IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

CAST Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

Encrypt and decrypt data with the CAST-128/CAST5 block cipher.

Syntax

ipworksencrypt.Cast

Remarks

The CAST component is used to encrypt and decrypt data with the CAST-128/CAST5 block cipher.

To begin simply specify the data you wish to encrypt or decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Before encrypting you must have a valid Key and IV. There are a few options available to you in regards to key management. The easiest option is to simply set KeyPassword. When KeyPassword is set the component will automatically create a Key and IV using the PKCS5 password digest algorithm. This means there is only one value you need to keep track of.

If you wish to have more control over the Key and IV values you may specify the properties yourself. If IV is left empty, one will be created for you when you call Encrypt or Decrypt.

A simple example: Component.InputFile = "C:\MyFile.txt"; Component.OutputFile = "C:\Encrypted.txt"; Component.KeyPassword = "password"; Component.Encrypt();

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CipherModeThe cipher mode of operation.
InputFileThe file to process.
InputMessageThe message to process.
IVThe initialization vector (IV).
KeyThe secret key for the symmetric algorithm.
KeyPasswordA password to generate the Key and IV .
OutputFileThe output file when encrypting or decrypting.
OutputMessageThe output message after processing.
OverwriteIndicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.
PaddingModeThe padding mode.
UseHexWhether input or output is hex encoded.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
DecryptDecrypts the data.
DecryptBlockDecrypts a block and returns the decrypted data.
EncryptEncrypts the data.
EncryptBlockEncrypts data and returns the encrypted block.
ResetResets the class.
SetInputStreamSets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.
SetOutputStreamSets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ProgressFired as progress is made.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

BlockSizeThe block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.
CloseInputStreamAfterProcessingDetermines whether or not the input stream is closed after processing.
CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessingDetermines whether or not the output stream is closed after processing.
EncryptedDataEncodingThe encoding of the encrypted input or output data.
IncludeIVWhether to prepend the IV to the output data and read the IV from the input data.
KeyPasswordAlgorithmThe hash algorithm used to derive the Key and IV from the KeyPassword property.
KeyPasswordIterationsThe number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.
KeyPasswordSaltThe salt value used in conjunction with the KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.
KeySizeThe size, in bits, of secret key for the symmetric algorithm.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableTells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseDaemonThreadsWhether threads created by the class are daemon threads.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

CipherMode Property (CAST Class)

The cipher mode of operation.

Syntax


public int getCipherMode();


public void setCipherMode(int cipherMode);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int cmCBC = 0;
  public final static int cmECB = 1;
  public final static int cmOFB = 2;
  public final static int cmCFB = 3;
  public final static int cmCTS = 4;
  public final static int cm8OFB = 5;
  public final static int cm8CFB = 7;

Default Value

0

Remarks

The cipher mode of operation.

Possible values are:

0 (cmCBC - default) The Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) is a mode of operation for a block cipher, one in which a sequence of bits is encrypted as a single unit or block with a cipher key applied to the entire block.
1 (cmECB) The Electronic Codebook (ECB) mode encrypts each block separately. Important: It is not recommend to use this model when encrypting more than one block because it may introduce security risks.
2 (cmOFB) The Output Feedback (n-bit, NOFB) mode makes a block cipher into a synchronous stream cipher. It has some similarities to CFB mode in that it permits encryption of differing block sizes, but has the key difference that the output of the encryption block function is the feedback (instead of the ciphertext).
3 (cmCFB) The Cipher Feedback (CFB) mode processes a small amount of incremental text into ciphertext, rather than processing a whole block at one time.
4 (cmCTS) The Cipher Text Stealing (CTS) mode handles any length of plain text and produces cipher text whose length matches the plain text length. This mode behaves like the CBC mode for all but the last two blocks of the plain text.
5 (cm8OFB) 8-bit Output Feedback (OFB) cipher mode.
7 (cm8CFB) 8-bit Cipher Feedback (CFB) cipher mode.

InputFile Property (CAST Class)

The file to process.

Syntax


public String getInputFile();


public void setInputFile(String inputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

InputMessage Property (CAST Class)

The message to process.

Syntax


public byte[] getInputMessage();


public void setInputMessage(byte[] inputMessage);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

IV Property (CAST Class)

The initialization vector (IV).

Syntax


public byte[] getIV();


public void setIV(byte[] IV);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the initialization vector (IV). By default this property is empty and the class will automatically generate a new IV value if KeyPassword or Key is set before Encrypt or EncryptBlock is called. The size of the IV property must be equal to the BlockSize divided by 8.

Key Property (CAST Class)

The secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

Syntax


public byte[] getKey();


public void setKey(byte[] key);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This secret key is used both for encryption and decryption. The secret key should be known only to the sender and the receiver. The legal key size varies depending on the algorithm.

If this property is left empty and KeyPassword is specified, a Key value will be generated by the class as necessary.

Legal Key and Block Sizes (in bits)

AES Rijndael CAST DES IDEA RC2 RC4 TripleDES Blowfish Twofish TEA
Minimum Key Size 128 128 112 64 128 112 112 128 112 128 128
Maximum Key Size 256 256 128 64 128 128 2048 192 448 256 128
Key Size Step 64 64 8 0 0 8 8 64 1 8 0
Block Size 128 128/192/256 64 64 64 64 N/A 64 64 128 64*

Note: When using TEA if Algorithm is set to XXTEA valid block sizes are 64 + n * 32. Where n is any positive integer.

The default KeySize is the Maximum Key Size.

KeyPassword Property (CAST Class)

A password to generate the Key and IV .

Syntax


public String getKeyPassword();


public void setKeyPassword(String keyPassword);

Default Value

""

Remarks

When this property is set the class will calculate values for Key and IV using the PKCS5 password digest algorithm. This provides a simpler alternative to creating and managing Key and IV values directly.

The size of the Key generated is dependent on the value of KeySize.

OutputFile Property (CAST Class)

The output file when encrypting or decrypting.

Syntax


public String getOutputFile();


public void setOutputFile(String outputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written when Encrypt or Decrypt is called. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

This property is only applicable to Encrypt and Decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

OutputMessage Property (CAST Class)

The output message after processing.

Syntax


public byte[] getOutputMessage();


Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output from the operation if OutputFile and SetOutputStream are not set.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Overwrite Property (CAST Class)

Indicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.

Syntax


public boolean isOverwrite();


public void setOverwrite(boolean overwrite);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the class will overwrite OutputFile. If Overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever OutputFile exists before an operation. The default value is False.

PaddingMode Property (CAST Class)

The padding mode.

Syntax


public int getPaddingMode();


public void setPaddingMode(int paddingMode);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int pmPKCS7 = 0;
  public final static int pmZeros = 1;
  public final static int pmNone = 2;
  public final static int pmANSIX923 = 3;
  public final static int pmISO10126 = 4;

Default Value

0

Remarks

PaddingMode is used to pad the final input block to guarantee that it is the correct size required for the selected CipherMode. If the input size is a multiple of the cipher's BlockSize, an extra block of padding will be appended to the input. This enables the decrypting agent to know with certainty how many bytes of padding are included. Each mode pads the data differently. Possible values are:

0 (pmPKCS7 - default) The data is padded with a series of bytes that are each equal to the number of bytes used. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so each byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

PKCS7 Padded Data: AA AA AA AA AA 03 03 03

1 (pmZeros) The data is padded with null bytes.
2 (pmNone) No padding will be performed.
3 (pmANSIX923) The ANSIX923 padding string consists of a sequence of bytes filled with zeros before the length. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so last byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

ANSIX923 padding Data: AA AA AA AA AA 00 00 03

4 (pmISO10126) The ISO10126 padding string consists of random data before the length. For instance, in the example below the data must be padded with 3 additional bytes, so last byte value will be 3.

Raw Data: AA AA AA AA AA

ISO10126 padding Data: AA AA AA AA AA F8 EF 03

When calling Decrypt the PaddingMode must match the value used when the data was encrypted.

Note: When using a value of 2 (pmNone), unless the length of input is an exact multiple of the cipher's input BlockSize, the final block of plaintext may be lost.

UseHex Property (CAST Class)

Whether input or output is hex encoded.

Syntax


public boolean isUseHex();


public void setUseHex(boolean useHex);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether the encrypted data is hex encoded.

If set to True, when Encrypt is called the class will perform the encryption as normal and then hex encode the output. OutputMessage or OutputFile will hold hex encoded data.

If set to True, when Decrypt is called the class will expect InputMessage or InputFile to hold hex encoded data. The class will then hex decode the data and perform decryption as normal.

Config Method (Cast Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public String config(String configurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

Decrypt Method (Cast Class)

Decrypts the data.

Syntax

public void decrypt();

Remarks

This method will decrypt the specified data. The following properties are applicable:

Note that CipherMode must be set to the same value used during encryption or the results may be unexpected. If the CipherMode value does not match the value used during encryption the operation may succeed but the decrypted data may not be correct.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

DecryptBlock Method (Cast Class)

Decrypts a block and returns the decrypted data.

Syntax

public byte[] decryptBlock(byte[] inputBuffer, boolean lastBlock);

Remarks

This method will decrypt the specified block and return the decrypted data.

InputBuffer specifies the encrypted block to decrypt.

LastBlock indicates whether the block is the last block.

Encrypt Method (Cast Class)

Encrypts the data.

Syntax

public void encrypt();

Remarks

This method will encrypt the specified data. The following properties are applicable:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

EncryptBlock Method (Cast Class)

Encrypts data and returns the encrypted block.

Syntax

public byte[] encryptBlock(byte[] inputBuffer, boolean lastBlock);

Remarks

This method will encrypt the input data and return the encrypted block.

InputBuffer specifies the input data to encrypt.

LastBlock specifies whether the block is the last block.

Reset Method (Cast Class)

Resets the class.

Syntax

public void reset();

Remarks

When called, the class will reset all of its properties to their default values.

SetInputStream Method (Cast Class)

Sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Syntax

public void setInputStream(java.io.InputStream inputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

SetOutputStream Method (Cast Class)

Sets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Syntax

public void setOutputStream(java.io.OutputStream outputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream to which the class will write encrypted or decrypted data.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Error Event (Cast Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public class DefaultCastEventListener implements CastEventListener {
  ...
  public void error(CastErrorEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class CastErrorEvent {
  public int errorCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class throws an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Progress Event (Cast Class)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

public class DefaultCastEventListener implements CastEventListener {
  ...
  public void progress(CastProgressEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class CastProgressEvent {
  public long bytesProcessed;
  public int percentProcessed;
}

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

Config Settings (Cast Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

CAST Config Settings

BlockSize:   The block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.

The block size is a basic data unit in the operation of encrypt or decrypt. Messages longer than the block size are seen as successive blocks. If the message is shorter than the block size, the message will be padded with extra bits to reach the block size according to PaddingMode. Different symmetric algorithm has different valid block sizes.

The following algorithms have a fixed block size: AES, CAST, DES, IDEA, RC2, TripleDES, Blowfish, and Twofish.

CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing:   Determines whether or not the input stream is closed after processing.

Determines whether or not the input stream set by SetInputStream is closed after processing is complete. The default value is True.

CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing:   Determines whether or not the output stream is closed after processing.

Determines whether or not the output stream set by SetOutputStream is closed after processing is complete. The default value is True.

EncryptedDataEncoding:   The encoding of the encrypted input or output data.

This configuration setting specifies how the encrypted data is encoded (if at all).

When Encrypt is called the class will perform the encryption as normal and then encode the output as specified here. OutputMessage or OutputFile will hold the encoded data.

When Decrypt is called the class will expect InputMessage or InputFile to hold the encoded data as specified here. The class will then decode the data and perform decryption as normal.

Possible values are:

  • 0 (none - default)
  • 1 (Base64)
  • 2 (Hex)
  • 3 (Base64URL)

IncludeIV:   Whether to prepend the IV to the output data and read the IV from the input data.

If this config is true, the IV will be automatically prepended to the output data when calling Encrypt. When calling Decrypt and this setting is True, the IV is automatically extracted form the ciphertext. The default value is False.

KeyPasswordAlgorithm:   The hash algorithm used to derive the Key and IV from the KeyPassword property.

This configuration setting specifies which hash algorithm will be used when deriving the Key and IV from KeyPassword. The default value is "MD5". Possible values are:

  • "SHA1"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5" (default)
  • "HMAC-SHA1"
  • "HMAC-SHA224"
  • "HMAC-SHA256"
  • "HMAC-SHA384"
  • "HMAC-SHA512"
  • "HMAC-MD5"
  • "HMAC-RIPEMD160"

When using any HMAC algorithm the PBKDF#2 method from RFC 2898 is used. Any other algorithm uses PBKDF#1 from the same RFC.

KeyPasswordIterations:   The number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.

This configuration setting specifies the number of iterations performed when using KeyPassword to calculate values for Key and IV. When using PBKDF#2 the default number of iterations is 10,000. When using PBKDF#1 the default number is 10.

KeyPasswordSalt:   The salt value used in conjunction with the KeyPassword to derive the Key and IV.

This configuration setting specifies the hex encoded salt value to be used along with the KeyPassword when calculating values for Key and IV.

KeySize:   The size, in bits, of secret key for the symmetric algorithm.

The legal key sizes vary depending on the algorithm. The KeySize and BlockSize configuration settings may be set to specify the key and block size (in bits).

This setting is only applicable when KeyPassword is specified.

Note that when using the EzCrypt class, KeySize should be set after setting the Algorithm property.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Tells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The class will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the class does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
UseDaemonThreads:   Whether threads created by the class are daemon threads.

If set to True (default), when the class creates a thread, the thread's Daemon property will be explicitly set to True. When set to False, the class will not set the Daemon property on the created thread. The default value is True.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (Cast Class)

CAST Errors

101   Unsupported algorithm.
102   No Key specified.
103   No IV specified.
104   Cannot read or write file.
107   Block size is not valid for this algorithm.
108   Key size is not valid for this algorithm.
111   OutputFile already exists and Overwrite is False.
121   The specified key is invalid.
123   IV size is not valid for this algorithm.
304   Cannot write file.
305   Cannot read file.
306   Cannot create file.
2004   Invalid padding. This may be an indication that the key is incorrect.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]