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetOverwrite();
int SetOverwrite(int bOverwrite); Unicode (Windows) BOOL GetOverwrite();
INT SetOverwrite(BOOL bOverwrite);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getoverwrite(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setoverwrite(void* lpObj, int bOverwrite);
bool GetOverwrite();
int SetOverwrite(bool bOverwrite);

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the class will overwrite OutputFile. If Overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever OutputFile exists before an operation. The default value is False.

Data Type

Boolean

PaddingMode Property (AES Class)

The padding mode.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetPaddingMode();
int SetPaddingMode(int iPaddingMode); Unicode (Windows) INT GetPaddingMode();
INT SetPaddingMode(INT iPaddingMode);

Possible Values

PM_PKCS7(0), 
PM_ZEROS(1),
PM_NONE(2),
PM_ANSIX923(3),
PM_ISO10126(4)
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getpaddingmode(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setpaddingmode(void* lpObj, int iPaddingMode);
int GetPaddingMode();
int SetPaddingMode(int iPaddingMode);

Default Value

0

Remarks

PaddingMode is used to pad the final input block to guarantee that it is the correct size required for the selected CipherMode. If the input size is a multiple of the cipher's BlockSize, an extra block of padding will be appended to the input. This enables the decrypting agent to know with certainty how many bytes of padding are included. Each mode pads the data differently. Possible values are:

0 (pmPKCS7 - default) The data is padded with a series of bytes that are each equal to the number of bytes used. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so each byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

PKCS7 Padded Data: AA AA AA AA AA 03 03 03

1 (pmZeros) The data is padded with null bytes.
2 (pmNone) No padding will be performed.
3 (pmANSIX923) The ANSIX923 padding string consists of a sequence of bytes filled with zeros before the length. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so last byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

ANSIX923 padding Data: AA AA AA AA AA 00 00 03

4 (pmISO10126) The ISO10126 padding string consists of random data before the length. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so last byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

ISO10126 padding Data: AA AA AA AA AA F8 EF 03

When calling Decrypt the PaddingMode must match the value used when the data was encrypted.

Note: When using a value of 2 (pmNone), unless the length of input is an exact multiple of the cipher's input BlockSize, the final block of plaintext may be lost.

Data Type

Integer

UseHex Property (AES Class)

Whether input or output is hex encoded.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int GetUseHex();
int SetUseHex(int bUseHex); Unicode (Windows) BOOL GetUseHex();
INT SetUseHex(BOOL bUseHex);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_getusehex(void* lpObj);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setusehex(void* lpObj, int bUseHex);
bool GetUseHex();
int SetUseHex(bool bUseHex);

Default Value

FALSE

Remarks

This property specifies whether the encrypted data is hex encoded.

If set to True, when Encrypt is called the class will perform the encryption as normal and then hex encode the output. OutputMessage or OutputFile will hold hex encoded data.

If set to True, when Decrypt is called the class will expect InputMessage or InputFile to hold hex encoded data. The class will then hex decode the data and perform decryption as normal.

Data Type

Boolean

Config Method (AES Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* Config(const char* lpszConfigurationString);

Unicode (Windows)
LPWSTR Config(LPCWSTR lpszConfigurationString);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_config(void* lpObj, const char* lpszConfigurationString);
QString Config(const QString& qsConfigurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a String value; after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Decrypt Method (AES Class)

Decrypts the data.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int Decrypt();

Unicode (Windows)
INT Decrypt();
int ipworksencrypt_aes_decrypt(void* lpObj);
int Decrypt();

Remarks

This method will decrypt the specified data. The following properties are applicable:

Note that CipherMode must be set to the same value used during encryption or the results may be unexpected. If the CipherMode value does not match the value used during encryption the operation may succeed but the decrypted data may not be correct.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

DecryptBlock Method (AES Class)

Decrypts a block and returns the decrypted data.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* DecryptBlock(const char* lpInputBuffer, int lenInputBuffer, int bLastBlock, int *lpSize = NULL);

Unicode (Windows)
LPSTR DecryptBlock(LPCSTR lpInputBuffer, INT lenInputBuffer, BOOL bLastBlock, LPINT lpSize = NULL);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_decryptblock(void* lpObj, const char* lpInputBuffer, int lenInputBuffer, int bLastBlock, int *lpSize);
QByteArray DecryptBlock(QByteArray qbaInputBuffer, bool bLastBlock);

Remarks

This method will decrypt the specified block and return the decrypted data.

InputBuffer specifies the encrypted block to decrypt.

LastBlock indicates whether the block is the last block.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a Binary String value (with length lpSize); after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Encrypt Method (AES Class)

Encrypts the data.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int Encrypt();

Unicode (Windows)
INT Encrypt();
int ipworksencrypt_aes_encrypt(void* lpObj);
int Encrypt();

Remarks

This method will encrypt the specified data. The following properties are applicable:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

EncryptBlock Method (AES Class)

Encrypts data and returns the encrypted block.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
char* EncryptBlock(const char* lpInputBuffer, int lenInputBuffer, int bLastBlock, int *lpSize = NULL);

Unicode (Windows)
LPSTR EncryptBlock(LPCSTR lpInputBuffer, INT lenInputBuffer, BOOL bLastBlock, LPINT lpSize = NULL);
char* ipworksencrypt_aes_encryptblock(void* lpObj, const char* lpInputBuffer, int lenInputBuffer, int bLastBlock, int *lpSize);
QByteArray EncryptBlock(QByteArray qbaInputBuffer, bool bLastBlock);

Remarks

This method will encrypt the input data and return the encrypted block.

InputBuffer specifies the input data to encrypt.

LastBlock specifies whether the block is the last block.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a Binary String value (with length lpSize); after it returns, call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain its result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

Reset Method (AES Class)

Resets the class.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int Reset();

Unicode (Windows)
INT Reset();
int ipworksencrypt_aes_reset(void* lpObj);
int Reset();

Remarks

When called, the class will reset all of its properties to their default values.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

SetInputStream Method (AES Class)

Sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int SetInputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sInputStream);

Unicode (Windows)
INT SetInputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sInputStream);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setinputstream(void* lpObj, IPWorksEncryptStream* sInputStream);
int SetInputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sInputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

SetOutputStream Method (AES Class)

Sets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
int SetOutputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sOutputStream);

Unicode (Windows)
INT SetOutputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sOutputStream);
int ipworksencrypt_aes_setoutputstream(void* lpObj, IPWorksEncryptStream* sOutputStream);
int SetOutputStream(IPWorksEncryptStream* sOutputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Error Handling (C++)

This method returns a result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message. (Note: This method's result code can also be obtained by calling the GetLastErrorCode() method after it returns.)

Error Event (AES Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
virtual int FireError(AESErrorEventParams *e);
typedef struct {
int ErrorCode;
const char *Description; int reserved; } AESErrorEventParams;
Unicode (Windows) virtual INT FireError(AESErrorEventParams *e);
typedef struct {
INT ErrorCode;
LPCWSTR Description; INT reserved; } AESErrorEventParams;
#define EID_AES_ERROR 1

virtual INT IPWORKSENCRYPT_CALL FireError(INT &iErrorCode, LPSTR &lpszDescription);
class AESErrorEventParams {
public:
  int ErrorCode();

  const QString &Description();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Error(AESErrorEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass AES and override this emitter function. virtual int FireError(AESErrorEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class fails with an error.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Progress Event (AES Class)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

ANSI (Cross Platform)
virtual int FireProgress(AESProgressEventParams *e);
typedef struct {
int64 BytesProcessed;
int PercentProcessed; int reserved; } AESProgressEventParams;
Unicode (Windows) virtual INT FireProgress(AESProgressEventParams *e);
typedef struct {
LONG64 BytesProcessed;
INT PercentProcessed; INT reserved; } AESProgressEventParams;
#define EID_AES_PROGRESS 2

virtual INT IPWORKSENCRYPT_CALL FireProgress(LONG64 &lBytesProcessed, INT &iPercentProcessed);
class AESProgressEventParams {
public:
  qint64 BytesProcessed();

  int PercentProcessed();

  int EventRetVal();
  void SetEventRetVal(int iRetVal);
};
// To handle, connect one or more slots to this signal. void Progress(AESProgressEventParams *e);
// Or, subclass AES and override this emitter function. virtual int FireProgress(AESProgressEventParams *e) {...}

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

IPWorksEncryptStream Type

Syntax

IPWorksEncryptStream (declared in ipworksencrypt.h)

Remarks

The AES class includes one or more API members that take a stream object as a parameter. To use such API members, create a concrete class that implements the IPWorksEncryptStream interface and pass the AES class an instance of that concrete class.

When implementing the IPWorksEncryptStream interface's properties and methods, they must behave as described below. If the concrete class's implementation does not behave as expected, undefined behavior may occur.

Properties

CanRead Whether the stream supports reading.

bool CanRead() { return true; }
CanSeek Whether the stream supports seeking.

bool CanSeek() { return true; }
CanWrite Whether the stream supports writing.

bool CanWrite() { return true; }
Length Gets the length of the stream, in bytes.

int64 GetLength() = 0;

Methods

Close Closes the stream, releasing all resources currently allocated for it.

void Close() {}

This method is called automatically when an IPWorksEncryptStream object is deleted.

Flush Forces all data held by the stream's buffers to be written out to storage.

int Flush() { return 0; }

Must return 0 if flushing is successful; or -1 if an error occurs or the stream is closed. If the stream does not support writing, this method must do nothing and return 0.

Read Reads a sequence of bytes from the stream and advances the current position within the stream by the number of bytes read.

int Read(void* buffer, int count) = 0;

Buffer specifies the buffer to populate with data from the stream. Count specifies the number of bytes that should be read from the stream.

Must return the total number of bytes read into Buffer; this may be less than Count if that many bytes are not currently available, or 0 if the end of the stream has been reached. Must return -1 if an error occurs, if reading is not supported, or if the stream is closed.

Seek Sets the current position within the stream based on a particular point of origin.

int64 Seek(int64 offset, int seekOrigin) = 0;

Offset specifies the offset in the stream to seek to, relative to SeekOrigin. Valid values for SeekOrigin are:

  • 0: Seek from beginning.
  • 1: Seek from current position.
  • 2: Seek from end.

Must return the new position within the stream; or -1 if an error occurs, if seeking is not supported, or if the stream is closed (however, see note below). If -1 is returned, the current position within the stream must remain unchanged.

Note: If the stream is not closed, it must always be possible to call this method with an Offset of 0 and a SeekOrigin of 1 to obtain the current position within the stream, even if seeking is not otherwise supported.

Write Writes a sequence of bytes to the stream and advances the current position within the stream by the number of bytes written.

int Write(const void* buffer, int count) = 0;

Buffer specifies the buffer with data to write to the stream. Count specifies the number of bytes that should be written to the stream.

Must return the total number of bytes written to the stream; this may be less than Count if that many bytes could not be written. Must return -1 if an error occurs, if writing is not supported, or if the stream is closed.

Config Settings (AES Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

AES Config Settings

AdditionalAuthData:   Additional authentication data (AAD) used in GCM mode.

This setting optionally specifies additional authentication data. The data specified must be hex encoded. This is only applicable when CipherMode is set to 6 (cmGCM). This may be set prior to calling Encrypt or Decrypt. Note that AAD data is authenticated but not encrypted, so it is not included in OutputMessage

AuthTag:   The authentication tag used in GCM mode.

This setting is only applicable when CipherMode is set to 6 (cmGCM). This is populated with a hex encoded value after calling Encrypt. It must be specified with a hex encoded value before calling Decrypt.

AuthTagLength:   The authentication tag length used in GCM mode.

This setting is only applicable when CipherMode is set to 6 (cmGCM). This may be set before calling Encrypt. It may also be set before calling Decrypt, but is not required. The default value is 128. Valid values are

  • 0*
  • 96
  • 104
  • 112
  • 120
  • 128 (default)
* May be set to 0 when calling Decrypt only. In this case no value needs to be passed to AuthTag. Be aware that this is a security risk as the ciphertext will not be authenticated. If it was tampered with there would be no indication. NIST Special Publication 800-38D forbids implementations from validating or generating messages without an authentication tag, but this functionality can be useful in certain real-world scenarios.
BlockSize:   The block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

The block size is a basic data unit in the operation of encrypt or decrypt. Messages longer than the block size are seen as successive blocks. If the message is shorter than the block size, the message will be padded with extra bits to reach the block size according to PaddingMode. Different symmetric algorithm has different valid block sizes.

The following algorithms have a fixed block size: AES, CAST, DES, IDEA, RC2, TripleDES, Blowfish, and Twofish.

EncryptedDataEncoding:   The encoding of the encrypted input or output data.

This configuration setting specifies how the encrypted data is encoded (if at all).

When Encrypt is called the class will perform the encryption as normal and then encode the output as specified here. OutputMessage or OutputFile will hold the encoded data.

When Decrypt is called the class will expect InputMessage or InputFile to hold the encoded data as specified here. The class will then decode the data and perform decryption as normal.

Possible values are:

  • 0 (none - default)
  • 1 (Base64)
  • 2 (Hex)
  • 3 (Base64URL)

IncludeAuthTag:   Whether to append the authentication tag to the cipher text in GCM mode.

This setting controls whether AuthTag is appended to the cipher text. This may be useful in cases where the other party knows to look for the authentication tag at the end of the data. The default value is False.

IncludeIV:   Whether to prepend the IV to the output data and read the IV from the input data.

If this config is true, the IV will be automatically prepended to the output data when calling Encrypt. When calling Decrypt and this setting is True, the IV is automatically extracted form the ciphertext. The default value is False.

KeyPasswordAlgorithm:   The hash algorithm used to derive the Key and IV from the KeyPassword property.

This configuration setting specifies which hash algorithm will be used when deriving the Key and IV from KeyPassword. The default value is "MD5". Possible values are:

  • "SHA1"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5" (default)
  • "HMAC-SHA1"
  • "HMAC-SHA224"
  • "HMAC-SHA256"
  • "HMAC-SHA384"
  • "HMAC-SHA512"
  • "HMAC-MD5"
  • "HMAC-RIPEMD160"

When using any HMAC algorithm the PBKDF#2 method from RFC 2898 is used. Any other algorithm uses PBKDF#1 from the same RFC.

KeyPasswordIterations:   The number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.

This configuration setting specifies the number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to calculate values for Key and IV. When using PBKDF#2 the default number of iterations is 10,000. When using PBKDF#1 the default number is 10.

KeyPasswordSalt:   The salt value used in conjunction with the KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.

This configuration setting specifies the hex encoded salt value to be used along with the KeyPassword when calculating values for Key and IV.

KeySize:   The size, in bits, of secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

The legal key sizes vary depending on the algorithm. The KeySize and BlockSize configuration settings may be set to specify the key and block size (in bits).

This setting is only applicable when KeyPassword is specified.

Note that when using the EzCrypt class, KeySize should be set after setting the Algorithm property.

UsePlatformAES:   Whether to use the platform AES implementation.

This setting controls whether the class uses it's own AES implementation or the current platform's implementation. Using the platform implementation is only supported on Windows.

XTSDataUnitLength:   The length of the XTS data unit.

When CipherMode is acmXTS, set this to the length of the XTS data unit in bytes. The default value is 512.

XTSInitialTweak:   The initial XTS tweak value.

Set this to the initial tweak value when CipherMode is acmXTS. This can be set to either a decimal or hexadecimal number representing the value. The default value is 0. Here are two examples: aes.Config("XTSInitialTweak=6700"); // Decimal aes.Config("XTSInitialTweak=C1DD77FDGA"); // Hexadecimal

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
MaskSensitive:   Whether sensitive data is masked in log messages.

In certain circumstances it may be beneficial to mask sensitive data, like passwords, in log messages. Set this to true to mask sensitive data. The default is false.

This setting only works on these classes: AS3Receiver, AS3Sender, Atom, Client(3DS), FTP, FTPServer, IMAP, OFTPClient, SSHClient, SCP, Server(3DS), Sexec, SFTP, SFTPServer, SSHServer, TCPClient, TCPServer.

ProcessIdleEvents:   Whether the class uses its internal event loop to process events when the main thread is idle.

If set to False, the class will not fire internal idle events. Set this to False to use the class in a background thread on Mac OS. By default, this setting is True.

SelectWaitMillis:   The length of time in milliseconds the class will wait when DoEvents is called if there are no events to process.

If there are no events to process when DoEvents is called, the class will wait for the amount of time specified here before returning. The default value is 20.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

When set to false, the class will use the system security libraries by default to perform cryptographic functions where applicable.

Setting this setting to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system security libraries.

On Windows, this setting is set to false by default. On Linux/macOS, this setting is set to true by default.

To use the system security libraries for Linux, OpenSSL support must be enabled. For more information on how to enable OpenSSL, please refer to the OpenSSL Notes section.

Trappable Errors (AES Class)

Error Handling (C++)

Call the GetLastErrorCode() method to obtain the last called method's result code; 0 indicates success, while a non-zero error code indicates that this method encountered an error during its execution. Known error codes are listed below. If an error occurs, the GetLastError() method can be called to retrieve the associated error message.

AES Errors

101   Unsupported algorithm.
102   No Key specified.
103   No IV specified.
104   Cannot read or write file.
107   Block size is not valid for this algorithm.
108   Key size is not valid for this algorithm.
111   OutputFile already exists and Overwrite is False.
121   The specified key is invalid.
123   IV size is not valid for this algorithm.
304   Cannot write file.
305   Cannot read file.
306   Cannot create file.
2004   Invalid padding. This may be an indication that the key is incorrect.

Copyright (c) 2023 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 C++ Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8515]