IPWorks Encrypt 2022 macOS Edition
Version 22.0 [Build 8369]

RSA Module

Properties   Methods   Events   Config Settings   Errors  

Implements RSA public-key cryptography to encrypt/decrypt and sign/verify messages.

Syntax

IPWorksEncrypt.Rsa

Remarks

The RSA class implements RSA public-key cryptography to encrypt/decrypt messages and sign/verify hash signatures.

To begin you must either specify an existing key or create a new key. Existing private keys may be specified by setting the Key* properties. To create a new key call CreateKey. Alternatively an existing certificate may be specified by setting the Certificate* properties

Signing

To sign data first set Key or Certificate. Specify the input data using InputFile or InputMessage. Next call Sign. The class will populate HashValue and HashSignature. After calling Sign the public key must be sent to the recipient along with HashSignature.

Encrypting

To encrypt data set RecipientKey or RecipientCert. Specify the input data using InputFile or InputMessage. Next call Encrypt. The class will populate OutputMessage, or write to the file specified by OutputFile.

Signature Verification

To verify a signature specify the input data using InputFile or InputMessage. Set SignerKey or SignerCert. Next set HashSignature and call VerifySignature. The VerifySignature method will return True if the signature was successfully verified.

Decrypting

To decrypt data first set Key or Certificate. Specify the input data using InputFile or InputMessage. Next call Decrypt. The class will populate OutputMessage, or write to the file specified by OutputFile.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

RSA Keys

A RSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyExponent

The class also includes the KeyPublicKey property which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both sides of the encryption/signing and decryption/signature verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in KeyPublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key may be represented in one of two ways. Both are mathematically equivalent. Private key format 1:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyP
  • KeyQ
  • KeyDP
  • KeyDQ
Private key format 2 is simpler but has decreased performance when decrypting and signing. This format is:
  • KeyModulus
  • KeyD
The class also include the KeyPrivateKey property which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the module with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
CertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
CertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
CertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
CertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
HashAlgorithmThe hash algorithm used for signing and signature verification.
HashSignatureThe hash signature.
HashValueThe hash value of the data.
InputFileThe file to process.
InputMessageThe message to process.
KeyThe RSA key.
OutputFileThe output file when encrypting or decrypting.
OutputMessageThe output message after processing.
OverwriteIndicates whether or not the module should overwrite files.
RecipientCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
RecipientCertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
RecipientCertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
RecipientCertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
RecipientCertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
RecipientKeyThe recipient's public key used when encrypting.
SignerCertEncodedThis is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).
SignerCertStoreThis is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.
SignerCertStorePasswordIf the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.
SignerCertStoreTypeThis is the type of certificate store for this certificate.
SignerCertSubjectThis is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.
SignerKeyThe public key used to verify the signature.
UseHexWhether input or output is hex encoded.
UseOAEPWhether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP).
UsePSSWhether to use RSA-PSS during signing and verification.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the module with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
CreateKeyCreates a new key.
DecryptDecrypts the input data using the specified private key.
EncryptEncrypts the input data using the recipient's public key.
ResetResets the module.
SignCreates a hash signature.
VerifySignatureVerifies the signature for the specified data.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the module with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
ProgressFired as progress is made.

Config Settings


The following is a list of config settings for the module with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

KeyFormatHow the public and private key are formatted.
KeySizeThe size, in bits, of the secret key.
OAEPMGF1HashAlgorithmThe MGF1 hash algorithm used with OAEP.
OAEPParamsThe hex encoded OAEP parameters.
OAEPRSAHashAlgorithmThe RSA hash algorithm used with OAEP.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the module whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

CertEncoded Property (RSA Module)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

public var certEncoded: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var certEncodedB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certEncoded,setter=setCertEncoded:) NSString* certEncoded;

- (NSString*)certEncoded;
- (void)setCertEncoded :(NSString*)newCertEncoded;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certEncodedB,setter=setCertEncodedB:) NSData* certEncodedB;

- (NSData*)certEncodedB;
- (void)setCertEncodedB :(NSData*)newCertEncoded;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The CertStore and CertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When CertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current CertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, CertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, CertSubject is set to an empty string.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setCertEncodedB(certEncoded: Data) throws
public func setCertEncoded(certEncoded: String) throws

CertStore Property (RSA Module)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

public var certStore: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var certStoreB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certStore,setter=setCertStore:) NSString* certStore;

- (NSString*)certStore;
- (void)setCertStore :(NSString*)newCertStore;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certStoreB,setter=setCertStoreB:) NSData* certStoreB;

- (NSData*)certStoreB;
- (void)setCertStoreB :(NSData*)newCertStore;

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The CertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by CertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in CertStorePassword.

CertStore is used in conjunction with the CertSubject property to specify client certificates. If CertStore has a value, and CertSubject or CertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the CertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

CertStorePassword Property (RSA Module)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

public var certStorePassword: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certStorePassword,setter=setCertStorePassword:) NSString* certStorePassword;

- (NSString*)certStorePassword;
- (void)setCertStorePassword :(NSString*)newCertStorePassword;

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

CertStoreType Property (RSA Module)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

public var certStoreType: RsaCertStoreTypes {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public enum RsaCertStoreTypes: Int32 { case cstUser = 0 case cstMachine = 1 case cstPFXFile = 2 case cstPFXBlob = 3 case cstJKSFile = 4 case cstJKSBlob = 5 case cstPEMKeyFile = 6 case cstPEMKeyBlob = 7 case cstPublicKeyFile = 8 case cstPublicKeyBlob = 9 case cstSSHPublicKeyBlob = 10 case cstP7BFile = 11 case cstP7BBlob = 12 case cstSSHPublicKeyFile = 13 case cstPPKFile = 14 case cstPPKBlob = 15 case cstXMLFile = 16 case cstXMLBlob = 17 case cstJWKFile = 18 case cstJWKBlob = 19 case cstSecurityKey = 20 case cstBCFKSFile = 21 case cstBCFKSBlob = 22 case cstAuto = 99 }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certStoreType,setter=setCertStoreType:) int certStoreType;

- (int)certStoreType;
- (void)setCertStoreType :(int)newCertStoreType;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the CertStore and set CertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

CertSubject Property (RSA Module)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

public var certSubject: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=certSubject,setter=setCertSubject:) NSString* certSubject;

- (NSString*)certSubject;
- (void)setCertSubject :(NSString*)newCertSubject;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setCertSubject(certSubject: String) throws

HashAlgorithm Property (RSA Module)

The hash algorithm used for signing and signature verification.

Syntax

public var hashAlgorithm: RsaHashAlgorithms {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public enum RsaHashAlgorithms: Int32 { case rhaSHA1 = 0 case rhaSHA224 = 1 case rhaSHA256 = 2 case rhaSHA384 = 3 case rhaSHA512 = 4 case rhaRIPEMD160 = 5 case rhaMD2 = 6 case rhaMD5 = 7 case rhaMD5SHA1 = 8 }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=hashAlgorithm,setter=setHashAlgorithm:) int hashAlgorithm;

- (int)hashAlgorithm;
- (void)setHashAlgorithm :(int)newHashAlgorithm;

Default Value

2

Remarks

This property specifies the hash algorithm used for signing and signature verification. Possible values are:

0 (rhaSHA1) SHA-1
1 (rhaSHA224) SHA-224
2 (rhaSHA256 - default) SHA-256
3 (rhaSHA384) SHA-384
4 (rhaSHA512) SHA-512
5 (rhaRIPEMD160) RIPEMD-160
6 (rhaMD2) MD2
7 (rhaMD5) MD5
8 (rhaMD5SHA1) MD5SHA1

HashSignature Property (RSA Module)

The hash signature.

Syntax

public var hashSignature: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var hashSignatureB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=hashSignature,setter=setHashSignature:) NSString* hashSignature;

- (NSString*)hashSignature;
- (void)setHashSignature :(NSString*)newHashSignature;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=hashSignatureB,setter=setHashSignatureB:) NSData* hashSignatureB;

- (NSData*)hashSignatureB;
- (void)setHashSignatureB :(NSData*)newHashSignature;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the computed hash signature. This is populated after calling Sign. This must be set before calling VerifySignature.

HashValue Property (RSA Module)

The hash value of the data.

Syntax

public var hashData: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var hashDataB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=hashValue,setter=setHashValue:) NSString* hashValue;

- (NSString*)hashValue;
- (void)setHashValue :(NSString*)newHashValue;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=hashValueB,setter=setHashValueB:) NSData* hashValueB;

- (NSData*)hashValueB;
- (void)setHashValueB :(NSData*)newHashValue;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property holds the computed hash value for the specified data. This is populated when calling Sign or VerifySignature when an input file is specified by setting InputFile or InputMessage.

If you know the hash value prior to using the class you may specify the pre-computed hash value here.

Hash Notes

The class will determine whether or not to recompute the hash based on the properties that are set. If a file is specified by InputFile or InputMessage the hash will be recomputed when calling Sign or VerifySignature. If the HashValue property is set the class will only sign the hash or verify the hash signature. Setting InputFile or InputMessage clears the HashValue property. Setting the HashValue property clears the input file selection.

InputFile Property (RSA Module)

The file to process.

Syntax

public var inputFile: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=inputFile,setter=setInputFile:) NSString* inputFile;

- (NSString*)inputFile;
- (void)setInputFile :(NSString*)newInputFile;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

InputMessage Property (RSA Module)

The message to process.

Syntax

public var inputMessage: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var inputMessageB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=inputMessage,setter=setInputMessage:) NSString* inputMessage;

- (NSString*)inputMessage;
- (void)setInputMessage :(NSString*)newInputMessage;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=inputMessageB,setter=setInputMessageB:) NSData* inputMessageB;

- (NSData*)inputMessageB;
- (void)setInputMessageB :(NSData*)newInputMessage;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the message to be processed.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Key Property (RSA Module)

The RSA key.

Syntax

public var key: RSAKey {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyD,setter=setKeyD:) NSString* keyD;

- (NSString*)keyD;
- (void)setKeyD :(NSString*)newKeyD;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyDB,setter=setKeyDB:) NSData* keyDB;

- (NSData*)keyDB;
- (void)setKeyDB :(NSData*)newKeyD;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyDP,setter=setKeyDP:) NSString* keyDP;

- (NSString*)keyDP;
- (void)setKeyDP :(NSString*)newKeyDP;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyDPB,setter=setKeyDPB:) NSData* keyDPB;

- (NSData*)keyDPB;
- (void)setKeyDPB :(NSData*)newKeyDP;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyDQ,setter=setKeyDQ:) NSString* keyDQ;

- (NSString*)keyDQ;
- (void)setKeyDQ :(NSString*)newKeyDQ;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyDQB,setter=setKeyDQB:) NSData* keyDQB;

- (NSData*)keyDQB;
- (void)setKeyDQB :(NSData*)newKeyDQ;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyExponent,setter=setKeyExponent:) NSString* keyExponent;

- (NSString*)keyExponent;
- (void)setKeyExponent :(NSString*)newKeyExponent;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyExponentB,setter=setKeyExponentB:) NSData* keyExponentB;

- (NSData*)keyExponentB;
- (void)setKeyExponentB :(NSData*)newKeyExponent;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyInverseQ,setter=setKeyInverseQ:) NSString* keyInverseQ;

- (NSString*)keyInverseQ;
- (void)setKeyInverseQ :(NSString*)newKeyInverseQ;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyInverseQB,setter=setKeyInverseQB:) NSData* keyInverseQB;

- (NSData*)keyInverseQB;
- (void)setKeyInverseQB :(NSData*)newKeyInverseQ;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyModulus,setter=setKeyModulus:) NSString* keyModulus;

- (NSString*)keyModulus;
- (void)setKeyModulus :(NSString*)newKeyModulus;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyModulusB,setter=setKeyModulusB:) NSData* keyModulusB;

- (NSData*)keyModulusB;
- (void)setKeyModulusB :(NSData*)newKeyModulus;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyP,setter=setKeyP:) NSString* keyP;

- (NSString*)keyP;
- (void)setKeyP :(NSString*)newKeyP;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyPB,setter=setKeyPB:) NSData* keyPB;

- (NSData*)keyPB;
- (void)setKeyPB :(NSData*)newKeyP;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyPrivateKey,setter=setKeyPrivateKey:) NSString* keyPrivateKey;

- (NSString*)keyPrivateKey;
- (void)setKeyPrivateKey :(NSString*)newKeyPrivateKey;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyPublicKey,setter=setKeyPublicKey:) NSString* keyPublicKey;

- (NSString*)keyPublicKey;
- (void)setKeyPublicKey :(NSString*)newKeyPublicKey;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyQ,setter=setKeyQ:) NSString* keyQ;

- (NSString*)keyQ;
- (void)setKeyQ :(NSString*)newKeyQ;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=keyQB,setter=setKeyQB:) NSData* keyQB;

- (NSData*)keyQB;
- (void)setKeyQB :(NSData*)newKeyQ;
 

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether RSA-PSS will be used when signing and verifying messages. The default value is False.

OutputFile Property (RSA Module)

The output file when encrypting or decrypting.

Syntax

public var outputFile: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=outputFile,setter=setOutputFile:) NSString* outputFile;

- (NSString*)outputFile;
- (void)setOutputFile :(NSString*)newOutputFile;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written when Encrypt or Decrypt is called. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

This property is only applicable to Encrypt and Decrypt.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

OutputMessage Property (RSA Module)

The output message after processing.

Syntax

public var outputMessage: String {
  get {...}
}

public var outputMessageB: Data { get {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readonly,assign,getter=outputMessage) NSString* outputMessage;

- (NSString*)outputMessage;

@property (nonatomic,readonly,assign,getter=outputMessageB) NSData* outputMessageB;

- (NSData*)outputMessageB;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property will be populated with the output from the operation if OutputFile is not set.

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputMessage: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

This property is read-only.

Overwrite Property (RSA Module)

Indicates whether or not the module should overwrite files.

Syntax

public var overwrite: Bool {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=overwrite,setter=setOverwrite:) BOOL overwrite;

- (BOOL)overwrite;
- (void)setOverwrite :(BOOL)newOverwrite;

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the class will overwrite OutputFile. If Overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever OutputFile exists before an operation. The default value is False.

RecipientCertEncoded Property (RSA Module)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

public var recipientCertEncoded: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var recipientCertEncodedB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertEncoded,setter=setRecipientCertEncoded:) NSString* recipientCertEncoded;

- (NSString*)recipientCertEncoded;
- (void)setRecipientCertEncoded :(NSString*)newRecipientCertEncoded;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertEncodedB,setter=setRecipientCertEncodedB:) NSData* recipientCertEncodedB;

- (NSData*)recipientCertEncodedB;
- (void)setRecipientCertEncodedB :(NSData*)newRecipientCertEncoded;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The RecipientCertStore and RecipientCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When RecipientCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current RecipientCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, RecipientCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, RecipientCertSubject is set to an empty string.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setRecipientCertEncodedB(recipientCertEncoded: Data) throws
public func setRecipientCertEncoded(recipientCertEncoded: String) throws

RecipientCertStore Property (RSA Module)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

public var recipientCertStore: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var recipientCertStoreB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertStore,setter=setRecipientCertStore:) NSString* recipientCertStore;

- (NSString*)recipientCertStore;
- (void)setRecipientCertStore :(NSString*)newRecipientCertStore;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertStoreB,setter=setRecipientCertStoreB:) NSData* recipientCertStoreB;

- (NSData*)recipientCertStoreB;
- (void)setRecipientCertStoreB :(NSData*)newRecipientCertStore;

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The RecipientCertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by RecipientCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in RecipientCertStorePassword.

RecipientCertStore is used in conjunction with the RecipientCertSubject property to specify client certificates. If RecipientCertStore has a value, and RecipientCertSubject or RecipientCertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the RecipientCertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

RecipientCertStorePassword Property (RSA Module)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

public var recipientCertStorePassword: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertStorePassword,setter=setRecipientCertStorePassword:) NSString* recipientCertStorePassword;

- (NSString*)recipientCertStorePassword;
- (void)setRecipientCertStorePassword :(NSString*)newRecipientCertStorePassword;

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

RecipientCertStoreType Property (RSA Module)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

public var recipientCertStoreType: RsaRecipientCertStoreTypes {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public enum RsaRecipientCertStoreTypes: Int32 { case cstUser = 0 case cstMachine = 1 case cstPFXFile = 2 case cstPFXBlob = 3 case cstJKSFile = 4 case cstJKSBlob = 5 case cstPEMKeyFile = 6 case cstPEMKeyBlob = 7 case cstPublicKeyFile = 8 case cstPublicKeyBlob = 9 case cstSSHPublicKeyBlob = 10 case cstP7BFile = 11 case cstP7BBlob = 12 case cstSSHPublicKeyFile = 13 case cstPPKFile = 14 case cstPPKBlob = 15 case cstXMLFile = 16 case cstXMLBlob = 17 case cstJWKFile = 18 case cstJWKBlob = 19 case cstSecurityKey = 20 case cstBCFKSFile = 21 case cstBCFKSBlob = 22 case cstAuto = 99 }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertStoreType,setter=setRecipientCertStoreType:) int recipientCertStoreType;

- (int)recipientCertStoreType;
- (void)setRecipientCertStoreType :(int)newRecipientCertStoreType;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the RecipientCertStore and set RecipientCertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

RecipientCertSubject Property (RSA Module)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

public var recipientCertSubject: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientCertSubject,setter=setRecipientCertSubject:) NSString* recipientCertSubject;

- (NSString*)recipientCertSubject;
- (void)setRecipientCertSubject :(NSString*)newRecipientCertSubject;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setRecipientCertSubject(recipientCertSubject: String) throws

RecipientKey Property (RSA Module)

The recipient's public key used when encrypting.

Syntax

public var recipientKey: RSAKey {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientKeyExponent,setter=setRecipientKeyExponent:) NSString* recipientKeyExponent;

- (NSString*)recipientKeyExponent;
- (void)setRecipientKeyExponent :(NSString*)newRecipientKeyExponent;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientKeyExponentB,setter=setRecipientKeyExponentB:) NSData* recipientKeyExponentB;

- (NSData*)recipientKeyExponentB;
- (void)setRecipientKeyExponentB :(NSData*)newRecipientKeyExponent;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientKeyModulus,setter=setRecipientKeyModulus:) NSString* recipientKeyModulus;

- (NSString*)recipientKeyModulus;
- (void)setRecipientKeyModulus :(NSString*)newRecipientKeyModulus;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientKeyModulusB,setter=setRecipientKeyModulusB:) NSData* recipientKeyModulusB;

- (NSData*)recipientKeyModulusB;
- (void)setRecipientKeyModulusB :(NSData*)newRecipientKeyModulus;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=recipientKeyPublicKey,setter=setRecipientKeyPublicKey:) NSString* recipientKeyPublicKey;

- (NSString*)recipientKeyPublicKey;
- (void)setRecipientKeyPublicKey :(NSString*)newRecipientKeyPublicKey;

 

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether RSA-PSS will be used when signing and verifying messages. The default value is False.

SignerCertEncoded Property (RSA Module)

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded).

Syntax

public var signerCertEncoded: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var signerCertEncodedB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertEncoded,setter=setSignerCertEncoded:) NSString* signerCertEncoded;

- (NSString*)signerCertEncoded;
- (void)setSignerCertEncoded :(NSString*)newSignerCertEncoded;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertEncodedB,setter=setSignerCertEncodedB:) NSData* signerCertEncodedB;

- (NSData*)signerCertEncodedB;
- (void)setSignerCertEncodedB :(NSData*)newSignerCertEncoded;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the certificate (PEM/base64 encoded). This property is used to assign a specific certificate. The SignerCertStore and SignerCertSubject properties also may be used to specify a certificate.

When SignerCertEncoded is set, a search is initiated in the current SignerCertStore for the private key of the certificate. If the key is found, SignerCertSubject is updated to reflect the full subject of the selected certificate; otherwise, SignerCertSubject is set to an empty string.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setSignerCertEncodedB(signerCertEncoded: Data) throws
public func setSignerCertEncoded(signerCertEncoded: String) throws

SignerCertStore Property (RSA Module)

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

Syntax

public var signerCertStore: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public var signerCertStoreB: Data { get {...} set {...} }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertStore,setter=setSignerCertStore:) NSString* signerCertStore;

- (NSString*)signerCertStore;
- (void)setSignerCertStore :(NSString*)newSignerCertStore;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertStoreB,setter=setSignerCertStoreB:) NSData* signerCertStoreB;

- (NSData*)signerCertStoreB;
- (void)setSignerCertStoreB :(NSData*)newSignerCertStore;

Default Value

"MY"

Remarks

This is the name of the certificate store for the client certificate.

The SignerCertStoreType property denotes the type of the certificate store specified by SignerCertStore. If the store is password protected, specify the password in SignerCertStorePassword.

SignerCertStore is used in conjunction with the SignerCertSubject property to specify client certificates. If SignerCertStore has a value, and SignerCertSubject or SignerCertEncoded is set, a search for a certificate is initiated. Please see the SignerCertSubject property for details.

Designations of certificate stores are platform-dependent.

The following are designations of the most common User and Machine certificate stores in Windows:

MYA certificate store holding personal certificates with their associated private keys.
CACertifying authority certificates.
ROOTRoot certificates.

When the certificate store type is PFXFile, this property must be set to the name of the file. When the type is PFXBlob, the property must be set to the binary contents of a PFX file (i.e. PKCS12 certificate store).

SignerCertStorePassword Property (RSA Module)

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

Syntax

public var signerCertStorePassword: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertStorePassword,setter=setSignerCertStorePassword:) NSString* signerCertStorePassword;

- (NSString*)signerCertStorePassword;
- (void)setSignerCertStorePassword :(NSString*)newSignerCertStorePassword;

Default Value

""

Remarks

If the type of certificate store requires a password, this property is used to specify the password needed to open the certificate store.

SignerCertStoreType Property (RSA Module)

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

Syntax

public var signerCertStoreType: RsaSignerCertStoreTypes {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

public enum RsaSignerCertStoreTypes: Int32 { case cstUser = 0 case cstMachine = 1 case cstPFXFile = 2 case cstPFXBlob = 3 case cstJKSFile = 4 case cstJKSBlob = 5 case cstPEMKeyFile = 6 case cstPEMKeyBlob = 7 case cstPublicKeyFile = 8 case cstPublicKeyBlob = 9 case cstSSHPublicKeyBlob = 10 case cstP7BFile = 11 case cstP7BBlob = 12 case cstSSHPublicKeyFile = 13 case cstPPKFile = 14 case cstPPKBlob = 15 case cstXMLFile = 16 case cstXMLBlob = 17 case cstJWKFile = 18 case cstJWKBlob = 19 case cstSecurityKey = 20 case cstBCFKSFile = 21 case cstBCFKSBlob = 22 case cstAuto = 99 }

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertStoreType,setter=setSignerCertStoreType:) int signerCertStoreType;

- (int)signerCertStoreType;
- (void)setSignerCertStoreType :(int)newSignerCertStoreType;

Default Value

0

Remarks

This is the type of certificate store for this certificate.

The class supports both public and private keys in a variety of formats. When the cstAuto value is used the class will automatically determine the type. This property can take one of the following values:

0 (cstUser - default)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a certificate store owned by the current user. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
1 (cstMachine)For Windows, this specifies that the certificate store is a machine store. Note: this store type is not available in Java.
2 (cstPFXFile)The certificate store is the name of a PFX (PKCS12) file containing certificates.
3 (cstPFXBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in PFX (PKCS12) format.
4 (cstJKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a Java Key Store (JKS) file containing certificates. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
5 (cstJKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in Java Key Store (JKS) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java.
6 (cstPEMKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a PEM-encoded file that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
7 (cstPEMKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a private key and an optional certificate.
8 (cstPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
9 (cstPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains a PEM- or DER-encoded public key certificate.
10 (cstSSHPublicKeyBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) that contains an SSH-style public key.
11 (cstP7BFile)The certificate store is the name of a PKCS7 file containing certificates.
12 (cstP7BBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) representing a certificate store in PKCS7 format.
13 (cstSSHPublicKeyFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains an SSH-style public key.
14 (cstPPKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
15 (cstPPKBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary) that contains a PPK (PuTTY Private Key).
16 (cstXMLFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a certificate in XML format.
17 (cstXMLBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a certificate in XML format.
18 (cstJWKFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
19 (cstJWKBlob)The certificate store is a string that contains a JWK (JSON Web Key).
20 (cstSecurityKey)The certificate is present on a physical security key accessible via a PKCS11 interface.

To use a security key the necessary data must first be collected using the CertMgr class. The ListStoreCertificates method may be called after setting CertStoreType to cstSecurityKey, CertStorePassword to the PIN, and CertStore to the full path of the PKCS11 dll. The certificate information returned in the CertList event's CertEncoded parameter may be saved for later use.

When using a certificate, pass the previously saved security key information as the SignerCertStore and set SignerCertStorePassword to the PIN.

Code Example: SSH Authentication with Security Key certmgr.CertStoreType = CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey; certmgr.OnCertList += (s, e) => { secKeyBlob = e.CertEncoded; }; certmgr.CertStore = @"C:\Program Files\OpenSC Project\OpenSC\pkcs11\opensc-pkcs11.dll"; certmgr.CertStorePassword = "123456"; //PIN certmgr.ListStoreCertificates(); sftp.SSHCert = new Certificate(CertStoreTypes.cstSecurityKey, secKeyBlob, "123456", "*"); sftp.SSHUser = "test"; sftp.SSHLogon("myhost", 22);

21 (cstBCFKSFile)The certificate store is the name of a file that contains a BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store). Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
22 (cstBCFKSBlob)The certificate store is a string (binary or base64-encoded) representing a certificate store in BCFKS (Bouncy Castle FIPS Key Store) format. Note: this store type is only available in Java and .NET.
99 (cstAuto)The store type is automatically detected from the input data. This setting may be used with both public and private keys and can detect any of the supported formats automatically.

SignerCertSubject Property (RSA Module)

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

Syntax

public var signerCertSubject: String {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerCertSubject,setter=setSignerCertSubject:) NSString* signerCertSubject;

- (NSString*)signerCertSubject;
- (void)setSignerCertSubject :(NSString*)newSignerCertSubject;

Default Value

""

Remarks

This is the subject of the certificate used for client authentication.

This property must be set after all other certificate properites are set. When this property is set, a search is performed in the current certificate store certificate with matching subject.

If a matching certificate is found, the property is set to the full subject of the matching certificate.

If an exact match is not found, the store is searched for subjects containing the value of the property.

If a match is still not found, the property is set to an empty string, and no certificate is selected.

The special value "*" picks a random certificate in the certificate store.

The certificate subject is a comma separated list of distinguished name fields and values. For instance "CN=www.server.com, OU=test, C=US, E=support@nsoftware.com". Common fields and their meanings are displayed below.

FieldMeaning
CNCommon Name. This is commonly a host name like www.server.com.
OOrganization
OUOrganizational Unit
LLocality
SState
CCountry
EEmail Address

If a field value contains a comma it must be quoted.

If an error occurs when setting this property an error will not be thrown. This property has a related method which will throw an error:

public func setSignerCertSubject(signerCertSubject: String) throws

SignerKey Property (RSA Module)

The public key used to verify the signature.

Syntax

public var signerKey: RSAKey {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerKeyExponent,setter=setSignerKeyExponent:) NSString* signerKeyExponent;

- (NSString*)signerKeyExponent;
- (void)setSignerKeyExponent :(NSString*)newSignerKeyExponent;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerKeyExponentB,setter=setSignerKeyExponentB:) NSData* signerKeyExponentB;

- (NSData*)signerKeyExponentB;
- (void)setSignerKeyExponentB :(NSData*)newSignerKeyExponent;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerKeyModulus,setter=setSignerKeyModulus:) NSString* signerKeyModulus;

- (NSString*)signerKeyModulus;
- (void)setSignerKeyModulus :(NSString*)newSignerKeyModulus;

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerKeyModulusB,setter=setSignerKeyModulusB:) NSData* signerKeyModulusB;

- (NSData*)signerKeyModulusB;
- (void)setSignerKeyModulusB :(NSData*)newSignerKeyModulus;
@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=signerKeyPublicKey,setter=setSignerKeyPublicKey:) NSString* signerKeyPublicKey;

- (NSString*)signerKeyPublicKey;
- (void)setSignerKeyPublicKey :(NSString*)newSignerKeyPublicKey;

 

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether RSA-PSS will be used when signing and verifying messages. The default value is False.

UseHex Property (RSA Module)

Whether input or output is hex encoded.

Syntax

public var useHex: Bool {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=useHex,setter=setUseHex:) BOOL useHex;

- (BOOL)useHex;
- (void)setUseHex :(BOOL)newUseHex;

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether the encrypted data, HashValue, and HashSignature are hex encoded.

If set to True, when Encrypt is called the class will perform the encryption as normal and then hex encode the output. OutputMessage or OutputFile will hold hex encoded data.

If set to True, when Decrypt is called the class will expect InputMessage or InputFile to hold hex encoded data. The class will then hex decode the data and perform decryption as normal.

If set to True, when Sign is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue with the hex encoded hash value. It will then create the hash signature and populate HashSignature with the hex encoded hash signature value. If HashValue is specified directly it must be a hex encoded value.

If set to True, when VerifySignature is called the class will compute the hash value for the specified file and populate HashValue with the hex encoded hash value. It will then hex decode HashSignature and verify the signature. HashSignature must hold a hex encoded value. If HashValue is specified directly it must be a hex encoded value.

UseOAEP Property (RSA Module)

Whether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP).

Syntax

public var useOAEP: Bool {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=useOAEP,setter=setUseOAEP:) BOOL useOAEP;

- (BOOL)useOAEP;
- (void)setUseOAEP :(BOOL)newUseOAEP;

Default Value

False

Remarks

Whether to use Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP). By default this value is False and the class will use PKCS1.

Note: When set to True the HashAlgorithm is also applicable when calling Encrypt and Decrypt.

UsePSS Property (RSA Module)

Whether to use RSA-PSS during signing and verification.

Syntax

public var usePSS: Bool {
  get {...}
  set {...}
}

@property (nonatomic,readwrite,assign,getter=usePSS,setter=setUsePSS:) BOOL usePSS;

- (BOOL)usePSS;
- (void)setUsePSS :(BOOL)newUsePSS;

Default Value

False

Remarks

This property specifies whether RSA-PSS will be used when signing and verifying messages. The default value is False.

Config Method (RSA Module)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

public func config(configurationString: String) throws -> String
- (NSString*)config:(NSString*)configurationString;

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every class. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the class.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

CreateKey Method (RSA Module)

Creates a new key.

Syntax

public func createKey() throws -> Void
- (void)createKey;

Remarks

This method creates a new public and private key.

When calling CreateKey the Key* properties are populated with a new private and public key.

RSA Keys

A RSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyExponent

The class also includes the KeyPublicKey property which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both sides of the encryption/signing and decryption/signature verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in KeyPublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key may be represented in one of two ways. Both are mathematically equivalent. Private key format 1:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyP
  • KeyQ
  • KeyDP
  • KeyDQ
Private key format 2 is simpler but has decreased performance when decrypting and signing. This format is:
  • KeyModulus
  • KeyD
The class also include the KeyPrivateKey property which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

Decrypt Method (RSA Module)

Decrypts the input data using the specified private key.

Syntax

public func decrypt() throws -> Void
- (void)decrypt;

Remarks

This method decrypts the input data using the private key specified in the Key* properties. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting Certificate

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Key Size and the Maximum Length of Data

RSA has an upper limit to the amount of data that can be encrypted or decrypted, also known as message length. This can typically be calculated as the size of the key minus the size of the RSA header and padding.

When not using OAEP, the following formula and table can be referenced. (RSA Key Bytes) - (Header Bytes) = Length of data, where Header Bytes is always 11.

RSA Key Length (bits)Length (bits)Length (bytes)
1024 936 117
2048 1960 245
3072 2984 373
4096 4008 501

When using OAEP, the following formula and table can be referenced. (RSA Key Bytes) - (2 * Hash Length Bytes) - 2 = Length of data. The table below assumes SHA-256 for the hash, so Hash Length Bytes is 32.

RSA Key Length (bits)Length (bits)Length (bytes)
1024 496 62
2048 1520 190
3072 2544 318
4096 3568 446

Encrypt Method (RSA Module)

Encrypts the input data using the recipient's public key.

Syntax

public func encrypt() throws -> Void
- (void)encrypt;

Remarks

This method encrypts the input data using the public key specified in the RecipientKey* properties. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting RecipientCert

Input and Output Properties

The class will determine the source and destination of the input and output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops. The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

Key Size and the Maximum Length of Data

RSA has an upper limit to the amount of data that can be encrypted or decrypted, also known as message length. This can typically be calculated as the size of the key minus the size of the RSA header and padding.

When not using OAEP, the following formula and table can be referenced. (RSA Key Bytes) - (Header Bytes) = Length of data, where Header Bytes is always 11.

RSA Key Length (bits)Length (bits)Length (bytes)
1024 936 117
2048 1960 245
3072 2984 373
4096 4008 501

When using OAEP, the following formula and table can be referenced. (RSA Key Bytes) - (2 * Hash Length Bytes) - 2 = Length of data. The table below assumes SHA-256 for the hash, so Hash Length Bytes is 32.

RSA Key Length (bits)Length (bits)Length (bytes)
1024 496 62
2048 1520 190
3072 2544 318
4096 3568 446

Reset Method (RSA Module)

Resets the component.

Syntax

public func reset() throws -> Void
- (void)reset;

Remarks

When called, the class will reset all of its properties to their default values.

Sign Method (RSA Module)

Creates a hash signature.

Syntax

public func sign() throws -> Void
- (void)sign;

Remarks

This method will create a hash signature.

Before calling this method specify the input file by setting InputFile or InputMessage.

A key is required to create the hash signature. You may create a new key by calling CreateKey, or specify an existing key pair in Key. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting Certificate. When this method is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue. It will then create the hash signature using the specified Key and populate HashSignature.

To create the hash signature without first computing the hash simply specify HashValue before calling this method.

The Progress event will fire with updates for the hash computation progress only. The hash signature creation process is quick and does not require progress updates.

VerifySignature Method (RSA Module)

Verifies the signature for the specified data.

Syntax

public func verifySignature() throws -> Bool
- (BOOL)verifySignature;

Remarks

This method will verify a hash signature.

Before calling this method specify the input file by setting InputFile or InputMessage.

A public key and the hash signature are required to perform the signature verification. Specify the public key in SignerKey. Alternatively, a certificate may be specified by setting SignerCert. Specify the hash signature in HashSignature.

When this method is called the class will compute the hash for the specified file and populate HashValue. It will verify the signature using the specified SignerKey and HashSignature.

To verify the hash signature without first computing the hash simply specify HashValue before calling this method.

The Progress event will fire with updates for the hash computation progress only. The hash signature verification process is quick and does not require progress updates.

Error Event (RSA Module)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

func onError(errorCode: Int32, description: String)
- (void)onError:(int)errorCode :(NSString*)description;

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the class .

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

Progress Event (RSA Module)

Fired as progress is made.

Syntax

func onProgress(bytesProcessed: Int64, percentProcessed: Int32)
- (void)onProgress:(long long)bytesProcessed :(int)percentProcessed;

Remarks

This event is fired automatically as data is processed by the class.

The PercentProcessed parameter indicates the current status of the operation.

The BytesProcessed parameter holds the total number of bytes processed so far.

RSAKey Type

Contains the typical parameters for the RSA algorithm.

Remarks

This type is made up of fields that represent the private and public key parameters used by the RSA algorithm.

RSA Keys

A RSA key is made up of a number of individual parameters.

The public key consists of the following parameters:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyExponent

The class also includes the KeyPublicKey property which holds the PEM formatted public key for ease of use. This is helpful if you are in control of both sides of the encryption/signing and decryption/signature verification process. When sending the public key to a recipient note that not all implementations will support using the PEM formatted value in KeyPublicKey in which case the individual parameters must be sent.

The private key may be represented in one of two ways. Both are mathematically equivalent. Private key format 1:

  • KeyModulus
  • KeyP
  • KeyQ
  • KeyDP
  • KeyDQ
Private key format 2 is simpler but has decreased performance when decrypting and signing. This format is:
  • KeyModulus
  • KeyD
The class also include the KeyPrivateKey property which holds the PEM formatted private key for ease of use. This is helpful for storing the private key more easily.

Fields

dB
Data

Represents the D parameter for the RSA algorithm.

d
String

Represents the D parameter for the RSA algorithm.

dpB
Data

Represents the DP parameter for the RSA algorithm.

dp
String

Represents the DP parameter for the RSA algorithm.

dqB
Data

Represents the DQ parameter for the RSA algorithm.

dq
String

Represents the DQ parameter for the RSA algorithm.

exponentB
Data

Represents the Exponent parameter for the RSA algorithm.

exponent
String

Represents the Exponent parameter for the RSA algorithm.

inverseQB
Data

Represents the InverseQ parameter for the RSA algorithm. This parameter is optional and is automatically calculated as necessary.

inverseQ
String

Represents the InverseQ parameter for the RSA algorithm. This parameter is optional and is automatically calculated as necessary.

modulusB
Data

Represents the Modulus parameter for the RSA algorithm.

modulus
String

Represents the Modulus parameter for the RSA algorithm.

pB
Data

Represents the P parameter for the RSA algorithm.

p
String

Represents the P parameter for the RSA algorithm.

privateKey
String

This property is a PEM formatted private key. The purpose of this property is to allow easier management of the private key parameters by using only a single value.

publicKey
String

This property is a PEM formatted public key. The purpose of this property is to allow easier management of the public key parameters by using only a single value.

qB
Data

Represents the Q parameter for the RSA algorithm.

q
String

Represents the Q parameter for the RSA algorithm.

Constructors

public init()

The default constructor creates a new RSAKey instance but does not assign a public or private key.

public init(modulus: , exponent: )

The public key constructor assigns an existing public key.

public init(modulus: , d: , p: , q: , dP: , dQ: )

The private key constructor assigns an existing private key. Any valid combination of parameters representing a private key may be supplied. See the description at the top of this page for details on RSA private key formats.

Config Settings (RSA Module)

The class accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the class, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

RSA Config Settings

KeyFormat:   How the public and private key are formatted.

This setting controls the format of KeyPublicKey and KeyPrivateKey. By default these properties hold PEM formatted public and private key data. When set to 1 (XML) the keys are stored in a XML format. This only affects the values returned by the class; the actual keys remain the same regardless of this setting. Possible values are:

  • 0 (PEM - PKCS#1)
  • 1 (XML)
  • 2 (PEM - PKCS#8 - default)
The default value is 2 (PEM - PKCS#8).
KeySize:   The size, in bits, of the secret key.

This specifies the size, in bits, of the secret key. The minimum key size for RSA is 384. The maximum key size is 4096. Note that large values such as 4096 will impact performance. The default value is 1024.

OAEPMGF1HashAlgorithm:   The MGF1 hash algorithm used with OAEP.

This configuration setting specifies the MGF1 hash algorithm used when UseOAEP is set to True. The default value is SHA256. Possible values are as follows:

  • "SHA1"
  • "SHA224"
  • "SHA256" (default)
  • "SHA384"
  • "SHA512"
  • "RIPEMD160"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5"
  • "MD5SHA1"
OAEPParams:   The hex encoded OAEP parameters.

This configuration setting optionally specifies OAEP parameters to be used when UseOAEP is set to True. The specified value should be hex encoded.

OAEPRSAHashAlgorithm:   The RSA hash algorithm used with OAEP.

This configuration setting specifies that RSA hash algorithm used when UseOAEP is set to True. The default value is SHA256. Possible values are as follows:

  • "SHA1"
  • "SHA224"
  • "SHA256" (default)
  • "SHA384"
  • "SHA512"
  • "RIPEMD160"
  • "MD2"
  • "MD5"
  • "MD5SHA1"

Base Config Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a class is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
  • Last Valid Build: The last valid build number for which the license will work.
UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the class whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the class will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions where applicable. Setting this to tells the class to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (RSA Module)

RSA Errors

102   No Key specified.
104   Cannot read or write file.
105   key parameters incorrect.
106   Cannot create hash.
111   OutputFile already exists and Overwrite is False.
113   Input data or HashValue must be specified.
121   Invalid certificate.
124   HashSignature must be specified.
304   Cannot write file.
305   Cannot read file.
306   Cannot create file.
1101   Missing RSA parameter: Modulus
1102   Invalid RSA parameter: Modulus cannot be zero.
1103   Missing RSA parameters: Public or Private exponent must be present.
1104   Invalid RSA parameter: Exponent cannot be zero.
1105   Invalid RSA parameter: D cannot be zero.
1106   Invalid hash algorithm.
1107   Missing hash value.
1108   HashSignature must be specified.
1109   Invalid hash size.
1110   Public key must be specified.
1111   Key must be specified.
1112   RSA key too short to sign message.
1113   Missing the data to encrypt/decrypt.
1114   Invalid cipher length. The data may not have been encrypted with the public key corresponding to the specified private key data.
1115   Invalid cipher text. The data may not have been encrypted with the public key corresponding to the specified private key data.
1116   Inadequate padding. The data may not have been encrypted with the public key corresponding to the specified private key data.
1117   Missing delimiter. The data may not have been encrypted with the public key corresponding to the specified private key data.
1118   Message too long.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks Encrypt 2022 macOS Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8369]