Docs

IPWorks 2022 C++ Builder Edition

Version 22.0 [Build 8171]

JSON Component

Properties   Methods   Events   Configuration Settings   Errors  

The JSON component can be used to parse and write JSON documents.

Syntax

TipwJSON

Remarks

The JSON component offers a fast and simple way to parse and write information in JSON documents.

Parsing JSON

The JSON component parses JSON documents and verifies that they are well-formed. The results are provided through a set of events.

In addition, the document structure may be queried through an XPath mechanism that supports a subset of the XPath and JSONPath specification.

The parser is optimized for read applications, with a very fast engine that builds internal DOM structures with close to zero heap allocations. Additionally, BuildDOM can be set to False which reduces the overhead of creating the DOM and offers a fast forward-only parsing implementation which fires events to provide the parsed data.

When parsing a document events will fire to provide information about the parsed data. After Parse returns the document may be navigated by setting XPath if BuildDOM is True (default). If BuildDOM is False parsed data is only accessible through the events.

The following events will fire during parsing:

If BuildDOM is True (default), XPath may be set after this method returns. XPath may be set to navigate to specific elements within the JSON document. This will be the path to a specified value within the document. Since arrays in JSON only contain values, and no associated object name, an empty name will be used for these values. To reach an array element at position 1, the path must be set to "[1]". In addition, a root element named "json" will be added to each JSON document in the parser.

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

The XPath property accepts both XPath and JSONPath formats. Please see notes below on both formats.

XPath

The path is a series of one or more element accessors separated by '/'. The path can be absolute (starting with '/') or relative to the current XPath location.

The following are possible values for an element accessor:

'name'A particular element name.
[i]The i-th subelement of the current element.
..the parent of the current element.

When XPath is set to a valid path the following properties are updated:

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

Simple JSON document

{
  "firstlevel": {
    "one": "value",
    "two": ["first", "second"],
    "three": "value three"
  }
}
Example (Setting XPath)

Document root JsonControl.XPath = "/"
Specific Element JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/one/"
i-th Child JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/two/[i]/"

Note: When using XPath notation the root element is always referred to as "json". As in the above examples this means all paths will begin with "/json".

JSONPath

This property implements a subset of the JSONPath notation. This may be set to point to a specific element in the JSON document.

The JSONPath is a series of one or more accessors in either dot-notation

$.store.book[0].title
Or bracket-notation
$['store']['book'][0]['title']

After setting XPath the following properties are populated:

Examples

Given the following JSON document:

{
    "store": {
        "book": [
            {
                "category": "reference",
                "author": "Nigel Rees",
                "title": "Sayings of the Century",
                "price": 8.95
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
                "title": "Sword of Honour",
                "price": 12.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Herman Melville",
                "title": "Moby Dick",
                "isbn": "0-553-21311-3",
                "price": 8.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "J. R. R. Tolkien",
                "title": "The Lord of the Rings",
                "isbn": "0-395-19395-8",
                "price": 22.99
            }
        ],
        "bicycle": {
            "color": "red",
            "price": 19.95
        }
    },
}
The following code shows several examples.

Get the first book's author:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0].author"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //"Nigel Rees" Select the first book and inspect the children:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine("Child Count: " + json.XChildren.Count); Console.WriteLine(json.XChildren[1].Name + ": " + json.XChildren[1].XText); //Output //Child Count: 4 //author: "Nigel Rees" Get the price of the second book:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][1]['price']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //12.99 Get the second to last book's author:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][last() - 1]['author']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); Console.WriteLine(json.XPath); //Note that "last() - 1" is resolved to "3". //Output //"Herman Melville" //$['store']['book'][3]['author'] Display the full subtree at the current path:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine(json.XSubTree); //Output // { // "category": "reference", // "author": "Nigel Rees", // "title": "Sayings of the Century", // "price": 8.95 // }

Input Properties

The component will determine the source of the input based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops.

If parsing multiple documents call Reset between documents to reset the parser.

Writing JSON

The JSON component can also be used to create a JSON document.

The document is written to the selected output property. In addition as the document is written, the JSON event will fire. The Text event parameter contains the part of the document currently being written.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Example

Writing a simple JSON document describing a pet: Json json = new Json(); json.OutputFile = "C:\\temp\\fido.json"; json.StartObject(); json.PutProperty("name", "fido", 2); json.PutName("previousOwners"); json.StartArray(); json.PutValue("Steve Widgetson", 2); json.PutValue("Wanda Widgetson", 2); json.PutValue("Randy Cooper", 2); json.PutValue("Linda Glover", 2); json.EndArray(); json.PutProperty("weightUnit", "lbs", 2); json.PutProperty("weight", "62", 3); json.EndObject(); json.Flush();

This example results in the following JSON:

{
  "name": "fido",
  "previousOwners": [
    "Steve Widgetson",
    "Wanda Widgetson",
    "Randy Cooper",
    "Linda Glover"
  ],
  "weightUnit": "lbs",
  "weight": 62
}

When writing multiple documents call Reset between documents to reset the writer.

Modifying JSON

The JSON component also allows for modifying existing JSON documents. After loading a JSON document with Parse the document may be editted. The component supports inserting new values, renaming or overwriting existing values, and removing values. After editting is complete call Save to output the updated JSON document.

The following methods are applicable when modifying a JSON document:

When Save is called the modified JSON is written to the specified output location.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Inserting New Values

To insert new values in a JSON document first load the existing document with Parse. Next set XPath to the sibling or parent of the data to be inserted. Call InsertProperty or InsertValue and pass the ValueType and Position parameters to indicate the type of data being inserted and the position.

The ValueType parameter of the above methods specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

The Position parameter of the above methods specifies the position of Value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Before the current element)
  • 1 (After the current element)
  • 2 (The first child of the current element)
  • 3 (The last child of the current element)

For example:

Given the following JSON:

{
    "store": {
        "books": [
            {
                "category": "reference",
                "author": "Nigel Rees",
                "title": "Sayings of the Century",
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
                "title": "Sword of Honour",
            }
        ]    
    }
}

Insert a new property "price" for each book:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.InsertProperty("price", "8.95", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]"; json.InsertProperty("price", "12.99", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To add a new book to the array:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books"; json.InsertValue("", 0, 3); //0 - Object, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]"; json.InsertProperty("category", "fiction", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("author", "Herman Melville", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("title", "Moby Dick", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("price", "8.99", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To add a new array property to each book:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/tags"; json.InsertValue("quotes", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("british", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/tags"; json.InsertValue("trilogy", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("war", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]/tags"; json.InsertValue("classic", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("whales", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Producse the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["quotes", "british"],
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

Removing Values

To remove existing values set XPath and call the Remove method. Continuing with the example above, to remove the first book: json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.Remove(); json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To remove the "category" properties from each book: json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/category"; json.Remove(); json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/category"; json.Remove(); json.Save(); Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

Updating Existing Names and Values

The SetName and SetValue methods may be used to modify existing names and values. Continuing with the JSON directly above, to rename "tags" to "meta" and update values within the array and prices:

//Rename "tags" to "meta" for 1st book json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/tags"; json.SetName("meta"); //Update Price json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/price"; json.SetValue("13.99", 3); //3 - Number //Rename "tags" to "meta" for 2nd book json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/tags"; json.SetName("meta"); //Update tag "whales" to "revenge" json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/meta/[2]"; json.SetValue("revenge", 2); //2 - String //Update Price json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/price"; json.SetValue("9.99", 3); //3 - Number json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "meta": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 13.99
    },
    {
      "meta": ["classic", "revenge"],
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 9.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

Property List


The following is the full list of the properties of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

BuildDOMWhen True, an internal object model of the JSON document is created.
InputDataThe JSON data to parse.
InputFileThe file to process.
OutputDataThe output JSON after processing.
OutputFileThe path to a local file where the output will be written.
OverwriteIndicates whether or not the component should overwrite files.
ValidateWhen True, the parser checks that the document consists of well-formed XML.
XChildCountThe number of records in the XChild arrays.
XChildElementTypeThe ElementType property indicates the data type of the element.
XChildNameThe Name property provides the name of the element.
XChildXTextThis property contains the text of the element.
XElementThe name of the current element.
XElementTypeIndicates the data type of the current element.
XErrorPathAn XPath to check the server response for errors.
XParentThe parent of the current element.
XPathProvides a way to point to a specific element in the response.
XSubTreeA snapshot of the current element in the document.
XTextThe text of the current element.

Method List


The following is the full list of the methods of the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

ConfigSets or retrieves a configuration setting.
EndArrayWrites the closing bracket of a JSON array.
EndObjectWrites the closing brace of a JSON object.
FlushFlushes the parser's or writer's buffers.
HasXPathDetermines whether a specific element exists in the document.
InsertPropertyThis method inserts the specified name and value at the selected position.
InsertValueThis method inserts the specified value at the selected position.
ParseThis method parses the specified JSON data.
PutNameWrites the name of a property.
PutPropertyWrite a property and value.
PutRawWrites a raw JSON fragment.
PutValueWrites a value of a property.
RemoveRemoves the element or value set in XPath.
ResetResets the component.
SaveSaves the modified JSON document.
SetElementNameSets a new name for the element specified by XPath.
SetValueSets a new value for the element specified by XPath.
StartArrayWrites the opening bracket of a JSON array.
StartObjectWrites the opening brace of a JSON object.
TryXPathNavigates to the specified XPath if it exists.

Event List


The following is the full list of the events fired by the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CharactersFired for plain text segments of the input stream.
EndDocumentFires when the end of a JSON document is encountered.
EndElementFired when an end-element tag is encountered.
ErrorInformation about errors during data delivery.
IgnorableWhitespaceFired when a section of ignorable whitespace is encountered.
JSONFires with the JSON data being written.
StartDocumentFires when the start of a new JSON document is encountered.
StartElementFired when a new element is encountered in the document.

Configuration Settings


The following is a list of configuration settings for the component with short descriptions. Click on the links for further details.

CacheContentIf true, the original JSON is stored internally in a buffer.
ElementXPathThe XPath value for the current element in the document.
EscapeForwardSlashesWhether to escape forward slashes when writing a JSON object.
InputFormatSpecifies the input format used in JSON streaming.
PrettyPrintDetermines whether output is on one line or "pretty printed".
RecordEndDelimiterThe character sequence after the end of a JSON document.
RecordStartDelimiterThe character sequence before the start of a JSON document.
StringProcessingOptionsDefines options to use when processing string values.
XPathNotationSpecifies the expected format when setting XPath.
BuildInfoInformation about the product's build.
CodePageThe system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.
LicenseInfoInformation about the current license.
UseInternalSecurityAPITells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

BuildDOM Property (JSON Component)

When True, an internal object model of the JSON document is created.

Syntax

__property bool BuildDOM = { read=FBuildDOM, write=FSetBuildDOM };

Default Value

true

Remarks

Set this property to True when you need to browse the current document through XPath.

Data Type

Boolean

InputData Property (JSON Component)

The JSON data to parse.

Syntax

__property String InputData = { read=FInputData, write=FSetInputData };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the JSON to be processed. Set this property before calling Parse.

This may be set to a complete JSON document, or partial data. When setting partial data call Parse after each chunk of data is set. For instance:

//Parse the following in chunks: { "data": 1} json.InputData = "{ \"data\"" json.Parse(); json.InputData = ": 1}" json.Parse();

Input Properties

The component will determine the source of the input based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops.

Data Type

String

InputFile Property (JSON Component)

The file to process.

Syntax

__property String InputFile = { read=FInputFile, write=FSetInputFile };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to be processed. Set this property to the full or relative path to the file which will be processed.

After setting this property call Parse to parse the document.

Input Properties

The component will determine the source of the input based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops.

Data Type

String

OutputData Property (JSON Component)

The output JSON after processing.

Syntax

__property String OutputData = { read=FOutputData, write=FSetOutputData };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the resultant JSON after processing.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Data Type

String

OutputFile Property (JSON Component)

The path to a local file where the output will be written.

Syntax

__property String OutputFile = { read=FOutputFile, write=FSetOutputFile };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property specifies the file to which the output will be written. This may be set to an absolute or relative path.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Data Type

String

Overwrite Property (JSON Component)

Indicates whether or not the component should overwrite files.

Syntax

__property bool Overwrite = { read=FOverwrite, write=FSetOverwrite };

Default Value

false

Remarks

This property indicates whether or not the component will overwrite OutputFile. If Overwrite is False, an error will be thrown whenever OutputFile exists before an operation. The default value is False.

Data Type

Boolean

Validate Property (JSON Component)

When True, the parser checks that the document consists of well-formed XML.

Syntax

__property bool Validate = { read=FValidate, write=FSetValidate };

Default Value

true

Remarks

You can set Validate to False when you want to ignore XML format rules (e.g. while parsing HTML files).

Data Type

Boolean

XChildCount Property (JSON Component)

The number of records in the XChild arrays.

Syntax

__property int XChildCount = { read=FXChildCount, write=FSetXChildCount };

Default Value

0

Remarks

This property controls the size of the following arrays:

The array indices start at 0 and end at XChildCount - 1.

This property is not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

XChildElementType Property (JSON Component)

The ElementType property indicates the data type of the element.

Syntax

__property TipwJSONXChildElementTypes XChildElementType[int XChildIndex] = { read=FXChildElementType };
enum TipwJSONXChildElementTypes { etObject=0, etArray=1, etString=2, etNumber=3, etBool=4, etNull=5 };

Default Value

etObject,

Remarks

The XChildElementType property indicates the data type of the element.

Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

The XChildIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the XChildCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

Integer

XChildName Property (JSON Component)

The Name property provides the name of the element.

Syntax

__property String XChildName[int XChildIndex] = { read=FXChildName };

Default Value

""

Remarks

The XChildName property provides the name of the element. For elements within an array, the XChildName property will be empty.

The XChildIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the XChildCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

XChildXText Property (JSON Component)

This property contains the text of the element.

Syntax

__property String XChildXText[int XChildIndex] = { read=FXChildXText };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the text of the element.

The XChildIndex parameter specifies the index of the item in the array. The size of the array is controlled by the XChildCount property.

This property is read-only and not available at design time.

Data Type

String

XElement Property (JSON Component)

The name of the current element.

Syntax

__property String XElement = { read=FXElement, write=FSetXElement };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the name of the current element. The current element is specified via the XPath property.

Data Type

String

XElementType Property (JSON Component)

Indicates the data type of the current element.

Syntax

__property TipwJSONXElementTypes XElementType = { read=FXElementType };
enum TipwJSONXElementTypes { etObject=0, etArray=1, etString=2, etNumber=3, etBool=4, etNull=5 };

Default Value

etObject,

Remarks

This property specifies the data type of the current element. After setting XPath this property is populated. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

Note: This property is not applicable when parsing a document and BuildDOM is False.

This property is read-only.

Data Type

Integer

XErrorPath Property (JSON Component)

An XPath to check the server response for errors.

Syntax

__property String XErrorPath = { read=FXErrorPath, write=FSetXErrorPath };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains an XPath to check the server response for errors. If the XPath exists, an exception will be thrown containing the value of the element at the path.

Data Type

String

XParent Property (JSON Component)

The parent of the current element.

Syntax

__property String XParent = { read=FXParent };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the parent of the current element. The current element is specified via the XPath property.

This property is read-only.

Data Type

String

XPath Property (JSON Component)

Provides a way to point to a specific element in the response.

Syntax

__property String XPath = { read=FXPath, write=FSetXPath };

Default Value

""

Remarks

XPath may be set to navigate to specific elements within the JSON document. This will be the path to a specified value within the document. Since arrays in JSON only contain values, and no associated object name, an empty name will be used for these values. To reach an array element at position 1, the path must be set to "[1]". In addition, a root element named "json" will be added to each JSON document in the parser.

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

The XPath property accepts both XPath and JSONPath formats. Please see notes below on both formats.

XPath

The path is a series of one or more element accessors separated by '/'. The path can be absolute (starting with '/') or relative to the current XPath location.

The following are possible values for an element accessor:

'name'A particular element name.
[i]The i-th subelement of the current element.
..the parent of the current element.

When XPath is set to a valid path the following properties are updated:

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

Simple JSON document

{
  "firstlevel": {
    "one": "value",
    "two": ["first", "second"],
    "three": "value three"
  }
}
Example (Setting XPath)

Document root JsonControl.XPath = "/"
Specific Element JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/one/"
i-th Child JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/two/[i]/"

Note: When using XPath notation the root element is always referred to as "json". As in the above examples this means all paths will begin with "/json".

JSONPath

This property implements a subset of the JSONPath notation. This may be set to point to a specific element in the JSON document.

The JSONPath is a series of one or more accessors in either dot-notation

$.store.book[0].title
Or bracket-notation
$['store']['book'][0]['title']

After setting XPath the following properties are populated:

Examples

Given the following JSON document:

{
    "store": {
        "book": [
            {
                "category": "reference",
                "author": "Nigel Rees",
                "title": "Sayings of the Century",
                "price": 8.95
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
                "title": "Sword of Honour",
                "price": 12.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Herman Melville",
                "title": "Moby Dick",
                "isbn": "0-553-21311-3",
                "price": 8.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "J. R. R. Tolkien",
                "title": "The Lord of the Rings",
                "isbn": "0-395-19395-8",
                "price": 22.99
            }
        ],
        "bicycle": {
            "color": "red",
            "price": 19.95
        }
    },
}
The following code shows several examples.

Get the first book's author:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0].author"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //"Nigel Rees" Select the first book and inspect the children:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine("Child Count: " + json.XChildren.Count); Console.WriteLine(json.XChildren[1].Name + ": " + json.XChildren[1].XText); //Output //Child Count: 4 //author: "Nigel Rees" Get the price of the second book:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][1]['price']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //12.99 Get the second to last book's author:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][last() - 1]['author']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); Console.WriteLine(json.XPath); //Note that "last() - 1" is resolved to "3". //Output //"Herman Melville" //$['store']['book'][3]['author'] Display the full subtree at the current path:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine(json.XSubTree); //Output // { // "category": "reference", // "author": "Nigel Rees", // "title": "Sayings of the Century", // "price": 8.95 // }

Data Type

String

XSubTree Property (JSON Component)

A snapshot of the current element in the document.

Syntax

__property String XSubTree = { read=FXSubTree };

Default Value

""

Remarks

The current element is specified via this property. In order for this property to work you must have the CacheContent set to true.

This property is read-only.

Data Type

String

XText Property (JSON Component)

The text of the current element.

Syntax

__property String XText = { read=FXText, write=FSetXText };

Default Value

""

Remarks

This property contains the text of the current element. The current element is specified via the XPath property.

Data Type

String

Config Method (JSON Component)

Sets or retrieves a configuration setting.

Syntax

String __fastcall Config(String ConfigurationString);

Remarks

Config is a generic method available in every component. It is used to set and retrieve configuration settings for the component.

These settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

To set a configuration setting named PROPERTY, you must call Config("PROPERTY=VALUE"), where VALUE is the value of the setting expressed as a string. For boolean values, use the strings "True", "False", "0", "1", "Yes", or "No" (case does not matter).

To read (query) the value of a configuration setting, you must call Config("PROPERTY"). The value will be returned as a string.

EndArray Method (JSON Component)

Writes the closing bracket of a JSON array.

Syntax

void __fastcall EndArray();

Remarks

This method writes the closing bracket of a JSON array to the output. An array must already have been opened by calling StartArray.

EndObject Method (JSON Component)

Writes the closing brace of a JSON object.

Syntax

void __fastcall EndObject();

Remarks

This method writes the closing brace of a JSON object. A object must have previously been started by calling StartObject.

Flush Method (JSON Component)

Flushes the parser's or writer's buffers.

Syntax

void __fastcall Flush();

Remarks

When Flush is called, the component flushes all its buffers, firing events as necessary.

When parsing, then the end state of the JSON is checked. If Validate is also true, the parser verifies that all open elements were closed, returning an error if not.

When writing, the resultant JSON is available in one of the output properties.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

HasXPath Method (JSON Component)

Determines whether a specific element exists in the document.

Syntax

bool __fastcall HasXPath(String XPath);

Remarks

This method determines whether a particular XPath exists within the document. This may be used to check if a path exists before setting it via XPath.

This method returns True if the xpath exists, False if not.

See XPath for details on the XPath syntax.

InsertProperty Method (JSON Component)

This method inserts the specified name and value at the selected position.

Syntax

void __fastcall InsertProperty(String Name, String Value, int ValueType, int Position);

Remarks

This method inserts a property and its corresponding value relative to the element specified by XPath. Before calling this method a valid JSON document must first be loaded by calling Parse.

The Name parameter specifies the name of the property.

The Value parameter specifies the value of the property.

The ValueType parameter specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

The Position parameter specifies the position of Value relative to the element specified by XPath. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Before the current element)
  • 1 (After the current element)
  • 2 (The first child of the current element)
  • 3 (The last child of the current element)

See Save for details.

InsertValue Method (JSON Component)

This method inserts the specified value at the selected position.

Syntax

void __fastcall InsertValue(String Value, int ValueType, int Position);

Remarks

This method inserts a value relative to the element specified by XPath. Before calling this method a valid JSON document must first be loaded by calling Parse.

The Value parameter specifies the value of the property.

The ValueType parameter specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

The Position parameter specifies the position of Value relative to the element specified by XPath. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Before the current element)
  • 1 (After the current element)
  • 2 (The first child of the current element)
  • 3 (The last child of the current element)

See Save for details.

Parse Method (JSON Component)

This method parses the specified JSON data.

Syntax

void __fastcall Parse();

Remarks

This method parses the specified JSON data.

When parsing a document events will fire to provide information about the parsed data. After Parse returns the document may be navigated by setting XPath if BuildDOM is True (default). If BuildDOM is False parsed data is only accessible through the events.

The following events will fire during parsing:

If BuildDOM is True (default), XPath may be set after this method returns. XPath may be set to navigate to specific elements within the JSON document. This will be the path to a specified value within the document. Since arrays in JSON only contain values, and no associated object name, an empty name will be used for these values. To reach an array element at position 1, the path must be set to "[1]". In addition, a root element named "json" will be added to each JSON document in the parser.

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

The XPath property accepts both XPath and JSONPath formats. Please see notes below on both formats.

XPath

The path is a series of one or more element accessors separated by '/'. The path can be absolute (starting with '/') or relative to the current XPath location.

The following are possible values for an element accessor:

'name'A particular element name.
[i]The i-th subelement of the current element.
..the parent of the current element.

When XPath is set to a valid path the following properties are updated:

BuildDOM must be set to True prior to parsing the document for the XPath functionality to be available.

Simple JSON document

{
  "firstlevel": {
    "one": "value",
    "two": ["first", "second"],
    "three": "value three"
  }
}
Example (Setting XPath)

Document root JsonControl.XPath = "/"
Specific Element JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/one/"
i-th Child JsonControl.XPath = "/json/firstlevel/two/[i]/"

Note: When using XPath notation the root element is always referred to as "json". As in the above examples this means all paths will begin with "/json".

JSONPath

This property implements a subset of the JSONPath notation. This may be set to point to a specific element in the JSON document.

The JSONPath is a series of one or more accessors in either dot-notation

$.store.book[0].title
Or bracket-notation
$['store']['book'][0]['title']

After setting XPath the following properties are populated:

Examples

Given the following JSON document:

{
    "store": {
        "book": [
            {
                "category": "reference",
                "author": "Nigel Rees",
                "title": "Sayings of the Century",
                "price": 8.95
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
                "title": "Sword of Honour",
                "price": 12.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Herman Melville",
                "title": "Moby Dick",
                "isbn": "0-553-21311-3",
                "price": 8.99
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "J. R. R. Tolkien",
                "title": "The Lord of the Rings",
                "isbn": "0-395-19395-8",
                "price": 22.99
            }
        ],
        "bicycle": {
            "color": "red",
            "price": 19.95
        }
    },
}
The following code shows several examples.

Get the first book's author:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0].author"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //"Nigel Rees" Select the first book and inspect the children:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine("Child Count: " + json.XChildren.Count); Console.WriteLine(json.XChildren[1].Name + ": " + json.XChildren[1].XText); //Output //Child Count: 4 //author: "Nigel Rees" Get the price of the second book:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][1]['price']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); //Output //12.99 Get the second to last book's author:

json.XPath = "$['store']['book'][last() - 1]['author']"; Console.WriteLine(json.XText); Console.WriteLine(json.XPath); //Note that "last() - 1" is resolved to "3". //Output //"Herman Melville" //$['store']['book'][3]['author'] Display the full subtree at the current path:

json.XPath = "$.store.book[0]"; Console.WriteLine(json.XSubTree); //Output // { // "category": "reference", // "author": "Nigel Rees", // "title": "Sayings of the Century", // "price": 8.95 // }

Input Properties

The component will determine the source of the input based on which properties are set.

The order in which the input properties are checked is as follows:

When a valid source is found the search stops.

If parsing multiple documents call Reset between documents to reset the parser.

PutName Method (JSON Component)

Writes the name of a property.

Syntax

void __fastcall PutName(String Name);

Remarks

This method writes the name of a property. The Name parameter specifies the value to write.

PutProperty Method (JSON Component)

Write a property and value.

Syntax

void __fastcall PutProperty(String Name, String Value, int ValueType);

Remarks

This method writes a property and its corresponding value to the output.

The Name parameter specifies the name of the property.

The Value parameter specifies the value of the property.

The ValueType parameter specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

PutRaw Method (JSON Component)

Writes a raw JSON fragment.

Syntax

void __fastcall PutRaw(String Text);

Remarks

This method writes raw data to the output. This may be used to write any data of any format directly to the output.

PutValue Method (JSON Component)

Writes a value of a property.

Syntax

void __fastcall PutValue(String Value, int ValueType);

Remarks

This method writes the value of a property to the output. The Value parameter specifies the value. The ValueType parameter specifies the type of data. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

Remove Method (JSON Component)

Removes the element or value set in XPath.

Syntax

void __fastcall Remove();

Remarks

This method removes the current object at the specified XPath. This is used when editing previously loaded JSON documents.

See Save for details.

Reset Method (JSON Component)

Resets the component.

Syntax

void __fastcall Reset();

Remarks

This method resets the JSON parser.

Save Method (JSON Component)

Saves the modified JSON document.

Syntax

void __fastcall Save();

Remarks

This method saves the modified JSON data. This is used after editing a previously loaded JSON document.

After loading a JSON document with Parse the document may be editted. The component supports inserting new values, renaming or overwriting existing values, and removing values. After editting is complete call Save to output the updated JSON document.

The following methods are applicable when modifying a JSON document:

When Save is called the modified JSON is written to the specified output location.

Output Properties

The component will determine the destination of the output based on which properties are set.

The order in which the output properties are checked is as follows:

  • OutputFile
  • OutputData: The output data is written to this property if no other destination is specified.

Inserting New Values

To insert new values in a JSON document first load the existing document with Parse. Next set XPath to the sibling or parent of the data to be inserted. Call InsertProperty or InsertValue and pass the ValueType and Position parameters to indicate the type of data being inserted and the position.

The ValueType parameter of the above methods specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

The Position parameter of the above methods specifies the position of Value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Before the current element)
  • 1 (After the current element)
  • 2 (The first child of the current element)
  • 3 (The last child of the current element)

For example:

Given the following JSON:

{
    "store": {
        "books": [
            {
                "category": "reference",
                "author": "Nigel Rees",
                "title": "Sayings of the Century",
            },
            {
                "category": "fiction",
                "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
                "title": "Sword of Honour",
            }
        ]    
    }
}

Insert a new property "price" for each book:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.InsertProperty("price", "8.95", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]"; json.InsertProperty("price", "12.99", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To add a new book to the array:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books"; json.InsertValue("", 0, 3); //0 - Object, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]"; json.InsertProperty("category", "fiction", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("author", "Herman Melville", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("title", "Moby Dick", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertProperty("price", "8.99", 3, 3); //3 - Number, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To add a new array property to each book:

json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/tags"; json.InsertValue("quotes", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("british", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/tags"; json.InsertValue("trilogy", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("war", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]"; json.InsertProperty("tags", "", 1, 2); //1 - Array, 2 - First Child json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[3]/tags"; json.InsertValue("classic", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.InsertValue("whales", 2, 3); //2 - String, 3 - Last Child json.Save();

Producse the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["quotes", "british"],
      "category": "reference",
      "author": "Nigel Rees",
      "title": "Sayings of the Century",
      "price": 8.95
    },
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

Removing Values

To remove existing values set XPath and call the Remove method. Continuing with the example above, to remove the first book: json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]"; json.Remove(); json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "category": "fiction",
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

To remove the "category" properties from each book: json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/category"; json.Remove(); json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/category"; json.Remove(); json.Save(); Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "tags": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 12.99
    },
    {
      "tags": ["classic", "whales"],
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 8.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

Updating Existing Names and Values

The SetName and SetValue methods may be used to modify existing names and values. Continuing with the JSON directly above, to rename "tags" to "meta" and update values within the array and prices:

//Rename "tags" to "meta" for 1st book json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/tags"; json.SetName("meta"); //Update Price json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[1]/price"; json.SetValue("13.99", 3); //3 - Number //Rename "tags" to "meta" for 2nd book json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/tags"; json.SetName("meta"); //Update tag "whales" to "revenge" json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/meta/[2]"; json.SetValue("revenge", 2); //2 - String //Update Price json.XPath = "/json/store/books/[2]/price"; json.SetValue("9.99", 3); //3 - Number json.Save();

Produces the JSON:

{
  "store": {
    "books": [
    {
      "meta": ["trilogy", "war"],
      "author": "Evelyn Waugh",
      "title": "Sword of Honour",
      "price": 13.99
    },
    {
      "meta": ["classic", "revenge"],
      "author": "Herman Melville",
      "title": "Moby Dick",
      "price": 9.99
    }
    ]
  }
}

SetElementName Method (JSON Component)

Sets a new name for the element specified by XPath.

Syntax

void __fastcall SetElementName(String Name);

Remarks

SetValue Method (JSON Component)

Sets a new value for the element specified by XPath.

Syntax

void __fastcall SetValue(String Value, int ValueType);

Remarks

This method sets a new value for the element specified in XPath. This is used to modify an existing JSON document.

Value specifies the new value.

ValueType specifies the type of the value. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Object)
  • 1 (Array)
  • 2 (String)
  • 3 (Number)
  • 4 (Bool)
  • 5 (Null)
  • 6 (Raw)

See Save for details.

StartArray Method (JSON Component)

Writes the opening bracket of a JSON array.

Syntax

void __fastcall StartArray();

Remarks

This method writes the opening bracket of a JSON array to the output. To close the array call EndArray.

StartObject Method (JSON Component)

Writes the opening brace of a JSON object.

Syntax

void __fastcall StartObject();

Remarks

This method writes the opening brace of a JSON object to the output. To close the object call EndObject.

TryXPath Method (JSON Component)

Navigates to the specified XPath if it exists.

Syntax

bool __fastcall TryXPath(String xpath);

Remarks

This method will attempt to navigate to the specified XPath parameter if it exists within the document.

If the XPath exists the XPath property will be updated and this method returns True.

If the XPath does not exist the XPath property is not updated and this method returns False.

Characters Event (JSON Component)

Fired for plain text segments of the input stream.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  String Text;

} TipwJSONCharactersEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONCharactersEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONCharactersEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONCharactersEvent OnCharacters = { read=FOnCharacters, write=FOnCharacters };

Remarks

The Characters event provides the plain text content of the JSON document (i.e. the text inside the elements). The text is provided through the Text parameter.

The text includes white space as well as end of line characters, except for ignorable whitespace which is fired through the IgnorableWhitespace event.

EndDocument Event (JSON Component)

Fires when the end of a JSON document is encountered.

Syntax

typedef struct {
} TipwJSONEndDocumentEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONEndDocumentEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONEndDocumentEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONEndDocumentEvent OnEndDocument = { read=FOnEndDocument, write=FOnEndDocument };

Remarks

This event fires when parsing of a JSON document ends. This event may fire multiple times if InputFormat is set to a value which accepts multiple JSON documents.

EndElement Event (JSON Component)

Fired when an end-element tag is encountered.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  String Element;

} TipwJSONEndElementEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONEndElementEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONEndElementEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONEndElementEvent OnEndElement = { read=FOnEndElement, write=FOnEndElement };

Remarks

The EndElement event is fired when the end of an element is found in the document.

The element name is provided by the Element parameter.

Error Event (JSON Component)

Information about errors during data delivery.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  int ErrorCode;

  String Description;

} TipwJSONErrorEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONErrorEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONErrorEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONErrorEvent OnError = { read=FOnError, write=FOnError };

Remarks

The Error event is fired in case of exceptional conditions during message processing. Normally the component raises an exception.

ErrorCode contains an error code and Description contains a textual description of the error. For a list of valid error codes and their descriptions, please refer to the Error Codes section.

IgnorableWhitespace Event (JSON Component)

Fired when a section of ignorable whitespace is encountered.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  String Text;

} TipwJSONIgnorableWhitespaceEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONIgnorableWhitespaceEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONIgnorableWhitespaceEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONIgnorableWhitespaceEvent OnIgnorableWhitespace = { read=FOnIgnorableWhitespace, write=FOnIgnorableWhitespace };

Remarks

The ignorable whitespace section is provided by the Text parameter.

JSON Event (JSON Component)

Fires with the JSON data being written.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  String Text;

} TipwJSONJSONEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONJSONEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONJSONEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONJSONEvent OnJSON = { read=FOnJSON, write=FOnJSON };

Remarks

This event fires when output data is written.

Text contains the JSON data currently being written.

StartDocument Event (JSON Component)

Fires when the start of a new JSON document is encountered.

Syntax

typedef struct {
} TipwJSONStartDocumentEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONStartDocumentEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONStartDocumentEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONStartDocumentEvent OnStartDocument = { read=FOnStartDocument, write=FOnStartDocument };

Remarks

This event fires when parsing of a JSON document begins. This event may fire multiple times if InputFormat is set to a value which accepts multiple JSON documents.

StartElement Event (JSON Component)

Fired when a new element is encountered in the document.

Syntax

typedef struct {
  String Element;

} TipwJSONStartElementEventParams;

typedef void __fastcall (__closure *TipwJSONStartElementEvent)(System::TObject* Sender, TipwJSONStartElementEventParams *e);

__property TipwJSONStartElementEvent OnStartElement = { read=FOnStartElement, write=FOnStartElement };

Remarks

The StartElement event is fired when a new element is found in the document.

The element name is provided through the Element parameter.

Configuration Settings (JSON Component)

The component accepts one or more of the following configuration settings. Configuration settings are similar in functionality to properties, but they are rarely used. In order to avoid "polluting" the property namespace of the component, access to these internal properties is provided through the Config method.

JSON Configuration Settings

CacheContent:   If true, the original JSON is stored internally in a buffer.

This config controls whether or not the component retains the entire original JSON data in a buffer. This is used to retain the original JSON as opposed to returning generated JSON after parsing. The default value is true.

ElementXPath:   The XPath value for the current element in the document.

This setting holds the current XPath value when the document is parsed. When queried from inside the StartElement event, the corresponding element's XPath value will be returned. For instance:

string elementXPath = json.Config("ElementXPath");

Note: The BuildDOM property must be set to false.

EscapeForwardSlashes:   Whether to escape forward slashes when writing a JSON object.

This setting specifies whether forward slashes (/) are escaped when creating a JSON object using the component. This does not affect parsing of JSON, only when JSON values are written.

InputFormat:   Specifies the input format used in JSON streaming.

This setting specifies how JSON documents are formatted as they are input to the component. This setting is designed for use when data is provided via JSON streaming. This means multiple documents may be parsed by the component. This setting is only applicable when BuildDOM is set to False. Possible values are:

Value Description
0 (None - default) Only a single JSON document is expected. Use this when a single JSON document is being parsed (most cases).
1 (Line Delimited) Multiple documents are separated by Cr, Lf, or CrLf character sequences.
2 (Record Separated) A defined start and end delimiter separate documents. See RecordStartDelimiter and RecordEndDelimiter.
3 (Concatenated) New documented begin immediately after the previous documents end, there are no characters or delimiters which separate the documents.

PrettyPrint:   Determines whether output is on one line or "pretty printed".

The value of this configuration setting determines whether output is generated as a single line of JSON or multiple, "pretty printed" lines. For a better understanding please take the example code below: json.Config("PrettyPrint=true"); // false json.StartObject(); json.PutName("data"); json.StartObject(); json.PutProperty("id", "3", 3); json.PutProperty("first_name", "Emma", 2); json.PutProperty("last_name", "Wong", 2); json.PutProperty("avatar", "https://s3.amazonaws.com/uifaces/faces/twitter/olegpogodaev/128.jpg", 2); json.EndObject(); json.EndObject(); json.Flush(); Console.WriteLine(json.OutputData); With PrettyPrint set to False (the default) the output would be this:

{"data":{"id":3,"first_name":"Emma","last_name":"Wong","avatar":"https:\/\/s3.amazonaws.com\/uifaces\/faces\/twitter\/olegpogodaev\/128.jpg"}}
With PrettyPrint set to True the output would instead be this:
{
  "data": {
    "id": 3,
    "first_name": "Emma",
    "last_name": "Wong",
    "avatar": "https:\/\/s3.amazonaws.com\/uifaces\/faces\/twitter\/olegpogodaev\/128.jpg"
  }
}
The default value is False.
RecordEndDelimiter:   The character sequence after the end of a JSON document.

This setting is used in conjunction with InputFormat to specify the character sequence that is expected after the end of a JSON document.

RecordStartDelimiter:   The character sequence before the start of a JSON document.

This setting is used in conjunction with InputFormat to specify the character sequence that is expected before the start of a JSON document.

StringProcessingOptions:   Defines options to use when processing string values.

This setting determines what additional processing is performed on string values during parsing. By default no additional processing is performed and the string is returned as is from the document. Strings may also be unquoted, unescaped, or both. Possible values are:

0 (none - default)No additional processing is performed.
1 (unquote) Strings are unquoted.
2 (unescape) Any escaped sequences are unescaped.
3 (unquote and unescape) Values are both unquoted and unescaped.

For instance, given the JSON element:

"example" : "value\ntest"
The following table shows the resulting value for the XText of the element.

StringProcessingOptionOutput
0 (none)
"value\ntest"
1 (unquote)
value\ntest
2 (unescape)
"value
test"
3 (unquote and unescape)
value
test

XPathNotation:   Specifies the expected format when setting XPath.

This setting optionally specifies the expected input format when setting XPath. Possible values are:

  • 0 (Auto - default)
  • 1 (XPath)
  • 2 (JSONPath)
In most cases the default of 0 (Auto) is sufficient. The component will determine whether the path value is in XPath or JSONPath format automatically. If desired the type may be explicitly set to either XPath or JSONPath using the values above.

Base Configuration Settings

BuildInfo:   Information about the product's build.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the product's build.

CodePage:   The system code page used for Unicode to Multibyte translations.

The default code page is Unicode UTF-8 (65001).

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers:

IdentifierName
037IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada
437OEM - United States
500IBM EBCDIC - International
708Arabic - ASMO 708
709Arabic - ASMO 449+, BCON V4
710Arabic - Transparent Arabic
720Arabic - Transparent ASMO
737OEM - Greek (formerly 437G)
775OEM - Baltic
850OEM - Multilingual Latin I
852OEM - Latin II
855OEM - Cyrillic (primarily Russian)
857OEM - Turkish
858OEM - Multilingual Latin I + Euro symbol
860OEM - Portuguese
861OEM - Icelandic
862OEM - Hebrew
863OEM - Canadian-French
864OEM - Arabic
865OEM - Nordic
866OEM - Russian
869OEM - Modern Greek
870IBM EBCDIC - Multilingual/ROECE (Latin-2)
874ANSI/OEM - Thai (same as 28605, ISO 8859-15)
875IBM EBCDIC - Modern Greek
932ANSI/OEM - Japanese, Shift-JIS
936ANSI/OEM - Simplified Chinese (PRC, Singapore)
949ANSI/OEM - Korean (Unified Hangul Code)
950ANSI/OEM - Traditional Chinese (Taiwan; Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
1026IBM EBCDIC - Turkish (Latin-5)
1047IBM EBCDIC - Latin 1/Open System
1140IBM EBCDIC - U.S./Canada (037 + Euro symbol)
1141IBM EBCDIC - Germany (20273 + Euro symbol)
1142IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway (20277 + Euro symbol)
1143IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden (20278 + Euro symbol)
1144IBM EBCDIC - Italy (20280 + Euro symbol)
1145IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain (20284 + Euro symbol)
1146IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom (20285 + Euro symbol)
1147IBM EBCDIC - France (20297 + Euro symbol)
1148IBM EBCDIC - International (500 + Euro symbol)
1149IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic (20871 + Euro symbol)
1200Unicode UCS-2 Little-Endian (BMP of ISO 10646)
1201Unicode UCS-2 Big-Endian
1250ANSI - Central European
1251ANSI - Cyrillic
1252ANSI - Latin I
1253ANSI - Greek
1254ANSI - Turkish
1255ANSI - Hebrew
1256ANSI - Arabic
1257ANSI - Baltic
1258ANSI/OEM - Vietnamese
1361Korean (Johab)
10000MAC - Roman
10001MAC - Japanese
10002MAC - Traditional Chinese (Big5)
10003MAC - Korean
10004MAC - Arabic
10005MAC - Hebrew
10006MAC - Greek I
10007MAC - Cyrillic
10008MAC - Simplified Chinese (GB 2312)
10010MAC - Romania
10017MAC - Ukraine
10021MAC - Thai
10029MAC - Latin II
10079MAC - Icelandic
10081MAC - Turkish
10082MAC - Croatia
12000Unicode UCS-4 Little-Endian
12001Unicode UCS-4 Big-Endian
20000CNS - Taiwan
20001TCA - Taiwan
20002Eten - Taiwan
20003IBM5550 - Taiwan
20004TeleText - Taiwan
20005Wang - Taiwan
20105IA5 IRV International Alphabet No. 5 (7-bit)
20106IA5 German (7-bit)
20107IA5 Swedish (7-bit)
20108IA5 Norwegian (7-bit)
20127US-ASCII (7-bit)
20261T.61
20269ISO 6937 Non-Spacing Accent
20273IBM EBCDIC - Germany
20277IBM EBCDIC - Denmark/Norway
20278IBM EBCDIC - Finland/Sweden
20280IBM EBCDIC - Italy
20284IBM EBCDIC - Latin America/Spain
20285IBM EBCDIC - United Kingdom
20290IBM EBCDIC - Japanese Katakana Extended
20297IBM EBCDIC - France
20420IBM EBCDIC - Arabic
20423IBM EBCDIC - Greek
20424IBM EBCDIC - Hebrew
20833IBM EBCDIC - Korean Extended
20838IBM EBCDIC - Thai
20866Russian - KOI8-R
20871IBM EBCDIC - Icelandic
20880IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Russian)
20905IBM EBCDIC - Turkish
20924IBM EBCDIC - Latin-1/Open System (1047 + Euro symbol)
20932JIS X 0208-1990 & 0121-1990
20936Simplified Chinese (GB2312)
21025IBM EBCDIC - Cyrillic (Serbian, Bulgarian)
21027Extended Alpha Lowercase
21866Ukrainian (KOI8-U)
28591ISO 8859-1 Latin I
28592ISO 8859-2 Central Europe
28593ISO 8859-3 Latin 3
28594ISO 8859-4 Baltic
28595ISO 8859-5 Cyrillic
28596ISO 8859-6 Arabic
28597ISO 8859-7 Greek
28598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
28599ISO 8859-9 Latin 5
28605ISO 8859-15 Latin 9
29001Europa 3
38598ISO 8859-8 Hebrew
50220ISO 2022 Japanese with no halfwidth Katakana
50221ISO 2022 Japanese with halfwidth Katakana
50222ISO 2022 Japanese JIS X 0201-1989
50225ISO 2022 Korean
50227ISO 2022 Simplified Chinese
50229ISO 2022 Traditional Chinese
50930Japanese (Katakana) Extended
50931US/Canada and Japanese
50933Korean Extended and Korean
50935Simplified Chinese Extended and Simplified Chinese
50936Simplified Chinese
50937US/Canada and Traditional Chinese
50939Japanese (Latin) Extended and Japanese
51932EUC - Japanese
51936EUC - Simplified Chinese
51949EUC - Korean
51950EUC - Traditional Chinese
52936HZ-GB2312 Simplified Chinese
54936Windows XP: GB18030 Simplified Chinese (4 Byte)
57002ISCII Devanagari
57003ISCII Bengali
57004ISCII Tamil
57005ISCII Telugu
57006ISCII Assamese
57007ISCII Oriya
57008ISCII Kannada
57009ISCII Malayalam
57010ISCII Gujarati
57011ISCII Punjabi
65000Unicode UTF-7
65001Unicode UTF-8

The following is a list of valid code page identifiers for Mac OS only:

IdentifierName
1ASCII
2NEXTSTEP
3JapaneseEUC
4UTF8
5ISOLatin1
6Symbol
7NonLossyASCII
8ShiftJIS
9ISOLatin2
10Unicode
11WindowsCP1251
12WindowsCP1252
13WindowsCP1253
14WindowsCP1254
15WindowsCP1250
21ISO2022JP
30MacOSRoman
10UTF16String
0x90000100UTF16BigEndian
0x94000100UTF16LittleEndian
0x8c000100UTF32String
0x98000100UTF32BigEndian
0x9c000100UTF32LittleEndian
65536Proprietary

LicenseInfo:   Information about the current license.

When queried, this setting will return a string containing information about the license this instance of a component is using. It will return the following information:

  • Product: The product the license is for.
  • Product Key: The key the license was generated from.
  • License Source: Where the license was found (e.g., RuntimeLicense, License File).
  • License Type: The type of license installed (e.g., Royalty Free, Single Server).
UseInternalSecurityAPI:   Tells the component whether or not to use the system security libraries or an internal implementation.

By default the component will use the system security libraries to perform cryptographic functions. Setting this to True tells the component to use the internal implementation instead of using the system's security API.

Trappable Errors (JSON Component)

JSON Errors

10231   Unbalanced element tag.
10232   Invalid JSON markup.
10233   Invalid XPath.
10234   DOM tree unavailable (set BuildDOM to true and reparse).

XML Errors

101   Invalid attribute index.
102   No attributes available.
103   Invalid namespace index.
104   No namespaces available.
105   Invalid element index.
106   No elements available.
107   Attribute does not exist.
201   Unbalanced element tag.
202   Unknown element prefix (can't find namespace).
203   Unknown attribute prefix (can't find namespace).
204   Invalid XML markup.
205   Invalid end state for parser.
206   Document contains unbalanced elements.
207   Invalid XPath.
208   No such child.
209   Top element does not match start of path.
210   DOM tree unavailable (set BuildDOM to true and reparse).
302   Can't open file.
401   Invalid XML would be generated.
402   An invalid XML name has been specified.

Copyright (c) 2022 /n software inc. - All rights reserved.
IPWorks 2022 C++ Builder Edition - Version 22.0 [Build 8171]