IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

XMLSig Class

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

The XMLSig class is used to sign XML and verify signed XML.

Syntax

ipworksencrypt.Xmlsig

Remarks

The XMLSig component provides an easy to use API for signing and verifying signed XML. The Sign method will create signed XML with an enveloped signature. The VerifySignature method will attempt to verify the signature(s) within a XML document.

Sign

Before calling Sign specify the XML to sign by calling SetInputStream or setting InputFile, or InputXML.

The References property must be set. At least one reference must be set. A reference defines the XML element to sign, and the options that specify how it is transformed and hashed during the signing process.

Set Certificate to a certificate with private key.

Optionally set the CanonicalizationMethod. This determines how the signature itself is canonicalized. SigningAlgorithm defines the algorithm used to sign. The SignatureXPath property may be set to specify the location in the XML document where the signature will be placed.

Lastly, call Sign to sign the XML.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Verify a Signature

When VerifySignature is called, the class will scan the XML document and fire the SignatureInfo event for each signature that is found. When the SignatureInfo event fires the References collection will be populated.

Within the SignatureInfo event the XMLElement field must be set to the location of the XML element to which the signature applies. The URI field may contain data helpful to locating the XML element.

The XMLElement field specifies the XPath to the element. For instance:

/root/myElement XPath syntax
/root/[1] XPath syntax using an index
/root/ns:myElement XPath syntax where the element has a namespace
myElement Just the element name
@id=myid Attribute selector: This will select an element with an attribute "id" whose value is "myid".
/root/myElement[1]/ns:name2[@attr=attrValue] XPath syntax using an index and attribute selector

The signature is verified either using a key parsed from the signed XML, or using the certificate specified by the SignerCert property. The class will automatically parse the signer certificate (if present) from the signed XML and populate the SignerCert property with the parsed value.

When SignatureInfo fires, if the SignerCertParsed parameter is True the SignerCert property may be inspected to see the details of the parsed certificate. If SignerCertParsed is False, then the SignerCert property must be set to a valid certificate for signature verification to proceed.

When the SignatureInfo event finishes firing, the certificate present in the SignerCert property will be used to verify the signature, whether this is the certificate automatically parsed by the class or a different certificate specified within the event.

If the signature was successfully verified the method will return without error. If the signature was not verified the method throws an exception.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CanonicalizationMethodThe canonicalization method applied to the signature.
CertificateThe certificate used for signing.
HMACKeyThe HMAC key used with the 'HMAC-SHA1' signing algorithm.
InputFileThe XML file to process.
InputXMLThe XML to process.
OutputFileThe output file.
OutputXMLThe output XML after processing.
OverwriteIndicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.
ReferencesA collection of references.
SignatureXPathThe XPath of the signature.
SignerCertThe certificate used for signature verification.
SigningAlgorithmThe signing algorithm.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
DoEventsProcesses events from the internal message queue.
ResetResets the class.
SetInputStreamSets the stream from which the class will read data to sign or verify.
SetOutputStreamThe stream to which the class will write the signed or verified XML.
SignSigns the XML.
VerifySignatureVerifies signed XML.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ProgressFired as progress is made.
SignatureInfoFired when a signature is found.
StatusProvides information about the current operation.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the class with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

KeyNameThe name of the key used to sign the XML.
LogLevelSpecifies the level of detail that is logged.
NormalizeLineEndingsWhether to normalize line endings when calculating the reference digest.
PreserveWhitespaceWhether to preserve whitespace in the signature.
ReadFromProgressEventWhether to read input data from inside the progress event.
SignatureRelationshipWhether the signature is a child or sibling of the SignatureXPath.
SignerCertCountThe number of parsed signer certificates when verifying a signature.
SignerCertEncoded[i]The parsed signer certificate.
WriteToProgressEventWhether to write output data so it is accessible from inside the progress event.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
GUIAvailableTells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseDaemonThreadsWhether threads created by the class are daemon threads.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

CanonicalizationMethod Property (XMLSig Class)

The canonicalization method applied to the signature.

Syntax


public int getCanonicalizationMethod();


public void setCanonicalizationMethod(int canonicalizationMethod);


Enumerated values:
  public final static int cmC14N = 0;
  public final static int cmC14NComments = 1;
  public final static int cmC14N11 = 2;
  public final static int cmC14N11Comments = 3;
  public final static int cmExcC14N = 4;
  public final static int cmExcC14NComments = 5;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property specifies the canonicalization method that is applied to the signature. This may be set before calling Sign. This will be set automatically after calling VerifySignature. Possible values are:

0 (cmC14N - default) Canonical XML version 1.0
1 (cmC14NComments) Canonical XML version 1.0 with comments
2 (cmC14N11) Canonical XML version 1.1
3 (cmC14N11) Canonical XML version 1.1 with comments
4 (cmExcC14N) Exclusive XML canonicalization version 1.0
5 (cmExcC14NComments) Exclusive XML canonicalization version 1.0 with comments

This property is not available at design time.

Certificate Property (XMLSig Class)

The certificate used for signing.

Syntax


public Certificate getCertificate();


public void setCertificate(Certificate certificate);

Remarks

This property specifies a certificate with private key.

This must be set before calling Sign.

HMACKey Property (XMLSig Class)

The HMAC key used with the 'HMAC-SHA1' signing algorithm.

Syntax


public byte[] getHMACKey();


public void setHMACKey(byte[] HMACKey);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property defines the HMAC key to be used when SigningAlgorithm is set to "HMAC-SHA1". This must be set before calling before calling Sign.

This property is also applicable when calling VerifySignature. This may be set before calling VerifySignature or from within the SignatureInfo event.

This property is not available at design time.

InputFile Property (XMLSig Class)

The XML file to process.

Syntax


public String getInputFile();


public void setInputFile(String inputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

This property is not available at design time.

InputXML Property (XMLSig Class)

The XML to process.

Syntax


public String getInputXML();


public void setInputXML(String inputXML);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the XML to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

This property is not available at design time.

OutputFile Property (XMLSig Class)

The output file.

Syntax


public String getOutputFile();


public void setOutputFile(String outputFile);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

This property is not available at design time.

OutputXML Property (XMLSig Class)

The output XML after processing.

Syntax


public String getOutputXML();


public void setOutputXML(String outputXML);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output from the operation if OutputFile and SetOutputStream are not set.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

This property is not available at design time.

Overwrite Property (XMLSig Class)

Indicates whether or not the class should overwrite files.

Syntax


public boolean isOverwrite();


public void setOverwrite(boolean overwrite);

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the class will overwrite OutputFile. If Overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever OutputFile exists before an operation. The default value is False.

References Property (XMLSig Class)

A collection of references.

Syntax


public XMLSigReferenceList getReferences();


public void setReferences(XMLSigReferenceList references);

Remarks

This property holds a collection of reference to sign or verify. This must be populated before calling Sign. This will be populated by the class when calling VerifySignature and is accessible from within the SignatureInfo event.

This property is not available at design time.

SignatureXPath Property (XMLSig Class)

The XPath of the signature.

Syntax


public String getSignatureXPath();


public void setSignatureXPath(String signatureXPath);

Default Value

"/"

Remarks

This property specifies the XPath in the XML where the signature will be placed.

This may be set before calling Sign. This property will be populated when calling VerifySignature.

The default value is "/".

This property is not available at design time.

SignerCert Property (XMLSig Class)

The certificate used for signature verification.

Syntax


public Certificate getSignerCert();


public void setSignerCert(Certificate signerCert);

Remarks

This property specifies a certificate for signature verification.

This may be set from within the SignatureInfo event after calling VerifySignature. If the signed XML already includes a public key to use for verification, then this property will be automatically populated and does not need to be set. Check the SignatureInfo event to determine if a public key was parsed from the signed XML. If a public key was not automatically parsed, set this property to the signer's certificate from within the event.

SigningAlgorithm Property (XMLSig Class)

The signing algorithm.

Syntax


public String getSigningAlgorithm();


public void setSigningAlgorithm(String signingAlgorithm);

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the signing algorithm.

This may be set before calling Sign. This value will be set after calling VerifySignature. Possible values are:

  • "RSA-SHA1" (default)
  • "RSA-SHA256"
  • "DSA-SHA1"
  • "HMAC-SHA1"
Note: When set to "HMAC-SHA1" HMACKey must also be set.

This property is not available at design time.

Config Method (Xmlsig Class)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public String config(String configurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

DoEvents Method (Xmlsig Class)

Processes events from the internal message queue.

Syntax

public void doEvents();

Remarks

When DoEvents is called, the class processes any available events. If no events are available, it waits for a preset period of time, and then returns.

Reset Method (Xmlsig Class)

Resets the class.

Syntax

public void reset();

Remarks

When called, the component will reset all of its properties to their default values.

SetInputStream Method (Xmlsig Class)

Sets the stream from which the class will read data to sign or verify.

Syntax

public void setInputStream(java.io.InputStream inputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream from which the class will read data to sign or verify. If an input stream is set before calling Sign or VerifySignature, the data is read from the input stream instead of from the InputFile or InputXML properties.

The content of the stream will be read from the current position all the way to the end and no bytes will be skipped.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

SetOutputStream Method (Xmlsig Class)

The stream to which the class will write the signed or verified XML.

Syntax

public void setOutputStream(java.io.OutputStream outputStream);

Remarks

This method sets the stream to which the class will write the signed or verified XML. If an output stream is set before calling Sign or VerifySignature, the class will write the data to the output stream instead of populating OutputXML or writing to OutputFile.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:
  • SetOutputStream
  • OutputFile
  • OutputXML: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Sign Method (Xmlsig Class)

Signs the XML.

Syntax

public void sign();

Remarks

This methods signs the XML.

Before calling Sign specify the XML to sign by calling SetInputStream or setting InputFile, or InputXML.

The References property must be set. At least one reference must be set. A reference defines the XML element to sign, and the options that specify how it is transformed and hashed during the signing process.

Set Certificate to a certificate with private key.

Optionally set the CanonicalizationMethod. This determines how the signature itself is canonicalized. SigningAlgorithm defines the algorithm used to sign. The SignatureXPath property may be set to specify the location in the XML document where the signature will be placed.

Lastly, call Sign to sign the XML.

The following properties are applicable when calling this method:

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

VerifySignature Method (Xmlsig Class)

Verifies signed XML.

Syntax

public void verifySignature();

Remarks

This method verifies signatures contained in the XML.

When VerifySignature is called, the class will scan the XML document and fire the SignatureInfo event for each signature that is found. When the SignatureInfo event fires the References collection will be populated.

Within the SignatureInfo event the XMLElement field must be set to the location of the XML element to which the signature applies. The URI field may contain data helpful to locating the XML element.

The XMLElement field specifies the XPath to the element. For instance:

/root/myElement XPath syntax
/root/[1] XPath syntax using an index
/root/ns:myElement XPath syntax where the element has a namespace
myElement Just the element name
@id=myid Attribute selector: This will select an element with an attribute "id" whose value is "myid".
/root/myElement[1]/ns:name2[@attr=attrValue] XPath syntax using an index and attribute selector

The signature is verified either using a key parsed from the signed XML, or using the certificate specified by the SignerCert property. The class will automatically parse the signer certificate (if present) from the signed XML and populate the SignerCert property with the parsed value.

When SignatureInfo fires, if the SignerCertParsed parameter is True the SignerCert property may be inspected to see the details of the parsed certificate. If SignerCertParsed is False, then the SignerCert property must be set to a valid certificate for signature verification to proceed.

When the SignatureInfo event finishes firing, the certificate present in the SignerCert property will be used to verify the signature, whether this is the certificate automatically parsed by the class or a different certificate specified within the event.

If the signature was successfully verified the method will return without error. If the signature was not verified the method throws an exception.

Error Event (Xmlsig Class)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

public class DefaultXmlsigEventListener implements XmlsigEventListener {
  ...
  public void error(XmlsigErrorEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class XmlsigErrorEvent {
  public int errorCode;
  public String description;
}

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class throws an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Progress Event (Xmlsig Class)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

public class DefaultXmlsigEventListener implements XmlsigEventListener {
  ...
  public void progress(XmlsigProgressEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class XmlsigProgressEvent {
  public long bytesProcessed;
  public int percentProcessed;
  public int operation;
  public boolean isEOF;
}

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

The Operation parameter is only applicable when either ReadFromProgressEvent or WriteToProgressEvent is set to True. This parameter defines whether a Read or Write operation is required. If the configuration settings are not set this parameter will always return 0. Possible values are:

0None
1Read
2Write

The IsEOF parameter is only applicable when either ReadFromProgressEvent or WriteToProgressEvent is set to True. This parameter defines whether the Read or Write operation is complete. When the Operation is Read (1) this parameter must be set to indicate that all data has been supplied to the class. When the Operation is Write (2) this value may be queried to determine when all data has been processed.

SignatureInfo Event (Xmlsig Class)

Fired when a signature is found.

Syntax

public class DefaultXmlsigEventListener implements XmlsigEventListener {
  ...
  public void signatureInfo(XmlsigSignatureInfoEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class XmlsigSignatureInfoEvent {
  public String signatureId;
  public boolean signerCertParsed;
}

Remarks

This event fires when calling VerifySignature for each signature found within the XML document.

SignatureId is the id of the signature.

SignerCertParsed indicates whether the signer's certificate was automatically parsed from the signed XML.

Verification Notes

When VerifySignature is called, the class will scan the XML document and fire the SignatureInfo event for each signature that is found. When the SignatureInfo event fires the References collection will be populated.

Within the SignatureInfo event the XMLElement field must be set to the location of the XML element to which the signature applies. The URI field may contain data helpful to locating the XML element.

The XMLElement field specifies the XPath to the element. For instance:

/root/myElement XPath syntax
/root/[1] XPath syntax using an index
/root/ns:myElement XPath syntax where the element has a namespace
myElement Just the element name
@id=myid Attribute selector: This will select an element with an attribute "id" whose value is "myid".
/root/myElement[1]/ns:name2[@attr=attrValue] XPath syntax using an index and attribute selector

The signature is verified either using a key parsed from the signed XML, or using the certificate specified by the SignerCert property. The class will automatically parse the signer certificate (if present) from the signed XML and populate the SignerCert property with the parsed value.

When SignatureInfo fires, if the SignerCertParsed parameter is True the SignerCert property may be inspected to see the details of the parsed certificate. If SignerCertParsed is False, then the SignerCert property must be set to a valid certificate for signature verification to proceed.

When the SignatureInfo event finishes firing, the certificate present in the SignerCert property will be used to verify the signature, whether this is the certificate automatically parsed by the class or a different certificate specified within the event.

If the signature was successfully verified the method will return without error. If the signature was not verified the method throws an exception.

Status Event (Xmlsig Class)

Provides information about the current operation.

Syntax

public class DefaultXmlsigEventListener implements XmlsigEventListener {
  ...
  public void status(XmlsigStatusEvent e) {}
  ...
}

public class XmlsigStatusEvent {
  public String message;
}

Remarks

The event is fired for informational and logging purposes only. It may be used to track the progress of an operation.

The level of detail is controlled by the LogLevel setting.

Certificate Type

This is the digital certificate being used.

Remarks

This type describes the current digital certificate. The certificate may be a public or private key. The fields are used to identify or select certificates.

Fields

EffectiveDate
String

This is the date on which this certificate becomes valid. Before this date, it is not valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2000 15:00:00.

Encoded
String

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

EncodedB
byte[]

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This field is used to assign a specific certificate. The Store and Subject fields also may be used to specify a certificate.

When Encoded is set, a search is initiated in the current Store for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, Subject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, Subject is set to an empty string.

ExpirationDate
String

This is the date the certificate expires. After this date, the certificate will no longer be valid. The following example illustrates the format of an encoded date:

23-Jan-2001 15:00:00.

ExtendedKeyUsage
String

This is a comma-delimited list of extended key usage identifiers. These are the same as ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs).

Fingerprint
String

This is the hex-encoded, 16-byte MD5 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: bc:2a:72:af:fe:58:17:43:7a:5f:ba:5a:7c:90:f7:02

FingerprintSHA1
String

This is the hex-encoded, 20-byte SHA-1 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 30:7b:fa:38:65:83:ff:da:b4:4e:07:3f:17:b8:a4:ed:80:be:ff:84

FingerprintSHA256
String

This is the hex-encoded, 32-byte SHA-256 fingerprint of the certificate.

The following example illustrates the format: 6a:80:5c:33:a9:43:ea:b0:96:12:8a:64:96:30:ef:4a:8a:96:86:ce:f4:c7:be:10:24:8e:2b:60:9e:f3:59:53

Issuer
String

This is the issuer of the certificate. This field contains a string representation of the name of the issuing authority for the certificate.

KeyPassword
String

This is the password for the certificate's private key (if any).

Some certificate stores may individually protect certificates' private keys, separate from the standard protection offered by the StorePassword. KeyPassword. This field can be used to read such password-protected private keys.

Note: this property defaults to the value of StorePassword. To clear it, you must set the property to the empty string (""). It can be set at any time, but when the private key's password is different from the store's password, then it must be set before calling PrivateKey.

PrivateKey
String

This is the private key of the certificate (if available). The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

Note: The PrivateKey may be available but not exportable. In this case, PrivateKey returns an empty string.

PrivateKeyAvailable
boolean

This field shows whether a PrivateKey is available for the selected certificate. If PrivateKeyAvailable is True, the certificate may be used for authentication purposes (e.g., server authentication).

PrivateKeyContainer
String

This is the name of the PrivateKey container for the certificate (if available). This functionality is available only on Windows platforms.

PublicKey
String

This is the public key of the certificate. The key is provided as PEM/Base64-encoded data.

PublicKeyAlgorithm
String

This field contains the textual description of the certificate's public key algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_DH") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

PublicKeyLength
int

This is the length of the certificate's public key (in bits). Common values are 512, 1024, and 2048.

SerialNumber
String

This is the serial number of the certificate encoded as a string. The number is encoded as a series of hexadecimal digits, with each pair representing a byte of the serial number.

SignatureAlgorithm
String

The field contains the text description of the certificate's signature algorithm. The property contains either the name of the algorithm (e.g., "RSA" or "RSA_MD5RSA") or an object identifier (OID) string representing the algorithm.

Store
String

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StoreB
byte[]

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The StoreType field denotes the type of the certificate store specified by Store. If the store is password protected, specify the password in StorePassword.

Store is used in conjunction with the Subject field to specify client certificates. If Store has a value, and Subject or Encoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the Subject field for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

In Java, the certificate store normally is a file containing certificates and optional private keys.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

StorePassword
String

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

StoreType
int

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This field can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the Store and set StorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

Subject
String

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This field will be populated with the full subject of the loaded certificate. When loading a certificate the subject is used to locate the certificate in the store.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

SubjectAltNames
String

This field contains comma-separated lists of alternative subject names for the certificate.

ThumbprintMD5
String

This field contains the MD5 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA1
String

This field contains the SHA-1 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

ThumbprintSHA256
String

This field contains the SHA-256 hash of the certificate. If the hash does not already exist, it is computed.

Usage
String

This field contains the text description of UsageFlags.

This value will be of one or more of the following strings and will be separated by commas:

  • Digital Signatures
  • Key Authentication
  • Key Encryption
  • Data Encryption
  • Key Agreement
  • Certificate Signing
  • Key Signing

If the provider is OpenSSL, the value is a comma-separated list of X.509 certificate extension names.

UsageFlags
int

This field contains the flags that show intended use for the certificate. The value of UsageFlags is a combination of the following flags:

0x80Digital Signatures
0x40Key Authentication
0x20Key Encryption
0x10Data Encryption
0x08Key Agreement
0x04Certificate Signing
0x02Key Signing

Please see the Usage field for a text representation of UsageFlags.

This functionality currently is not available when the provider is OpenSSL.

Version
String

This field contains the certificate's version number. The possible values are the strings "V1", "V2", and "V3".

Constructors

public Certificate();

Creates a Certificate instance whose properties can be set. This is useful for use with CERTMGR when generating new certificates.

public Certificate( certificateFile);

Opens CertificateFile and reads out the contents as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certificateData);

Parses CertificateData as an X509 public key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. ConfigurationString is a newline separated list of name-value pairs that may be used to modify the default behavior. Possible values include "PersistPFXKey", which shows whether or not the PFX key is persisted after performing operations with the private key. This correlates to the PKCS12_NO_PERSIST_KEY CyrptoAPI option. The default value is True (the key is persisted). "Thumbprint" - a MD5, SHA1, or SHA256 thumbprint of the certificate to load. When specified, this value is used to select the certificate in the store. This is applicable to cstUser, cstMachine, cstPublicKeyFile, and cstPFXFile store types. "UseInternalSecurityAPI" shows whether the platform (default) or the internal security API is used when performing certificate-related operations. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  store,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a file containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  subject,  configurationString);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. StoreBlob is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate data. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will attempt to find the certificate identified by Subject . This can be either a complete or a substring match of the X509 certificate's subject Distinguished Name (DN).

public Certificate( certStoreType,  storeBlob,  storePassword,  encoded);

CertStoreType identifies the type of certificate store to use. See StoreType for descriptions of the different certificate stores. Store is a string (binary- or base64-encoded) containing the certificate store. StorePassword is the password used to protect the store. After the store has been successfully opened, the class will load Encoded as an X509 certificate and search the opened store for a corresponding private key.

XMLSigReference Type

This type defines information about the reference.

Remarks

This type defines information about the reference including the location within the document (XMLElement), TransformAlgorithms, HashAlgorithm, and URI.

Fields

HashAlgorithm
String

This field defines the hash algorithm to apply to the element specified by XMLElement. Possible values are:

  • "SHA1" (default)
  • "SHA256"
  • "SHA512"

HashValue
String

This field holds the calculated hash value for the specified XMLElement.

TransformAlgorithms
String

This field specifies a comma separated list of canonicalization algorithms to be applied to XMLElement. The XML data specified by XMLElement will be transformed using the specified algorithm(s) before the HashAlgorithm is applied. The default value is "C14N". Possible values are:

"C14N" Canonical XML version 1.0
"C14N_COMMENTS" Canonical XML version 1.0 with comments
"C14N11" Canonical XML version 1.1
"C14N11_COMMENTS" Canonical XML version 1.1 with comments
"EXC_C14N" Exclusive XML canonicalization version 1.0
"EXC_C14N_COMMENTS" Exclusive XML canonicalization version 1.0 with comments

URI
String

This field is the URI of the reference. The value specified here identifies the data within the document.

When signing, this value may be set to a URI reference which identifies XMLElement. XMLElement must be set separately.

When verifying, this value may be checked within the SignatureInfo event to identify the location of XMLElement. XMLElement must be set separately.

XMLElement
String

This field specifies XML element to sign or verify using XPath notation. When signing, this must be set before calling Sign. When verifying, this must be set from within the SignatureInfo event. The URI field may be used to help identify the correct XML element.

/root/myElement XPath syntax
/root/[1] XPath syntax using an index
/root/ns:myElement XPath syntax where the element has a namespace
myElement Just the element name
@id=myid Attribute selector: This will select an element with an attribute "id" whose value is "myid".
/root/myElement[1]/ns:name2[@attr=attrValue] XPath syntax using an index and attribute selector

Constructors

public XMLSigReference();



public XMLSigReference( XMLElement,  URI,  hashAlgorithm,  transformAlgorithms,  hashValue);



Config Settings (Xmlsig Class)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

XMLSig Config Settings

KeyName:   The name of the key used to sign the XML.

This setting optionally holds the key name which may be useful to the recipient to help identify the key used to create the signature. This may be set before calling Sign. When calling VerifySignature this may be queried inside the SignatureInfo event.

Note that this value is only informative, it does not affect processing.

LogLevel:   Specifies the level of detail that is logged.

This setting controls the level of detail that is logged through the Status event. Possible values are:

0 (None)No events are logged.
1 (Info - default)Informational events are logged.
2 (Verbose)Detailed data is logged.
3 (Debug)Debug data is logged.

NormalizeLineEndings:   Whether to normalize line endings when calculating the reference digest.

This setting specifies whether to normalize line endings when calculating the reference digest. When set to True all line endings will be converted to LF. The default value is True.

PreserveWhitespace:   Whether to preserve whitespace in the signature.

This setting specifies whether whitespace is preserved when canonicalizing XML. The default value is False.

ReadFromProgressEvent:   Whether to read input data from inside the progress event.

When set to True this setting allows input data to be specified from within the Progress event. The class will repeatedly fire the Progress event to ask for data. Inside the event set InputXML when the Operation parameter of the event is 1 (Read). When all data has been provided set the IsEOF parameter of the event to True. This allows input data to be chunked and provided piece by piece. The default value is False.

SignatureRelationship:   Whether the signature is a child or sibling of the SignatureXPath.

This setting specifies whether the created signature is included as a child or sibling of the element specified by SignatureXPath. If this is set to 0 (default), the signature is inserted as a child of the element. If this is set to 1, the signature is inserted as a sibling after the element. The default value is 0 (child).

Example: SignatureRelationship is set to 0 (child - default) xmlsig1.SignatureXPath = "/root/node1"; Produces XML like:

<root>
  <node1>
    <ds:Signature>...</ds:Signature>
  </node1>
  <node2></node2>
  <node3></node3>
</root>

Example: SignatureRelationship is set to 1 (sibling) xmlsig1.SignatureXPath = "/root/node1"; xmlsig1.Config("SignatureRelationship=1"); Produces XML like:

<root>
  <node1></node1>
  <ds:Signature>...</ds:Signature>
  <node2></node2>
  <node3></node3>
</root>

SignerCertCount:   The number of parsed signer certificates when verifying a signature.

This setting is populated when calling VerifySignature. It holds the number of signer certificates that were parsed from the message. In most cases a single certificate is present and SignerCert is populated. In some cases, multiple certificates in a chain may be present, in that case each parsed certificate can be accessed via this property and SignerCertEncoded. For instance: int certCount = Int32.Parse(xmlsig.Config("SignerCertCount")); for(int i=0;i<certCount;i++) { Console.WriteLine(xmlsig.Config("SignerCertEncoded[ " + i + "]")); }

SignerCertEncoded[i]:   The parsed signer certificate.

This setting is used in conjunction with SignerCertCount to retrieve the base64 encoded signer certificate parsed from the message. Valid values for the index are from 0 to SignerCertCount - 1. SignerCertEncoded

WriteToProgressEvent:   Whether to write output data so it is accessible from inside the progress event.

When set to True this setting allows output data to be obtained from within the Progress event. The class will repeatedly fire the Progress event to provide output data. Inside the event check OutputXML when the Operation parameter of the event is 2 (Write). The IsEOF parameter should be checked inside the event to determine when all output data has been provided. This allows output data to be chunked and obtained piece by piece. The default value is False.

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

GUIAvailable:   Tells the class whether or not a message loop is available for processing events.

In a GUI-based application, long-running blocking operations may cause the application to stop responding to input until the operation returns. The class will attempt to discover whether or not the application has a message loop and, if one is discovered, it will process events in that message loop during any such blocking operation.

In some non-GUI applications, an invalid message loop may be discovered that will result in errant behavior. In these cases, setting GUIAvailable to false will ensure that the class does not attempt to process external events.

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
UseDaemonThreads:   Whether threads created by the class are daemon threads.

If set to True (default), when the class creates a thread, the thread's Daemon property will be explicitly set to True. When set to False, the class will not set the Daemon property on the created thread. The default value is True.

UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to true tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (Xmlsig Class)

XMLSig Errors

602   Unsupported value. Check the description for details.
603   Failed to match the digest value during signature verification.
604   Signature verification failed.
605   Could not find the referenced element.
606   No valid signature was found in the document.
607   Failed to write output.
608   Invalid SignatureXPath value.
611   Failed parsing certificate data.

XML Errors

101   Invalid attribute index.
102   No attributes available.
103   Invalid namespace index.
104   No namespaces available.
105   Invalid element index.
106   No elements available.
107   Attribute does not exist.
201   Unbalanced element tag.
202   Unknown element prefix (can't find namespace).
203   Unknown attribute prefix (can't find namespace).
204   Invalid XML markup.
205   Invalid end state for parser.
206   Document contains unbalanced elements.
207   Invalid XPath.
208   No such child.
209   Top element does not match start of path.
210   DOM tree unavailable (set BuildDOM to true and reparse).
302   Can't open file.
401   Invalid XML would be generated.
402   An invalid XML name has been specified.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 Java Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]