IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

DSA Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

The DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm) class enables users to generate DSA hash signatures.

Syntax

ipworksencrypt.Dsa

Remarks

The DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm) class enables users to generate DSA hash signatures.

To begin you must either specify an existing key or create a new key. Existing private keys may be specified by setting Key. To create a new key call CreateKey. Alternatively an existing certificate may be specified by setting Certificate

Signing

To sign data first set Key or Certificate. Select the input file by setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage. Next call Sign. The Sign method will automatically compute the hash, and then sign the hash with the specified key.

Send the public key (see CreateKey for details), file, and HashSignature to the recipient.

To sign a hash without recomputing the hash simply set HashValue to the pre-computed hash value before calling Sign.

Signature Verification

To verify a signature specify the input data using InputFile or InputMessage. Set SignerKey or SignerCert. Next set HashSignature and call VerifySignature. The VerifySignature method will return True if the signature was successfully verified.

To verify a hash signature without recomputing the hash simply set HashValue to the pre-computed hash value before calling VerifySignature.

Hash Notes

The class will determine whether or not to recompute the hash based on the properties that are set. If a file is specified by SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage the hash will be recomputed when calling Sign or VerifySignature. If the HashValue property is set the class will only sign the hash or verify the hash signature. Setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage clears the HashValue property. Setting the HashValue property clears the input file selection.

DSA Key Notes

A DSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters. When calling CreateKey the Key property is populated with a new private and public key.

After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature so they may perform signature verification. Likewise you must obtain the public key along with HashSignature in order to perform signature verification.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

The class also includes the PublicKey field which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both signature creation and verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in PublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key consists of the following parameters:

The class also include the PrivateKey field which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily..

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CertificateThe certificate used for signing.
HashAlgorithmThe hash algorithm used for hash computation.
HashSignatureThe hash signature.
HashValueThe hash value of the data.
InputFileThe file to process.
InputMessageThe message to process.
KeyThe DSA key.
SignerCertThe certificate used for signature verification.
SignerKeyThe public key used to verify the signature.
UseHexWhether HashValue and HashSignature are hex encoded.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
CreateKeyCreates a new key.
ResetResets the class.
SetInputStreamSets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.
SignCreates a hash signature.
VerifySignatureVerifies the signature for the specified data.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ProgressFired as progress is made.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CloseInputStreamAfterProcessingDetermines whether or not the input stream is closed after processing.
HashSignatureFormatThe format of the HashSignature.
KeyFormatHow the public and private key are formatted.
KeySizeThe size, in bits, of the secret key.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableTells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseDaemonThreadsWhether threads created by the class are daemon threads.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

Certificate Property (DSA Class)

The certificate used for signing.

Syntax


public Certificate getCertificate();


public void setCertificate(Certificate certificate);

Remarks

This property specifies a certificate with private key.

This may be set instead of Key. This allows a Certificate object to be used instead of a DSAKey object. This certificate is used when calling Sign. The specified certificate must have a private key.

If both this property and Key are specified, Key will be used and this property will be ignored.

HashAlgorithm Property (DSA Class)

The hash algorithm used for hash computation.

Syntax


public int getHashAlgorithm();


public void setHashAlgorithm(int hashAlgorithm);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int dhaSHA1 = 0;
  public final static int dhaSHA224 = 1;
  public final static int dhaSHA256 = 2;
  public final static int dhaSHA384 = 3;
  public final static int dhaSHA512 = 4;
  public final static int dhaRIPEMD160 = 5;

Default Value

2

Remarks

This property specifies the hash algorithm used for hash computation. This is only applicable when calling Sign or VerifySignature and HashValue is computed. Possible values are:

0 (dhaSHA1) SHA-1
1 (dhaSHA224) SHA-224
2 (dhaSHA256 - default) SHA-256
3 (dhaSHA384) SHA-384
4 (dhaSHA512) SHA-512
5 (dhaRIPEMD160) RIPEMD-160

HashSignature Property (DSA Class)

The hash signature.

Syntax


public byte[] getHashSignature();


public void setHashSignature(byte[] hashSignature);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the computed hash signature. This is populated after calling Sign. This must be set before calling VerifySignature.

HashValue Property (DSA Class)

The hash value of the data.

Syntax


public byte[] getHashValue();


public void setHashValue(byte[] hashValue);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the computed hash value for the specified data. This is populated when calling Sign or VerifySignature when an input file is specified by setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage.

If you know the hash value prior to using the class you may specify the pre-computed hash value here.

Hash Notes

The class will determine whether or not to recompute the hash based on the properties that are set. If a file is specified by SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage the hash will be recomputed when calling Sign or VerifySignature. If the HashValue property is set the class will only sign the hash or verify the hash signature. Setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage clears the HashValue property. Setting the HashValue property clears the input file selection.

InputFile Property (DSA Class)

The file to process.

Syntax


public String getInputFile();


public void setInputFile(String inputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

InputMessage Property (DSA Class)

The message to process.

Syntax


public byte[] getInputMessage();


public void setInputMessage(byte[] inputMessage);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Key Property (DSA Class)

The DSA key.

Syntax


public DSAKey getKey();


public void setKey(DSAKey key);

Remarks

This property specifies the DSA key used to create a signature. This property must be set before calling Sign. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting Certificate

DSA Key Notes

A DSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters. When calling CreateKey the Key property is populated with a new private and public key.

After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature so they may perform signature verification. Likewise you must obtain the public key along with HashSignature in order to perform signature verification.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

The class also includes the PublicKey field which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both signature creation and verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in PublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key consists of the following parameters:

The class also include the PrivateKey field which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

SignerCert Property (DSA Class)

The certificate used for signature verification.

Syntax


public Certificate getSignerCert();


public void setSignerCert(Certificate signerCert);

Remarks

This property specifies a certificate for signature verification.

This may be set instead of SignerKey. This allows a Certificate object to be used instead of a DSAKey object. This certificate is used when calling VerifySignature.

If both this property and SignerKey are specified, SignerKey will be used and this property will be ignored.

SignerKey Property (DSA Class)

The public key used to verify the signature.

Syntax


public DSAKey getSignerKey();


public void setSignerKey(DSAKey signerKey);

Remarks

This property specifies the public key used to verify the signature. This public key corresponds to the private key used when creating the signature. This must be set before calling VerifySignature. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting SignerCert

DSA Key Notes

A DSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters. When calling CreateKey the Key property is populated with a new private and public key.

After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature so they may perform signature verification. Likewise you must obtain the public key along with HashSignature in order to perform signature verification.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

The class also includes the PublicKey field which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both signature creation and verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in PublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key consists of the following parameters:

The class also include the PrivateKey field which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

UseHex Property (DSA Class)

Whether HashValue and HashSignature are hex encoded.

Syntax


public boolean isUseHex();


public void setUseHex(boolean useHex);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether HashValue and HashSignature are hex encoded.

If set to True, when Sign is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue with the hex encoded hash value. It will then create the hash signature and populate HashSignature with the hex encoded hash signature value. If HashValue is specified directly it must be a hex encoded value.

If set to True, when VerifySignature is called the class will compute the hash value for the specified file and populate HashValue with the hex encoded hash value. It will then hex decode HashSignature and verify the signature. HashSignature must hold a hex encoded value. If HashValue is specified directly it must be a hex encoded value.

Config Method (Dsa Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public String config(String configurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

CreateKey Method (Dsa Class)

Creates a new key.

Syntax

public void createKey();

Remarks

This method creates a new public and private key.

DSA Key Notes

A DSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters. When calling CreateKey the Key property is populated with a new private and public key.

After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature so they may perform signature verification. Likewise you must obtain the public key along with HashSignature in order to perform signature verification.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

The class also includes the PublicKey field which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both signature creation and verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in PublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key consists of the following parameters:

The class also include the PrivateKey field which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

Reset Method (Dsa Class)

Resets the class.

Syntax

public void reset();

Remarks

When called, the class will reset all of its properties to their default values.

SetInputStream Method (Dsa Class)

Sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Syntax

public void setInputStream(java.io.InputStream inputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream from which the class will read data to encrypt or decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

When using streams you may need to additionally set CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing or CloseOutputStreamAfterProcessing.

Sign Method (Dsa Class)

Creates a hash signature.

Syntax

public void sign();

Remarks

This method will create a hash signature.

Before calling this method specify the input file by setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage.

A key is required to create the hash signature. You may create a new key by calling CreateKey, or specify an existing key pair in Key. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting Certificate. When this method is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue. It will then create the hash signature using the specified Key and populate HashSignature.

To create the hash signature without first computing the hash simply specify HashValue before calling this method.

The Progress event will fire with updates for the hash computation progress only. The hash signature creation process is quick and does not require progress updates.

VerifySignature Method (Dsa Class)

Verifies the signature for the specified data.

Syntax

public boolean verifySignature();

Remarks

This method will verify a hash signature.

Before calling this method specify the input file by setting SetInputStream, InputFile, or InputMessage.

A public key and the hash signature are required to perform the signature verification. Specify the public key in SignerKey. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting SignerCert. Specify the hash signature in HashSignature.

When this method is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue. It will verify the signature using the specified SignerKey and HashSignature.

To verify the hash signature without first computing the hash simply specify HashValue before calling this method.

The Progress event will fire with updates for the hash computation progress only. The hash signature verification process is quick and does not require progress updates.

Error Event (Dsa Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public class DefaultDsaEventListener implements DsaEventListener {
  ...
  public void error(DsaErrorEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class DsaErrorEvent {
  public int errorCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class throws an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Progress Event (Dsa Class)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

public class DefaultDsaEventListener implements DsaEventListener {
  ...
  public void progress(DsaProgressEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class DsaProgressEvent {
  public long bytesProcessed;
  public int percentProcessed;
}

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

Certificate Type

This is the digital certificate being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current digital certificate. The certificate may be a public or private key. The fields are used to identify or select certificates.

Fields

EffectiveDate
String

This is the date on which this certificate becomes valid. Before this date, it is not valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

EncodedB
byte[]

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

ExpirationDate
String

This is the date the certificate expires. After this date, the certificate will no longer be valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

ExtendedKeyUsage
String

This is a comma-delimited list of extended key usage identifiers. These are the same as ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs).

Fingerprint
String

This is the hex-encoded, 16-byte MD5 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: bc:2a:72:af:fe:58:17:43:7a:5f:ba:5a:7c:90:f7:02

FingerprintSHA1
String

This is the hex-encoded, 20-byte SHA-1 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 30:7b:fa:38:65:83:ff:da:b4:4e:07:3f:17:b8:a4:ed:80:be:ff:84

FingerprintSHA256
String

This is the hex-encoded, 32-byte SHA-256 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 6a:80:5c:33:a9:43:ea:b0:96:12:8a:64:96:30:ef:4a:8a:96:86:ce:f4:c7:be:10:24:8e:2b:60:9e:f3:59:53

Issuer
String

This is the issuer of the certificate. This field contains a string representation of the name of the issuing authority for the certificate.

KeyPassword
String

This is the password for the certificate's private key (if any).

Some certificate stores may individually protect certificates' private keys, separate from the standard protection offered by the StorePassword. KeyPassword. This field can be used to read such password-protected private keys.

Note: this property defaults to the value of StorePassword. To clear it, you must set the property to the empty string (""). It can be set at any time, but when the private key's password is different from the store's password, then it must be set before calling PrivateKey.

PrivateKey
String

This is the private key of the certificate (if available). The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

Note: The PrivateKey may be available but not exportable. In this case, PrivateKey returns an empty string.

PrivateKeyAvailable
boolean

This field shows whether a PrivateKey is available for the selected certificate. If PrivateKeyAvailable is True, the certificate may be used for authentication purposes (e.g., server authentication).

PrivateKeyContainer
String

This is the name of the PrivateKey container for the certificate (if available). This functionality is available only on Windows platforms.

PublicKey
String

This is the public key of the certificate. The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

This field contains the textual description of the certificate's public key algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_DH") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

PublicKeyLength
int

This is the length of the certificate's public key (in bits). Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

SerialNumber
String

This is the serial number of the certificate encoded as a string. The number is encoded as a series of hexadecimal digits, with each pair representing a byte of the serial number.

SignatureAlgorithm
String

The field contains the text description of the certificate's signature algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_MD5RSA") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

Store
String

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StoreB
byte[]

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StorePassword
String

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

StoreType
int

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Subject
String

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This field will be populated with the full subject of the loaded certificate. When loading a certificate the subject is used to locate the certificate in the store.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

SubjectAltNames
String

This field contains comma-separated lists of alternative subject names for the certificate.

ThumbprintMD5
String

This field contains the MD5 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA1
String

This field contains the SHA-1 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA256
String

This field contains the SHA-256 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

Usage
String

This field contains the text description of UsageFlags.

This value will be of one or more of the following strings and will be separated by commas:

  • Digital Signatures
  • Key Authentication
  • Key Encryption
  • Data Encryption
  • Key Agreement
  • Certificate Signing
  • Key Signing

If the provider is OpenSSL, the value is a comma-separated list of X.509 certificate extension names.

UsageFlags
int

This field contains the flags that show intended use for the certificate. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x80Digital Signatures
0x40Key Authentication
0x20Key Encryption
0x10Data Encryption
0x08Key Agreement
0x04Certificate Signing
0x02Key Signing

Please see the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

This functionality currently is not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

Version
String

This field contains the certificate's version number. The possible values are the strings "V1", "V2", and "V3".

Constructors

public Certificate();

Creates a Certificate instance whose properties can be set. This is useful for use with CERTMGR when generating new certificates.

public Certificate( certificateFile);

Opens CertificateFile and reads out the contents as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certificateData);

Parses CertificateData as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. ConfigurationString is a newline separated list of name-value pairs that may be used to modify the default behavior. Possible values include "PersistPFXKey", which shows whether or not the PFX key is persisted after performing operations with the private key. This correlates to the PKCS12_NO_PERSIST_KEY CyrptoAPI option. The default value is True (the key is persisted). "Thumbprint" - a MD5, SHA1, or SHA256 thumbprint of the certificate to load. When specified, this value is used to select the certificate in the store. This is applicable to cstUser, cstMachine, cstPublicKeyFile, and cstPFXFile store types. "UseInternalSecurityAPI" shows whether the platform (default) or the internal security API is used when performing certificate-related operations. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

DSAKey Type

Contains the parameters for the DSA algorithm.

Remarks

This type is made up of fields that represent the private and public key parameters used by the DSA algorithm.

DSA Key Notes

A DSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters. When calling CreateKey the Key property is populated with a new private and public key.

After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature so they may perform signature verification. Likewise you must obtain the public key along with HashSignature in order to perform signature verification.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

The class also includes the PublicKey field which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both signature creation and verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in PublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key consists of the following parameters:

The class also include the PrivateKey field which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

Fields

G
String

Represents the G parameter for the DSA algorithm.

GB
byte[]

Represents the G parameter for the DSA algorithm.

P
String

Represents the P parameter for the DSA algorithm.

PB
byte[]

Represents the P parameter for the DSA algorithm.

PrivateKey
String

This field is a PEM formatted private key. The purpose of this field is to allow easier management of the private key parameters by using only a single value.

PublicKey
String

This field is a PEM formatted public key. The purpose of this field is to allow easier management of the public key parameters by using only a single value.

Q
String

Represents the Q parameter for the DSA algorithm.

QB
byte[]

Represents the Q parameter for the DSA algorithm.

X
String

Represents the X parameter for the DSA algorithm.

XB
byte[]

Represents the X parameter for the DSA algorithm.

Y
String

Represents the Y parameter for the DSA algorithm.

YB
byte[]

Represents the Y parameter for the DSA algorithm.

Constructors

public DSAKey();

The default constructor creates a new DSAKey instance but does not assign a public or private key.

public DSAKey( P,  Q,  G,  Y);

The public key constructor assigns an existing public key.

public DSAKey( P,  Q,  G,  Y,  X);

The private key constructor assigns an existing private key.

Config Settings (Dsa Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

DSA Config Settings

CloseInputStreamAfterProcessing:   Determines whether or not the input stream is closed after processing.

Determines whether or not the input stream set by SetInputStream is closed after processing is complete. The default value is True.

HashSignatureFormat:   The format of the HashSignature.

This setting specifies the format of HashSignature when calling Sign. The way the HashSignature parameters are represented can be changed to be interoperable with other implementations. Possible values are:

0 (Concatenated - default) Compatible with Windows/.NET
1 (ASN) Compatible with OpenSSL/Mac/iOS

The default value is 0 (Concatenated). This setting is only applicable when calling Sign. When calling VerifySignature the format is automatically determined by the class.

KeyFormat:   How the public and private key are formatted.

This setting controls the format of PublicKey and PrivateKey. By default these fields hold PEM formatted public and private key data. When set to 1 (XML) the keys are stored in a XML format. This only affects the values returned by the class; the actual keys remain the same regardless of this setting. Possible values are:

  • 0 (PEM - PKCS#1)
  • 1 (XML)
  • 2 (PEM - PKCS#8 - default)
The default value is 2 (PEM - PKCS#8).
KeySize:   The size, in bits, of the secret key.

This specifies the size, in bits, of the secret key. The minimum key size for DSA is 512. The maximum key size is 4096. Note that large values such as 4096 will impact performance. The default value is 1024.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Tells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The class will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the class does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
UseDaemonThreads:   Whether threads created by the class are daemon threads.

If set to True (default), when the class creates a thread, the thread's Daemon property will be explicitly set to True. When set to False, the class will not set the Daemon property on the created thread. The default value is True.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (Dsa Class)

DSA Errors

102   No Key specified.
104   Cannot read or write file.
105   Key parameters incorrect.
106   Cannot create hash.
113   Input data or HashValue must be specified.
121   Invalid certificate.
124   HashSignature must be specified.
304   Cannot write file.
305   Cannot read file.

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IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]